The Statues That Walked

Author : Terry Hunt
ISBN : 1439154341
Genre : History
File Size : 50.90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 744
Read : 534

The monumental statues of Easter Island, both so magisterial and so forlorn, gazing out in their imposing rows over the island’s barren landscape, have been the source of great mystery ever since the island was first discovered by Europeans on Easter Sunday 1722. How could the ancient people who inhabited this tiny speck of land, the most remote in the vast expanse of the Pacific islands, have built such monumental works? No such astonishing numbers of massive statues are found anywhere else in the Pacific. How could the islanders possibly have moved so many multi-ton monoliths from the quarry inland, where they were carved, to their posts along the coastline? And most intriguing and vexing of all, if the island once boasted a culture developed and sophisticated enough to have produced such marvelous edifices, what happened to that culture? Why was the island the Europeans encountered a sparsely populated wasteland? The prevailing accounts of the island’s history tell a story of self-inflicted devastation: a glaring case of eco-suicide. The island was dominated by a powerful chiefdom that promulgated a cult of statue making, exercising a ruthless hold on the island’s people and rapaciously destroying the environment, cutting down a lush palm forest that once blanketed the island in order to construct contraptions for moving more and more statues, which grew larger and larger. As the population swelled in order to sustain the statue cult, growing well beyond the island’s agricultural capacity, a vicious cycle of warfare broke out between opposing groups, and the culture ultimately suffered a dramatic collapse. When Terry Hunt and Carl Lipo began carrying out archaeological studies on the island in 2001, they fully expected to find evidence supporting these accounts. Instead, revelation after revelation uncovered a very different truth. In this lively and fascinating account of Hunt and Lipo’s definitive solution to the mystery of what really happened on the island, they introduce the striking series of archaeological discoveries they made, and the path-breaking findings of others, which led them to compelling new answers to the most perplexing questions about the history of the island. Far from irresponsible environmental destroyers, they show, the Easter Islanders were remarkably inventive environmental stewards, devising ingenious methods to enhance the island’s agricultural capacity. They did not devastate the palm forest, and the culture did not descend into brutal violence. Perhaps most surprising of all, the making and moving of their enormous statutes did not require a bloated population or tax their precious resources; their statue building was actually integral to their ability to achieve a delicate balance of sustainability. The Easter Islanders, it turns out, offer us an impressive record of masterful environmental management rich with lessons for confronting the daunting environmental challenges of our own time. Shattering the conventional wisdom, Hunt and Lipo’s ironclad case for a radically different understanding of the story of this most mysterious place is scientific discovery at its very best.
Category: History

Giants Sie Sind Erwacht

Author : Sylvain Neuvel
ISBN : 9783641168148
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 23.18 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 592
Read : 1177

Schlafende Giganten Als die kleine Rose eines Abends beim Spielen in einer Höhle eine gewaltige Metallhand entdeckt, ahnt sie noch nicht, dass dieser Fund ihr ganzes Leben verändern wird. Siebzehn Jahre später will sie, inzwischen eine herausragende Physikerin, das noch immer ungelöste Rätsel aufklären. Gemeinsam mit einem Expertenteam aus Wissenschaftlern und Militärs findet Rose heraus, dass die Hand zu einem riesigen Roboter gehört, dessen Körperteile über den ganzen Globus verteilt sind. Doch wer hat den Roboter gebaut? Wann wurde er in der Erde vergraben? Und was bedeuten die seltsamen Zeichen auf dem Metall?
Category: Fiction

The Survival Of Easter Island

Author : Jan J. Boersema
ISBN : 9781107027701
Genre : Nature
File Size : 60.72 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 881
Read : 1277

Jan J. Boersema reconstructs the ecological and cultural history of Easter Island and critiques the hitherto accepted theory of its collapse.
Category: Nature

Cultural And Environmental Change On Rapa Nui

Author : Sonia Haoa Cardinali
ISBN : 9781315294438
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.45 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 541
Read : 1246

Rapa Nui, one of the world’s most isolated island societies and home to the notable moai, has been at the centre of a tense debate for the past decade. Some see it as the site of a dramatic cultural collapse occurring before Western contact, where a self-inflicted ecocide was brought on by the exhaustion of resources. Others argue that the introduction of Western pathogens and the slave raids of 1862 were to blame for the near extinction of the otherwise resilient Rapa Nui people.? Cultural and Environmental Change on Rapa Nui?brings together the latest studies by prominent Rapa Nui researchers from all over the world to explore the island’s past and present, from its discovery by Polynesians, through the first documented contact with Western culture in 1722, to the 20th century. The exiting new volume looks beyond the moai to examine such questions as: was there was a cultural collapse; how did the Rapa Nui react to Westerners; and what responses did the Rapa Nui develop to adjust to naturally- or humanly-induced environmental change? This volume will appeal to scholars and professionals in the fields of history, archaeology and ecology, as well as anyone with an interest in the challenges of sustainable resource management, and the contentious history of Rapa Nui itself.
Category: Social Science

