THERMODYNAMICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS 3RD EDITION

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Thermodynamics And Its Applications

Author : Jefferson W. Tester
ISBN : 013915356X
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.75 MB
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Based on the authors' graduate courses at MIT, this text and reference provides a unified understanding of both the critical concepts of chemical thermodynamics and their applications. Part I of this book provides the theoretical basis of classical thermodynamics, including the 1st and 2nd laws, the Fundamental Equation, Legendre transformations, and general equilibrium criteria. Part II contains an extensive description of how thermodynamic properties are correlated, modeled, manipulated and estimated. Both macroscopic, empirically-based and molecular-level approaches are discussed in-depth, for pure components and mixtures. New, detailed coverage shows how traditional macroscopic models are connected to their roots at the molecular level. Part III presents applications of classical thermodynamics in detail. The book connects theory with applications at every opportunity, using extensive examples, classroom problems and homework exercises. Chemical engineering and physical chemistry graduate courses in thermodynamics.
Category: Science

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author : Pradeep Ahuja
ISBN : 9788120336377
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.64 MB
Format : PDF
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This book offers a full account of thermodynamic systems in chemical engineering. It provides a solid understanding of the basic concepts of the laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications with a thorough discussion of phase and chemical reaction equilibria. At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants. key Features  Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed.  Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600.  Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered. The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals. The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.
Category: Science

Thermodynamics

Author : Ä°smail Tosun
ISBN : 9789814696951
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29.87 MB
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This eminently readable introductory text provides a sound foundation to understand the abstract concepts used to express the laws of thermodynamics. The emphasis is on the fundamentals rather than spoon-feeding the subject matter. The concepts are explained with utmost clarity in simple and elegant language. It provides the background material needed for students to solve practical problems related to thermodynamics. Answers to all problems are provided.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Techniques Of Model Based Control

Author : Coleman Brosilow
ISBN : 013028078X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71.99 MB
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Annotation In this book, two of the field's leading experts bring together powerful advances in model-based control for chemical process engineering. From start to finish, Coleman Brosilow and Babu Joseph introduce practical approaches designed to solve real-world problems -- not just theory. The book contains extensive examples and exercises, and an accompanying CD-ROM contains hands-on MATLAB files that supplement the examples and help readers solve the exercises -- a feature found in no other book on the topic.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Molecular Thermodynamics Of Fluid Phase Equilibria

Author : John M. Prausnitz
ISBN : 9780132440509
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.88 MB
Format : PDF
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The classic guide to mixtures, completely updated with new models, theories, examples, and data. Efficient separation operations and many other chemical processes depend upon a thorough understanding of the properties of gaseous and liquid mixtures. Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition is a systematic, practical guide to interpreting, correlating, and predicting thermodynamic properties used in mixture-related phase-equilibrium calculations. Completely updated, this edition reflects the growing maturity of techniques grounded in applied statistical thermodynamics and molecular simulation, while relying on classical thermodynamics, molecular physics, and physical chemistry wherever these fields offer superior solutions. Detailed new coverage includes: Techniques for improving separation processes and making them more environmentally friendly. Theoretical concepts enabling the description and interpretation of solution properties. New models, notably the lattice-fluid and statistical associated-fluid theories. Polymer solutions, including gas-polymer equilibria, polymer blends, membranes, and gels. Electrolyte solutions, including semi-empirical models for solutions containing salts or volatile electrolytes. Coverage also includes: fundamentals of classical thermodynamics of phase equilibria; thermodynamic properties from volumetric data; intermolecular forces; fugacities in gas and liquid mixtures; solubilities of gases and solids in liquids; high-pressure phase equilibria; virial coefficients for quantum gases; and much more. Throughout, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria strikes a perfect balance between empirical techniques and theory, and is replete with useful examples and experimental data. More than ever, it is the essential resource for engineers, chemists, and other professionals working with mixtures and related processes.
Category: Science

