THE SCARS OF EVOLUTION

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The Scars Of Evolution

Author : Elaine Morgan
ISBN : 9780285641327
Genre : Science
File Size : 67.25 MB
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In this lively and controversial book Elaine Morgan presents a challenging interpretation to the question of human evolution. With brilliant logic she argues that our hominid ancestors began to evolve in response to an aquatic environment. Millions of years ago something happened that caused our ancestors to walk on two legs, to lose their fur, to develop larger brains and learn how to speak. Elaine Morgan discovers what this event was by studying the many incongruous flaws in the physiological make-up of humans. The human body is liable to suffer from obesity, lower back pain and acne. In support of her aquatic ape hypothesis she points out the flaws in our physiological make-up: the difficulties of erect bipedalism, our hairlessness and fat-layers, our preference for face to face sex and the way we breathe. Are these flaws a record of the history of the species, the 'scars' of evolution that are clues to earlier stages of evolution? Morgan establishes the origins of the evolutionary path that separated humans from other animals and questions the theories currently accepted by science. Did our ancestors adapt to an aquatic environment that subsequently dried out? Elaine Morgan has made the Aquatic Ape Hypothesis a plausible alternative to conventional theories of evolution and in The Scars of Evolution she brings a real understanding of who humans are and where they came from.
Category: Science

Grooming Gossip And The Evolution Of Language

Author : Robin Dunbar
ISBN : 0674363361
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 20.19 MB
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What a big brain we have for all the small talk we make. It's an evolutionary riddle that at long last makes sense in this intriguing book about what gossip has done for our talkative species. Psychologist Robin Dunbar looks at gossip as an instrument of social order and cohesion--much like the endless grooming with which our primate cousins tend to their social relationships. Apes and monkeys, humanity's closest kin, differ from other animals in the intensity of these relationships. All their grooming is not so much about hygiene as it is about cementing bonds, making friends, and influencing fellow primates. But for early humans, grooming as a way to social success posed a problem: given their large social groups of 150 or so, our earliest ancestors would have had to spend almost half their time grooming one another--an impossible burden. What Dunbar suggests--and his research, whether in the realm of primatology or in that of gossip, confirms--is that humans developed language to serve the same purpose, but far more efficiently. It seems there is nothing idle about chatter, which holds together a diverse, dynamic group--whether of hunter-gatherers, soldiers, or workmates. Anthropologists have long assumed that language developed in relationships among males during activities such as hunting. Dunbar's original and extremely interesting studies suggest otherwise: that language in fact evolved in response to our need to keep up to date with friends and family. We needed conversation to stay in touch, and we still need it in ways that will not be satisfied by teleconferencing, email, or any other communication technology. As Dunbar shows, the impersonal world of cyberspace will not fulfill our primordial need for face-to-face contact. From the nit-picking of chimpanzees to our chats at coffee break, from neuroscience to paleoanthropology, Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language offers a provocative view of what makes us human, what holds us together, and what sets us apart.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

How Many Friends Does One Person Need Dunbar S Number And Other Evolutionary Quirks

Author : Robin Dunbar
ISBN : 9780674059320
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.19 MB
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Why do men talk and women gossip, and which is better for you? Why is monogamy a drain on the brain? And why should you be suspicious of someone who has more than 150 friends on Facebook? We are the product of our evolutionary history, and this history colors our everyday lives—from why we joke to the depth of our religious beliefs. In How Many Friends Does One Person Need? Robin Dunbar uses groundbreaking experiments that have forever changed the way evolutionary biologists explain how the distant past underpins our current behavior. We know so much more now than Darwin ever did, but the core of modern evolutionary theory lies firmly in Darwin’s elegantly simple idea: organisms behave in ways that enhance the frequency with which genes are passed on to future generations. This idea is at the heart of Dunbar’s book, which seeks to explain why humans behave as they do. Stimulating, provocative, and immensely enjoyable, his book invites you to explore the number of friends you have, whether you have your father’s brain or your mother’s, whether morning sickness might actually be good for you, why Barack Obama’s 2008 victory was a foregone conclusion, what Gaelic has to do with frankincense, and why we laugh. In the process, Dunbar examines the role of religion in human evolution, the fact that most of us have unexpectedly famous ancestors, and why men and women never seem able to see eye to eye on color.
Category: Science

The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis

Author : Elaine Morgan
ISBN : 9780285639812
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.3 MB
Format : PDF
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Why do humans differ from other primates? What do those differences tell us about human evolution? Elaine Morgan gives a revolutionary hypothesis that explains our anatomic anomalies--why we walk on two legs, why we are covered in fat, why we can control our rate of breathing? The answers point to one conclusion: millions of years ago our ancestors were trapped in a semi-aquatic environment. In presenting her case Elaine Morgan forces scientists to question accepted theories of human evolution.
Category: Science

