UNDERSTANDING CAPITAL

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Understanding Capital

Author : Duncan K. FOLEY
ISBN : 9780674037045
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37.21 MB
Format : PDF
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Understanding Capital is a brilliantly lucid introduction to Marxist economic theory. Duncan Foley builds an understanding of the theory systematically, from first principles through the definition of central concepts to the development of important applications.
Category: Business & Economics

Understanding Capital

Author : Frédéric Bastiat
ISBN : 1600960588
Genre : Capital
File Size : 78.19 MB
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Must-read classic from the brilliant French economist and philospher.
Category: Capital

Understanding Capital Punishment Law

Author : Linda E. Carter
ISBN : 9780327184188
Genre : Law
File Size : 37.89 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This treatise is designed to provide an overview of the complex issues surrounding capital punishment. The primary emphasis of Understanding Capital Punishment Law is an explanation of the constitutional law that governs death penalty proceedings in the United States. Understanding Capital Punishment Law is structured in five parts: Overview. These chapters include arguments for and against capital punishment, and an overview of the legal constructs for analysis of Eighth Amendment issues. Trial Procedures. This group of chapters covers the constitutional issues that have shaped the process into a guilt phase and a penalty phase: aggravating circumstances, mitigating circumstances, and a decision on death or life. Topics include categorical bars to the death penalty, such as mental retardation; the function of aggravating evidence to narrow the group of death-eligible defendants; the presentation of aggravating evidence, such as victim-impact evidence; the function of mitigating evidence to provide for individualized consideration of the defendant; the presentation of mitigating evidence; and the decision process, including the distinction between weighing and non-weighing states and life without parole instructions. Post-Trial Procedures. These chapters include direct appeal; habeas corpus, with an emphasis on ineffective assistance of counsel and innocence claims; clemency; and death row issues of insanity and the death row phenomenon. Systemic Issues. Pervasive issues of race and gender discrimination are covered as well as the constitutional and practical problem of 'volunteers' for the death penalty. Additionally, there is a chapter that explains and describes international treaty issues in capital cases. Future Issues. A final chapter looks at issues that are likely to arise in future death penalty cases, including the constitutionality of executing juveniles and the effect of terrorism on death penalty law.
Category: Law

Understanding And Measuring Social Capital

Author : Christiaan Grootaert
ISBN : 0821350684
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63.71 MB
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This work details various methods of gauging social capital and provides illustrative case studies from Mali and India. It also offers a measuring instrument, the Social Capital Assessment Tool, that combines quantitative and qualitative approaches.
Category: Social Science

Isoquantal Capital Modulation

Author : William Mckibbin
ISBN : 9781581122794
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 51.39 MB
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The purpose of business is to employ capital factors in such a manner as to generate value for its customers and profits for its owners. To achieve these ends, management must make at least three distinct decisions ? the operating, investment, and financing decisions. The purpose of this study is to formulate a modeling methodology that harmonically analyzes and explains how the investment decision and capital elasticity influence competitive advantage. The research explores the descriptive literature for the current states of computational modeling, accounting theory and practice, managerial finance, macroeconomics, capital theory, andharmonic analysis in order to provide evidence supporting the content validity of a proposed modeling framework, which encodes, modulates, and transforms raw financial data intowaveforms suitable for harmonic analysis. The framework is operationalized algebraically, translated into a high-level computational language, and subsequently tested using simulation methods in order to analyze the computational robustness of the implementation. Finally, empirical testing shows a significant correlation exists between the model?s reported results and the profitability of sole proprietorships in the U.S. providing initial evidence of the framework?sconstruct validity. Additional empirical testing shows that the relationship between the model?s reported results and net profitability is stronger than results returned from the use of raw capital magnitudes providing evidence of the model?s positive capacity for recommending decisions. The study uses extant financial data obtained from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), which maintains and releases Federal tax information extracted from its archives into the public domainthrough its Statistics of Income (SOI) programs.
Category: Business & Economics

Understanding Capital And Interest

Author : M. Frederic Bastiat
ISBN : 1627300910
Genre :
File Size : 48.57 MB
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Must-read classic from the brilliant French economist and philospher.
Category:

