TRADE UNIONS IN A NEOLIBERAL WORLD

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Trade Unions In A Neoliberal World

Author : Gary Daniels
ISBN : 9780415426633
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 49.57 MB
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Trade Unions in a Neoliberal World is the first book to provide readers with an authoritative and comprehensive assessment of the impact of New Labour governments on employment relations and trade unions. This innovative text locates changes in industrial politics since the 1990s in the development of globalization and the worldwide emergence of neoliberalism. The advent of Tony Blair’s government in 1997 promised a new dawn for employment relations. In this rigorous but readable volume, a team of experienced and respected contributors explain in detail how the story has unfolded. This book looks at all aspects of New Labour’s policies in relation to employment relations and trade unionism. The first half of Trade Unions in a Neoliberal World presents an overview of industrial politics, the evolution of New Labour and an anatomy of contemporary trade unionism. It discusses relations between the Labour Party and the unions and the response of trade unionists to political and economic change. The second part contains chapters on legislation, partnership, organizing, training, strikes and perspectives on Europe.
Category: Business & Economics

Workers And Trade Unions For Climate Solidarity

Author : Paul Hampton
ISBN : 9781317554332
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.88 MB
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This book is a theoretically rich and empirically grounded account of UK trade union engagement with climate change over the last three decades. It offers a rigorous critique of the mainstream neoliberal and ecological modernisation approaches, extending the concepts of Marxist social and employment relations theory to the climate realm. The book applies insights from employment relations to the political economy of climate change, developing a model for understanding trade union behaviour over climate matters. The strong interdisciplinary approach draws together lessons from both physical and social science, providing an original empirical investigation into the climate politics of the UK trade union movement from high level officials down to workplace climate representatives, from issues of climate jobs to workers’ climate action. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers in environmental politics, climate change and environmental sociology.
Category: Business & Economics

Uncertain Times

Author : E. Paul Durrenberger
ISBN : 9781607326311
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.8 MB
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In this first-ever collection of labor anthropology from around the world, the contributors to Uncertain Times assert that traditional labor unions have been co-opted by neoliberal policies of corporate capital and have become service organizations rather than drivers of social movements. The current structure of labor unions facilitates corporations’ need for a stable labor force while reducing their power to prevent outsourcing, subcontracting, and other methods of undercutting worker security and union power. Through case studies from Switzerland, Israel, Argentina, Mexico, the United States, Greece, Sweden,Turkey, Brazil and Spain, the authors demonstrate that this process of neutering unions has been uneven across time and space. They also show that the potential exists for renewed union power based on more vociferous and creative collective action. These firsthand accounts—from activist anthropologists in the trenches as union members and staff, as well as academics analyzing policy, law, worker organizing, and community impact—illustrate the many approaches that workers around the world are taking to reclaim their rights in this ever-shifting labor landscape. Uncertain Times is the first book to use this crucial comparative, ethnographic approach for understanding the new rules of the global labor struggle and the power workers have to change thoserules. The volume will be of great interest to students and scholars of anthropology, sociology of work,and labor studies; labor union leadership; and others interested in developing innovative methods fororganizing working people, fomenting class consciousness, and expanding social movements. Contributors: Alpkan Birelma, Emma Braden, Maria Eugenia de la O, Christopher Kelley, Staffan Löfving, Gadi Nissim, Darcy Pan, Steven Payne, Alicia Reigada, Julia Soul, Manos Spyridakis, Christian Zlolniski
Category: Social Science

The International Handbook Of Labour Unions

Author : Gregor Gall
ISBN : 9780857938053
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82.44 MB
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This insightful Handbook examines how labour unions across the world have experienced and responded to the growth of neo-liberalism. Since the 1970s, the spread of neo-liberalism across the world has radically reconfigured the relationship between unions, employers and the state. The contributors highlight that this is the major cause and effect of union decline and argue that if there is to be any union revitalisation and return to former levels of influence, then unions need to respond in appropriate political and practical ways. Written in a clear and accessible style, the Handbook examines unions' efforts to date in many of the major economies of the world, providing foundations for understanding each country. Policymakers, analysts, academics, researchers and advanced students in employment, industrial and labour relations as well as political economy will find this unique Handbook an important resource to understanding the contemporary plight and activity of labour unions.
Category: Business & Economics

Neoliberal Capitalism And Precarious Work

Author : Rob Lambert
ISBN : 9781781954959
Genre : LAW
File Size : 70.59 MB
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Since the renaissance of market politics on a global scale, precarious work has become pervasive. Divided into two parts, the first section of this cross-disciplinary book analyses the different forms of precarious work that have arisen over the past thirty years. These transformations are captured in ethnographically orientated chapters on sweatshops; day labour; homework; unpaid contract work of Chinese construction workers; the introduction of insecure contracting in the Korean automotive industry; and the insecurity of Brazilian cane cutters. The editors and contributors then collectively explore trade union initiatives in the face of precarious work and stimulate debate on the issue.
Category: LAW

The Road From Mont P Lerin

Author : Philip Mirowski
ISBN : 9780674088344
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42.13 MB
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What exactly is neoliberalism, and where did it come from? This volume attempts to answer these questions by exploring neoliberalism’s origins and growth as a political and economic movement. Now with a new preface.
Category: Business & Economics

