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The Conceptual Representation And The Measurement Of Psychological Forces

Author : Kurt Lewin
ISBN : 161427519X
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27.23 MB
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2013 Reprint of 1938 Edition. Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition Software. Kurt Lewin (1890-1947) was a German-American psychologist, known as one of the modern pioneers of social, organizational, and applied psychology. Lewin is often recognized as the "founder of social psychology" and was one of the first to study group dynamics and organizational development. Lewin developed the concept of force field analysis, which provides a framework for looking at the factors (forces) that influence a situation, originally social situations. It looks at forces that are either driving movement toward a goal (helping forces) or blocking movement toward a goal (hindering forces). The principle, developed by Kurt Lewin, is a significant contribution to the fields of social science, psychology, social psychology, organizational development, process management, and change management. This book is an early effort to establish the principles of his force field analysis. An attempt is made to describe the position of the concept of force in psychology and to discuss major methods of measuring psychological forces. One of the outstanding properties of force is its directedness. Direction in psychology cannot be defined as physical direction and cannot be determined by Euclidian geometry. A geometry applicable in psychology is that of hodological space. The geometrical properties of this space are described, and examples of its application in determining directions and distances in the life space are offered. The conceptual properties of the construct of force are given, as well as a definition coordinating it with observable processes. The conceptual and dynamic relation between psychological forces, valences, and tensions are discussed, as are certain basic theories concerning the relation between need, environment, and the "mechanics" of locomotion. Various methods of measuring forces and valences are surveyed, especially those related to opposing forces and to velocity of locomotion, including velocity and restlessness, consumption, translocation, and learning. The problem of the structure of the force field and of overlapping force fields is discussed, including several choice and conflict situations with stable and labile equilibria.
Category: Psychology


Author : Quelle: Wikipedia
ISBN : 1159186804
Genre : Education
File Size : 60.26 MB
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Dieser Inhalt ist eine Zusammensetzung von Artikeln aus der frei verf gbaren Wikipedia-Enzyklop die. Seiten: 133. Nicht dargestellt. Kapitel: Chuzpe, Altruismus, Durst, Grundbed rfnis, Neugier, Initiative, Ziel, Ekel, Wille, Akrasia, Flow, Kognitive Dissonanz, Seduction Community, Leistungsmotivation, Deprivation, Umsetzungskompetenz, Maslowsche Bed rfnispyramide, Valenz-Instrumentalit ts-Erwartungs-Theorie, Hunger, Korrumpierungseffekt, Selbstzweck, Emotionsregulation, Volition, Kindchenschema, Selbstmotivation, PSI-Theorie, Implementation Intentions, Soziales Faulenzen, Lust, Lob, Interesse, Aufschieben, Rubikonmodell der Handlungsphasen, Zwei-Faktoren-Theorie, Vermeidungsverhalten, Lernlust, Love Systems, Gewinnerzielungsabsicht, Incentive, Anreiz-Beitrags-Theorie, Kausalattribuierung, Theorie der Selbstregulation, Turm von London, Leistungsziel, Kontroll berzeugung, Selbstkontrolle, Korpsgeist, X-Y-Theorie, Erkundungsverhalten, H herstufiger Wunsch, Geilheit, Begierde, Enthusiasmus, Intrinsische und extrinsische Motivation, Ambivalenz, Frustration, Verf hrung, Handlungslehre, Liebhaberei, Peter F. Kinauer, ERG-Theorie, Operanter Motivtest, Spontaneit t, Jim Rohn, Gleichg ltigkeit, Anreizsystem, Balancetheorie, Weitzman-Schema, Selbstreguliertes Lernen, Exekutive Funktionen, Grundmotivation, Laune, Motivationstraining, Selbsterhaltung, Carpenter-Effekt, Handlungs- und Lageorientierung, Autotelie, Selbstdisziplin, Handlungskontrolle, Eigeninitiative, Bedarf, Konsistenztheorie von Klaus Grawe, Theorie Z, Substanzverlangen, Symbolische Selbsterg nzung, Bildungstrieb, Dreistheit, Anreizeffekt, Luxusbed rfnis, Verve, Gesinnung, Faible, Ambitendenz, Beweihr ucherung, Existenzbed rfnisse, Schmacht. Auszug: Ekel ist die Bezeichnung f r die Empfindung einer starken Abneigung in Verbindung mit Widerwillen. Im Gegensatz zu anderen weniger starken Formen der Ablehnung u ert sich Ekel mitunter auch durch starke k rperliche Reaktionen wie belkeit und Brechreiz, Schwei au...
Category: Education

