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The Worlds Of Positivism

Author : Johannes Feichtinger
ISBN : 9783319657622
Genre : History
File Size : 85.76 MB
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This book is the first to trace the origins and significance of positivism on a global scale. Taking their cues from Auguste Comte and John Stuart Mill, positivists pioneered a universal, experience-based culture of scientific inquiry for studying nature and society—a new science that would enlighten all of humankind. Positivists envisaged one world united by science, but their efforts spawned many. Uncovering these worlds of positivism, the volume ranges from India, the Ottoman Empire, and the Iberian Peninsula to Central Europe, Russia, and Brazil, examining positivism’s impact as one of the most far-reaching intellectual movements of the modern world. Positivists reinvented science, claiming it to be distinct from and superior to the humanities. They predicated political governance on their refashioned science of society, and as political activists, they sought and often failed to reconcile their universalism with the values of multiculturalism. Providing a genealogy of scientific governance that is sorely needed in an age of post-truth politics, this volume breaks new ground in the fields of intellectual and global history, the history of science, and philosophy.
Category: History

Law Morality And Legal Positivism

Author : Kenneth Einar Himma
ISBN : 3515085130
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89.96 MB
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Contents P. Capps: Positivism in Law and International Law D. von Daniels: Is Positivism a State Centered Theory? K. E. Himma: Legal Positivism's Conventionality Thesis and the Methodology of Conceptual Analysis R. Nunan: A Modest Rehabilitation of the Separability Thesis A. Oladosu: Choosing Legal Theory on Cultural Grounds: An African Case for Legal Positivism C. Orrego: Hart's Last Legal Positivism: Morality Might Be Objective; Legality Certainly is Not M. Pavcnik: Die (Un)Produktivität der Positivistischen Jurisprudenz M. Haase: The Hegelianism in Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law S. Papaefthymiou: The House Kelsen Built U. J. Pak: Legal Practitioners' Need of Reflective Application of Legal Philosophy in Korea U. Schmill: Jurisprudence and the Concept of Revolution D. Venema: Judicial Discretion: a Necessary Evil? J. Baker: Rights, Obligations, and Duties, and the Intersection of Law, Conventions and Morals S. Bertea: Legal Systems' Claim to Normativity and the Concept of Law J. Dalberg-Larsen: On the Relevance of Habermas and Theories of Legal Pluralism for the Study of Environmental Law A. Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos: A Connection of No-Connection in Luhmann and Derrida.
Category: Social Science

Marx Critique Of Science And Positivism

Author : G. McCarthy
ISBN : 9789400929456
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63.33 MB
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political economy. With this in mind the reader will be taken through three meta-theoretical levels of Marx' method of analysis of the struc tures of capitalism: (1) the clarification of 'critique' and method from Kant's epistemology, Hegel's phenomenology, to Marx' political economy (Chapter One); (2) the analysis of 'critique' and time, that is, the temporal dimensions of the critical method as they evolve from Hegel's Logic to Marx' Capital and the difference between the use of the future in explanatory, positivist science and 'critique' (Chapter Two); (3) and finally, 'critique' and materialism, a study of the complexity of the category of materialism, the ambivalence and ambiguity of its use in Marx' critical method, and the ontological and logical dilemmas created by the Schelling-Feuerbach turn toward materialism in their critique of Hegel (Chapter Three). The critique of political economy is, therefore, examined at the levels of methodology, temporality, and ontology. To what do the categories of political economy really refer when the positivist interpretations of Marx have been shattered and 'critique' be comes the method of choice? What kind of knowledge do we have if it is no longer "scientific" in the traditional sense of both epistemology and methodology? And what kind of applicability will it have when its format is such as not to produce predictive, technical knowledge, but practical knowledge in the Greek sense of the word (Praxis)? What be comes of the criterion of truth when epistemology itself, like science, is
Category: Philosophy

