THEORY OF ADDICTION

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Theory Of Addiction

Author : Robert West
ISBN : 9781118484913
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 31.63 MB
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The word ‘addiction’ these days is used to refer toa chronic condition where there is an unhealthily powerful motivation to engage in a particularbehaviour. This can be driven by many different factors – physiological, psychological,environmental and social. If we say that it is all about X, we miss V, W, Y and Z. So, some people thinkaddicts are using drugs to escape from unhappy lives, feelings of anxiety and so on; many are. Somepeople think drugs become addictive because they alter the brain chemistry to create powerfulurges; that is often true. Others think that drug taking is about seeking after pleasure;often it is. Some take the view that addiction is a choice – addicts weigh up the pros and cons ofdoing what they do and decide the former outweigh the latter. Yet others believe that addictssuffer from poor impulse control; that is often true… And so it goes on. When you look at the evidence, you see that all these positionscapture important aspects of the problem – but they are not complete explanations.Neuroscience can help us delve more deeply into some of these explanations, while the behavioural andsocial sciences are better at exploring others. We need a model that puts all this together in away that can help us decide what to do in different cases. Should we prescribe a drug, give theperson some ‘tender loving care’, put them in prison or what? Theory of Addictionprovides this synthesis. The first edition was well received: ‘Throughout the book the reader is exposed to a vastnumber of useful observations...The theoretical aims are timely, refreshing, ambitious and above allchallenging. It opens up a new way of looking at addiction and has the potential to move the fieldof addiction a considerable leap forward. Thus we wholeheartedly would like to recommend thebook for students as well as scholars. Read and learn!’ Nordic Studies on Alcoholand Drugs ‘The book provides a comprehensive review of existingtheories - over 30 in all - and this synthesis of theories constitutes an important contribution in andof itself... West is to be commended for his synthesis of addiction theories that spanneurobiology, psychology and social science and for his insights into what remainsunexplained.’ Addiction This new edition of Theory of Addiction builds on the first,including additional theories in the field, a more developed specification of PRIME theory andanalysis of the expanding evidence base. With this important new information, Theory of Addiction willcontinue to be essential reading for all those working in addiction, from student to experiencedpractitioner – as urged above, Read and learn!
Category: Psychology

Theory Of Addiction

Author : Robert West
ISBN : 1405113596
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44.38 MB
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An understanding of addiction theory is vital to understanding addiction itself. Theory of Addiction takes theory development from a simple ‘rational addiction model’, adding elements such as compulsion, self-control and habit, to explain the ‘big observations’ in the field. As well as explaining and evaluating the arguments of each of the prevailing schools of thought, the book develops a new, synthetic theory of addiction that brings together the diverse elements of current models. Designed to enable students, practitioners and researchers to establish a starting point in the labyrinthine world of addiction theory, Theory of Addiction supports abstract thinking with concrete and realistic scenarios, underlining the centrality of theoretical understanding to working with addiction. Summaries and examples are clearly presented for ease of reference, key theories are evaluated. Theory of Addiction examines the nature of addiction in all its complexity and across demographic levels, producing a new approach to addiction, providing an appraisal of the existing theories, and providing the reader with the critical apparatus to develop his or her own hypothesis.
Category: Medical

Addiction Treatment

Author : Sandra Rasmussen
ISBN : 0761908439
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90.23 MB
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American Journal of Nursing, 2001 Book of the Year Award in Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing Building upon generic concepts and skills of caring and helping, this book provides a foundation for addiction practice by health and social services professionals. Chapters emphasize the knowledge considered essential in every area, and each chapter identifies the skills required and suggests topics for further study.
Category: Medical

The Heroin Stimulus

Author : R. E. Meyer
ISBN : 9781468434262
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80.5 MB
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The simple fact that the authors were able to give injectable heroin to volunteers for addictive self-administration at a Harvard facility may elude the notice it deserves. On the other hand, resec:irch questions center ing on whether heroin is linked to a craving for pleasure or relief of pain might raise the transplanted hackles of those who simplistically see scien tists as pursuing only transparent trivialities. In truth, this report is about a historical and pioneering step in clinical research on a major unsolved problem of the biological-social-psychological roots of addiction. The research questions posed are clearly relevant both to the design of effec tive treatments (and treatment policy) and to the basic science search that could help our understanding of how addictive drugs capture such power ful control over behavior. Heroin was synthesized and has been available, along with aspirin, for over three-quarters of a century. Yet with all the tools of Western sci ence, and with the enormous and growing social, personal, and economic costs of world-wide heroin use, we-surprisingly--
Category: Medical

