TSODILO HILLS COPPER BRACELET OF THE KALAHARI

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Tsodilo Hills

Author : Alec C. Campbell
ISBN : 0870138588
Genre : History
File Size : 66.82 MB
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Tsodilo Hillsis a richly illustrated account one of the world's oldest and most beautiful historical sites: For 100,000 years, inhabitants of Botswana's Tsodilo Hills region left behind a record of their gathering wild foods, hunting, fishing, mining, rock painting, cattle herding, and metalworking, as well as of their participation in a coast-to-coast trade network. During the past 30 years, archaeologists, paleontologists, historians, and anthropologists have worked at Tsodilo. Here is the Tsodilo story, the Hills' revelations brought together in one volume, beautifully illuminated by more than 150 color plates and maps. For scientists, this work brings together decades of research at a site in the Kalahari that was virtually unknown until the late 1970s. Tsodilo Hillsalso offers a fascinating glimpse into the history of the Kalahari Desert to the general reader, as well as an unsurpassedguide to an extraordinary world to the desert's many tourists.
Category: History

Africa From Mis 6 2

Author : Sacha C. Jones
ISBN : 9789401775205
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.12 MB
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Bringing together archaeological, paleoenvironmental, paleontological and genetic data, this book makes a first attempt to reconstruct African population histories from out species' evolution to the Holocene. Africa during Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 6 to 2 (~190-12,000 years ago) witnessed the biological development and behavioral florescence of our species. Modern human population dynamics, which involved multiple population expansions, dispersals, contractions and extinctions, played a central role in our species’ evolutionary trajectory. So far, the demographic processes – modern human population sizes, distributions and movements – that occurred within Africa during this critical period have been consistently under-addressed. The authors of this volume aim at (1) examining the impact of this glacial-interglacial- glacial cycle on human group sizes, movements and distributions throughout Africa; (2) investigating the macro- and micro-evolutionary processes underpinning our species’ anatomical and behavioral evolution; and (3) setting an agenda whereby Africa can benefit from, and eventually contribute to, the increasingly sophisticated theoretical and methodological palaeodemographic frameworks developed on other continents.
Category: Science

World Heritage Sites And Tourism

Author : Laurent Bourdeau
ISBN : 9781134784301
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.72 MB
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Not all World Heritage Sites have people living within or close by their boundaries, but many do. The designation of World Heritage status brings a new dimension to the functioning of local communities and particularly through tourism. Too many tourists accentuated by the World Heritage label, or in some cases not enough tourists, despite anticipation of increased numbers, can act to disrupt and disturb relations within a community and between communities. Either way, tourism can be seen as a form of activity that can generate interest and concern as it is played out within World Heritage Sites. But the relationships that World Heritage Sites and their consequent tourism share with communities are not just a function of the number of tourists. The relationships are complex and ever changing as the communities themselves change and are built upon long-standing and wider contextual factors that stretch beyond tourism. This volume, drawing upon a wide range of international cases relating to some 33 World Heritage Sites, reveals the multiple dimensions of the relations that exist between the sites and local communities. The designation of the sites can create, obscure and heighten the power relations between different parts of a community, between different communities and between the tourism and the heritage sector. Increasingly, the management of World Heritage is not only about the management of buildings and landscapes but about managing the communities that live and work in or near them.
Category: Science

Heart Of Dryness

Author : James G. Workman
ISBN : 0802719619
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.33 MB
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"We don't govern water. Water governs us," writes James Workman. In Heart of Dryness, he chronicles the memorable, cautionary tale of the famed Bushmen of the Kalahari--remnants of one of the world's most successful civilizations, today at the exact epicenter of Africa's drought--and their remarkable, widely publicized battle over water with the government of Botswana, to explore the larger story of what many feel is becoming the primary resource battleground of the 21st century: water. The Bushmen's story may well prefigure our own. Even the most upbeat optimists concede the U.S. now faces an unprecedented water crisis. Large dams on the Colorado River, which serve 30 million in 7 states, will be dry in 13 years. Southeast drought cut Tennessee Valley Authority hydropower in half, exposed Lake Okeechobee's floor, dried $787 million of Georgia's crops, and left Atlanta with 60 days of water. Cities east and west are drying up. As reservoirs and aquifers fail, officials ration water, neighbors snitch on one another, corporations move in, and states fight states to control shared rivers. Each year, inadequate water kills more humans than AIDS, malaria, and all wars combined. Global leaders pray for rain. Bushmen tap more pragmatic solutions. James Workman illuminates the present and coming tensions we will all face over water and shows how, from the remoteness of the Kalahari, a primitive (by our standards) people is showing the world a viable path through the encroaching desert of the coming Dry Age.
Category: Science

