TRANSLATIONAL BIOLOGY IN MEDICINE WOODHEAD PUBLISHING SERIES IN BIOMEDICINE

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Translational Biology In Medicine

Author : M. Montano
ISBN : 9781908818652
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.43 MB
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The recent emphasis in biomedical research on translational biology and personalized medicine is revolutionizing conceptual and experimental approaches to understanding and improving human health. Translational Biology in Medicine begins with an introduction to experimental model systems for disease, such as cell lines, primary cells, stem cells and animal models for disease, followed by a systematic description of genetic and genomic profiling and biomarker validation currently used in biomedical research. Examples of translation studies that have used these models and methods are presented, including studies in aging, tissue repair and chronic infection, each with an emphasis on how personalized medicine is transforming biomedicine. Bioethical considerations in translational study design and bioethical considerations in biomedical research are then covered, before concluding remarks, and a look towards the future of personalized medicine. Describes cellular and animal model systems used in translational research Discusses the use of blood, genetic and genomic biomarkers for disease Presents translational studies in aging, tissue repair and infectious disease biomedicine
Category: Science

Bioinformatics For Biomedical Science And Clinical Applications

Author : K-H Liang
ISBN : 9781908818232
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49.73 MB
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Contemporary biomedical and clinical research is undergoing constant development thanks to the rapid advancement of various high throughput technologies at the DNA, RNA and protein levels. These technologies can generate vast amounts of raw data, making bioinformatics methodologies essential in their use for basic biomedical and clinical applications. Bioinformatics for biomedical science and clinical applications demonstrates what these cutting-edge technologies can do and examines how to design an appropriate study, including how to deal with data and address specific clinical questions. The first two chapters consider Bioinformatics and analysis of the human genome. The subsequent three chapters cover the introduction of Transcriptomics, Proteomics and Systems biomedical science. The remaining chapters move on to critical developments, clinical information and conclude with domain knowledge and adaptivity. A coherent presentation of concepts, methodologies and practical tools that systematically lead to significant discoveries in the biomedical and clinical area Real examples of cutting edge discoveries The introduction of study types and technologies for all the DNA, RNA and protein levels
Category: Computers

Ocular Transporters And Receptors

Author : Ashim K Mitra
ISBN : 9781908818317
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.45 MB
Format : PDF
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Ocular transporters and receptors contains detailed descriptions of major transporters and receptors expressed in the eye, with special emphasis on their role in drug delivery. The complex anatomy and the existence of multiple barriers in the eye pose a considerable challenge to successful drug delivery to the eye. Hence ocular transporters and receptors are important targets for drug delivery. A significant advancement has been made in the field of ocular transport research and their role in drug delivery. In this book the cutting edge research being carried out in this field is compiled and summarized. The book focuses on key areas, including the anatomy and physiology of the eye, biology of ocular transporters and receptors, techniques in characterization of transporters and receptors, transporters and receptors in the anterior and posterior segment in the eye, the role of ocular transporters and receptors in drug delivery, and transporter-metabolism interplay in the eye. Highly focused on ocular transporters Most up-to-date research compilation Detailed description of role of transporters and receptors in ocular drug discovery and delivery
Category: Science

Allergens And Respiratory Pollutants

Author : Marc A. Williams
ISBN : 9781908818065
Genre : Medical
File Size : 71.17 MB
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Allergens and respiratory pollutants is a collection of 12 authoritative papers that draws upon the collective expertise of world leaders in the fields of innate immunity, immunotoxicology and pulmonary biology. The book critically explores the biological and immunological mechanisms that contribute to immune dysfunction on exposure to allergens and the susceptibility to infectious disease on exposure to ambient pollutants. The clinical relevance of exposure to ambient airborne xenobiotics is critically discussed and collectively, this book provides an educational forum that links the health effects of environmental exposures, immune dysfunction and inflammatory airways disease. Discusses recent advances in our understanding of cell-mediated innate immune mechanisms that occur during allergic inflammation and provides important timely coverage of diseases of concern and how such diseases are influenced by a dysfunctional immune system Provides useful information on linking environmental 'danger signals' that provoke immune dysfunction and exacerbation of existing disease Draws upon the collective expertise of an international college of leaders in the field, but also provides chapters that provide essential reference material
Category: Medical

Bioresorbable Polymers For Biomedical Applications

Author : Giuseppe Perale
ISBN : 9780081002667
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.39 MB
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Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications
Category: Technology & Engineering

Therapeutic Antibody Engineering

Author : William R Strohl
ISBN : 9781908818096
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.60 MB
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The field of antibody engineering has become a vital and integral part of making new, improved next generation therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, of which there are currently more than 300 in clinical trials across several therapeutic areas. Therapeutic antibody engineering examines all aspects of engineering monoclonal antibodies and analyses the effect that various genetic engineering approaches will have on future candidates. Chapters in the first part of the book provide an introduction to monoclonal antibodies, their discovery and development and the fundamental technologies used in their production. Following chapters cover a number of specific issues relating to different aspects of antibody engineering, including variable chain engineering, targets and mechanisms of action, classes of antibody and the use of antibody fragments, among many other topics. The last part of the book examines development issues, the interaction of human IgGs with non-human systems, and cell line development, before a conclusion looking at future issues affecting the field of therapeutic antibody engineering. Goes beyond the standard engineering issues covered by most books and delves into structure-function relationships Integration of knowledge across all areas of antibody engineering, development, and marketing Discusses how current and future genetic engineering of cell lines will pave the way for much higher productivity
Category: Science