Capital Structure Decisions

Author : Yamini Agarwal
ISBN : 9781118203163
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27.75 MB
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Inside the risk management and corporate governance issues behind capital structure decisions Practical ways of determining capital structures have always been mysterious and riddled with risks and uncertainties. Dynamic paradigm shifts and the multi-dimensional operations of firms further complicate the situation. Financial leaders are under constant pressure to outdo their competitors, but how to do so is not always clear. Capital Structure Decisions offers an introduction to corporate finance, and provides valuable insights into the decision-making processes that face the CEOs and CFOs of organizations in dynamic multi-objective environments. Exploring the various models and techniques used to understand the capital structure of an organization, as well as the products and means available for financing these structures, the book covers how to develop a goal programming model to enable organization leaders to make better capital structure decisions. Incorporating international case studies to explain various financial models and to illustrate ways that capital structure choices determine their success, Capital Structure Decisions looks at existing models and the development of a new goal-programming model for capital structures that is capable of handling multiple objectives, with an emphasis throughout on mitigating risk. Helps financial leaders understand corporate finance and the decision-making processes involved in understanding and developing capital structure Includes case studies from around the world that explain key financial models Emphasizes ways to minimize risk when it comes to working with capital structures There are a number of criteria that financial leaders need to consider before making any major capital investment decision. Capital Structure Decisions analyzes the various risk management and corporate governance issues to be considered by any diligent CEO/CFO before approving a project.
Category: Business & Economics

Economic Capital

Author : Pieter Klaassen
ISBN : 0080956807
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73.29 MB
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Managers can deploy and manage economic capital more effectively when they understand how their decisions add value to their organizations. Economic Capital: How It Works and What Every Manager Needs to Know presents new ways to define, measure, and implement management strategies by using recent examples, many from the sub-prime crisis. The authors also discuss the role of economic capital within the broader context of management responsibilities and activities as well as its relation to other risk management tools that are available to the modern risk manager. Explains ways to use economic capital in balancing risk and return Evaluates solutions to problems encountered in establishing an economic capital framework Emphasizes intuition Draws special attention to embedding risk modelling approaches within economic capital frameworks
Category: Business & Economics

Das Kapital Im 21 Jahrhundert

Author : Thomas Piketty
ISBN : 9783406671326
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.51 MB
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Wie entstehen die Akkumulation und die Distribution von Kapital? Welche Dynamiken sind dafür maßgeblich? Fragen der langfristigen Evolution von Ungleichheit, der Konzentration von Wohlstand in wenigen Händen und nach den Chancen für ökonomisches Wachstum bilden den Kern der Politischen Ökonomie. Aber befriedigende Antworten darauf gab es bislang kaum, weil aussagekräftige Daten und eine überzeugende Theorie fehlten. In Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert analysiert Thomas Piketty ein beeindruckendes Datenmaterial aus 20 Ländern, zurückgehend bis ins 18. Jahrhundert, um auf dieser Basis die entscheidenden ökonomischen und sozialen Abläufe freizulegen. Seine Ergebnisse stellen die Debatte auf eine neue Grundlage und definieren zugleich die Agenda für das künftige Nachdenken über Wohlstand und Ungleichheit. Piketty zeigt uns, dass das ökonomische Wachstum in der Moderne und die Verbreitung des Wissens es uns ermöglicht haben, den Ungleichheiten in jenem apokalyptischen Ausmaß zu entgehen, das Karl Marx prophezeit hatte. Aber wir haben die Strukturen von Kapital und Ungleichheit andererseits nicht so tiefgreifend modifiziert, wie es in den prosperierenden Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg den Anschein hatte. Der wichtigste Treiber der Ungleichheit – nämlich die Tendenz von Kapitalgewinnen, die Wachstumsrate zu übertreffen – droht heute extreme Ungleichheiten hervorzubringen, die am Ende auch den sozialen Frieden gefährden und unsere demokratischen Werte in Frage stellen. Doch ökonomische Trends sind keine Gottesurteile. Politisches Handeln hat gefährliche Ungleichheiten in der Vergangenheit korrigiert, so Piketty, und kann das auch wieder tun.
Category: Business & Economics

Understanding And Paying Less Property Tax For Dummies

Author : Steve Sims
ISBN : 9781119997719
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50.5 MB
Format : PDF
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This comprehensive guide to understanding and paying less property tax for dummies is the best-value beginners book on the market. Covering everything from commercial buy-to-let and jet-to-let to property development and investing through a company, it explains a notoriously confusing subject in straightforward and easy to follow language. Packed full of tax saving tips and strategies, Understanding and Paying Less Tax For Dummies will help British property owners and investors minimise their tax bills and maximise their returns.
Category: Business & Economics