Africa An Encyclopedia Of Culture And Society 3 Volumes

Author : Toyin Falola Ph.D.
ISBN : 9781598846669
Genre : History
File Size : 29.35 MB
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These volumes offer a one-stop resource for researching the lives, customs, and cultures of Africa's nations and peoples. • Supplies entries that are more extensive than in most comparable encyclopedic works • Arranges content alphabetically by country, then by topic, with suggestions for further reading following each • Includes contributions from numerous eminent scholars of African history • Provides a clear African voice via entries from scholars from the African continent
Category: History

Images And Power

Author : Polly Schaafsma
ISBN : 9781461458227
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55.27 MB
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​Ethics and Rock Art: Images and Power addresses the distinctive ways in which ethical considerations pertain to rock art research within the larger context of the archaeological ethical debate. Marks on stone, with their social and religious implications, give rise to distinctive ethical concerns within the scholarly enterprise as different perceptions between scholars and Native Americans are encountered in regard to worldviews, concepts of space, time, and in the interpretation of the imagery itself. This discourse addresses issues such as the conflicting paradigms of oral traditions and archaeological veracity, differing ideas about landscapes in which rock art occurs, the intrusion of “desired knowledge”, and how the past may be robbed by changing interpretations and values on both sides. Case studies are presented in regard to shamanism and war-related imagery. Also addressed are issues surrounding questions of art, aesthetics, and appropriation of imagery by outsiders. Overall, this discourse attempts to clarify points of contention between Euro-American scholars and Native Americans so that we can better recognize the origins of differences and thus promote better mutual understanding in these endeavors.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of African Archaeology

Author : Peter Mitchell
ISBN : 9780191626159
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.20 MB
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Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
Category: Social Science

World Heritage Sites And Indigenous Peoples Rights

Author : Stefan Disko
ISBN : UCSD:31822041245713
Genre : Law
File Size : 84.97 MB
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This book includes twenty case studies of World Heritage sites from around the world that explore, from a human rights perspective, indigenous peoples' experiences with World Heritage sites and with the processes of the World Heritage Convention. The book will serve as a resource for indigenous peoples, World Heritage site managers, and UNESCO, as well as academics, and it will contribute to discussions about what changes or actions are needed to ensure that World Heritage sites can play a consistently positive role for indigenous peoples, in line with the spirit of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Category: Law

Peolwane

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123409836
Genre : Botswana
File Size : 41.32 MB
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Category: Botswana

Journal Of African Archaeology

Author : P. Breunig
ISBN : 3937248269
Genre : History
File Size : 58.97 MB
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Contents include: Editorial; Foraging, Food Production and Laminar Components in the Northern Cape, South Africa, and Beyond; he Iron Age Ceramics from the Tong Hills, Northern Ghana. Sequence and Comparative Perspective; Early Iron Age Burials from Equatorial Guinea: The Sites of Corisco Island; A Glass Bead Sequence for Southern Africa from the 8th to the 16th Century AD; A Middle Stone Age Assemblage with Discoid Lithic Technology from Etemba 14, Erongo Mountains, Northern Namibia; Review of A. Campbell, L. Robbins & M. Taylor (eds.). Tsodilo Hills: Copper Bracelet of the Kalahari; Review of M. Bollig & O. Bubenzer (eds.). African Landscapes: Interdisciplinary Approaches; Review of K. Randsborg & I. Merkyte. Benin Archaeology: The Ancient Kingdoms; Review of A. Haour, K. Manning, N. Arazi, O. Gosselain, N.S. Gueye, D. Keita, A. Livingstone Smith, K. MacDonald, A. Mayor, S. McIntosh & R. Vernet (eds.). African Pottery Roulettes, Past and Present: Techniques, Identification and Distribution; Review of A. Haour & B. Rossi. Being and Becoming Hausa: Interdisciplinary Perspectives; Review of M. Dominguez-Rodrigo, L. Alcala & L. Luque (eds.). Peninj: A Research Project on Human Origins (1995-2005); Review of H.J. Drewal & E. Schildkrout. Dynasty and Divinity: Ife Art in Ancient Nigeria; Review of C. Saidi. Women's Authority and Society in East-Central Africa
Category: History