The Worldly Philosophers

Author : Robert L. Heilbroner
ISBN : 9781439144824
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 26.20 MB
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The bestselling classic that examines the history of economic thought from Adam Smith to Karl Marx—“all the economic lore most general readers conceivably could want to know, served up with a flourish” (The New York Times). The Worldly Philosophers not only enables us to see more deeply into our history but helps us better understand our own times. In this seventh edition, Robert L. Heilbroner provides a new theme that connects thinkers as diverse as Adam Smith and Karl Marx. The theme is the common focus of their highly varied ideas—namely, the search to understand how a capitalist society works. It is a focus never more needed than in this age of confusing economic headlines. In a bold new concluding chapter entitled “The End of the Worldly Philosophy?” Heilbroner reminds us that the word “end” refers to both the purpose and limits of economics. This chapter conveys a concern that today’s increasingly “scientific” economics may overlook fundamental social and political issues that are central to economics. Thus, unlike its predecessors, this new edition provides not just an indispensable illumination of our past but a call to action for our future.
Category: Business & Economics

Theorie Der Ethischen Gef Hle

Author : Adam Smith
ISBN : 9783787319367
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79.30 MB
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Mit seinem philosophischen Hauptwerk, der "Theorie der ethischen Gefühle", legte Adam Smith den Grundstein für die Ausbildung einer Moralphilosophie, die sich ausdrücklich auf die Ideen der Sympathie und der Solidargemeinschaft beruft. Die Gründung der Moral auf den Begriff des Mitgefühls oder der "Sympathie" steht im Zentrum des philosophischen Hauptwerks von Adam Smith (1723-1790), der 1759 publizierten Schrift "The Theory of Moral Sentiments". Methodisch orientiert an den Werken der englischen Empiristen Shaftesbury, Mandeville, Hutcheson und Hume, untersucht Smith die Moralsysteme der Vergangenheit, kritisiert die Bemühungen seiner Zeitgenossen um eine Grundlegung der Moralphilosophie und nimmt so zukünftige wichtige Ansätze auf dem Gebiet der Ethik vorweg; sein Werk ist ein Sammelplatz heterogenster, scheinbar konträrer Richtungen der Moralphilosophie. Es kombiniert unterschiedliche Theorien zu einem bemerkenswerten System des "sittlich Richtigen", das sich nicht an Kriterien wie dem der Nützlichkeit ausrichtet, sondern an der Konvention des ausgebildeten Mitgefühls. Der zentrale Begriff ist dabei "Sympathie", ergänzt durch die Einführung der Idee eines unparteiischen Zuschauers, in den sich laut Smith jeder einzelne immer dann versetzt, wenn er moralische Entscheidungen zu treffen hat: "Der impartial spectator läßt die Individuen überlegen, daß sie an der Stelle desjenigen stehen könnten, dem sie ihre Sympathie zuwenden. Daraus entsteht nach Smith ein Motiv, aktuell so zu handeln, wie man an dessen Stelle behandelt werden wollte" (B. Priddat). "The Theory of Moral Sentiments" wurde mehrfach überarbeitet und ergänzt; diese Ausgabe bietet den Text in der letzten Fassung nach der 6. Auflage von 1790 in der deutschen Übersetzung von W. Eckstein.
Category: Philosophy

Economics And Capitalism In The Ottoman Empire

Author : Deniz T. Kilinçoğlu
ISBN : 9781317524946
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90.82 MB
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Is it possible to generate "capitalist spirit" in a society, where cultural, economic and political conditions did not unfold into an industrial revolution, and consequently into an advanced industrial-capitalist formation? This is exactly what some prominent public intellectuals in the late Ottoman Empire tried to achieve as a developmental strategy; long before Max Weber defined the notion of capitalist spirit as the main motive behind the development of capitalism. This book demonstrates how and why Ottoman reformists adapted (English and French) economic theory to the Ottoman institutional setting and popularized it to cultivate bourgeois values in the public sphere as a developmental strategy. It also reveals the imminent results of these efforts by presenting examples of how bourgeois values permeated into all spheres of socio-cultural life, from family life to literature, in the late Ottoman Empire. The text examines how the interplay between Western European economic theories and the traditional Muslim economic cultural setting paved the way for a new synthesis of a Muslim-capitalist value system; shedding light on the emergence of capitalism—as a cultural and an economic system—and the social transformation it created in a non-Western, and more specifically, in the Muslim Middle Eastern institutional setting. This book will be of great interest to scholars of modern Middle Eastern history, economic history, and the history of economic thought.
Category: Business & Economics

