WARFARE IN CULTURAL CONTEXT

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Warfare In Cultural Context

Author : Axel E. Nielsen
ISBN : 0816527075
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.50 MB
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Warfare is a constant in human history. According to the contributors to this volume, archaeologists have assumed thatÑwithin certain socioenvironmental parametersÑwar is always essentially the same phenomenon and follows a common logic, breaking out under similar conditions and having analogous effects on the people involved. In pursuit of this idea, archaeologists have built models to account for the occurrence of war in various times and places. The models are then tested against prehistoric evidence to make the causes and conduct of war predictable and data-based. However, contributors argue, this model-and-evidence approach has given rise to multiple competing hypotheses and ambiguity rather than to full, coherent explanations of what turns out to be surprisingly complex acts of war. The chapters in Warfare in Cultural Context contend that agency and culture, inherited values and dispositions (such as religion and other cultural practices), beliefs, and institutions are always woven into the conduct of war. This revealing book focuses on the ways that specific people construed their interests and life projects, and their problems and possibilities, and consequently chose among alternative courses of action. Using archaeological and ethnohistorical data from various parts of the world, the contributors explore the multiple avenues for the cultural study of warfare that these ideas make possible. Contributions focus on cultural aspects of warfare in Mesoamerica, South America, North America, and Southeast Asia. Case studies include warfare among the Maya, Inca, southwestern Pueblos, Mississippian cultures, and the Enga of Papua New Guinea.
Category: Social Science

War And The Cultural Turn

Author : Jeremy Black
ISBN : 9780745656380
Genre : History
File Size : 43.80 MB
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In this stimulating new text, renowned military historian Jeremy Black unpacks the concept of culture as a descriptive and analytical approach to the history of warfare. Black takes the reader through the limits and prospects of culture as a tool for analyzing war, while also demonstrating the necessity of maintaining the context of alternative analytical matrices, such as technology. Black sets out his unique approach to culture and warfare without making his paradigm into a straightjacket. He goes on to demonstrate the flexibility of his argument through a series of case studies which include the contexts of rationale (Gloire), strategy (early modern Britaisn), organizations (the modern West), and ideologies (the Cold War). These case studies drive home the point at the core of the book: culture is not a bumper sticker; it is a survival mechanism. Culture is not immutable; it is adaptable. Wide-ranging, international and always provocative, War and the Cultural Turn will be required reading for all students of military history and security studies.
Category: History

Cultures Of War Pearl Harbor Hiroshima 9 11 Iraq

Author : John W. Dower
ISBN : 9780393340686
Genre : History
File Size : 82.59 MB
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A Pulitzer Prize-winning historian presents a comparative analysis of September 11 and the subsequent War on Terror with Pearl Harbor and World War II, addressing institutional failures of intelligence and imagination and the driving forces behind Pan-Asian and Pan-Islam movements. Reprint. A National Book Award Finalist.
Category: History

Globalization And War

Author : Tarak Barkawi
ISBN : 0742537013
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85.89 MB
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War doesn't just tear nations apart—it brings peoples and places closer together, providing a new lens on globalization. This book offers a fresh perspective on globalization and war, topics rarely considered together. It conceives war as a form of interconnection between home and abroad, and as an occasion for circulation and interchange. It identifies the political and military work required to create and maintain a free-trading world, while critiquing liberal and neoliberal conceptions of the pacific benefits of economic globalization. Speaking from the heart of old and new imperial orders, Tarak Barkawi exposes the Eurocentric limitations of military history and highlights the imperial dimensions of modern warfare. Britain, India, and the colonial Indian army exemplify the intertwined, global histories illuminated by attention to globalization and war. Around the world, geographies and wars are imagined differently. Cultural approaches to globalization show how popular consciousness of the world often takes military and warlike form, and how militaries spawn hybrid 'traveling cultures' wherever they go. Finally, Barkawi examines the contemporary 'war on terror' using historical and non-Eurocentric globalizations to clarify the politics and strategies involved in the purported 'clash of civilizations'. Adding a new layer of understanding, he looks at the globalization of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the intensifying 'Israelization' of the United States.
Category: Political Science

German Colonial Wars And The Context Of Military Violence

Author : Susanne Kuss
ISBN : 9780674970632
Genre : History
File Size : 32.45 MB
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Some historians have traced a line from Germany’s atrocities in its colonial wars to those committed by the Nazis during WWII. Susanne Kuss dismantles these claims, rejecting the notion that a distinctive military ethos or policy of genocide guided Germany’s conduct of operations in Africa and China, despite acts of unquestionable brutality.
Category: History