Engineering Thermodynamics With Worked Examples

Author : Nihal E. Wijeysundera
ISBN : 9789814293143
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51.10 MB
Format : PDF
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The book includes all the subject matter covered in a typical undergraduate course in engineering thermodynamics. It includes 20 to 25 worked examples for each chapter, carefully chosen to expose students to diverse applications of engineering thermodynamics. Each worked example is designed to be representative of a class of physical problems. At the end of each chapter, there are an additional 10 to 15 problems for which numerical answers are provided.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fluidverfahrenstechnik

Author : Ralf Goedecke
ISBN : 9783527332700
Genre : Chemical engineering
File Size : 57.18 MB
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Diese umfassendste Darstellung des Themas in deutscher Sprache wurde von namhaften Experten aus Hochschule und Industrie geschrieben. Grundlagen und Praxis der Fluidverfahrenstechnik werden allgemeinverständlich und mit vielen Praxisbeispielen erklärt. Die Studienausgabe enthält den kompletten Inhalt der Erstausgabe: über 1200 Seiten mit Expertenwissen, die keine Fragen offen lassen. Mit seiner breit gefächerten Thematik ist das Buch ein zuverlässiger Begleiter für Planungs- und Betriebsingenieure wie für Neueinsteiger und Hochschulabgänger, die Grundlagenwissen in die Praxis umsetzen wollen. "... zeichnet sich neben der Methodik vor allem auch durch den Praxisbezug und das beschriebene Erfahrungswissen aus. ... Es kann als Wissensvermittler, Ratgeber und auch als Nachschlagewerk empfohlen werden." (Filtrieren und Separieren)
Category: Chemical engineering

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Author : Kentaro Ito
ISBN : 9781118437858
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58.57 MB
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Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground-mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth-abundant, low-cost and non-toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) and CdTe solar cells which face material scarcity and toxicity issues. The device performance of CZTS-based thin film solar cells has been steadily improving over the past 20 years, and they have now reached near commercial efficiency levels (10%). These achievements prove that CZTS-based solar cells have the potential to be used for large-scale deployment of photovoltaics. With contributions from leading researchers from academia and industry, many of these authors have contributed to the improvement of its efficiency, and have rich experience in preparing a variety of semiconducting thin films for solar cells.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author : J. Richard Elliott
ISBN : UOM:39015048770021
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89.83 MB
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An up-to-date introduction to applied thermodynamics, this book will help readers master the fundamentals of applied thermodynamics as practiced today: with a molecular perspective and extensive use of process simulation. The book presents extensive practical examples throughout and makes extensive use of models and equations that may be worked with low-cost calculators and spreadsheet software.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Numerical Methods For Chemical Engineers With Matlab Applications

Author : A. Constantinides
ISBN : 0130138517
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37.81 MB
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Master numerical methods using MATLAB, today's leading software for problem solving. This complete guide to numerical methods in chemical engineering is the first to take full advantage of MATLAB's powerful calculation environment. Every chapter contains several examples using general MATLAB functions that implement the method and can also be applied to many other problems in the same category. The authors begin by introducing the solution of nonlinear equations using several standard approaches, including methods of successive substitution and linear interpolation; the Wegstein method, the Newton-Raphson method; the Eigenvalue method; and synthetic division algorithms. With these fundamentals in hand, they move on to simultaneous linear algebraic equations, covering matrix and vector operations; Cramer's rule; Gauss methods; the Jacobi method; and the characteristic-value problem. Additional coverage includes: Finite difference methods, and interpolation of equally and unequally spaced points Numerical differentiation and integration, including differentiation by backward, forward, and central finite differences; Newton-Cotes formulas; and the Gauss Quadrature Two detailed chapters on ordinary and partial differential equations Linear and nonlinear regression analyses, including least squares, estimated vector of parameters, method of steepest descent, Gauss-Newton method, Marquardt Method, Newton Method, and multiple nonlinear regression The numerical methods covered here represent virtually all of those commonly used by practicing chemical engineers. The focus on MATLAB enables readers to accomplish more, with less complexity, than was possible with traditional FORTRAN. For those unfamiliar with MATLAB, a brief introduction is provided as an Appendix. Over 60+ MATLAB examples, methods, and function scripts are covered, and all of them are included on the book's CD
Category: Technology & Engineering