THE TEETH AND CLAWS OF THE BUDDHA MONASTIC WARRIORS AND SOHEI IN JAPANESE HISTORY

Download The Teeth And Claws Of The Buddha Monastic Warriors And Sohei In Japanese History ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to THE TEETH AND CLAWS OF THE BUDDHA MONASTIC WARRIORS AND SOHEI IN JAPANESE HISTORY book pdf for free now.

The Teeth And Claws Of The Buddha

Author : Mikael S. Adolphson
ISBN : 9780824831233
Genre : History
File Size : 70.67 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 876
Read : 1283

Japan's monastic warriors have fared poorly in comparison to the samurai, both in terms of historical reputation and representations in popular culture. Often maligned and criticized for their involvement in politics and other secular matters, they have been seen as figures separate from the larger military class. However, as Mikael Adolphson reveals in his comprehensive and authoritative examination of the social origins of the monastic forces, political conditions, and warfare practices of the Heian (794-1185) and Kamakura (1185-1333) eras, these monk-warriors(s hei) were in reality inseparable from the warrior class. Their negative image, Adolphson argues, is a construct that grew out of artistic sources critical of the established temples from the fourteenth century on. In deconstructing the s hei image and looking for clues as to the characteristics, role, and meaning of the monastic forces, The Teeth and Claws of the Buddha highlights the importance of historical circumstances; it also points to the fallacies of allowing later, especially modern, notions of religion to exert undue influence on interpretations of the past. It further suggests that, rather than constituting a separate category of violence, religious violence needs to be understood in its political, social, military, and ideological contexts.
Category: History

Japanese Warrior Monks Ad 949 1603

Author : Stephen Turnbull
ISBN : 9781782000105
Genre : History
File Size : 79.74 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 856
Read : 364

From the 10th to the mid-17th century, religious organisations played an important part in the social, political and military life in Japan. Known as sohei ('monk warriors') or yamabushi ('mountain warriors'), the warrior monks were anything but peaceful and meditative, and were a formidable enemy, armed with their distinctive, long-bladed naginata. The fortified cathedrals of the Ikko-ikki rivalled Samurai castles, and withstood long sieges. This title follows the daily life, training, motivation and combat experiences of the warrior monks from their first mention in AD 949 through to their suppression by the Shogunate in the years following the Sengoku-jidai period.
Category: History

The Gates Of Power

Author : Mikael S. Adolphson
ISBN : 0824823346
Genre : History
File Size : 21.10 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 948
Read : 612

The political influence of temples in premodern Japan, most clearly manifested in divine demonstrations where rowdy monks and shrine servants brought holy symbols to the capital to exert pressure on courtiers has traditionally been condemned and is poorly understood. In an impressive examination of this intriguing aspect of medieval Japan, the author employs a wide range of previously neglected sources to argue that religious protest was a symptom of political factionalism in the capital rather than its cause. It is his contention that religious violence can be traced primarily to attempts by secular leaders to rearrange religious and political hierarchies to their own advantage, thereby leaving disfavored religious institutions to fend for their accustomed rights and status. In this context, divine demonstrations became the preferred negotiating tool for monastic complexes. For almost three centuries, such strategies allowed a handful of elite temples to maintain enough of an equilibrium to sustain and defend the old style of rulership even against the efforts of the Ashikaga Shogunate in the mid-fourteenth century. By acknowledging temples and monks as legitimate co-rulers, The Gates of Power provides a new synthesis of Japanese rulership from the late Heian (794 1185) to the early Muromachi (1336 1573) eras, offering a unique and comprehensive analysis that brings together the spheres of art, religion, ideas, and politics in medieval Japan.
Category: History

Japan At War

Author : Louis G. Perez
ISBN : 9781598847413
Genre : History
File Size : 35.22 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 893
Read : 998

This compelling reference focuses on the events, individuals, organizations, and ideas that shaped Japanese warfare from early times to the present day. * Topic finder lists * A comprehensive timeline * 10 maps of key military theaters * Essential primary source documents related to the military history of Japan
Category: History

Public Zen Personal Zen

Author : Peter D. Hershock
ISBN : 9781442216143
Genre : Religion
File Size : 31.90 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 467
Read : 663

