THE TEETH AND CLAWS OF THE BUDDHA MONASTIC WARRIORS AND SOHEI IN JAPANESE HISTORY

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The Teeth And Claws Of The Buddha

Author : Mikael S. Adolphson
ISBN : 9780824831233
Genre : History
File Size : 68.73 MB
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Japan's monastic warriors have fared poorly in comparison to the samurai, both in terms of historical reputation and representations in popular culture. Often maligned and criticized for their involvement in politics and other secular matters, they have been seen as figures separate from the larger military class. However, as Mikael Adolphson reveals in his comprehensive and authoritative examination of the social origins of the monastic forces, political conditions, and warfare practices of the Heian (794-1185) and Kamakura (1185-1333) eras, these monk-warriors(s hei) were in reality inseparable from the warrior class. Their negative image, Adolphson argues, is a construct that grew out of artistic sources critical of the established temples from the fourteenth century on. In deconstructing the s hei image and looking for clues as to the characteristics, role, and meaning of the monastic forces, The Teeth and Claws of the Buddha highlights the importance of historical circumstances; it also points to the fallacies of allowing later, especially modern, notions of religion to exert undue influence on interpretations of the past. It further suggests that, rather than constituting a separate category of violence, religious violence needs to be understood in its political, social, military, and ideological contexts.
Category: History

Buddhismus

Author : Oliver Freiberger
ISBN : 9783647500041
Genre : Religion
File Size : 49.19 MB
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Die Autoren bieten eine aktuelle Einführung in die Geschichte und die vielfältigen Lehren und Praktiken des Buddhismus. Es gibt einen Überblick zur historischen Entwicklung des Buddhismus in Asien und dem Westen und behandelt im Anschluss diverse Themenkomplexe: buddhistische Sprachen und Texte, Weltbilder, religiöse Praxis, Sozialformen, Staat und Politik, Ökonomie, Kunst und Architektur, Modernisierung und Globalisierung, sowie die Interaktion mit anderen Religionen. Zahlreiche Beispiele illustrieren die Vielfalt der buddhistischen Haltungen zu diesen Fragen in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Dabei wird deutlich, dass das im Westen verbreitete positive Bild vom Buddhismus als einer friedfertigen, weltabgewandten und meditativen Erleuchtungslehre große und wichtige Bereiche dieser Religion ausblendet, z.B. die gesamte nicht-meditative religiöse Praxis, interne Konflikte aller Art, wirtschaftliche und politische Interessen, Mission, die Verfolgung Andersgläubiger oder die religiöse Rechtfertigung von Krieg und Gewalt. Oliver Freiberger und Christoph Kleine versuchen, anhand von Beispielen die reale und faszinierende Komplexität des Buddhismus anzudeuten und damit das Interesse auch für weniger populäre, aber nicht minder bedeutsame Facetten dieser Religion zu wecken. Es bietet eine leserfreundliche und informative Einführung, die den aktuellen Stand der Forschung repräsentiert.
Category: Religion

Japan Emerging

Author : Karl F. Friday
ISBN : 9780429979163
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68.78 MB
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Japan Emerging provides a comprehensive survey of Japan from prehistory to the nineteenth century. Incorporating the latest scholarship and methodology, leading authorities writing specifically for this volume outline and explore the main developments in Japanese life through ancient, classical, medieval, and early modern periods. Instead of relying solely on lists of dates and prominent names, the authors focus on why and how Japanese political, social, economic, and intellectual life evolved. Each part begins with a timeline and a set of guiding questions and issues to help orient readers and enhance continuity. Engaging, thorough, and accessible, this is an essential text for all students and scholars of Japanese history.
Category: Political Science

Routledge Handbook Of Premodern Japanese History

Author : Karl F. Friday
ISBN : 9781351692014
Genre : History
File Size : 89.13 MB
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Scholarship on premodern Japan has grown spectacularly over the past four decades, in terms of both sophistication and volume. A new approach has developed, marked by a higher reliance on primary documents, a shift away from the history of elites to broader explorations of social structures, and a re-examination of many key assumptions. As a result, the picture of the early Japanese past now taught by specialists differs radically from the one that was current in the mid-twentieth century. This handbook offers a comprehensive historiographical review of Japanese history up until the 1500s. Featuring chapters by leading historians and covering the early J?mon, Yayoi, Kofun, Nara, and Heian eras, as well as the later medieval periods, each section provides a foundational grasp of the major themes in premodern Japan. The sections will include: Geography and the environment Political events and institutions Society and culture Economy and technology The Routledge Handbook of Premodern Japanese History is an essential reference work for students and scholars of Japanese, Asian, and World History.
Category: History