Love And Death

Author : Ross Channing Reed PhD
ISBN : 9781477174630
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 24.44 MB
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Philosopher Ross Reed, Ph.D., refers to an eclectic array of thinkers in Love and Death: an Existential Theory of Addiction in particular, existential philosophers Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) and Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980). According to Dr. Reed, addiction is usually the result of existential or life conditions rather than underlying physiological problems. Therefore, it may involve not only drugs or alcohol but also relationships, belief systems, activities, and even emotional states. Anything that can serve to deflect ones consciousness from reflectively apprehending the task of becoming oneself can serve as an object of addiction. If the object is another person, one might ask whether in fact addiction can masquerade as love. Is it possible to believe that you are in love with someone when in fact you are merely addicted to him or her? In this creative and provocative work, Reed argues that Sartres theory of love is in fact a theory of addiction.
Category: Philosophy

The Street Addict Role

Author : Richard C. Stephens
ISBN : 0791406199
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 76.25 MB
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Introduction -- The symbolic interactionist perspective -- Towards a role theoretic model of heroin use -- Becoming and being a street addict -- Individualistic explanations for heroin use -- Origins of the street addict role -- Treatment for the street addict -- What is to be done.
Category: Psychology

Understanding Addiction Behaviours

Author : G.Hussein Rassool
ISBN : 9780230345812
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57.15 MB
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Understanding addiction has never been more important, as many professionals, from counsellors and nurses, to social workers and health psychologists, encounter addictive behaviour on a daily basis. Looking at addiction in all of its forms, this multi-disciplinary book provides a comprehensive introduction to the substances and the activities which can lead to excessive and addictive behaviour. It discusses pharmacological addictions, including both legal and illegal substances. It also covers nonpharmacological dependencies (such as internet addiction, eating disorders, gambling and sexual addiction) which, despite their prevalence, are often absent from the literature on addiction. Drawing on the field's broad evidence base, the book features: ■ coverage of eleven types of addictive substances and activities, outlining signs, symptoms, adverse consequences and assessment and intervention strategies for each; ■ a range of engaging reflective activities and case studies to link theoretical discussion directly to practice; ■ analysis of the broader context of addiction, including dual diagnosis and harm reduction, and issues relating to diversity and service provision. Offering a rigorous introduction to the full spectrum of addictive behaviour, this book is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the nature of addiction for contemporary practice.
Category: Medical

Drogen

Author : Johann Hari
ISBN : 9783104035680
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 89.16 MB
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»Hari vereint präzise Recherche mit einer zutiefst menschlichen Erzählung. Dieses Buch wird eine dringend notwendige Debatte auslösen.« Glenn Greenwald Der Krieg gegen die Drogen gilt inzwischen als gescheitert, der Handel mit Drogen ist ein blühendes Geschäft, alle Maßnahmen gegen den Konsum sind weitgehend erfolglos. Woran liegt das? Der britische Journalist Johann Hari begibt sich auf eine einzigartige Reise – von Brooklyn über Mexiko bis nach Deutschland – und erzählt die Geschichten derjenigen, deren Leben vom immerwährenden Kampf gegen Drogen geprägt ist: von Dealern, Süchtigen, Kartellmitgliedern, den Verlierern und Profiteuren. Mit seiner grandiosen literarischen Reportage schreibt Hari sowohl eine Geschichte des Krieges gegen Drogen als auch ein mitreißendes und streitbares Plädoyer zum Umdenken. »Hervorragender Journalismus, packend erzählt.« Naomi Klein »Phantastisch!« Noam Chomsky
Category: Fiction

Addiction As An Attachment Disorder

Author : Philip J. Flores
ISBN : 0765703378
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 34.39 MB
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This work shows how to give substance abusers an attachment experience and a sense of community where they feel they are accepted and belong. Therapy, directed along the lines described, allows the person to get close to others who are accepting of him without a cost to his identity and autonomy.
Category: Psychology

Essential Papers On Addiction

Author : Daniel L Yalisove
ISBN : 9780814796771
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48.45 MB
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Overwhelmingly, Black teenage girls are negatively represented in national and global popular discourses, either as being “at risk” for teenage pregnancy, obesity, or sexually transmitted diseases, or as helpless victims of inner city poverty and violence. Such popular representations are pervasive and often portray Black adolescents' consumer and leisure culture as corruptive, uncivilized, and pathological. In She's Mad Real, Oneka LaBennett draws on over a decade of researching teenage West Indian girls in the Flatbush and Crown Heights sections of Brooklyn to argue that Black youth are in fact strategic consumers of popular culture and through this consumption they assert far more agency in defining race, ethnicity, and gender than academic and popular discourses tend to acknowledge. Importantly, LaBennett also studies West Indian girls' consumer and leisure culture within public spaces in order to analyze how teens like China are marginalized and policed as they attempt to carve out places for themselves within New York's contested terrains.
Category: Medical