Unearthing Conflict

Author : Fabiana Li
ISBN : 0822358190
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38.68 MB
Format : PDF
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In Unearthing Conflict Fabiana Li analyzes the aggressive expansion and modernization of mining in Peru since the 1990s to tease out the dynamics of mining-based protests. Issues of water scarcity and pollution, the loss of farmland, and the degradation of sacred land are especially contentious. She traces the emergence of the conflicts by discussing the smelter-town of La Oroya—where people have lived with toxic emissions for almost a century—before focusing her analysis on the relatively new Yanacocha gold mega-mine. Debates about what kinds of knowledge count as legitimate, Li argues, lie at the core of activist and corporate mining campaigns. Li pushes against the concept of "equivalence"—or methods with which to quantify and compare things such as pollution—to explain how opposing groups interpret environmental regulations, assess a project’s potential impacts, and negotiate monetary compensation for damages. This politics of equivalence is central to these mining controversies, and Li uncovers the mechanisms through which competing parties create knowledge, assign value, arrive at contrasting definitions of pollution, and construct the Peruvian mountains as spaces under constant negotiation.
Category: Social Science

Unearthing Conflict

Author : Fabiana Li
ISBN : 9780822375869
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.27 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 962
Read : 1246

In Unearthing Conflict Fabiana Li analyzes the aggressive expansion and modernization of mining in Peru since the 1990s to tease out the dynamics of mining-based protests. Issues of water scarcity and pollution, the loss of farmland, and the degradation of sacred land are especially contentious. She traces the emergence of the conflicts by discussing the smelter-town of La Oroya—where people have lived with toxic emissions for almost a century—before focusing her analysis on the relatively new Yanacocha gold mega-mine. Debates about what kinds of knowledge count as legitimate, Li argues, lie at the core of activist and corporate mining campaigns. Li pushes against the concept of "equivalence"—or methods with which to quantify and compare things such as pollution—to explain how opposing groups interpret environmental regulations, assess a project’s potential impacts, and negotiate monetary compensation for damages. This politics of equivalence is central to these mining controversies, and Li uncovers the mechanisms through which competing parties create knowledge, assign value, arrive at contrasting definitions of pollution, and construct the Peruvian mountains as spaces under constant negotiation.
Category: Social Science

Mining Capitalism

Author : Stuart Kirsch
ISBN : 9780520281707
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76.48 MB
Format : PDF
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Corporations are among the most powerful institutions of our time, but they are also responsible for a wide range of harmful social and environmental impacts. Consequently, political movements and nongovernmental organizations increasingly contest the risks that corporations pose to people and nature. Mining Capitalism examines the strategies through which corporations manage their relationships with these critics and adversaries. By focusing on the conflict over the Ok Tedi copper and gold mine in Papua New Guinea, Stuart Kirsch tells the story of a slow-moving environmental disaster and the international network of indigenous peoples, advocacy groups, and lawyers that sought to protect local rivers and rain forests. Along the way, he analyzes how corporations promote their interests by manipulating science and invoking the discourses of sustainability and social responsibility. Based on two decades of anthropological research, this book is comparative in scope, showing readers how similar dynamics operate in other industries around the world.
Category: Business & Economics

The Politics Of Resource Extraction

Author : Suzana Sawyer
ISBN : 9780230347724
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41.25 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Transnational Governmentality in the Context of Resource Extraction-- S.Sawyer & E.T.Gomez On Indigenous Identity and a Language of Rights-- S.Sawyer & E.T.Gomez State, Capital, Multinational Institutions and Indigenous Peoples-- S.Sawyer & E.T.Gomez Indigenous Rights, Mining Corporations and the Australian State-- J.Altman Extracting Justice: Natural Gas, Indigenous Mobilization and the Bolivian State-- T.Perreault The Broker State and the 'Inevitability' of Progress: The Camisea Project and Indigenous Peoples in Peru-- P.Urteaga-Crovetto Development, Power and Identity Politics in the Philippines-- R.D.Rovillos & V.Tauli-Corpuz The Nigerian State, Multinational Oil Corporations and the Indigenous Communities of the Niger Delta-- B.Naanen Identity, Power and Development: The Kondhs in Orissa, India-- V.Xaxa Public-Private Partnership and Institutional Capture: The State, International Institutions and Indigenous Peoples in Chad and Cameroon-- K.Horta Identity, Power and Rights: The State, International Institutions and Indigenous Peoples in Canada-- M.Davis Attending to the Paradox: Public Governance and Inclusive International Platforms-- S.Sawyer & E.T.Gomez Appendix 1: International Conventions and IFI Policies on Indigenous Rights Appendix 2: Cross-Section of Domestic Legislation Pertaining to Indigenous Rights Appendix 3: Legal Institutions and Authorities for the Enforcement of Indigenous Rights.
Category: Political Science

