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Uncultural Behavior

Author : Charles J-H. Macdonald
ISBN : 9780824831035
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.9 MB
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Until recently the people of Kulbi-Kenipaqan lived on the fringes of the modern world following traditional customs and beliefs, practicing shifting agriculture, and leading an outwardly peaceful existence in a remote corner of Palawan island. Yet this small community, basically indistinguishable in society and culture from its immediate neighbors to the north, has one of the highest rates of suicide in the world. Why would the comparatively happy and well-off inhabitants of Kulbi fall victim to despair? Uncultural Behavior investigates the mystery of self-inflicted death among this nonviolent and orderly people in the Southern Philippines. To make sense of such a phenomenon, Charles Macdonald probes the beliefs, customs, and general disposition of this Palawan people, exploring how they live, think, behave, and relate to one another. Early chapters examine group formation and the spatialization of social ties, material culture, marriage, and law, providing an extensive ethnographic account of the Kulbi way of life. The author offers insights into the spiritual world of the community and addresses the local theory of emotions and the words that supply the vocabulary and idiom of indigenous commentaries on suicide. A well-documented case study of a suicide and its aftermath gives readers an idea of how Kulbi people treat suicide and their conflicting views on the subject. Following an analysis of statistical information, the author presents five profiles, bringing together motivations, actors, and circumstances. He concludes by examining the perspectives of neurobiology and genetics as well as psychology, sociology, and history.
Category: Social Science

Reason And Passion

Author : Michael G. Peletz
ISBN : 0520200705
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.6 MB
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"This book mixes aspects of 'old' and 'new' ethnography to powerful and persuasive effect: It is ethnographically rich, modestly (and appropriately) reflexive, and framed within a broad range of contemporary theoretical issues concerning gender and beyond. It is a pleasure to read, and will be enormously valuable (and important) for teaching as well."--Sherry Ortner, University of California, Berkeley "This is the single best study of gender and culture that I know, whether in Southeast Asia or elsewhere."--Robert Hefner, editor of "Conversion to Christianity"
Category: Social Science

Living Intersections Transnational Migrant Identifications In Asia

Author : Caroline Plüss
ISBN : 9789400729667
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20.31 MB
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This book presents ground-breaking theoretical, and empirical knowledge to produce a fine-grained and encompassing understanding of the costs and benefits that different groups of Asian migrants, moving between different countries in Asia and in the West, experience. The contributors—all specialist scholars in anthropology, geography, history, political science, social psychology, and sociology—present new approaches to intersectionality analysis, focusing on the migrants’ performance of their identities as the core indicator to unravel the mutual constituitivity of cultural, social, political, and economic characteristics rooted in different places, which characterizes transnational lifestyles. The book answers one key question: What happens to people, communities, and societies under globalization, which is, among others, characterized by increasing cultural disidentification?
Category: Social Science

Cultural Conceptions Of Mental Health And Therapy

Author : Anthony J. Marsella
ISBN : 9789401092203
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57.97 MB
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Within the past two decades, there has been an increased interest in the study of culture and mental health relationships. This interest has extended across many academic and professional disciplines, including anthropology, psychology, sociology, psychiatry, public health and social work, and has resulted in many books and scientific papers emphasizing the role of sociocultural factors in the etiology, epidemiology, manifestation and treatment of mental disorders. It is now evident that sociocultural variables are inextricably linked to all aspects of both normal and abnormal human behavior. But, in spite of the massive accumulation of data regarding culture and mental health relationships, sociocultural factors have still not been incorporated into existing biological and psychological perspectives on mental disorder and therapy. Psychiatry, the Western medical specialty concerned with mental disorders, has for the most part continued to ignore socio-cultural factors in its theoretical and applied approaches to the problem. The major reason for this is psychiatry's continued commitment to a disease conception of mental disorder which assumes that mental disorders are largely biologically-caused illnesses which are universally represented in etiology and manifestation. Within this perspective, mental disorders are regarded as caused by universal processes which lead to discrete and recognizable symptoms regardless of the culture in which they occur. However, this perspective is now the subject of growing criticism and debate.
Category: Social Science

Reluctant Intimacies

Author : Beata Świtek
ISBN : 9781785332708
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.18 MB
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Based on seventeen months of ethnographic research among Indonesian eldercare workers in Japan and Indonesia, this book is the first ethnography to research Indonesian care workers' relationships with the cared-for elderly, their Japanese colleagues, and their employers. Through the notion of intimacy, the book brings together sociological and anthropological scholarship on the body, migration, demographic change, and eldercare in a vivid account of societal transformation. Placed against the background of mass media representations, the Indonesian workers' experiences serve as a basis for discussion of the role of bodily experience in shaping the image of a national "other" in Japan.
Category: Social Science

Mental Culture In Burmese Crisis Politics

Author : Gustaaf Houtman
ISBN : 9784872977486
Genre : Buddhism
File Size : 87.54 MB
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An examination of the current political crisis in Burma, and in particular its Buddhist and socio-psychological aspects.
Category: Buddhism

Things Japanese Being Notes On Various Subjects Connected With Japan For The Use Of Travellers And Others

Author : Basil Hall Chamberlain
ISBN : 1230279849
Genre : Japan
File Size : 32.41 MB
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1891 edition. Excerpt: ... beautiful tilings in Japan is the Glass Rope Sponge (Hyalonema Sieboldi), whose silken coils adorn the shell-shops at Enoshima. Bookm reeommended. The above artiele is founded chiefiy on Rein's Japan, p. 157, el seq. Rein's treatment of the fishes is specially full, but a good re'sume' of the other elasses is given, together with references to the chief authorities on each.--See also ttlakiston and Prycr's Catalogue of the Birds of Japan, printed in Vol. X. Part I. of the Asiatic Transactions; Pryer's Catalogue of the Ltpidoptcra of Japan, in Vol. XI. Part II. and Vol. XII. Part II. of the same, with Additions and Corrections in Vol. XIII. Part I., and the same author's beautifully illustrated work entitled Shopalocera Xihonica. 'Postscript to Article on Earthquakes. After the foregoing pages had passed through the press, there occurred on the morning of the 28th October, 1891, an earthquake second only--if second--to the great earthquake of 1855. Felt in Tokyo as a severe, unusually protracted, but not disastrous shock, it seems to have had its centre in the province of Mino, where the towns of Gifu and Ogaki were completely destroyed. At Osaka, at Otsu, at Fukui, at Toyama, and almost the whole way along the Tokaido-- especially at Nagoya--incalculable damage was done and thousands of lives were lost. CORRECTIONS. Page 156, line 2, for July 1, read Juhj 7. Page 835, last line but one, for Lock, read Loch. INDEX. (When several references are given, the most important is placed first.) "A Social Departure," 63, 143. Abacus, 9. Abdication, 10. Abe-no-Nakamaro, 287. Academy of Music, 317. Actors, 414, 415, 429. Acupuncture, 13. Adams's " History of Japan," 62, 223, 445. Adams (Will), 13, 65, 232, 380. Addresses, 428; 86. Administrative...
Category: Japan