THE URBANISATION OF ETRURIA FUNERARY PRACTICES AND SOCIAL CHANGE 700 600 BC

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The Urbanisation Of Etruria

Author : Corinna Riva
ISBN : 0521514479
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.22 MB
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In this survey of the burial and settlement evidence of late Iron Age Etruria, Corinna Riva offers a new reading of the socio-political transformations that led to the formation of urban centres in Tyrrhenian Central Italy. Through a close examination of burial ritual and the material culture associated with it, Riva traces the transformations of seventh-century elite funerary practices and the structuring of political power around these practices in Etruria, arguing that the tomb became the locus for the articulation of new forms of political authority at urban centres. Challenging established views that deem contact with eastern Mediterranean regions crucial to these developments, Riva offers a radically new interpretation of the so-called Orientalizing material culture, taking a long-term perspective on local changes and east-west contact across the Mediterranean.
Category: Social Science

A Companion To The Etruscans

Author : Sinclair Bell
ISBN : 9781118352748
Genre : History
File Size : 67.17 MB
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This new collection presents a rich selection of innovative scholarship on the Etruscans, a vibrant, independent people whose distinct civilization flourished in central Italy for most of the first millennium BCE and whose artistic, social and cultural traditions helped shape the ancient Mediterranean, European, and Classical worlds. Includes contributions from an international cast of both established and emerging scholars Offers fresh perspectives on Etruscan art and culture, including analysis of the most up-to-date research and archaeological discoveries Reassesses and evaluates traditional topics like architecture, wall painting, ceramics, and sculpture as well as new ones such as textile archaeology, while also addressing themes that have yet to be thoroughly investigated in the scholarship, such as the obesus etruscus, the function and use of jewelry at different life stages, Greek and Roman topoi about the Etruscans, the Etruscans’ reception of ponderation, and more Counters the claim that the Etruscans were culturally inferior to the Greeks and Romans by emphasizing fields where the Etruscans were either technological or artistic pioneers and by reframing similarities in style and iconography as examples of Etruscan agency and reception rather than as a deficit of local creativity
Category: History

The Genesis Of Roman Architecture

Author : John North Hopkins
ISBN : 9780300214369
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 54.44 MB
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This groundbreaking study traces the development of Roman architecture and its sculpture from the earliest days to the middle of the 5th century BCE. Existing narratives cast the Greeks as the progenitors of classical art and architecture or rely on historical sources dating centuries after the fact to establish the Roman context. Author John North Hopkins, however, allows the material and visual record to play the primary role in telling the story of Rome’s origins, synthesizing important new evidence from recent excavations. Hopkins’s detailed account of urban growth and artistic, political, and social exchange establishes strong parallels with communities across the Mediterranean. From the late 7th century, Romans looked to increasingly distant lands for shifts in artistic production. By the end of the archaic period they were building temples that would outstrip the monumentality of even those on the Greek mainland. The book’s extensive illustrations feature new reconstructions, allowing readers a rare visual exploration of this fragmentary evidence.
Category: Architecture

Greco Scythian Art And The Birth Of Eurasia

Author : Caspar Meyer
ISBN : 9780199682331
Genre : Art
File Size : 27.77 MB
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Drawing on evidence from archaeology, art history, and textual sources to contextualize Greco-Scythian metalwork in ancient society, Meyer offers unique introductions to the archaeology of Scythia and its ties to Asia and classical Greece, modern museum and visual culture studies, and the intellectual history of classics in Russia and the West.
Category: Art

The Etruscans A Very Short Introduction

Author : Christopher Smith
ISBN : 9780191665028
Genre : History
File Size : 35.25 MB
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From around 900 to 400 BC, the Etruscans were the most innovative, powerful, wealthy, and creative people in Italy. Their archaeological record is both substantial and fascinating, including tomb paintings, sculpture, jewellery, and art. In this Very Short Introduction, Christopher Smith explores Etruscan history, culture, language, and customs. Examining the controversial debates about their origins, he explores how they once lived, placing this within the geographical, economic, and political context of the time. Smith concludes by demonstrating how the Etruscans have been studied and perceived throughout the ages, and the impact this has had on our understanding of their place in history. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Category: History