Subterranean Struggles

Author : Anthony Bebbington
ISBN : 9780292748620
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76.50 MB
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Over the past two decades, the extraction of nonrenewable resources in Latin America has given rise to many forms of struggle, particularly among disadvantaged populations. The first analytical collection to combine geographical and political ecological approaches to the post-1990s changes in Latin America’s extractive economy, Subterranean Struggles closely examines the factors driving this expansion and the sociopolitical, environmental, and political economic consequences it has wrought. In this analysis, more than a dozen experts explore the many facets of struggles surrounding extraction, from protests in the vicinity of extractive operations to the everyday efforts of excluded residents who try to adapt their livelihoods while industries profoundly impact their lived spaces. The book explores the implications of extractive industry for ideas of nature, region, and nation; “resource nationalism” and environmental governance; conservation, territory, and indigenous livelihoods in the Amazon and Andes; everyday life and livelihood in areas affected by small- and large-scale mining alike; and overall patterns of social mobilization across the region. Arguing that such struggles are an integral part of the new extractive economy in Latin America, the authors document the increasingly conflictive character of these interactions, raising important challenges for theory, for policy, and for social research methodologies. Featuring works by social and natural science authors, this collection offers a broad synthesis of the dynamics of extractive industry whose relevance stretches to regions beyond Latin America.
Category: Business & Economics

The Allure Of Labor

Author : Paulo Drinot
ISBN : 9780822350132
Genre : History
File Size : 73.14 MB
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Reveals how Peru s early-twentieth-century labor reforms excluded the majority of the country s laborers. They were indigenous, and the nation s elites saw indigeneity as incommensurable with work, modernity, and industrial progress.
Category: History

A Virtuous Circle

Author : Pippa Norris
ISBN : 0521793645
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89.92 MB
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Is the process of political communications by the news media and by parties responsible for civic malaise? A Virtuous Circle sets out to challenge and critique the conventional wisdom. Based on a comparative examination of the role of the news media and parties in 29 postindustrial societies, focusing in particular on Western Europe and the United States, this study argues that rather than mistakenly 'blaming the messenger' we need to understand and confront more deep-rooted flaws in systems of representative democracy.
Category: Political Science

Broccoli And Desire

Author : Edward F. Fischer
ISBN : 0804754845
Genre : History
File Size : 63.36 MB
Format : PDF
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This book takes a surprising look at the hidden world of broccoli, connecting American consumers concerned about their health and diet with Maya farmers concerned about holding onto their land and making a living. Compelling life stories and rich descriptions from ethnographic fieldwork among supermarket shoppers in Nashville, Tennessee and Maya farmers in highland Guatemala bring the commodity chain of this seemingly mundane product to life. For affluent Americans, broccoli fits into everyday concerns about eating right, being healthy, staying in shape, and valuing natural foods. For Maya farmers, this new export crop provides an opportunity to make a little extra money in difficult, often risky circumstances. Unbeknownst to each other, the American consumer and the Maya farmer are bound together in webs of desire and material production.
Category: History

Consuming The Caribbean

Author : Mimi Sheller
ISBN : 0415257603
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73.43 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Sheller demonstrates how colonial exploitation of the Caribbean led directly to contemporary forms of consumption of the region and its products, aiming to trouble innocent indulgence in the pleasures of thoughtless consumption.
Category: Business & Economics

Peru And The United States

Author : Lawrence A. Clayton
ISBN : 0820320242
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42.99 MB
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"Badly needed updated history of Peruvian-US relations from the series edited by Lester Langley on Latin American-US relations. Traces evolution of diplomatic, military and economic relations between the two nations from independence to late in second ter
Category: Political Science