The Project Of Positivism In International Law

Author : Mónica García-Salmones Rovira
ISBN : 9780191508318
Genre : Law
File Size : 34.44 MB
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International legal positivism has been crucial to the development of international law since the nineteenth century. It is often seen as the basis of mainstream or traditional international legal thought. The Project of Positivism in International Law addresses this theory in the long-standing tradition of critical intellectual histories of international law. It provides a nuanced analysis of the resilience of the economic-positivist theory, and shows how influential its role was in shaping the modern frameworks of international law. The book argues that the rise of positivist international law was inseparable from philosophical developments placing the notion of conflict of interests at the centre of collective life. Where previously international thought was dominated by notions of the right, the just, and the good, increasingly international relations became viewed as 'interests' in need of harmonisation. In this context, international law was re-founded as the universal law that could harmonise the interests of both public and private international entities. The book argues that these evolutions in philosophical thought were bound up with the consolidation of capitalism, and with the ideas about human existence and human nature which emerged in that process. It provides an innovative analysis of the selected biography of ideas which it presents, including a detailed focus on the work of Hans Kelsen, one of the leading positivist thinkers of the twentieth century. It also argues that the work of Lassa Oppenheim should be included within this analysis, as providing some of the key founding texts of positivism in international law. This book will be a fascinating read for scholars and students of international legal theory, historians of ideas, and legal philosophers.
Category: Law

The Positivist Calendar

Author : Henry Edger
ISBN : WISC:89094348885
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37.35 MB
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Category: Philosophy

Hidden Worlds In Quantum Physics

Author : Gerard Gouesbet
ISBN : 9780486315744
Genre : Science
File Size : 56.29 MB
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Authoritative text emphasizes history and philosophical foundations in a manner interesting to lay readers as well as students and professionals. Topics include hidden-variable and causal theories and pilot wave. 2013 edition.
Category: Science

A Nice Derangement Of Epistemes

Author : John H. Zammito
ISBN : 0226978621
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 43.36 MB
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Since the 1950s, many philosophers of science have attacked positivism—the theory that scientific knowledge is grounded in objective reality. Reconstructing the history of these critiques, John H. Zammito argues that while so-called postpositivist theories of science are very often invoked, they actually provide little support for fashionable postmodern approaches to science studies. Zammito shows how problems that Quine and Kuhn saw in the philosophy of the natural sciences inspired a turn to the philosophy of language for resolution. This linguistic turn led to claims that science needs to be situated in both historical and social contexts, but the claims of recent "science studies" only deepened the philosophical quandary. In essence, Zammito argues that none of the problems with positivism provides the slightest justification for denigrating empirical inquiry and scientific practice, delivering quite a blow to the "discipline" postmodern science studies. Filling a gap in scholarship to date, A Nice Derangement of Epistemes will appeal to historians, philosophers, philosophers of science, and the broader scientific community.
Category: Philosophy

Positivism And Imagination

Author : Catherine LeGouis
ISBN : 083875323X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90.69 MB
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"In this book, Catherine LeGouis examines the work of three nineteenth-century positivist critics, each of whom struggled to overcome the contradictions of attempting to separate esthetic, psychological, and sociological concerns from individual subjectivity." "These positivists - staunch believers in the authority of scientific reason inspired by Auguste Comte, J. S. Mill, and Hippolyte Taine - attempted to turn literary criticism into an exact science that would observe and explain not only the social context of literature, but also its esthetics, without recourse to subjectivity based on individual reactions." "The writings of Emile Hennequin, a French journalist, editor, and literary critic of the 1880s, exemplify the tensions between the positivists' drive to systematic literary criticism and the unfettered imagination inherent in literature." "Dmitrii Pisarev, a firebrand Russian literary critic of the 1860s and a younger colleague of the great Russian radicals Nikolai Chernyshevsky and Nikolai Dobroliubov, combines rigid positivism and a rejection of esthetics with great critical sensitivity and spectacular displays of imaginative literary skill." "From the mid-1860s to the mid-1880s, German philologist and critic Wilhelm Scherer, more doctrinaire than Hennequin or Pisarev, links linguistic development and national character." "The positivists proposed theoretical frameworks so rigid that they were impossibly impractical, which guaranteed that only with infusions of imagination could their systems attain any credibility. Their fascination with the impossibility of impersonal, absolute literary judgements paradoxically became their first surrender to subjective taste, for choosing a system, even one based on objectivity, is an exercise in subjectivity. Entranced by their self-defeating objective, the positivists failed to appreciate that subjectivity and imagination are not illusions to be expunged, but a valuable - and fundamental - part of reality."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Category: Philosophy