Wirtschaftsgeschichte

Author : Max Weber
ISBN : 9783863831141
Genre :
File Size : 24.10 MB
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Max Webers beruhmtes Werk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Nachdruck des Originals von 1923."
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Ideas And Economic Crises In Britain From Attlee To Blair 1945 2005

Author : Matthias M Matthijs
ISBN : 9781136907890
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.41 MB
Format : PDF
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During the period from 1945 to 2005, Britain underwent two deep-seated institutional transformations when political elites successfully challenged the prevailing wisdom on how to govern the economy. Attlee and Thatcher were able to effectively implement most of their political platforms. During this period there were also two opportunities to challenge existing institutional arrangements. Heath's 'U-turn' in 1972 signalled his failure to implement the radical agenda promised upon election in 1970, whilst Tony Blair’s New Labour similarly failed to instigate a major break with the 'Thatcherite' settlement. Rather than simply retell the story of British economic policymaking since World War II, this book offers a theoretically informed version of events, which draws upon the literatures on institutional path dependence, economic constructivism and political economy to explain this puzzle. It will be of great interest to both researchers and postgraduates with an interest in British economic history and the fields of political economy and economic crisis more widely.
Category: Business & Economics

Dollars Polity And Law

Author : George M. Hall
ISBN : 9781496921147
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34.5 MB
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Revamping the Political Economy after the Impending Collapse No country can borrow indefinitely without fatal consequences. But that is just what the United States is doing; adding nearly a trillion dollars annually to its already massive debt, as overseen by a Congress with an approval rating in the 10-to-14 percent range. In the process, the mind-set that spawned the sub-prime mortgage now renders the entire economy sub-prime. This book explains why and how resolution might obtain after the collapse. The essence is termed polity economics, given that the bifurcated concepts of capitalism and socialism have lost their utility yet persist as incompatible political touchstones. This perspective includes some twenty explicit elements, all addressed at length. Yet by itself, it too will also eventually fail. For it is also essential to restate the Constitution so that it becomes efficaciously aligned with the evolved culture and ethic of the United States, especially to instill stability within the fiscal operations that have come to dominate the country. The ABC's of that admittedly profound document simply do not address the D-through-Z's that have devolved over more than two centuries. Excerpts On fiscal carrying capacity. Isn't the United States simply too big to fail? History laughs. Every empire and nation has been laid waste when it continuously reached for more than it could grasp, which leads to the primary argument in this book: --Every economy has a substantive need for just so much money and fungible assets: a carrying capacity, so to speak. When that capacity is exceeded, money becomes a commodity in its own right. Given propensities to accumulate money and inflate values over a bread-and-butter baseline, the econ-omy degenerates in three successive tiers. The first tier harbors the inevitable dis-tensions of economics, such as periodic business cycles and recessions. Yet money remains a tool, not the essence. But if recessions are avoided, money begins to compete with the substantive aspects of an economy. This is the second tier, where leveraged val-ues inherently devolve unstable, followed eventually by a depression. Yet even de-pres-sion can be staved off by massive bailouts and unsustainable debt. This is the third tier. Money takes pri-or-ity over substance, until, that is, the economy collapses. On political versus supposed economic rights. There may be free speech; there is no free lunch."
Category: Political Science

Read On History

Author : Tina Frolund
ISBN : 9781610694322
Genre : Education
File Size : 47.71 MB
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Make history come alive! This book helps librarians and teachers as well as readers themselves find books they will enjoy—titles that will animate and explain the past, entertain, and expand their minds.
Category: Education

Das Rote Buch

Author : Carl G. Jung
ISBN : 3843604673
Genre :
File Size : 33.86 MB
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Outsourcing Economics

Author : William Milberg
ISBN : 9781107026995
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21.10 MB
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Outsourcing Economics has a double meaning. First, it is a book about the economics of outsourcing. Second, it examines the way that economists have understood globalization as a pure market phenomenon, and as a result have 'outsourced' the explanation of world economic forces to other disciplines. Markets are embedded in a set of institutions - labor, government, corporate, civil society, and household - that mold the power asymmetries that influence the distribution of the gains from globalization. In this book, William Milberg and Deborah Winkler propose an institutional theory of trade and development starting with the growth of global value chains - international networks of production that have restructured the global economy and its governance over the past twenty-five years. They find that offshoring leads to greater economic insecurity in industrialized countries that lack institutions supporting workers. They also find that offshoring allows firms to reduce domestic investment and focus on finance and short-run stock movements.
Category: Business & Economics