A Dragon S Head And A Serpent S Tail

Author : Kenneth M. Swope
ISBN : 9780806185026
Genre : History
File Size : 34.59 MB
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The invasion of Korea by Japanese troops in May of 1592 was no ordinary military expedition: it was one of the decisive events in Asian history and the most tragic for the Korean peninsula until the mid-twentieth century. Japanese overlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi envisioned conquering Korea, Ming China, and eventually all of Asia; but Korea’s appeal to China’s Emperor Wanli for assistance triggered a six-year war involving hundreds of thousands of soldiers and encompassing the whole region. For Japan, the war was “a dragon’s head followed by a serpent’s tail”: an impressive beginning with no real ending. Kenneth M. Swope has undertaken the first full-length scholarly study in English of this important conflict. Drawing on Korean, Japanese, and especially Chinese sources, he corrects the Japan-centered perspective of previous accounts and depicts Wanli not as the self-indulgent ruler of received interpretations but rather one actively engaged in military affairs—and concerned especially with rescuing China’s client state of Korea. He puts the Ming in a more vigorous light, detailing Chinese siege warfare, the development and deployment of innovative military technologies, and the naval battles that marked the climax of the war. He also explains the war’s repercussions outside the military sphere—particularly the dynamics of intraregional diplomacy within the shadow of the Chinese tributary system. What Swope calls the First Great East Asian War marked both the emergence of Japan’s desire to extend its sphere of influence to the Chinese mainland and a military revival of China’s commitment to defending its interests in Northeast Asia. Swope’s account offers new insight not only into the history of warfare in Asia but also into a conflict that reverberates in international relations to this day.
Category: History

Legacies Of The Sword

Author : Karl F. Friday
ISBN : 0824818792
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 22.35 MB
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Western scholars are generally far less familiar with the samurai in his original role as warrior and master of arms than in his other functions as landowner, feudal lord, litterateur, or philosopher. Karl Friday examines samurai martial culture from a historical and worldview in this study.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Hokusai

Author : Edmond de Goncourt
ISBN : 9781781609903
Genre : Art
File Size : 27.87 MB
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Katsushika Hokusai ist ohne Zweifel der seit der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts im Westen berühmteste Künstler Japans. Die Werke Hokusais spiegeln die künstlerischen Ausdrucksformen einer isolierten Kultur wider. Gleichzeitig war er einer der ersten japanischen Künstler, der in Europa Bekanntheit erlangte und großen Einfluss auf impressionistische und postimpressionistische Maler wie etwa Vincent van Gogh ausübte. Hokusai galt schon zu seinen Lebzeiten als ein Meister der Kunst des Ukiyo-e. Er fasziniert uns noch heute mit der Vielfalt und Bedeutung seines in diesem Buch in seiner gesamten abwechslungsreichen Breite präsentierten, fast neunzig Jahre umfassenden Werkes.
Category: Art

Formen Und Funktionen Von Redeszenen In Der Mittelhochdeutschen Gro Epik

Author : Nine Miedema
ISBN : 9783110935110
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 57.77 MB
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Nicht erst die Moderne kennt eine Poetik des literarischen Dialoges: Bereits in der „mittelhochdeutschen Klassik“ entwickelte sich eine Kultur verbaler Konfliktlösungs- und sonstiger Gesprächsstrategien, deren Idealformen die literarischen Texte demonstrieren. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes verbinden sprach- und literaturwissenschaftliche Methoden, um sich einer neuen Beschreibung der Dialoge in den mittelhochdeutschen Großepen anzunähern. Sie bieten sowohl textübergreifende Darstellungen verschiedener Dialogtypen sowie gattungs- und medientypischer Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten als auch Fallstudien zu wichtigen einzelnen Epen.
Category: Literary Criticism