Uncultural Behavior

Author : Charles J-H. Macdonald
ISBN : 9780824831035
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.97 MB
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Until recently the people of Kulbi-Kenipaqan lived on the fringes of the modern world following traditional customs and beliefs, practicing shifting agriculture, and leading an outwardly peaceful existence in a remote corner of Palawan island. Yet this small community, basically indistinguishable in society and culture from its immediate neighbors to the north, has one of the highest rates of suicide in the world. Why would the comparatively happy and well-off inhabitants of Kulbi fall victim to despair? Uncultural Behavior investigates the mystery of self-inflicted death among this nonviolent and orderly people in the Southern Philippines. To make sense of such a phenomenon, Charles Macdonald probes the beliefs, customs, and general disposition of this Palawan people, exploring how they live, think, behave, and relate to one another. Early chapters examine group formation and the spatialization of social ties, material culture, marriage, and law, providing an extensive ethnographic account of the Kulbi way of life. The author offers insights into the spiritual world of the community and addresses the local theory of emotions and the words that supply the vocabulary and idiom of indigenous commentaries on suicide. A well-documented case study of a suicide and its aftermath gives readers an idea of how Kulbi people treat suicide and their conflicting views on the subject. Following an analysis of statistical information, the author presents five profiles, bringing together motivations, actors, and circumstances. He concludes by examining the perspectives of neurobiology and genetics as well as psychology, sociology, and history.
Category: Social Science

Landlords Peasants And Intellectuals In Modern Korea

Author : Ki-jung Pang
ISBN : 1885445385
Genre : History
File Size : 78.63 MB
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This volume introduces, for the first time in English, the work of one of the major schools of historiography in South Korea. Centered at Yonsei University, the school focuses on intellectual and socioeconomic history. A selection of studies illuminates the internal dynamics and historical roots of Korea's transition to modernity and the division of the country and is a powerful refutation of the so-called "stagnation theory." The volume is in three parts: the first covers the period before the Japanese occupation; the second focuses on the socioeconomic history during the occupation; and the last examines the work of three major intellectuals of the occupation period: Paek Namʻun, An Chaehong, and Yi Suntʻak.
Category: History

Encyclopedia Of Modern Asia

Author : David Levinson
ISBN : 0684312476
Genre : History
File Size : 73.89 MB
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Online version of: Encyclopedia of modern Asia. New York : Scribner, 2002. 6 v.
Category: History

