TOWARD AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORY OF VALUE THE FALSE COIN OF OUR OWN DREAMS

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Toward An Anthropological Theory Of Value

Author : D. Graeber
ISBN : 9780312299064
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.33 MB
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This volume is the first comprehensive synthesis of economic, political, and cultural theories of value. David Graeber reexamines a century of anthropological thought about value and exchange, in large measure to find a way out of ongoing quandaries in current social theory, which have become critical at the present moment of ideological collapse in the face of Neoliberalism. Rooted in an engaged, dynamic realism, Graeber argues that projects of cultural comparison are in a sense necessarily revolutionary projects: He attempts to synthesize the best insights of Karl Marx and Marcel Mauss, arguing that these figures represent two extreme, but ultimately complementary, possibilities in the shape such a project might take. Graeber breathes new life into the classic anthropological texts on exchange, value, and economy. He rethinks the cases of Iroquois wampum, Pacific kula exchanges, and the Kwakiutl potlatch within the flow of world historical processes, and recasts value as a model of human meaning-making, which far exceeds rationalist/reductive economist paradigms.
Category: Social Science

Debt

Author : Sulaiman Hakemy
ISBN : 9781351352161
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 57.6 MB
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Debt is one of the great subjects of our day, and understanding the way that it not only fuels economic growth, but can also be used as a means of generating profit and exerting control, is central to grasping the way in which our society really works. David Graeber's contribution to this debate is to apply his anthropologists' training to the understanding of a phenomenon often considered purely from an economic point of view. In this respect, the book can be considered a fine example of the critical thinking skill of problem-solving. Graeber's main aim is to undermine the dominant narrative, which sees debt as the natural – and broadly healthy – outcome of the development of a modern economic system. He marshals evidence that supports alternative possibilities, and suggests that the phenomenon of debt emerged not as a result of the introduction of money, but at precisely the same time. This in turn allows Graeber to argue against the prevailing notion that economy and state are fundamentally separate entities. Rather, he says, "the two were born together and have always been intertwined" – with debt being a means of enforcing elite and state power. For Graeber, this evaluation of the evidence points to a strong potential solution: there should be more readiness to write off debt, and more public involvement in the debate over debt and its moral implications.
Category: Business & Economics

Art And Money

Author : Peter Stupples
ISBN : 9781443884013
Genre : Art
File Size : 38.67 MB
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Category: Art

Arts Management

Author : Carla Walter
ISBN : 9781317499343
Genre : Art
File Size : 73.3 MB
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Arts Management is designed as an upper division undergraduate and graduate level text that covers the principles of arts management. It is the most comprehensive, up to date, and technologically advanced textbook on arts management on the market. While the book does include the background necessary for understanding the global arts marketplace, it assumes that cultural fine arts come to fruition through entrepreneurial processes, and that cultural fine arts organizations have to be entrepreneurial to thrive. Many cases and examples of successful arts organizations from the Unites States and abroad appear in every chapter. A singular strength of Arts Management is the author's skilful use of in-text tools to facilitate reader interest and engagement. These include learning objectives, chapter summaries, discussion questions and exercises, case studies, and numerous examples and cultural spotlights. Online instructor's materials with PowerPoints are available to adopters.
Category: Art

Lost People

Author : David Graeber
ISBN : 9780253219152
Genre : History
File Size : 62.7 MB
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An epic account of the power of memory in Madagascar
Category: History

Clarity Cut And Culture

Author : Susan Falls
ISBN : 9781479834396
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.97 MB
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Images of diamonds appear everywhere in American culture. And everyone who has a diamond has a story to tell about it. Our stories about diamonds not only reveal what we do with these tiny stones, but also suggest how we create value, meaning, and identity through our interactions with material culture in general. Things become meaningful through our interactions with them, but how do people go about making meaning? What can we learn from an ethnography about the production of identity, creation of kinship, and use of diamonds in understanding selves and social relationships? By what means do people positioned within a globalized political-economy and a compelling universe of advertising interact locally with these tiny polished rocks? This book draws on 12 months of fieldwork with diamond consumers in New York City as well as an analysis of the iconic De Beers campaign that promised romance, status, and glamour to anyone who bought a diamond to show that this thematic pool is just one resource among many that diamond owners draw upon to engage with their own stones. The volume highlights the important roles that memory, context, and circumstance also play in shaping how people interpret and then use objects in making personal worlds. It shows that besides operating as subjects in an ad-burdened universe, consumers are highly creative, idiosyncratic, and theatrical agents.
Category: Social Science

