TIME IN POWERS OF TENNATURAL PHENOMENA AND THEIR TIMESCALES

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Time In Powers Of Ten

Author : Gerard 't Hooft
ISBN : 9789814494922
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.28 MB
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In this richly illustrated book, Nobel Laureate Gerard ''t Hooft and Theoretical Physicist Stefan Vandoren describe the enormous diversity of natural phenomena that take place at different time scales. In the tradition of the bestseller Powers of Ten, the authors zoom in and out in time, each step with a factor of ten. Starting from one second, time scales are enlarged until processes are reached that take much longer than the age of the universe. After the largest possible eternities, the reader is treated to the shortest and fastest phenomena known. Then the authors increase with powers of ten, until again the second is reached at the end of the book. At each time scale, interesting natural phenomena occur, spread over all scientific disciplines: orbital and rotation periods of planets and stars, decay times of elementary particles and atoms, biological rhythms and evolution processes, but also the different geological time scales. Readership: Science enthusiasts and students.
Category: Science

Time In Powers Of Ten

Author : Gerard 't Hooft
ISBN : 9789814494939
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.22 MB
Format : PDF
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With a Foreword writer Steven Weinberg In this richly illustrated book, Nobel Laureate Gerard 't Hooft and Theoretical Physicist Stefan Vandoren describe the enormous diversity of natural phenomena that take place at different time scales. In the tradition of the bestseller Powers of Ten, the authors zoom in and out in time, each step with a factor of ten. Starting from one second, time scales are enlarged until processes are reached that take much longer than the age of the universe. After the largest possible eternities, the reader is treated to the shortest and fastest phenomena known. Then the authors increase with powers of ten, until again the second is reached at the end of the book. At each time scale, interesting natural phenomena occur, spread over all scientific disciplines: orbital and rotation periods of planets and stars, decay times of elementary particles and atoms, biological rhythms and evolution processes, but also the different geological time scales. Contents:Part I:100 Seconds = 1 Second101 Seconds = 10 Seconds102 Seconds = 100 Seconds = 1 Minute, 40 Seconds103 Seconds = 1,000 Seconds = 16 Minutes, 40 Seconds104 Seconds = 10,000 Seconds = 2.78 Hours105 Seconds = 100,000 Seconds = 1.16 Days = 27.78 Hours106 Seconds = 1,000,000 = 1 Million Seconds = 11.57 Days = 1.65 Weeks106.41 Seconds = 2,592,000 Seconds = 30 Days ≈ 1 Month107 Seconds = 10 Million Seconds = 115.74 Days = 3.86 Months108 Seconds = 100 Million Seconds = 3.17 Years109 Seconds = 1 Billion Seconds = 31.7 Years1010 Seconds = 10 Billion Seconds = 317 Years1011 Seconds = 100 Billion Seconds = 3,171 Years1012 Seconds = 1 Trillion Seconds = 31,710 Years1013 Seconds = 10 Trillion Seconds = 317,098 Years1014 Seconds = 100 Trillion Seconds = 3.17 Million Years1015 Seconds = 1 Quadrillion Seconds = 31.7 Million Years1016 Seconds = 10 Quadrillion Seconds = 317 Million Years1017 Seconds = 100 Quadrillion Seconds = 3.17 Billion Years1018 Seconds = 1 Quintillion Seconds = 31.7 Billion years: The Large Timescales1021 seconds = 1 Sextillion Seconds = 3.17 × 1013 Years: The Large Timescales1028 Seconds = 3.17 × 1020 Years: The Large Timescales1032 Seconds: To Infinity and Beyond: The Dark EternitiesPart II:10-44 to 10-26 Seconds: Small Timescales10-25 Seconds10-24 Seconds = 1 Yoctosecond10-23 Seconds = 10 Yoctoseconds10-22 Seconds = 100 Yoctoseconds10-21 Seconds = 1 Zeptosecond10-20 Seconds = 10 Zeptoseconds10-19 Seconds = 100 Zeptoseconds10-18 Seconds = 1 Attosecond10-17 Seconds = 10 Attoseconds10-16 Seconds = 100 Attoseconds10-15 Seconds = 1 Femtosecond10-14 Seconds = 10 Femtoseconds10-13 Seconds = 100 Femtoseconds10-12 Seconds = 1 Picosecond10-11 Seconds = 10 Picoseconds10-10 Seconds = 100 Picoseconds10-9 Seconds = 1 Nanosecond10-8 Seconds = 10 Nanoseconds10-7 Seconds = 100 Nanoseconds10-6 Seconds = 1 