Numerical Analysis And Graphic Visualization With Matlab

Author : Shoichiro Nakamura
ISBN : 0130654892
Genre : Computers
File Size : 65.50 MB
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PREFACE WHAT THIS BOOK DESCRIBES This book is intended to introduce numerical analysis and graphic visualization using MATLAB to college students majoring in engineering and science.It can also be a handbook of MATLAB applications for professional engi-neers and scientists. The goal is not to teach the mathematics of numericalanalysis, but rather to teach the knowledge and skills of solving equationsand presenting them graphically so that readers can easily handle equationsand results of the computations. With its unique and fascinating capabilities, MATLAB has changed theconcept of programming for numerical and mathematical analyses. Therefore, MATLAB is a superb vehicle to achieve our goal. This book fullyimplements the mathematical and graphic tools in the most recent versionof MATLAB. The following four fundamental elements are integrated in this book: (1)programming in MATLAB, (2) mathematical basics of numerical analysis,(3) application of numerical methods to engineering, scientific, and mathematical problems, and (4) scientific graphics with MATLAB. The first two chapters are comprehensive tutorials of MATLAB commands and graphic tools, particularly for the beginner or entry-level collegestudent. Indeed, these two chapters have been most significantly enhancedin this edition compared to the first edition. In Chapter 1, understandingand developing programming skills on MATLAB are emphasized particularlybecause, unless the reader has knowledge and experience with another pro-gramming language, these are tough hurdles for the beginner to overcome.To acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to read the rest of the book,solving the problems at the end of each chapter is very important. Chapter 2 starts out with the elements of graphics on MATLAB, whichis easy to follow. Yet, toward the end of the chapter, three-dimensionalgraphics on the professional level are achieved. Not only is the programmingtechnique of plotting functions mentioned, but also skills of presenting mathematical and scientific material using graphics are developed throughout thechapter. The graphics knowledge acquired in this chapter are foundationsin learning and applying the numerical methods described in the remainderof the book. Again, practice on the computer is important. Some studentstry to memorize scripts without understanding why and how they work,but such an effort is utterly meaningless. More important is to play with afew new commands, understand how they work and how they may fail, andfinally become a master of the commands. Chapters 3 through 11 cover numerical methods and their implementations with MATLAB. All the numerical methods described are illustratedwith applications on MATLAB. Appendices describe special topics, including advanced three-dimensional graphics with colors, motion pictures, imageprocessing, and graphical user interface. Readers should feel free to use thescripts in this book in any way desired. However, the beginning studentsare advised not to u se these scripts blindly. The students should write theirown scripts. Using the lists of the scripts and function, readers can run most examples and figures on their own computers. The m-files of the scripts can bedownloaded as mentioned later. WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT MATLAB? MATLAB may be regarded as a programming language like Fortran or C,although describing it in a few words is difficult. Some of its outstandingfeatures for numerical analyses, however, are: Significantly simpler programming Continuity among integer, real, and complex values Extended range of numbers and their accuracy A comprehensive mathematical library Extensive graphic tools including graphic user interface functions Capability of linking with traditional programming languages Transportability of MATLAB programs An extraordinary feature of MATLAB is that there is no distinction amongreal, complex, and integer numbers. All numbers are in double precision. InMATLAB, all kinds of numbers are continuously connected, as they should be. It means that in MATLAB, any variable can take any type of numberwithout special declaration in programming. This makes programming fasterand more productive. In Fortran, a different subroutine is necessary for eachsingle, double, real or complex, or integer variable, while in MATLAB thereis no need to separate them. The mathematical library in MATLAB makes mathematical analyseseasy. Yet the user can develop additional mathematical routines significantlymore easily than in other programming languages because of the continuitybetween real and complex variables. Among numerous mathematical functions, linear algebra solvers play central roles. Indeed, the whole MATLABsystem is founded upon linear algebra solvers. IMPORTANCE OF GRAPHICS Graphic presentation of mathematical analysis helps the reader to under-stand mathematics and makes it enjoyable. Although this advantage hasbeen well known, presenting computed results with computer graphics wasnot without substantial extra effort in the past. With MATLAB, however,graphic presentations of mathematical material is possible with just a fewcommands. Scientific and even artistic graphic objects can be created on thescreen using mathematical expressions. It has been found that MATLABgraphics motivate and excite students to learn mathematical and numericalmethods that could otherwise be dull. MATLAB graphics are easy and great fun for readers. This book alsoillustrates image processing and production of motion pictures for scientific computing as well as for artistic or hobby material. WILL MATLAB ELIMINATE THE NEED FOR FORTRAN OR C? The answer is no. Fortran and C are still important for high-performancecomputing that requires a large memory or long computing time. The speedof MATLAB computation is significantly slower than that with Fortran orC because MATLAB is paying the high price for the nice features. Learn-ing Fortran or C, however, is not a prerequisite for understanding MATLAB. REFERENCE BOOKS THAT ARE HELPFUL TO LEARN MATLAB This book explains many MATLAB commands but is not intended to be acomplete guide to MATLAB. Readers interested in further information onMATLAB are advised to read User's Guide and Reference Guide. Also, youshould know that over 400 books for use with MATLAB, Simulink, Tool-boxes, and Blocksets have been written. See http://www.mathworks.com/support/books WEB SITE FOR READERS OF THIS BOOK A Web site for readers of this book has been opened at http://olen.eng.ohio-state.ed/matlab This Web site includes additional examples, hints, and color graphics thatcannot be printed in the book. If there are corrections to the text material,they will appear on this Web site. Links to other relevant sites are alsoprovided. HOW TO OBTAIN M-FILES PACKAGE The m-files package that includes all the scripts and functions developed inthe present book are available from the download site of the publisher, whichcan be accessed via the Web site in the foregoing paragraph. The packageincludes the following files: All m-files listed at the end of chapters. All scripts illustrated in the book (except short ones). Scripts to plot typical figures in the book. SOLUTION KEYS Solution keys for the problems for each chapter are available at the end ofthis book. Further help may also be available at the Web site for the readers. HOW TO OBTAIN MORE INFORMATION ABOUT MATLAB The best way to start collecting more information about MATLAB is to visitthe Web site of MATHWORKS athttp://www.mathworks.com For other communication with MathWorks, their address is: The MathWorks, Inc., 3 Apple Hill Drive, Natick ,MA 01760-2098, United StatesPhone: 508-647-7000, Fax: 508-647-7001. LIST OF REVIEWERS The first edition of this book was reviewed by: Professor T. Aldemir, Nuclear Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Professor M. Darwish, Mechanical Engineering Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon The MathWorks Inc., Natick, Massacusetts Professor J.K. Shultis, Nuclear Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas Professor S.V. Sreenivasan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, Texas
Category: Computers

