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The Urban Sociology Reader

Author : Jan Lin
ISBN : 9781136244148
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 40.2 MB
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The urban world is an exciting terrain for investigating the central institutions, structures and problems of the social world and how they have transformed through the last 200 years. This Reader comprises sections on urban social theory, racial and social difference in the city, culture in everyday life, culture and the urban economy, globalization and transnational social relations and the regulation of urban space. Drawing together seminal selections covering the nineteenth to the twenty-first centuries, this Reader includes forty-three significant writings from eminent names such as Simmel, Wirth, Park, Burgess, DuBois, Zukin, Sassen, and Harvey. The 2nd edition illuminates more recent urban issues such as sprawl, sustainability, immigration and urban protest. Selections are predominantly sociological, but some readings cross disciplinary boundaries. Providing an essential resource for students of urban studies, this book brings together important but, till now, widely dispersed writings. Editorial commentaries precede each entry; introducing the text, demonstrating its significance, and outlining the issues surrounding its topic, whilst the associated bibliography enables deeper investigations.
Category: Architecture

The Death And Life Of Great American Cities

Author : Martin Fuller
ISBN : 9781351353052
Genre : History
File Size : 68.17 MB
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Despite having no formal training in urban planning, Jane Jacobs deftly explores the strengths and weaknesses of policy arguments put forward by American urban planners in the era after World War II. They believed that the efficient movement of cars was of more value in the development of US cities than the everyday lives of the people living there. By carefully examining their relevance in her 1961 book, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Jacobs dismantles these arguments by highlighting their shortsightedness. She evaluates the information to hand and comes to a very different conclusion, that urban planners ruin great cities, because they don’t understand that it is a city’s social interaction that makes it great. Proposals and policies that are drawn from planning theory do not consider the social dynamics of city life. They are in thrall to futuristic fantasies of a modern way of living that bears no relation to reality, or to the desires of real people living in real spaces. Professionals lobby for separation and standardization, splitting commercial, residential, industrial, and cultural spaces. But a truly visionary approach to urban planning should incorporate spaces with mixed uses, together with short, walkable blocks, large concentrations of people, and a mix of new and old buildings. This creates true urban vitality.
Category: History

Arts In Place

Author : Cara Courage
ISBN : 9781317333616
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.12 MB
Format : PDF
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This interdisciplinary book explores the role of art in placemaking in urban environments, analysing how artists and communities use arts to improve their quality of life. It explores the concept of social practice placemaking, where artists and community members are seen as equal experts in the process. Drawing on examples of local level projects from the USA and Europe, the book explores the impact of these projects on the people involved, on their relationship to the place around them, and on city policy and planning practice. Case studies include Art Tunnel Smithfield, Dublin, an outdoor art gallery and community space in an impoverished area of the city; The Drawing Shed, London, a contemporary arts practice operating in housing estates and parks in Walthamstow; and Big Car, Indianapolis, an arts organisation operating across the whole of this Midwest city. This book offers a timely contribution, bridging the gap between cultural studies and placemaking. It will be of interest to scholars, students and practitioners working in geography, urban studies, architecture, planning, sociology, cultural studies and the arts.
Category: Science

Changing Theories

Author : Black Hawk Hancock
ISBN : 0802096824
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.25 MB
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"This is exactly what we need for contemporary theory courses. Hancock and Garner brilliantly dissect the four most eminent theorists who will continue to define the future of sociological theory well into the twenty-first century." - Ron Mize, Cornell University
Category: Social Science

The Politics Of Childhoods Real And Imagined

Author : Priscilla Alderson
ISBN : 9781317363958
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90.80 MB
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The second volume of Priscilla Alderson’s popular and renowned book Childhoods Real and Imagined relates dialectical critical realism to childhood. By demonstrating their relevance and value to each other, Alderson presents a practical introductory guide for applying critical realism to research about children and young people. Each chapter summarises key themes from several academic disciplines and policy areas, ranging from climate change and social justice between generations, to neoliberalism, social reform and imagining utopias. Children’s and adults’ views and experiences are reviewed, and whereas the first volume deals with more personal and local aspects of childhood, this volume widens the scope into debates about global politics, which so seldom mention children. Each chapter demonstrates how children and young people are an integral part of the whole of society and are often especially affected by policies and events. This book is written for everyone who is researching, studying or teaching about childhood, or who cares for and works with children and young people, as well as those interested in critical realist approaches.
Category: Social Science