Microsecond10-5 Seconds = 10 Microseconds10-4 Seconds = 100 Microseconds = 0.0001 Seconds10-3 Seconds = 1 Millisecond = 0.001 Seconds10-2 Seconds = 10 Milliseconds = 0.01 Seconds10-1 Seconds = 100 Milliseconds = 0.1 Seconds100 Seconds = 1 Second -->Readership: Science enthusiasts and students. Keywords:Time;natural Phenomena;Time Scales;Age of the Universe;Powers of TenReviews: “The somewhat facetious narrating style and the abundance of illustrations are so inviting and rather addictive once you picked up the book.” European Mathematical Society “Pleasingly accessible volume that will give pleasure to academics, students, connoisseurs of coffee-table books and even the people who compile questions for Trivial Pursuit … Can be enjoyed as a source of scientific stories and images, as an unusual perspective on history, as a popular account of modern physics, and so on. Underneath them all is a wealth of serious science that will give readers insights into abstract fundamental ideas via concrete realities … Every science teacher would benefit from reading Time in Powers of Ten, but I hope it will have an even wider reach.” Times Higher Education “The authors have compiled a refreshing mix of historical anecdotes and examples from music to sport and biology to astronomy to lighten up the heavier taste of particle physics and cosmology… It is both an enjoyable read and very pleasant to browse at leisure… It fully conveys the authors' amazement at — as Feynman put it — our fantastically marvellous universe.” Nature Physics “The authors introduce the reader to the diversity of nature in a novel way by describing typical and interesting phenomena that occur or have occurred on many different time scales. The time scales considered differ by powers of ten, as the title of the book says, from the shortest times of which we have knowledge to the longest. I am sure many readers will enjoy the book as I have.” Edward Witten, Fields Medalist “Time is an essential dimension of life. Indeed, its remarkable and awesome variation of scale shapes the natural world. This book by Gerard 't Hooft and Stefan Vandoren gives us an exposé of a wide range of natural phenomena and their associated time scales, spanning the very small, the very large, and the life events of our universe. The book is elegantly illustrated and should be an enjoyable read for anyone interested in a deeper understanding of the fourth dimension, time, and how it shapes our lives.” Ahmed Zewail, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry “Like the original Powers of Ten, it is a wonderful book for flipping through and thinking about puzzles and is a good introduction to basics like how to tell a quark from a lepton.” The Dispatch “The book reveals the extraordinary complexity of our universe — it is a fascinating journey.” CERN Courier “This is a fascinating coffee-table book ranging from the unimaginably huge to the unimaginably tiny.” Ultramicroscopy “You can read the book in any direction. Delving into the index takes you on a mystery tour of the time domain. Helpfully, all the major phenomena are gathered together on an illustrated time line. This book is definitely one for your reading list.” Physics Education
Category: Science

Powers Of Ten

Author : Philip Morrison
ISBN : 0716760088
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.90 MB
Format : PDF
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Over 100,000 copies of this spectacular journey have already been sold. In forty-two consecutive scenes, each at a different `power of ten` level of magnification, readers are taken from the dimension of one billion light years to the realm of the atom. The text and other illustrations depict what we can perceive at each progressively smaller level of magnitude. " A brilliant pictorial and textual embodiment of a wonderful idea. " Stephen Jay Gould Videos of Powers of Ten are available from: RITELtd. Cross Tree, Walton Street, Walton in Gordano, Clevedon, Avon BS21 7AW Tel: 01275-340279 Fax: 01275-340327
Category: Science

Cosmic View

Author : Kees Boeke
ISBN : UCSD:31822013113899
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 81.78 MB
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Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Natural Hazards Unnatural Disasters