Listening With The Third Ear

Author : Theodor Reik
ISBN : 0374518009
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 27.36 MB
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Case histories are used to show that a psychoanalyst's ability to understand and relate to his patients reflects his skills of self-observation and self-analysis
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Just Jane

Author : William Lavender
ISBN : 9780544341654
Genre : Young Adult Fiction
File Size : 25.85 MB
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At what price does independence come? Lady Jane Prentice, orphaned daughter of an English earl, arrives in Charlestown, South Carolina, in 1776, and finds herself plunged into the middle of a heated war--a war not only between her former country and her new home, but also between the members of her own family, whose loyalties are strongly divided in America's fight for freedom. Torn by family responsibilities, the brutality of war, a secret romance, and her own growing need for independence, Jane is forced to adopt many roles, until she finds the courage to become the person she wants to be: just Jane.
Category: Young Adult Fiction

Psychology In Utopia

Author : Alex Kozulin
ISBN : 0262512173
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 70.55 MB
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What function can a science of psychology serve in a utopian society whose ideological foundations already contain a theory of human nature? This is the question that has dominated the history of Soviet psychology - a history that Alex Kozulin decodes in this book.Following an introduction that discusses the problems of deciphering the real content of scientific work produced in an ideological context, the author reviews the work and the fate of the first four generations of Soviet psychologists: those who came of age before the Revolution, during the heady days of the 1920s, in the midst of the Stalin era, and the most recent, contemporary generation.Six case studies provide a better understanding of the ideas and methods of Soviet psychology: the careers of Ivan Pavlov and Vladimir Bekhterev; the roots of non-Pavlovian psychophysiology in the work of Nikolai Bernstein; the ups and downs of the concept of the unconscious; the origins of Lev Vygotsky's epistemological theories; Pavel Blonsky and the development of Soviet educational psychology; and the effects of de-Stalinization in educational psychology and other areas.Alex Kozulin studied medical psychology and psychophysiology at the Moscow Institute of Medicine where he received a medical degree; he received his doctorate at the Moscow Institute of Psychology. Kozulin emigrated in 1979 and has since worked as research associate at Boston University's Center for the Philosophy and History of Science and taught history of psychology at Ben-Gurion University in Israel.
Category: Psychology

Deconstruction And Pragmatism

Author : Simon Critchley
ISBN : 9781134807697
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 86.84 MB
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Deconstruction and pragmatism constitute two of the major intellectual influences on the contemporary theoretical scene; influences personified in the work of Jacques Derrida and Richard Rorty. Both Rortian pragmatism, which draws the consequences of post-war developments in Anglo-American philosophy, and Derridian deconstruction, which extends and troubles the phonomenological and Heideggerian influence on the Continental tradition, have hitherto generally been viewed as mutually exclusive philosophical language games. The purpose of this volume is to bring deconstruction and pragmatism into critical confrontation with one another through staging a debate between Derrida and Rorty, itself based on discussions that took place at the College International de Philosophie in Paris in 1993. The ground for this debate is layed out in introductory papers by Simon Critchley and Ernesto Laclau, and the remainder of the volume records Derrida's and Rorty's responses to each other's work. Chantal Mouffe gives an overview of the stakes of this debate in a helpful preface.
Category: Philosophy

Motivation Planning And Action

Author : Joseph Nuttin
ISBN : 0898593328
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 55.13 MB
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First published in 1984. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Psychology

Love And Will

Author : Rollo May
ISBN : OCLC:219967566
Genre : Love
File Size : 90.85 MB
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Category: Love