WOMEN IN THE MIDDLE AGES

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Women S Roles In The Middle Ages

Author : Sandy Bardsley
ISBN : 0313336350
Genre : History
File Size : 26.83 MB
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Explores the role of European women in the Middle Ages, discussing specifically the relationship between women and religion, work, family, law, and culture and noting the differences wrought by class, age, marital status, and region and time period.
Category: History

Arab Women In The Middle Ages

Author : Shirley Guthrie
ISBN : 9780863567643
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84.3 MB
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Regardless of social rank and religion, whether Christian, Jew, or Muslim, Arab women in the middle ages played an important role in the functioning of society. This book is a journey into their daily lives, their private spaces and public roles. First we are introduced into the women's sanctuaries, their homes, and what occurs within its realm - marriage and contraception, childbirth and childcare, culinary traditions, body and beauty rituals - providing rare insight into the rites and rituals prevalent among the different communities of the time. These women were also much present in the public arena and made important contributions in the fields of scholarship and the affairs of state. A number of them were benefactresses, poets, calligraphers, teachers and sales women. Others were singing girls, professional mourners, bath-attendants and prostitutes. How these women managed their daily affairs, both personal and professional, defined their roles in the wider spheres of society. Drawing from the Islamic traditions, as well as legal documents, historical sources and popular chronicles of the time, Guthrie's book offers an informative study of an area which remaisn relatively unexplored. 'A useful survey on Arab (mostly Muslim) women's lives in past centuries.' RJAS 'Of greatest use to educators and lecturers looking for diverse and entertaining details of various aspects of medieval Near Eastern social life.' International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 'Reveals a broad understanding of the subject' MESA Bulletin
Category: Social Science

Hospitaller Women In The Middle Ages

Author : Anthony Luttrell
ISBN : 9781351930376
Genre : History
File Size : 68.49 MB
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This volume brings together recent and new research, with several items specially translated into English, on the sisters of the largest and most long-lived of the military-religious orders, the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem. In recent years there has been increasing scholarly interest in women's religious houses during the Middle Ages, with particular focus on the problems which they faced and the social needs which they performed. The military-religious orders have been largely excluded from this interest, partly because it has been assumed that women played little role in religious orders with a predominantly military purpose. Recent research has shown this to be a misconception. Study of the women members of these orders enables scholars to gain a deeper appreciation of the nature of hospitaller and military orders and of the role of women in religious life in general. The papers in this volume explore the roles which the Hospitaller sisters performed within their order; examine the problems of having men and women living within the same or adjoining houses; study relations between the order and the patrons of its women's houses; and consider the career of a prominent Hospitaller woman who became a saint. This volume will be of interest not only to scholars of the military-religious orders and of the Hospital of St John in particular, but also to scholars of monastic history and to those with a concern for women's history during the middle ages.
Category: History

Outrageous Women Of The Middle Ages

Author : Vicki León
ISBN : 0471170046
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 21.42 MB
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Some were feisty and fiery. Others were cool and dangerous. All were incredibly courageous. Outrageous Women of The Middle Ages took on the challenge of their world--and didn't worry about ruffling a few feathers. Among the outrageous women you'll meet are: * Eleanor of Aquitaine--queen of France and later England, she led a group of women on the Second Crusade and created her own financial system * Lady Murasaki Shikibu--besides being a wife and mother, she learned the "forbidden" language of Chinese and wrote the world's first novel * Aud the Deep-Minded--a Viking wise woman and explorer who led her clan, grandchildren and all, on a risky voyage from Scotland to Iceland * Hildegarde of Bingen--the German nun who, late in life, became a composer, a botanist, and founded convents * Damia al-Kahina--a nomadic freedom fighter, skilled at peacemaking and war, who kept her North African homeland free
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Women In The Middle Ages

