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Value Added Assessment In Practice

Author : Daniel F. McCaffrey
ISBN : 9780833042361
Genre : Education
File Size : 67.27 MB
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Value-added assessment (VAA) systems use statistical techniques to analyze test-score data; VAA data is intended to help educators make more informed decisions about curriculum and instruction. The authors examined the rollout of Pennsylvania's VAA program, and found that, in its pilot phase, the program had little effect on student achievement and received limited use by most principals and teachers at schools participating in the program.
Category: Education

How To Use Value Added Analysis To Improve Student Learning

Author : Kate Kennedy
ISBN : 9781412996334
Genre : Education
File Size : 69.86 MB
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This book's five-step continuous improvement model shows how to transform schools with value-added analysis—the most robust, statistically significant method for measuring student learning over time.
Category: Education

I Got Schooled

Author : M. Night Shyamalan
ISBN : 9781476716473
Genre : Education
File Size : 89.99 MB
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In this vital new book, the famed filmmaker tells how his passion for education reform led him to learn that there are five tested, indispensable keys to transforming America’s underperforming schools. I Got Schooled offers a look at America’s educational achievement gap that could only have come from an outsider. Famed director M. Night Shyamalan has long had a serious interest in education. The founda­tion he and his wife started once gave college scholarships to promising inner-city students, but Shyamalan realized that these scholarships did nothing to improve education for all the other students in under-performing schools. When he learned that some schools were succeeding with similar student populations, he traveled across the country to find out how they did this and whether these schools had something in common. He eventually learned that there are five keys to closing America’s achievement gap. But just as we must do several things to maintain good health— eat the right foods, exercise regularly, get a good night’s sleep—so too must we use all five keys to turn around our lowest-performing schools. These five keys are used by all the schools that are succeeding, and no schools are succeeding without them. Before he discovered them, Shyamalan investigated some popular reform ideas that proved to be dead ends, such as smaller class size, truculent unions, and merit pay for teachers. He found that the biggest obstacle to school reform is cognitive biases: too many would-be reformers have committed themselves to false solutions. This is a deeply personal book by an unbiased observer determined to find out what works and why so that we as a nation can fulfill our obliga­tion to give every student an opportunity for a good education.
Category: Education

Getting To Work On Summer Learning

Author : Catherine H. Augustine
ISBN : 9780833081346
Genre : Education
File Size : 39.95 MB
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RAND is conducting a longitudinal study that evaluates the effectiveness of voluntary summer learning programs in reducing summer learning loss, which contributes substantially to the achievement gap between low- and higher-income students. Based on evaluations of programs in six school districts, this second report in a series provides research-based advice for school district leaders as they create and strengthen summer programs.
Category: Education

Competency Based Education In Three Pilot Programs

Author : Jennifer L. Steele
Genre : Education
File Size : 29.76 MB
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Competency-based education provides students with flexible pacing and opportunities for choice, and it awards credit for evidence of learning. RAND evaluated implementation of three pilot programs, along with students experiences and performance."
Category: Education

Getting Value Out Of Value Added

Author : Committee on Value-Added Methodology for Instructional Improvement, Program Evaluation, and Accountability
ISBN : 9780309148139
Genre : Education
File Size : 42.4 MB
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Value-added methods refer to efforts to estimate the relative contributions of specific teachers, schools, or programs to student test performance. In recent years, these methods have attracted considerable attention because of their potential applicability for educational accountability, teacher pay-for-performance systems, school and teacher improvement, program evaluation, and research. Value-added methods involve complex statistical models applied to test data of varying quality. Accordingly, there are many technical challenges to ascertaining the degree to which the output of these models provides the desired estimates. Despite a substantial amount of research over the last decade and a half, overcoming these challenges has proven to be very difficult, and many questions remain unanswered--at a time when there is strong interest in implementing value-added models in a variety of settings. The National Research Council and the National Academy of Education held a workshop, summarized in this volume, to help identify areas of emerging consensus and areas of disagreement regarding appropriate uses of value-added methods, in an effort to provide research-based guidance to policy makers who are facing decisions about whether to proceed in this direction.
Category: Education

Lessons From New American Schools Scale Up Phase

Author : Susan J. Bodilly
ISBN : 0833026321
Genre : Education
File Size : 82.14 MB
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In 1991, New American Schools (NAS) was established to help schools transform themselves into high-performing organizations. Findings drawn from an implementation analysis of the first 2 years (1995-1997) of a 5-year plan are reported in this book. The plan involved an NAS partnership with 10 jurisdictions, its goal being to increase the number of schools within jurisdictions that adopted NAS designs to improve student performance. The key questions were: "Did schools implement the designs and to what extent?" and "Why did some schools make more progress than others toward implementation goals?" For the study, 40 schools in 7 districts were evaluated using document reviews, interviews of school and district staff, and the observation of school activities. With these data, each school's implementation level was assessed against the particular design being adopted. Results show significant variation in implementation, which ranged from no implementation to advanced stages of planning, piloting, implementing, and fulfilling. Approximately 50 percent of the schools were at the implementing and fulfilling levels. Of the 33 schools that had been implementing for 2 years, 18 were at the 2 highest levels. Various influences on implementation, such as school climate, design and team factors, school structural and site factors, and jurisdictional and institutional factors, are detailed. (RJM)
Category: Education

Improving The Cost Estimation Of Space Systems

Author :
ISBN : 0833044605
Genre : History
File Size : 56.11 MB
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Why have the costs of acquiring space systems been so high? What are the sources of the problems? To answer these questions, RAND undertook an extensive study of two space systems--the Space Based Infrared System-High (SBIRS) and the Global Positioning System (GPS).
Category: History

360 Degree Assessments

Author : Chaitra M. Hardison
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39.64 MB
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Report examines the feasibility and advisability of using a 360-degree assessment approach in performance evaluations of U.S. military service members, and explores the role of 360s more broadly, such as for development purposes.
Category: Business & Economics