Human Rights And Labor Solidarity

Author : Susan L. Kang
ISBN : 9780812206029
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86.64 MB
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Faced with the economic pressures of globalization, many countries have sought to curb the fundamental right of workers to join trade unions and engage in collective action. In response, trade unions in developed countries have strategically used their own governments' commitments to human rights as a basis for resistance. Since the protection of human rights remains an important normative principle in global affairs, democratic countries cannot merely ignore their human rights obligations and must balance their international commitments with their desire to remain economically competitive and attractive to investors. Human Rights and Labor Solidarity analyzes trade unions' campaigns to link local labor rights disputes to international human rights frameworks, thereby creating external scrutiny of governments. As a result of these campaigns, states engage in what political scientist Susan L. Kang terms a normative negotiation process, in which governments, trade unions, and international organizations construct and challenge a broader understanding of international labor rights norms to determine whether the conditions underlying these disputes constitute human rights violations. In three empirically rich case studies covering South Korea, the United Kingdom, and Canada, Kang demonstrates that this normative negotiation process was more successful in creating stronger protections for trade unions' rights when such changes complemented a government's other political interests. She finds that states tend not to respect stronger economically oriented human rights obligations due to the normative power of such rights alone. Instead, trade union transnational activism, coupled with sufficient political motivations, such as direct economic costs or strong rule of law obligations, contributed to changes in favor of workers' rights.
Category: Political Science

Trade Unions In Western Europe

Author : Rebecca Gumbrell-McCormick
ISBN : 9780199644414
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20.75 MB
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The book examines trade unions in ten west European countries: Britain, Ireland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Italy. It describes how they have evolved historically and the main challenges which they currently face. It examines how they have responded to membership loss and (in many countries) to a weakening of collective bargaining, as well as a decline in political influence. Is there a general move towards union'revitalization'? The book shows that there is indeed evidence of this, but the process is uneven; unions in some countries have not yet experienced sufficient challenges to their established position,others seem to lack the capacity to respond strategically.
Category: Business & Economics

The Decline Of Trade Unions In Mexico During The Neoliberal Period

Author : Roberto Zepeda
ISBN : OCLC:809553651
Genre :
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The purpose of this thesis is to assess the most significant factors accounting for the decline of trade union density during the period 1984-2006, specifically the case of Mexico. Union density, which reflects the representation of unions in the employed labour force, is taken as one of the main indicators of trade unions' strength. Other aspects are also considered, such as the relation of organised labour with the state and the political system. The analysis is framed within a structure concentrated on cyclical, structural and political-institutional factors linked to trade union performance. In the period studied, the transformations brought about by neoliberalism and democratisation reshaped many features of the domestic political and economic model. Thus, an examination of these developments, regarding the repercussions on the factors linked to union density decline, is crucial. The problem In the last quarter of the 20th century, trade unions around the world faced numerous difficulties in overcoming the challenges raised by economic and political transformations which reshaped the world of labour. For example, labour unions lost ground as major actors in the political and labour realms, compared with their privileged position over the post-war period. Similarly, union representation within the employed labour force has declined concurrently with the deterioration of real wages, fringe benefits, and social provisions. Collective labour contracts were dismantled during the f1exibilisation of labour. Furthermore, organised labour has seen its infl uence reduced in the political sphere, which has created an unfavourable outcome for workers. The collective bargaining power of labour unions before employers has also eroded because of the ease with which capital can relocate production. In sum, organised labour has seen its position reduced in various spheres and has faced a manifold crisis. Significant academic research has demonstrated the decline of trade unions in the last decades. In a wide study covering 92 countries, the International Labour Organisation ILO (1998) demonstrated that during the 1980s and 1990s the share of unionised workers with respect to the labour force diminished in most of the countries. According to this report, between 1985 and 1995 unionisation declined in 87 of 92 countries around the world. Furthermore, in only 14 of these countries were union density rates higher than 50% and in more than half, they were less than 20%. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development 0 ECD (1997,2004 and 2009) has also published numerous reports on the topic in which it can be seen that the expansion of union density in the employed labour force is the exception, not the rule, in the majority of the countries of this organisation. Although there is a consensus in academia that trade unions and workers have seen a detrimental panorama in recent decades, this is not the case regarding the factors explaining the regression of trade unions which appear divergent in each country and typically depend on national institutions, making necessary the study of individual cases. There are different explanations for union density decline. For instance, the advance of the production system; the implementation of technology in the workplace, which has reduced the number of employees; changes in employment composition; i.e., the decline of industry and the rise of services; the lack of identification with unions among new workers largely composed by the young and by females; the role of the state, employers and corporations, and especially the inefficiency of union leadership, among others. In addition, economic and social policies and the dismantling of corporatist structures are also considered in this regard. In view of that multiplicity of factors, it is crucial to establish those most relevant to the decline of labour union density. However, as can be seen, factors relating to the decline of unions are heterogeneous and merit proper classification as well as an explanation of their relevance in specific cases.
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The Global Assault On Teaching Teachers And Their Unions

Author : L. Weiner
ISBN : 9780230611702
Genre : Education
File Size : 59.33 MB
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Public education's character is increasingly under assault as privatization of education is advanced. This collection of essays by noted scholars, teacher activists, and teacher's union leaders from around the world fuses insights with background and analysis to make real the goal of quality education for all the world's children.
Category: Education