Das Kapital Des Staates

Author : Mariana Mazzucato
ISBN : 9783956140013
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29.33 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 609
Read : 428

Freie Märkte, smarte junge Erfinder und Wagniskapital treiben die Wirtschaft voran; der Staat stört dabei nur und muss daher nach Kräften zurückgedrängt werden. Wie ein Mantra wird dieser oberste Glaubensartikel des Neoliberalismus seit Jahrzehnten wiederholt – aber stimmt er auch? Die Ökonomin Mariana Mazzucato, die seit Jahren über den Zusammenhang zwischen Innovation und Wachstum forscht, beweist das Gegenteil: Wann und wo immer technologische Innovationen zu wirtschaftlichem Aufschwung und Wohlstand geführt haben, hatte ein aktiver Staat die Hand im Spiel. Von der Elektrifizierung bis zum Internet – Motor der Entwicklung, oft bis zur Markteinführung, war stets der Staat. Apples Welterfolg gründet auf Technologien, die sämtlich durch die öffentliche Hand gefördert wurden; innovative Medikamente, für die die Pharmaindustrie ihren Kunden gern hohe Entwicklungskosten in Rechnung stellt, stammen fast ausnahmslos aus staatlicher Forschung. Innovationen und nachhaltiges Wachstum, das derzeit alle fordern, werden also kaum von der Börse kommen. Viel eher von einem Staat, der seine angestammte Rolle neu besetzt, sein einzigartiges Kapital nutzt und mit langem Atem Zukunftstechnologien wie den Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien vorantreibt. Ein brandaktuelles Buch, das die aktuelle Diskussion über die Zukunft der Wirtschaft und die Rolle des Staates vom Kopf auf die Füße stellt.
Category: Political Science

Skeletal Biology Of The Ancient Rapanui Easter Islanders

Author : Vincent H. Stefan
ISBN : 9781316462430
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63.6 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 898
Read : 744

Disseminating what is currently known about the skeletal biology of the ancient Rapanui and placing it within the wider context of Polynesian skeletal variation, this volume is the culmination of over thirty years of research into the remotely inhabited Easter Island. Compiling osteological data deriving from Rapanui skeletal remains into one succinct analysis, this book demonstrates how the application of modern skeletal biology research techniques can effectively be employed to address questions of human population origins and microevolution. Craniometrics and DNA analysis are used to provide indications as to Rapanui ancestral lineage. Evidence is presented in a user-friendly manner to allow researchers and graduates to critically analyse the current knowledge of prehistoric Rapanui skeletal variation. An important resource providing valuable evidence from human biology that modifies earlier archaeological and cultural anthropological views, this book will stimulate further research into the Rapanui.
Category: Social Science

Hidden Religion The Greatest Mysteries And Symbols Of The World S Religious Beliefs

Author : Micah Lee Issitt
ISBN : 9781610694780
Genre : Religion
File Size : 27.45 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 394
Read : 1068

Covering secret societies, mysterious ancient traditions, and the often-mistaken history of the world's religious symbols, this book takes readers on a tour through the fascinating world of religious symbolism and reveals the most mysterious and misunderstood facets of religion. • Provides fascinating historical and contextual information about religious traditions and symbols • Addresses the roots of some of today's most popular superstitions and conspiratorial theories • Focuses primarily on religions that are dominant or are becoming widespread within the United States, allowing students to gain a better understanding of religion in American society and greater appreciation for cultural diversity • Develops a unique thesis about utilizing religious archetypes to facilitate understanding of religious ritual and organizations • Includes a phonetic pronunciation guide with each entry to help students become comfortable with unfamiliar terminology
Category: Religion

Die Amerikaner

Author : Robert Frank
ISBN : 3865216587
Genre : United States
File Size : 58.61 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 970
Read : 323

Category: United States

Explorer Travellers And Adventure Tourism

Author : Dr. Jennifer Laing
ISBN : 9781845414603
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 36.53 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 711
Read : 526

This book examines the nexus between exploring and tourism and argues that exploration travel – based heavily on explorer narratives and the promises of personal challenges and change – is a major trend in future tourism. In particular, it analyses how romanticised myths of explorers form a foundation for how modern day tourists view travel and themselves. Its scope ranges from the 'Golden Age' of imperial explorers in the 19th and early 20th centuries, through the growth of adventure and extreme tourism, to possible future trends including space travel. The volume should appeal to researchers and students across a variety of disciplines, including tourism studies, sociology, geography and history.
Category: Business & Economics

Paradise Past

Author : Robert W. Kirk
ISBN : 9780786469789
Genre : History
File Size : 42.91 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 692
Read : 200

"In the 400 years from Magellan's entrance into Pacific waters to 1920, the lives of the people of the South Pacific were transformed. Pacific people died from exotic diseases from Europe and America. The coming of westerners, as this book points out, was not entirely negative, as head-hunting, cannibalism, chronic warfare, human sacrifice, and other practices were diminished"--Provided by publisher.
Category: History