The Blackwell City Reader

Author : Gary Bridge
ISBN : 9781405189835
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 81.81 MB
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Updated to reflect the most current thinking on urban studies, this new edition of "The Blackwell City Reader" brings together a wide range of essential readings relating to the analysis and experience of cities across the globe. Selections are carefully gathered from a variety of academic disciplines ranging from architecture, sociology, and literature to cultural studies, philosophy, and even psychoanalysis to provide the most diverse perspectives and in-depth coverage of the field. The new edition incorporates major developments in the study of materialities and mobilities, two areas at the heart of many contemporary debates; it also features enhanced coverage on non-Western cities that reflect recent growth trends, especially in Asia, China, and India, making it the most international reader of its kind. "The Blackwell City Reader, Second Edition" combines established and novel readings from a wide range of theoretical perspectives and geographical locales to provide an indispensable source for the most up-to-date thinking on cities of today and tomorrow.
Category: Architecture

Author : كارل|إنجلس ماركس
ISBN : 9796500228860
Genre :
File Size : 75.60 MB
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إن ماركس وإنجلز ينشدان في الأيديولوجية الألمانية دراسة الإنسان الفعلي، الإنسان الحي، الإنسان في التاريخ. وإنهما ليؤكدان بلا كلل على فعالية الإنسان العملية الثورية، التي سوف تغير الإنسان نفسه من جراء تغيير الشروط الاجتماعية التي يحيا فيها.,إن وجود البشر الاجتماعي هو الذي يقرر وعيهم الاجتماعي؛ ولذا فإن الواجب يدعونا لأن نبدأ بدراسة الواقع الاجتماعي الحسي، دراسة «العلاقات التجريبية»؛ لأن هذه العلاقات هي التي تفسر تصوراتنا وأفكارنا، وليس العكس كما يحسب الأيديولوجيون الذين «تصبح الفكرة المجردة عندهم القوة المحركة للتاريخ، بحيث يرتد التاريخ إلى تاريخ الفلسفة»، أو إلى «مجرد عملية تطور الوعي».,وكونهما يرفضان هذا التصور، فإن ماركس وإنجلز يرسمان الخطوط الكبرى لتصور جديد للتاريخ، إنهما «يهبطان من السماء إلى الأرض»، وينطلقان في دراسة تاريخ البشر، ويستخلصان الفكرة الخصبة القائلة: إنّ المحرك الفعلي للتاريخ هو من دون الفكر إنتاج الحاجات الإنسانية.,إن جميع الثورات وما آلت إليه من عواقب تحددها شروط وجود الناس وحاجاتهم المادية؛ ومن هنا فإن العمل -العمل المنتج- وأشكال تقسيمه هي التي تشكل «مسرح التاريخ الحقيقي». ولما كانت حاجات البشر تتغير باستمرار وتتطور وتتعدد وتختلف من عصر إلى عصر، فإن هذه التبدلات هي التي تقوم في أصل التحولات الاجتماعية.,ولذا كانت بنية المجتمع وقفًا على نمط الإنتاج القائم تاريخيًّا، وإن كل نمط للإنتاج ينطوي على نمط معين للتعاون، وبالتالي على شكل معين للعلاقات الاجتماعية. وعلى العموم، فإن نمط الإنتاج مرتبط بطبيعة القوى الإنتاجية التي كوّنها وطورها التاريخ السابق للجنس البشري.
Category:

The Urban World

Author : J. John Palen
ISBN : 1612050433
Genre : History
File Size : 31.40 MB
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Long the leading text in urban sociology, The Urban World continues to provide a comprehensive, balanced, up-to-date, cross-cultural look at cities and suburbs around the world. Offering a 21st century view of the changing urban scene, the text covers evolving urban patterns and the changing nature of urban life. Combining expert scholarship with a readable style that students appreciate, J. John Palen is one of America's leading urban sociologists, who travels the world and adds new insights gleaned firsthand to each succeeding edition of his text.The ninth edition includes a wealth of updates including the 2010 US census data and the impact of the recession on the urban landscape. The rapid developments in Indian and Chinese cities are also covered.
Category: History

The Urban Ethnography Reader

Author : Mitchell Duneier
ISBN : 9780199743575
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.53 MB
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The Urban Ethnography Reader assembles the very best of American ethnographic writing, from classic works to contemporary research, and aims to present ethnography as social science, social history, and literature, rather than purely as a methodology.
Category: Social Science