Author : United Nations
ISBN : 9780821380505
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85.4 MB
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"A combination of case studies, data on many scales, and application of economic principles...[this report] provides an understanding of the relative roles of the market, government intervention, and social institutions in determining and improving both the prevention and the response to hazardous occurrences."-Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobel Prize in Economics, 1972
Category: Social Science

The Zoomable Universe

Author : Caleb Scharf
ISBN : 9780374279745
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.50 MB
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An epic, full-color visual journey through all scales of the universe In The Zoomable Universe, the award-winning astrobiologist Caleb Scharf and the acclaimed artist Ron Miller take us on an epic tour through all known scales of reality, from the largest possible magnitude to the smallest. Drawing on cutting-edge science, they begin at the limits of the observable universe, a scale spanning 10^27 meters—about 93 billion light-years. And they end in the subatomic realm, at 10^-35 meters, where the fabric of space-time itself confounds all known rules of physics. In between are galaxies, stars and planets, oceans and continents, plants and animals, microorganisms, atoms, and much, much more. Stops along the way—all enlivened by Scharf’s sparkling prose and his original insights into the nature of our universe—include the brilliant core of the Milky Way, the surface of a rogue planet, the back of an elephant, and a sea of jostling quarks. The Zoomable Universe is packed with more than 100 original illustrations and infographics that will captivate readers of every age. It is a whimsical celebration of discovery, a testament to our astounding ability to see beyond our own vantage point and chart a course from the farthest reaches of the cosmos to its subatomic depths—in short, a must-have for the shelves of all explorers.
Category: Science

At Risk

Author : Piers Blaikie
ISBN : 9781134887071
Genre : Science
File Size : 60.32 MB
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Examines the significance of the human factor which is as much of a cause of disasters as the natural environment. Practical and policy conclusions are drawn with a view to disaster reduction and the promotion of safer environments.
Category: Science

Playing With Planets

Author : Gerard 't Hooft
ISBN : 9789814338301
Genre :
File Size : 80.70 MB
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If you think the future is a mystery, think again. With a solid foothold in realism, an extraordinary insight into scientific and technological developments, and a dry sense of humor, Nobel laureate Professor Gerard 't Hooft confidently dissects fact from fiction and shows us what our future might really hold. Professor 't Hooft takes the reader firmly by the hand and, within the boundaries of solid physics and proven laws of nature, takes us on a ride into the world of the future, which holds remarkable surprises for us all. ?"Do you dream of intergalaxy space travel, time warps, and mini-mes?"? 't Hooft asks. ?"Then please, get yourself some more science fiction books, for fiction it is. But for those who are interested in the real world, let me tell you what we CAN expect for the future."? We meet robots with a sense of irony, ride elevators into space, and build floating cities; let us just say that "Playing with Planets," which is translated from the original Dutch edition by Professor 't Hooft's daughter Saskia, supports the old adage that truth is indeed stranger than fiction.Contents: CountdownTake OffInsideComputersPaperRobotsVictoriamarisA Malleable EarthFlying KitesThe StarsThe ColonistsThe CambotsThe NeumannbotsThe GenesPulling HardAliensPlaying with PlanetsIdiocracy Readership: Students and lay readers.
Category:

Curbing Catastrophe

Author : Timothy H. Dixon
ISBN : 9781107035188
Genre : Nature
File Size : 34.71 MB
Format : PDF
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What does Japan's 2011 nuclear accident have in common with the 2005 flooding of New Orleans from Hurricane Katrina? This thought-provoking book presents a compelling account of recent and historical disasters, both natural and human-caused, drawing out common themes and providing a holistic understanding of hazards, disasters and mitigation, for anyone interested in this important and topical subject. Based on his on-the-ground experience with several major recent disasters, Timothy H. Dixon explores the science, politics and economics behind a variety of disasters and environmental issues, arguing that many of the worst effects are avoidable. He describes examples of planning and safety failures, provides forecasts of future disasters and proposes solutions for hazard mitigation. The book shows how billions of dollars and countless lives could be saved by adopting longer-term thinking for infrastructure planning and building, and argues that better communication is vital in reducing global risks and preventing future catastrophes.
Category: Nature