TRIAL BY FIRE AND WATER THE MEDIEVAL JUDICIAL ORDEAL

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Trial By Fire And Water The Medieval Judicial Ordeal Oxford University Press Academic Monograph Reprints

Author : Robert Bartlett
ISBN : 1626549141
Genre : History
File Size : 61.25 MB
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Although seemingly bizarre and barbaric in modern times, trial by ordeal-the subjection of the accused to undergo harsh tests such as walking over hot irons or being bound and cast into water-played an integral, and often staggeringly effective, role in justice systems for centuries. In "Trial by Fire and Water," Robert Bartlett examines the workings of trial by ordeal from the time of its first appearance in the barbarian law codes, tracing its use by Christian societies down to its last days as a test for witchcraft in modern Europe and America. Bartlett presents a critique of recent theories about the operation and the decline of the practice, and he attempts to make sense of the ordeal as a working institution and to explain its disappearance. Finally, he considers some of the general historical problems of understanding a society in which religious beliefs were so fundamental. Robert Bartlett is Wardlaw Professor of Medieval History at the University of St. Andrews.
Category: History

Trial By Fire And Water The Medieval Judicial Ordeal Oxford University Press Academic Monograph Reprints

Author : Robert Bartlett
ISBN : 1626548897
Genre : History
File Size : 41.47 MB
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Download : 778
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Although seemingly bizarre and barbaric in modern times, trial by ordeal-the subjection of the accused to undergo harsh tests such as walking over hot irons or being bound and cast into water-played an integral, and often staggeringly effective, role in justice systems for centuries. In "Trial by Fire and Water," Robert Bartlett examines the workings of trial by ordeal from the time of its first appearance in the barbarian law codes, tracing its use by Christian societies down to its last days as a test for witchcraft in modern Europe and America. Bartlett presents a critique of recent theories about the operation and the decline of the practice, and he attempts to make sense of the ordeal as a working institution and to explain its disappearance. Finally, he considers some of the general historical problems of understanding a society in which religious beliefs were so fundamental. Robert Bartlett is Wardlaw Professor of Medieval History at the University of St. Andrews.
Category: History

Trial By Fire And Water

Author : Robert Bartlett
ISBN : UOM:39015011730267
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 75.40 MB
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In trial by ordeal the accused was subjected to some harsh test--holding hot iron, being cast into a pool of water--with guilt or innocence decided according to the outcome. Although a strange and alien custom, trial by ordeal has been an important legal procedure in many regions and periods. Robert Bartlett here examines the workings of trial by ordeal from the time it first appeared in the barbarian law codes, tracing its use by Christian societies to its last days as a test of withcraft in Europe and America. He discusses recent theories about the operation and decline of the practice, shedding new light on both the ordeal as a working institution and the pressure for its abolition.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Medieval Panorama

Author : Robert Bartlett
ISBN : 0892366427
Genre : History
File Size : 82.33 MB
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With more than eight hundred illustrations, Medieval Panorama is an all-encompassing visual re-creation of the medieval world: its peoples, its defining characteristics, indeed, its whole culture in the widest sense. Every facet of the medieval world-from the fall of the Roman Empire to the dawning of the Renaissance-is covered in more than one hundred themes. Eight main sections encompass a range of subjects from religion through the structure of secular power, art and architecture, the daily life of ordinary men and women, philosophy and science, to an unusual emphasis on the imperfectly known world outside Europe. Specific topics include the papacy, monasteries, popular religion; kingship, knighthood, and courtly life; Gothic cathedrals; manuscripts; life on the land and in the city; cosmology, magic, and the romance of chivalry; the Moors, the Jews, and the mysterious East. A biographical dictionary, timelines, maps, and a glossary, as well as illuminating cross-references to connect related topics, make Medieval Panorama an indispensable reference work for students, educators, travelers, and museum-goers.
Category: History