European Warfare In A Global Context 1660 1815

Author : Jeremy Black
ISBN : 9781134159222
Genre : History
File Size : 56.70 MB
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This original book presents a global approach to eighteenth century warfare. Emphasis is placed on the importance of conflict in the period and the capacity for decisiveness in impact and development in method. Through this Jeremy Black extends the view beyond land to naval conflict. European Warfare in a Global Context offers a comparative approach, in the sense of considering Western developments alongside those elsewhere, furthermore it puts emphasis on conflict between Western and non-western powers. This approach necessarily reconsiders developments within the West, but also offers a shift in emphasis from standard narrative of the latter. This book is the ideal study of warfare for all students.
Category: History

Troubled Times

Author : David W. Frayer
ISBN : 9781134385300
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.98 MB
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Evidence amassed in Troubled Times indicates that, much like in the modern world, violence was not an uncommon aspect of prehistoric dispute resolution. From the civilizations of the American Southwest to the Mesolithic of Central Europe, the contributors examine violence in hunter-gatherer as well as state societies from both the New and Old Worlds. Drawing upon cross-cultural analyses, archaeological data, and skeletal remains, this collection of papers offers evidence of domestic violence, homicide, warfare, cannibalism, and ritualized combat among ancient peoples. Beyond the physical evidence, various models and explanations for violence in the past are explored.
Category: Social Science

Warfare Violence And Slavery In Prehistory

Author : Michael Parker Pearson
ISBN : UOM:39015060992826
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57.62 MB
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19 papers presented at the Proceedings of a Prehistoric Society conference at Sheffield University in February 2001. (1) The ancient origins of warfare and violence (I J N Thorpe); (2) Warfare, violence and slavery in later prehistory: an introduction (Mike Parker Pearson); (3) Aggression and nonhuman primates (Pia Nystrom); (4) Sociobiology, cultural anthropology and the causes of warfare (Robert Layton); (5) The physical evidence of warfare - subtle stigmata? (Christopher J Knusel); (6) The head burials from Ofnet cave: an example of warlike conflict in the Mesolithic (Jorg Orschiedt); (7) Assessing rank and warfare-strategy in prehistoric hunter-gatherer society: a study of representational warrior figures in rock-art from the Spanish Levant, southeastern Spain (George Nash); (8) The emergence of warfare in the Early Bronze Age: the Nitra group in Slovakia and Moravia, 2200-1800 BC (Andreas Harde); (9) Warfare, redistribution and society in western Iberia (Eduardo Sanchez-Moreno); (10) Warfare, violence and the construction of masculinity in the Iron Age rock art of Valcamonica, northern Italy (Lynne Bevan); (11) The dead of Tormarton - Middle Bronze Age combat victims? (Richard Osgood); (12) Giving up weapons (David Fontijn); (13) Ritual bondage, violence, slavery and sacrifice in later European prehistory (Miranda Aldhouse Green); (14) Fragmentation, mutilation and dismemberment: an interpretation of human remains on Iron Age sites (Rebecca Craig, Christopher J Knusel and Gillian Carr); (15) The origins of warfare: later prehistory in southeastern Iberia (Gonzalo Aranda Jimencz and Margarita Sanchez Romero); (16) Weaponry, statues and petroglyphs: the ideology of war in Atlantic Iron Age Iberia (Jose Freire); (17) A palaeodemographic investigation of warfare in prehistory (Neil A Bishop and Christopher J Knusel); (18) War in prehistoric society: modern views of ancient violence (John Carman and Patricia Carman); (19) Ambushed by a grotesque: archaeology, slavery and the third paradigm (Tim Taylor).
Category: Social Science

Cultures In Conflict

Author : Warren R. Hofstra
ISBN : 074255130X
Genre : History
File Size : 84.99 MB
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Cultures in Conflict addresses the broad pattern of events that framed this conflict's causes, the intercultural dynamics of its conduct, and its profound impact on subsequent events—most notably the American Revolution and a protracted Anglo-Indian struggle for continental control. Warren R. Hofstra has gathered the best of contemporary scholarship on the war (1754–1763) and its social and cultural history. The authors examine the viewpoints of British and French imperial authorities, the issues motivating Indian nations in the Ohio Valley, the matter of why and how French colonists fought, the diplomatic and social world of Iroquois Indians, and the responses of British colonists to the conflict. The result of these efforts is a dynamic historical approach in which cultural context provides a rationale for the well-established military and political narrative of the Seven Years' War.
Category: History