Selected Writings

Author : Thomas Aquinas
ISBN : 9780141908182
Genre : Religion
File Size : 81.46 MB
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In his reflections on Christianity, Saint Thomas Aquinas forged a unique synthesis of ancient philosophy and medieval theology. Preoccupied with the relationship between faith and reason, he was influenced both by Aristotle's rational world view and by the powerful belief that wisdom and truth can ultimately only be reached through divine revelation. Thomas's writings, which contain highly influential statements of fundamental Christian doctrine, as well as observations on topics as diverse as political science, anti-Semitism and heresy, demonstrate the great range of his intellect and place him firmly among the greatest medieval philosophers.
Category: Religion

Kleines Handbuch F R Den Umgang Mit Unwissen

Author : Nassim Nicholas Taleb
ISBN : 9783641119911
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73.84 MB
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Eine kurze Anleitung in der Kunst des klaren Denkens „Bewusste Unwissenheit erweitert die Erfahrungswelt, gesetzt den Fall, man weiß sie zu nutzen.“ Wie uns Denkfehler, falsche Kategorien und blinde Flecken immer wieder ein Schnippchen schlagen, damit beschäftigt sich der Professor für Risikoforschung und Bestsellerautor Nassim Nicholas Taleb. In diesem Handbuch entlarvt er die Begrenztheit unserer Statistikgläubigkeit genauso wie die Voreingenommenheiten unseres Denkens und zeigt, wie wir mit dem, was wir nicht wissen, gewinnbringend umgehen können. Denn: „Für den einen ist ein Irrtum bloß ein Irrtum, für den anderen ist er eine Information.“
Category: Business & Economics

The One Who Is

Author : Dr. Kenny Rhodes
ISBN : 9781490864891
Genre : Religion
File Size : 62.9 MB
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This book is a comprehensive and concise treatment of the philosophical, theological and biblical issues related to the doctrine of God. Within its pages the nature, existence, and tri-unity of God are presented in an understandable and clear manner. The author’s objective was to hold in highest regard the text of Holy Scripture while reflecting the biblical position of the historic orthodox faith. The book’s tone is polemic and passionate, sincere and scholarly with a commitment to communicate the truth of God’s Word with simplicity and profundity. Also, between its covers, you will find a wealth of information with numerous references and explanatory notes for clarification and further personal study. The book is arranged around the concept of the term “logos” which suffixes many other words and turns them into fields of study, as in the phrase “theology” (Theos-logos). The term “Logos” refers to the concepts of epistemology, ontology, and hermeneutics. Applied to the doctrine of God, its organization deals with “Knowing God,” “the Being of God,” and “Communicating God.” This corresponds to Thomas Aquinas’s approach to understanding God, in the questions: what is God (we define God by negation, what He is not); how do we know God (we know him by His effects); how do you communicate or explain God (God is communicated to us by His names, that is, His attributes). The book, furthermore, presents a classic and newly reworked argument for the existence of God called “the Existential Argument,” which is based on the notion of being.
Category: Religion

Earth Jurisprudence

Author : Peter D. Burdon
ISBN : 9781135144159
Genre : Law
File Size : 21.22 MB
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The idea of human dominion over nature has become entrenched by the dominant rights-based interpretation of private property. Accordingly, nature is not attributed any inherent value and becomes merely the matter of a human property relationship. Earth Jurisprudence: Private Property and the Environment explores how an alternative conception of property might be instead grounded in the ecocentric concept of an Earth community. Recognising that human beings are deeply interconnected with and dependent on nature, this concept is proposed as a standard and measure for human law. This book argues that the anthropocentric institution of private property needs to be reconceived; drawing on international case law, indigenous views of property and the land use practices of agrarian communities, Peter Burdon considers how private property can be reformulated in a way that fosters duties towards nature. Using the theory of earth jurisprudence as a guide, he outlines an alternative ecocentric description of private property as a relationship between and among members of the Earth community. This book will appeal to those researching in law, justice and ecology, as well as anyone pursuing an interest more particularly in earth jurisprudence.
Category: Law

Champions Of A Free Society

Author : Edward Wayne Younkins
ISBN : 9780739130537
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40.35 MB
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This book is constructed around great thinkers of the past and present who have been influential in developing the philosophy of freedom. Its main purpose is to provide a survey and overview of the ideas of leading individual philosophers and economists of capitalism who have contributed to developing what might be called the classical liberal or libertarian worldview. Champions of a Free Society endeavors to provide a guide to political and economic thinking about the desirability and construction of a free society that is intelligible to the educated layperson. Edward Younkins provides an historical perspective of the pursuit of political and economic truth. The goal of this book is to present the development of ideas in language that permits generally educated readers to understand and appreciate their significance. The book's chronological approach considers the thinkers and their ideas as they have developed over the course of time. There is much unfulfilled illuminative potential to be found in the ideas of the past and Younkins successfully integrates the ideas of past and current thinkers into a logical contemporary worldview.
Category: Political Science

How To Read Aquinas

Author : Timothy McDermott
ISBN : 1862079145
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56.48 MB
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Aquinas was a 13th century university teacher educating students in an ecclesiastical tradition, but because he thought authority without reason could not make sense of truth, he taught questioning. This guide considers the role of regularity and chance in the natural world, mind and matter, freedom and moral obligation, law and society, suffering and evil, hope and hopelessness, and what place can rationally be given to Jesus Christ, to religion and churches, to faith and love, and a God. Extracts are taken from the records of Aquinas’s classroom disputations and two brilliant conspectuses of his teaching: the Summa Contra Gentes attempting a reasoned dialogue with non-Christian (mainly Arabic) scholars, and the Summa Theologiae addressed to his Christian students.
Category: Philosophy

Thomas Aquinas A Very Short Introduction

Author : Fergus Kerr
ISBN : 9780199556649
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 60.86 MB
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Thomas Aquinas, one of the most famous and highly thought of Christian thinkers, was a controversial figure who was exposed and engaged in conflict. This Very Short Introduction looks at Aquinas in a historical context, and explores the Church and culture into which Aquinas was born. It also ask why Aquinas matters now.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Philosophy Of Religion

Author : Michael Palmer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132087300
Genre : History
File Size : 29.33 MB
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This multi-volume anthology is a compilation of writings on the philosophy of religion. These books include introductions to each topic, detailed analyses of essays, wide-ranging bibliographies, and examination questions.
Category: History

Jewish Martyrs In The Pagan And Christian Worlds

Author : Shmuel Shepkaru
ISBN : 0521842816
Genre : History
File Size : 85.96 MB
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This book presents a linear history of Jewish martyrdom, from the Hellenistic period to the high Middle Ages. Following the chronology of sources, the study challenges the general consensus that martyrdom was an original Hellenistic Jewish idea. Instead, Jews like Philo and Josephus internalised the idealised Roman concept of voluntary death and presented it as an old Jewish practice. The centrality of self-sacrifice in Christianity further stimulated the development of rabbinic martyrology and the talmudic guidelines for passive martyrdom. However, when forced to choose between death and conversion in medieval Christendom, European Jews went beyond these guidelines, sacrificing themselves and loved ones. Through death not only did they attempt to prove their religiosity, but also to disprove the religious legitimacy of their Christian persecutors. While martyrs and martyrologies intended to show how Judaism differed from Christianity, they, in fact, reveal a common mindset.
Category: History