The Laws Of The Earliest English Kings

Author : F. L. Attenborough
ISBN : 9781108084840
Genre : History
File Size : 48.66 MB
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Frederick Levi Attenborough (1887-1973) published this work in 1922 for social and legal historians who did not require the full critical apparatus and contextual material previously provided in German by Felix Lieberman. The book covers the early Anglo-Saxon laws from Aethelbert to Aethelstan, with a facing-page modern English translation.
Category: History

Why Can The Dead Do Such Great Things

Author : Robert Bartlett
ISBN : 9781400848782
Genre : History
File Size : 28.54 MB
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From its earliest centuries, one of the most notable features of Christianity has been the veneration of the saints—the holy dead. This ambitious history tells the fascinating story of the cult of the saints from its origins in the second-century days of the Christian martyrs to the Protestant Reformation. Robert Bartlett examines all of the most important aspects of the saints—including miracles, relics, pilgrimages, shrines, and the saints' role in the calendar, literature, and art. The book explores the central role played by the bodies and body parts of saints, and the special treatment these relics received. From the routes, dangers, and rewards of pilgrimage, to the saints' impact on everyday life, Bartlett's account is an unmatched examination of an important and intriguing part of the religious life of the past—as well as the present.
Category: History

The Ordeal

Author : Henry Charles Lea
ISBN : 9780812210613
Genre : History
File Size : 60.3 MB
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Henry Charles Lea was one of the first American historians to use what would later be termed comparative and anthropological approaches to history. Under his pen, the study of the medieval ordeal becomes a study in cultural history. Reprinted here from the fourth revised edition of 1892, the book begins by tracing the role of the ordeal in non-Western and ancient societies, showing the mental world to which it belongs: a limited trust in the public order and purely human methods of inquiry, and a larger faith in divine intervention and immanent justice. The work then describes the uses of the institution through the European Middle Ages to its final abolition, and in the process offers a rich typology of ordeals. Additional documents included in this edition present formulas and descriptions of some of the ordeals most frequently used: the ordeal by boiling water, by hot water, by cold water, by hot iron and water, by glowing plowshares, by fire, and the ordeal of the cross.
Category: History

Benedictine Maledictions

Author : Lester K. Little
ISBN : 0801481139
Genre : History
File Size : 42.42 MB
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"'May they be cursed in town and cursed in the fields. May their barns be cursed and may their bones be cursed. May the fruit of their loins be cursed as well as the fruit of their lands.' French monks of the Middle Ages hurled curses like these at their enemies, seeking supernatural assistance when no secular judge could help them. In a long-awaited book written with elegance and erudition, Lester Little undertakes the first full-length study of these maledictions. . . . The book's focus is the way that religious communities--especially the monks who followed Benedict's Rule and hence were known by his name--used liturgical cursing to safeguard their integrity and their possessions, against both laymen and other ecclesiastics." --Journal of Social History
Category: History

Strong Of Body Brave And Noble

Author : Constance Brittain Bouchard
ISBN : 0801485487
Genre : History
File Size : 63.91 MB
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Medieval society was dominated by its knights and nobles. The literature created in medieval Europe was primarily a literature of knightly deeds, and the modern imagination has also been captured by these leaders and warriors. This book explores the nature of the nobility, focusing on France in the High Middle Ages (11th-13th centuries). Constance Brittain Bouchard examines their families; their relationships with peasants, townspeople, and clerics; and the images of them fashioned in medieval literary texts. She incorporates throughout a consideration of noble women and the nobility's attitude toward women. Research in the last two generations has modified and expanded modern understanding of who knights and nobles were; how they used authority, war, and law; and what position they held within the broader society. Even the concepts of feudalism, courtly love, and chivalry, once thought to be self-evident aspects of medieval society, have been seriously questioned. Bouchard presents bold new interpretations of medieval literature as both reflecting and criticizing the role of the nobility and their behavior. She offers the first synthesis of this scholarship in accessible form, inviting general readers as well as students and professional scholars to a new understanding of aristocratic role and function.
Category: History