Author : Joseph Gies
ISBN : 0062016571
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.85 MB
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Reissued for the first time in decades, this ambitious work of Medieval scholarship by bestselling historians Frances and Joseph Gies traces the stories and fates of women in Medieval Europe over the course of a millennium. Medieval history is often written as a series of battles and territorial shifts. But the essential contributions of women during this period have been too often relegated to the dustbin of history. In Women in the Middle Ages, Frances and Joseph Gies reclaim this lost history, in a lively historical survey that charts the evolution of women’s roles throughout the period, and profiles eight individual women in depth. We learn of Hildegarde of Bingen, an abbess who was a noted composer and founded two monasteries; of Eleanor de Montfort, a 13th century Princess of Wales who was captured by Edward I and held as a political prisoner for three years; and women of somewhat more modest means, such as the spouse of an Italian merchant, and a peasant’s wife. Drawing upon their various stories, talented historians Frances and Joseph Gies—whose books were used by George R.R. Martin in his research for Game of Thrones—offer a kaleidoscopic view of the lives of women throughout this tumultuous period. “A wealth of solid information.” –New York Times
Category: Social Science

Ambiguous Realities

Author : Carole Levin
ISBN : 0814318738
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 24.30 MB
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Category: Literary Criticism

Visualizing Women In The Middle Ages

Author : Madeline Harrison Caviness
ISBN : 0812235991
Genre : Art
File Size : 74.80 MB
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During the high Middle Ages in Europe, the act of looking was surrounded by superstition. It was believed to have magic power, it was able to arouse anxiety, and it was the subject of lengthy texts by both men and women. In Visualizing Women in the Middle Ages, Madeline H. Caviness interrogates the 20th-century theories of the gaze and concedes that the "male gaze" -- first articulated by Laura Mulvey and a cornerstone of much feminist criticism -- is useful for understanding a cultural code of patriarchy in the high Middle Ages. However, she argues that one should take into account the many varying visual modes that proliferated in the medieval era. For Caviness, an awareness of historical context places pressure upon contemporary theories like that of the "male gaze", changing their shapes and creating even richer dialogues with the past. In a series of readings, Caviness demonstrates how looking functions within the much broader contexts of language and desire. The Old Testament story of Lot yields the material with which Caviness addresses the Mulveian gaze. In the narrative and in medieval visual representations of the story, she explores the biblical proscription of and anxieties about women looking. She then turns to medieval depictions of the torture of female saints and investigates how such images were not erotic in the Romanesque abstract modes but became disturbingly sexualized and sadistic in the more graphic renditions of the Gothic. Finally, Caviness looks at the distribution of relics of female saints in relation to Lacan's notions of the abject. Here she shows how the female body is de-eroticized and re-encoded as parts become metonymies for the whole and are reveredas holy objects.
Category: Art

Women And Power In The Middle Ages

Author : Mary Erler
ISBN : 0820323810
Genre : History
File Size : 46.99 MB
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Power in medieval society has traditionally been ascribed to figures of public authority--violent knights and conflicting sovereigns who altered the surface of civic life through the exercise of law and force. The wives and consorts of these powerful men have generally been viewed as decorative attendants, while common women were presumed to have had no power or consequence. Reassessing the conventional definition of power that has shaped such portrayals, Women and Power in the Middle Ages reveals the varied manifestations of female power in the medieval household and community--from the cultural power wielded by the wives of Venetian patriarchs to the economic power of English peasant women and the religious power of female saints. Among the specific topics addresses are Griselda's manipulation of silence as power in Chaucer's "The Clerk's Tale"; the extensive networks of influence devised by Lady Honor Lisle; and the role of medieval women book owners as arbiters of lay piety and ambassadors of culture. In every case, the essays seek to transcend simple polarities of public and private, male and female, in order to provide a more realistic analysis of the workings of power in feudal society.
Category: History

The Fourth Estate

Author : Shulamith Shahar
ISBN : 9781134394203
Genre : History
File Size : 80.64 MB
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Did women really constitute a `fourth estate' in medieval society and, if so, in what sense? In this wide-ranging study Shulamith Shahar considers this and the whole question of the varying attitudes to women and their status in western Europe between the twelfth and the fifteenth centuries.
Category: History