Aesthetics And Radical Politics

Author : Gavin Grindon
ISBN : 9781443803120
Genre : Art
File Size : 70.7 MB
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There has always been a strong connection historically between aesthetics and radical politics, and this is no less true for the global justice movement’s current preoccupation with cultural approaches to political action. The essays collected here seek to engage with past and present convergences between the theories and practices of artists and writers and the theories and practices of movements for radical social change. There is already a massive amount of literature on Marxist approaches to aesthetics, art and literature, and whilst recognising the usefulness of such approaches, the essays collected here attempt to engage with culture from other radical critical positions - whether they be anarchist, autonomist, ecological or otherwise. Such perspectives have often been overlooked historically, but it is arguable that they now more centrally influence the activities of radical artists and activists. As such, the perspectives of these essays, which are often drawn from or inspired by the practices of the current global justice movement, exhibit an exhilarating political and generational break with the suppositions of earlier radical theoretical approaches to cultural critique.
Category: Art

Gift Ecology

Author : Peter Denton
ISBN : 9781927330418
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35.40 MB
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Provocative, passionate and populist, RMB Manifestos are short and concise non-fiction books of literary, critical, and cultural studies. Global sustainability in the 21st century seems to be an elusive goal. There are too many issues, too many problems—and, increasingly, too many people—to make the major changes required in the time various experts tell us we have left before it’s too late. To create a sustainable future, we need to change the game itself. We cannot simply try to solve our problems one at a time. Instead, we need to reimagine sustainability in all its dimensions—social, cultural, environmental and economic—to create a global system that reflects how we should be living together, one that generates both hope and possibility. In this thought-provoking work, Peter Denton argues that the attitudes and values associated with the economics of exchange are in part to blame for our current situation. We need to rediscover what it means to live in a universe of relations, not merely in one that can be counted and measured. The more we are able to replace an economy based on transactions with an ecology based on gifts, the more likely a sustainable future becomes for all of Earth’s children.
Category: Nature

The Art Of Anthropology The Anthropology Of Art

Author : Brandon D. Lundy
ISBN : UCSD:31822041095050
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.34 MB
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The Art of Anthropology/The Anthropology of Art brings together thirteen essays, all of which were presented at the March 2011 annual meeting of the Southern Anthropological Society (SAS) in Richmond, Virginia. Collectively, the essays in this volume explore not only art through the lens of anthropology but also anthropology through the lens of art. Given that art is a social phenomenon, the contributors to this volume interpret the complex relationships between art and anthropology as a means of fashioning novelty, continuity, and expression in everyday life. They further explore this connection by reifying customs and traditions through texts, textures, and events, thereby shaping the very artistic skills acquired by experience, study, and observation into something culturally meaningful. In this book, the contributors revisit older debates within the discipline about the relationship between anthropology’s messages and the rhetoric that conveys those messages in new ways. They ask how and why anthropology is persuasive and how artful forms of anthropology in the media and the classroom shape and shift public understandings of the human world. The papers in this volume are organized into four groups: Textual Art, Art Valuation, Critical Art, and Art and Anthropology in Our Classroom and Colleges. Brandon D. Lundy is an assistant professor of anthropology at Kennesaw State University.
Category: Social Science

Re Visioning Europe

Author : Ullrich Kockel
ISBN : NWU:35556040813198
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.43 MB
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Questions about where and what 'Europe' is have featured prominently in the social sciences and humanities as well as in political discourse since 1989, not least in the US government's recent distinction between an 'old' and a 'new' Europe, the eastward expansion of the EU and the drafting of a European Constitution. Using journeys in pursuit of a vision as a metaphor, the book explores key issues for contemporary Europe and its future development from an interdisciplinary perspective grounded mainly in European ethnology, cultural anthropology, human geography, and political economy. In five substantive chapters, it offers a synthesis dealing with: migration within and into Europe; boundaries; heritage and tradition; socio-economic structures, processes and change; and, finally, the role of ethnology in education and cultural practice. The book is framed by personal reflections on changing visions of Europe, suggesting a fresh envisioning of a dis-placed continent.
Category: Science