The Urbanisation Of Rome And Latium Vetus

Author : Francesca Fulminante
ISBN : 9781107655843
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.25 MB
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This book focuses on urbanization and state formation in middle Tyrrhenian Italy during the first millennium BC by analyzing settlement organization and territorial patterns in Rome and Latium vetus from the Bronze Age to the Archaic Era. In contrast with the traditional diffusionist view, which holds that the idea of the city was introduced to the West via Greek and Phoenician colonists from the more developed Near East, this book demonstrates important local developments towards higher complexity, dating to at least the beginning of the Early Iron Age, if not earlier. By adopting a multidisciplinary and multi-theoretical framework, this book overcomes the old debate between exogenous and endogenous by suggesting a network approach that sees Mediterranean urbanization as the product of reciprocal catalyzing actions.
Category: Social Science

Research Into Pre Roman Burial Grounds In Italy

Author : Albert Nijboer
ISBN : UCLA:L0106973936
Genre : Social Science
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Research into Pre-Roman Burial Grounds in Italy results from a specialist workshop held at the University of Groningen in 2011 highlighting new results in the field of funerary archaeology. It contains papers on funerary sites in Italy ranging from Verucchio in Emila Romagna to Francavilla Marittima in Calabria between the 9th and 4th centuries BC. Four papers deal with the hundreds of tombs excavated at Crustumerium (Rome). Other papers deal with the necropoleis of Francavilla Marittima, Satricum, Verucchio, Vetulonia and Veii. The volume concludes with an article on the excavation of 3700 medieval and later graves around St. Peter's church in the centre of Berlin offering an example of recent developments in recording and assessing large funerary datasets. Archaeologists working on pre-Roman Italy are indeed frequently confronted with large burial grounds holding hundreds to thousands of graves and having complex excavation and publication histories. These and other challenges of funerary archaeology are conscientiously and creatively addressed by the authors in this volume.
Category: Social Science

The Archaeology Of Etruscan Society

Author : Vedia Izzet
ISBN : 9781107320918
Genre : Social Science
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The late sixth century was a period of considerable change in Etruria; this change is traditionally seen as the adoption of superior models from Greece. In a re-alignment of agency, this 2007 book examines a wide range of Etruscan material culture - mirrors, tombs, sanctuaries, houses and cities - in order to demonstrate the importance of local concerns in the formation of Etruscan material culture. Drawing on theoretical developments, the book emphasises the deliberate nature of the smallest of changes in material culture form, and develops the concept of surface as a unifying key to understanding the changes in the ways Etruscans represented themselves in life and death. This concept allows a uniquely holistic approach to the archaeology of Etruscan society and has the potential for other archaeological investigations. The book will interest all scholars and students of classical archaeology.
Category: Social Science

A Short History Of The Etruscans

Author : Corinna Riva
ISBN : 1780766165
Genre : History
File Size : 48.90 MB
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Of all civilizations of the ancient Mediterranean, it is perhaps the Etruscans who hold the greatest allure. This is fundamentally because, unlike their Greek and Latin neighbours, the Etruscans left no textual sources to posterity. The only direct evidence for studying them and for understanding their culture is the archaeological, and to a much lesser extent, epigraphic record. The Etruscans must therefore be approached as if they were a prehistoric people; and the enormous wealth of Etruscan visual and material culture must speak for them. Yet they offer glimpses, in the record left by Greek and Roman authors, that they were literate and far from primordial: indeed, that their written histories were greatly admired by the Romans themselves. Applying fresh archaeological discoveries and new insights, Corinna Riva engagingly conducts the reader through the birth, growth and demise of this fascinating and enigmatic ancient people, whose nemesis was the growing power of Rome. Exploring the 'discovery' of the Etruscans from the Renaissance onwards, she discusses the mysterious Etruscan language, which long remained wholly indecipherable; the Etruscan landscape; the 6th-century growth of Etruscan cities and Mediterranean trade; religion and ritual; sanctuaries and monumental grave sites; and the fatal incorporation of Etruria into Rome's political orbit.
Category: History

People And Spaces In Roman Military Bases

Author : Penelope M. Allison
ISBN : 9781107039360
Genre : History
File Size : 59.32 MB
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Uses artefact analyses to investigate complex spatial and community relationships inside the walls of early Roman imperial military bases.
Category: History