New Perspectives On The Japanese Occupation In Malaya And Singapore 1941 1945

Author : Yōji Akashi
ISBN : 9971692996
Genre : History
File Size : 22.52 MB
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Information on the Japanese Occupation of Malaya and Singapore is sparse, and Japanese-language materials are particularly difficult to find because the Japanese military systematically destroyed war-related documents when the war ended. The contributors to this volume participated in a Forum that spent four years locating surviving materials relating to the Occupation of Malaya. The group had three objectives: to collect primary sources, to interview Japanese military and civilian officials who took part in the military administration and people in Malaysia and Singapore who experienced the period, and to publish the results of the studies. Based on interviews with Japanese, Malaysians and Singaporeans who lived through the war years and materials gathered from archives and libraries in Britain, Malaysia, Singapore, USA, Australia, and India, the Forum has produced a number of Japanese-language publications. This book makes available some of their research findings in English. Topics covered include the Watanabe Military Administration, Japanese research activities in Malaya, Japan's Economic Policies, Malayan Communist Party Leaders and the Anti-Japanese Resistance, the Massacre of Chinese in Singapore, Railway Transportation during the Japanese Occupation Period, The Singapore Internment Camp for Allied Civilian Women, and the Japanese Surrender. This volume is a revised version of Akashi Yoji, ed., Nippon Senryoka no Eiryo Maraya/Shingaporu (Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten Publishers Co., 2001).
Category: History

Engaging The Spirit World

Author : Andrea Lauser
ISBN : 9780857453587
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 65.79 MB
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"'The world today is as furiously religious as it ever was.' This quote from Peter Berger now appears to be undisputed in the contemporary social and cultural sciences. A look around the globe reveals that modernization does not necessarily lead to a decline of religion, neither in society nor in the minds of individuals. Moreover, the multifaceted and divergent responses to modernization processes have significantly contributed to a critical reflection on the notion of a singular modernity, and as a result it has been suggested to speak of multiple, vernacular, alternative, or "other" modernities. Southeast Asia in particular presents a rich field of inquiry into the dynamics of these "modernities" that have produced and shaped a wide variety of religious phenomena. With case studies from Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, and Vietnam, these contributions reveal contemporary religious practices in Southeast Asia as thoroughly modern manifestations of uncertainties, moral disquiet and unequal rewards in the contemporary moment."--Publisher's description.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Possessed By The Spirits

Author : Karen Fjelstad
ISBN : 0877271410
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 24.85 MB
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The essays in this volume examine the resurgence of the Mother Goddess religion among contemporary Vietnamese following the economic "Renovation" period in Vietnam. Anthropologists explore the forces that compel individuals to become mediums and the social repercussions of their decisions and interactions.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Politics Of Landscapes In Singapore

Author : Lily Kong
ISBN : 081562980X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50.39 MB
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This book shows how power relations that define and challenge the concept of nation are played out in and through landscapes. Has the era of globalization neutralized the institution of nation? This thought-provoking book focuses on attempts to build nation through landscape. Specifically, it explores strategies employed by Singapore, a multiracial society, to create a Singapore nation with an emphasis on the role of landscapes. As such, the authors cast a keen eye on religious buildings, public housing, heritage landscapes, and street name changes as tangible methods of nation-building in a postcolonial society. The authors point out that notions of identity and nation are social constructs rooted in history. They then illustrate how nation and national identity are concepts that are negotiated and disputed by varied social, economic, and political groups - some of which may actively resist powerful state-centrist attitudes. Throughout this work, the role of the landscape prevails both as a way to naturalize state ideologies and as a means of providing possibilities for reinterpretation in everyday life. Insightful and informative, this is a crucial reference for g
Category: Political Science

Handbook Of Thanatology

Author : David K. Meagher
ISBN : 9781136726507
File Size : 68.4 MB
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If ever there was an area requiring that the research-practice gap be bridged, surely it occurs where thanatologists engage with people dealing with human mortality and loss. The field of thanatology—the study of death and dying—is a complex, multidisciplinary area that encompases the range of human experiences, emotions, expectations, and realities. The Handbook of Thanatology is the most authoritative volume in the field, providing a single source of up-to-date scholarship, research, and practice implications. The handbook is the recommended resource for preparation for the prestigious certificate in thanatology (CT) and fellow in thanatology (FT) credentials, which are administered and granted by ADEC.