Core Shell Nanostructures For Drug Delivery And Theranostics

Author : Maria Focarete
ISBN : 9780081021996
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31.28 MB
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Core-Shell Nanostructures for Drug Delivery and Theranostics: Challenges, Strategies and Prospects for Novel Carrier Systems contains valuable chapters that deal with the fundamentals of nanotechnology for drug delivery, recent developments and research in core-shell nanoparticles for drug-delivery and theranostic applications, and the potential and applications of core-shell nanofiber. This book is a highly valuable resource for scientists interested in the design and development of innovative drug delivery systems, researchers and graduate/postdoctoral students engaged in biomaterials for drug delivery, and R&D managers in the biomaterials and pharmaceutical industry. Focuses on core-shell nanoparticles and nanofiber for innovative applications, including cancer therapy, controlled release and multi-drug release Considers future prospects and potential new applications of core-shell nanostructures for drug delivery and theranostics Explains the principles and essential concepts of nanotechnology for drug delivery systems
Category: Technology & Engineering

Concepts And Techniques In Genomics And Proteomics

Author : Nachimuthu Saraswathy
ISBN : 1907568107
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72.67 MB
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Genes and proteins are the storehouse of information and executers of cellular life processes, respectively. Genome sequencing reveals the blueprint of life of many organisms. Information derived from genome sequencing projects is exploited to understand the living organisms in a better way. Knowledge from these fields will be helpful in the research and manufacture of new drugs and diagnostic methods. Genomics and proteomics are newer fields in modern biology which help understand the living organisms as a whole. Genomics is mainly concerned with the organization of genes and genomes, the mapping of genomes, genome sequencing and the annotation of genomes. Proteomics deals with proteins expressed in a cell at different times, post-translational modifications and protein--protein interactions. The aim of this book is to introduce the concepts of genomics and proteomics and the high throughput techniques used in these fields. Each chapter begins with a summary of key points and includes simple line diagrams and flow charts to help with understanding and memory. The subsections conclude with references. It is designed for undergraduate and post-graduate students of life sciences and biotechnology
Category: Medical

Nanobiomaterials

Author : Roger Narayan
ISBN : 9780081007259
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.91 MB
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Nanobiomaterials: Nanostructured materials for biomedical applications covers an extensive range of topics related to the processing, characterization, modeling, and biomedical applications of nanostructured ceramics, polymers, metals, composites, self-assembled materials, and macromolecules. Novel approaches for bottom-up and top-down processing of nanostructured biomaterials are highlighted. In addition, innovative techniques for characterizing the in vitro behavior and in vivo behavior of nanostructured biomaterials are considered. Applications of nanostructured biomaterials in dentistry, drug delivery, medical diagnostics, surgery and tissue engineering are examined. Provides a concise description of the materials and technologies used in the development of nanostructured biomaterials Provides industrial researchers with an up-to-date and handy reference on current topics in the field of nanostructured biomaterials Includes an integrated approach that is used to discuss both the biological and engineering aspects of nanostructured biomaterials
Category: Technology & Engineering

Injectable Biomaterials

Author : Brent Vernon
ISBN : 9780857091376
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.35 MB
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Novel injectable materials for non-invasive surgical procedures are becoming increasingly popular. An advantage of these materials include easy deliverability into the body, however the suitability of their mechanical properties must also be carefully considered. Injectable biomaterials covers the materials, properties and biomedical applications of injectable materials, as well as novel developments in the technology. Part one focuses on materials and properties, with chapters covering the design of injectable biomaterials as well as their rheological properties and the mechanical properties of injectable polymers and composites. Part two covers the clinical applications of injectable biomaterials, including chapters on drug delivery, tissue engineering and orthopaedic applications as well as injectable materials for gene delivery systems. In part three, existing and developing technologies are discussed. Chapters in this part cover such topics as environmentally responsive biomaterials, injectable nanotechnology, injectable biodegradable materials and biocompatibility. There are also chapters focusing on troubleshooting and potential future applications of injectable biomaterials. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Injectable biomaterials is a standard reference for materials scientists and researchers working in the biomaterials industry, as well as those with an academic interest in the subject. It will also be beneficial to clinicians. Comprehensively examines the materials, properties and biomedical applications of injectable materials, as well as novel developments in the technology Reviews the design of injectable biomaterials as well as their rheological properties and the mechanical properties of injectable polymers and composites Explores clinical applications of injectable biomaterials, including drug delivery, tissue engineering, orthopaedic applications and injectable materials for gene delivery systems
Category: Medical