US FOREIGN POLICY IN PERSPECTIVE CLIENTS ENEMIES AND EMPIRE ROUTLEDGE ADVANCES IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBAL POLITICS

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U S Foreign Policy In Perspective

Author : David Sylvan
ISBN : 9780203799451
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34.85 MB
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What is the long-term nature of American foreign policy? This new book refutes the claim that it has varied considerably across time and space, arguing that key policies have been remarkably stable over the last hundred years, not in terms of ends but of means. Closely examining US foreign policy, past and present, David Sylvan and Stephen Majeski draw on a wealth of historical and contemporary cases to show how the US has had a 'client state' empire for at least a century. They clearly illustrate how much of American policy revolves around acquiring clients, maintaining clients and engaging in hostile policies against enemies deemed to threaten them, representing a peculiarly American form of imperialism. They also reveal how clientilism informs apparently disparate activities in different geographical regions and operates via a specific range of policy instruments, showing predictable variation in the use of these instruments. With a broad range of cases from US policy in the Caribbean and Central America after the Spanish-American War, to the origins of the Marshall Plan and NATO, to economic bailouts and covert operations, and to military interventions in South Vietnam, Kosovo and Iraq, this important book will be of great interest to students and researchers of US foreign policy, security studies, history and international relations. This book has a dedicated website at: www.us-foreign-policy-prespective.org featuring additional case studies and data sets.
Category: Political Science

War And Democratization

Author : Wolfgang Merkel
ISBN : 9781317990369
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 54.77 MB
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Promotion of democracy in post-war and post-conflict societies became a topic during the 1990s. The book deals with the legality, legitimacy and effectiveness of military interventions where the international community of states not only felt impelled to engage in military humanitarian or peace-building missions but also in long-term state- and democracy-building. External actors particularly engaged in four modes, namely enforcing democratization by enduring post-war occupation (mode 1); restoring an elected government by military intervention (mode 2); intervening in on-going massacres and civil war with military forces (‘humanitarian intervention’) and thereby curbing the national sovereignty of those countries (mode 3) and forcing democracy on rogue states by ‘democratic intervention’, in other words democracy through war (mode 4). The contributions link juridical and philosophical reflections on just war ad bellum with empirical evidence post bellum in Afghanistan, Georgia, Serbia, Croatia, Cambodia and East Timor. All empirical analyses stress the complexity and difficulties to establish democracy in post-conflict societies driven or monitored by external actors. Such an endeavour implies a comprehensive agenda of political, social, and economic methods of peace-building. However, if external actors withdraw before the roots of democracy are deep enough and before democratic institutions are strong enough to stand alone, then the entire endeavour may fail. This book was originally published as a special issue of Democratization.
Category: Political Science

From Resilience To Revolution

Author : Sean L. Yom
ISBN : 9780231540278
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27.75 MB
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Based on comparative historical analyses of Iran, Jordan, and Kuwait, Sean L. Yom examines the foreign interventions, coalitional choices, and state outcomes that made the political regimes of the modern Middle East. A key text for foreign policy scholars, From Resilience to Revolution shows how outside interference can corrupt the most basic choices of governance: who to reward, who to punish, who to compensate, and who to manipulate. As colonial rule dissolved in the 1930s and 1950s, Middle Eastern autocrats constructed new political states to solidify their reigns, with varying results. Why did equally ambitious authoritarians meet such unequal fates? Yom ties the durability of Middle Eastern regimes to their geopolitical origins. At the dawn of the postcolonial era, many autocratic states had little support from their people and struggled to overcome widespread opposition. When foreign powers intervened to bolster these regimes, they unwittingly sabotaged the prospects for long-term stability by discouraging leaders from reaching out to their people and bargaining for mass support—early coalitional decisions that created repressive institutions and planted the seeds for future unrest. Only when they were secluded from larger geopolitical machinations did Middle Eastern regimes come to grips with their weaknesses and build broader coalitions.
Category: Political Science

Proporzdemokratie

Author : Gerhard Lehmbruch
ISBN : UCAL:B3977602
Genre : Austria
File Size : 59.42 MB
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Category: Austria

Im Sog Der Katastrophe

Author : Stefan Rinke
ISBN : 9783593502694
Genre : History
File Size : 63.6 MB
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Als in den Augusttagen 1914 die Nachricht vom Kriegsausbruch in Europa in Lateinamerika bekannt wurde, sprach man dort von einem »Drama der gesamten Menschheit«, in dem es keine Zuschauer geben könne. Viele Beobachter stimmten darin überein, dass in diesem Sommer eine Epoche endete und eine neue Ära begann. In Lateinamerika, das durch die neuartige Form des Propagandakriegs und die neuen Kommunikationstechnologien direkter als je zuvor in die Ereignisse der »Alten Welt« involviert war, gab der Krieg den Anlass zu emanzipatorischen Bestrebungen, die sich während des Konflikts – oder unmittelbar nach Kriegsende – bemerkbar machten. Seit längerer Zeit bestehende Konfliktpotenziale verschärften sich durch die »Urkatastrophe des 20. Jahrhunderts« und mündeten in neue soziale Bewegungen, deren Ausrichtung höchst unterschiedlich war. Die weltumspannende Dimension der Geschichte des »Großen Krieges« wird in diesem Buch aus der Perspektive eines Kontinents analysiert, der nur auf den ersten Blick am Rand der Ereignisse stand, sich aber durch den Flächenbrand in Europa stark veränderte.
Category: History

Weltordnung

Author : Henry A. Kissinger
ISBN : 9783641155483
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 30.91 MB
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Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.
Category: Political Science

Disney War

Author : James B. Stewart
ISBN : 3938350016
Genre :
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