Among Buddhist traditions, Zen has been remarkably successful in garnering and sustaining interest outside the Buddhist homelands of Asia, and “zen” is now part of the global cultural lexicon. This deeply informed book explores the history of this enduring Japanese tradition—from its beginnings as a form of Buddhist thought and practice imported from China to its reinvention in medieval Japan as a force for religious, political, and cultural change to its role in Japan’s embrace of modernity. Going deeper, it also explores Zen through the experiences and teachings of key individuals who shaped Zen as a tradition committed to the embodiment of enlightenment by all. By bringing together Zen’s institutional and personal dimensions, Peter D. Hershock offers readers a nuanced yet accessible introduction to Zen as well as distinctive insights into issues that remain relevant today, including the creative tensions between globalization and localization, the interplay of politics and religion, and the possibilities for integrating social transformation with personal liberation. Including an introduction to the basic teachings and practices of Buddhism and an account of their spread across Asia, Public Zen, Personal Zen deftly blends historical detail with the felt experiences of Zen practitioners grappling with the meaning of human suffering, personal freedom, and the integration of social and spiritual progress.
Category: Religion

Visions Of Mahayana Buddhism

Author : Nagapriya
ISBN : 9781909314399
Genre : Religion
File Size : 43.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 157
Read : 1125

In a unique overview of this inspiring tradition, Nagapriya introduces its themes and spectrum of practices, literature and movements. Charting the evolution and expression of the Mahayana as a whole, he tracks its movement across South and East Asia, uncovering its history, culture and doctrines and blending this extensive knowledge with a strong element of lived practice. Ideal for both teaching and personal use, this far-reaching guide provides a solid foundation for any study in Buddhism and a valuable voice on Asian history.
Category: Religion

Martial Arts Of The World An Encyclopedia Of History And Innovation 2 Volumes

Author : Thomas A. Green
ISBN : 9781598842449
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.28 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 849
Read : 883

This book is the most comprehensive and authoritative reference ever published on the wide range of martial arts disciplines practiced in cultures around the world. • Includes the scholarship of 67 expert, international contributors • Presents 30 images of martial arts in practice • Offers bibliographic lists at the end of each section pointing to further reading in print and online • Includes a comprehensive index in each volume
Category: Social Science

Ninja Tools And Weapons

Author : Michel Farivar
ISBN :
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 40.71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 157
Read : 547

Warriors of myth and legend, ninja are a fascinating, mysterious presence in our world. Through generations of disinformation and, more recently, their place in popular culture, the origins, tools, and methodology of the ninja have been shrouded in secrecy to alternately terrify or entertain the populace. The weapons of Ninjutsu are unusual and unorthodox. Though they have been popularized by the public's expanding interest in the Ninja arts, they remain poorly understood. Glamorization of this method of defense has led to a publicly perceived disassociation from its origins as a "peasant art." Ninja Tools and Weapons provides a reframing of the skills of Ninjutsu closer to the discipline's lower-class roots. Dr. Michel Farivar clarifies the origins of the weapons as well as supplies indepth insight into the mindset that developed them. As Ninjutsu moves into the modern age, this clarification remains relevant to those interested in the history of the ninja as well as the anatomy and evolution of conflict.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Heavenly Warriors

Author : William Wayne Farris
ISBN : 067438704X
Genre : History
File Size : 89.47 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 541
Read : 455

"In a government, military matters are the essential thing," said Japan's "Heavenly Warrior," the Emperor Temmu, in 684. Heavenly Warriors traces in detail the evolutionary development of weaponry, horsemanship, military organization, and tactics from Japan's early conflicts with Korea up to the full-blown system of the samurai. Enhanced by illustrations and maps, and with a new preface by the author, this book will be indispensable for students of military history and Japanese political history.
Category: History

Brief History Of Japan

Author : Jonathan Clements
ISBN : 9781462919345
Genre : History
File Size : 44.32 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 641
Read : 299

This fascinating history tells the story of the people of Japan, from ancient teenage priest-queens to teeming hordes of salarymen, a nation that once sought to conquer China, yet also shut itself away for two centuries in self-imposed seclusion. First revealed to Westerners in the chronicles of Marco Polo, Japan was a legendary faraway land defended by a fearsome Kamikaze storm and ruled by a divine sovereign. It was the terminus of the Silk Road, the furthest end of the known world, a fertile source of inspiration for European artists, and an enduring symbol of the mysterious East. In recent times, it has become a powerhouse of global industry, a nexus of popular culture, and a harbinger of postindustrial decline. With intelligence and wit, author Jonathan Clements blends documentary and storytelling styles to connect the past, present and future of Japan, and in broad yet detailed strokes reveals a country of paradoxes: a modern nation steeped in ancient traditions; a democracy with an emperor as head of state; a famously safe society built on 108 volcanoes resting on the world's most active earthquake zone; a fast-paced urban and technologically advanced country whose land consists predominantly of mountains and forests. Among the chapters in this Japanese history book are: The Way of the Gods: Prehistoric and Mythical Japan A Game of Thrones: Minamoto vs. Taira Time Warp: 200 Years of Isolation The Stench of Butter: Restoration and Modernization The New Breed: The Japanese Miracle
Category: History