Benign Breast Diseases

Author : Catherine N. Chinyama
ISBN : 3540204725
Genre : Medical
File Size : 83.78 MB
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Widespread use of mammography results in detection of small cancers with favorable prognosis, as well as an array of indeterminate lesions, the majority of which turn out to be histologically benign. This book gives a detailed account of the radiology and pathology of screening-detected lesions, with discussion of risk assessment, to assist clinicians in the follow-up of their patients. Related lesions are dealt with in consecutive chapters, giving the reader an opportunity for comparison. The book is well illustrated with radiological and pathological correlation of mostly screening-detected images including mucocele-like lesions and columnar lesions. All professionals who care for patients with breast disease, such as breast surgeons, radiologists, pathologists and breast care nurses, will find the book highly useful for the management of patients with benign or indeterminate breast lesions in a multidisciplinary setting.
Category: Medical

How Evolution Explains The Human Condition

Author : Roger Bourke White Jr.
ISBN : 9781477273913
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 89.41 MB
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Ah, the mysteries of life Why is mankind a boom species? Why should we worry it if is? Why is the Bible’s Curse of Eve real, and necessary for human progress? How does Panic and Blunder Thinking get us into deep, deep trouble? And if it’s so bad, why do we still use it? These are questions of the human condition, and using evolution to answer these questions is what this book is all about.
Category: Health & Fitness

Vertical Scar Mammaplasty

Author : Moustapha Hamdi
ISBN : 9783662554517
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29.51 MB
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Important advances have been achieved in vertical scar mammaplasty since the successful first edition of this book, which described the fundamentals of the technique. This new, completely revised and updated edition fully reflects the evolution in vertical scar mammaplasty during the past decade. Previously published procedures have been refined, and a variety of newer techniques are presented, including several breast reduction procedures using a short scar and techniques of mastopexy that pay specific attention to enhancement of breast projection and upper fullness. Extensive consideration is also given to the management of complications and suboptimal treatment outcomes. An impressive list of international authors have contributed to the book, each describing their own technique step by step in the manner of a manual. The surgical techniques are precisely depicted in high-quality illustrations, and readers will also have access to videos that will shorten the learning curve.
Category: Medical

Physiology In Childbearing

Author : Dorothy Stables
ISBN : 9780702044113
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32.89 MB
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This ISBN is now out of print. A new edition with e-book is available under ISBN 9780702044762. The third edition of this popular textbook gives a clear, easy-to-read account of anatomy and physiology at all stages of pregnancy and childbirth. Each chapter covers normal physiology, changes to the physiology in pregnancy, and application to practice. The physiology of childbearing is placed within a total biological context, drawing on evolution, ecology, biochemistry and cell biology. Follows childbearing from preconception to postnatal care and the neonate Logical progression through the body systems Highly illustrated, with simple diagrams Emphasises links between knowledge and practice to promote clinical skills Main points summarised to aid study. Website: 10 multiple-choice questions per chapter for self-testing Downloadable illustrations, with and without labels Fully searchable.
Category: Medical

The Management Of Burns And Fire Disasters Perspectives 2000

Author : M. Masellis
ISBN : 9789400903616
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76.66 MB
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This volume is published with a triple aim: to take a look back over the advances during the ten years of the Mediterranean Burns Club and mark its anniversary; to follow up and strengthen the successful twin ning of burns as a clinical, individual illness problem and fires as a societal, disaster management problem; and to look ahead at the per spectives of burn care and fire prevention in the fast-approaching new century. The occasion also marks the tenth annual presentation of the prestigious G. Whitaker International Burns Prize, to which the Mediterranean Burns Club acts as the scientific fulcrum. The award is now established as the most distinguished recognition in burns science worldwide, and it is gratifying that the contributions of many of the renowned recipients will be found in this book. This is a sequel to The Management of Mass Burn Casualties and Fire Disasters, which contained the Proceedings of the First International Conference on Burns and Fire Disasters. The book and the conference have fully justified the authors' initial concept that burn specialists, con stantly combatting burn disease and promoting rehabilitation of the victims, especially in mass casualty situations, had for too long remained separate from that other essential sector, the fire-fighting authorities and fire prevention systems, whose aim is also the protection of the individual and the promotion of safety. This long overdue synergism has now become reality, and the present volume strengthens this desirable trend.
Category: Medical

Anatomy Of Hatha Yoga

Author : David Coulter
ISBN : 8120819764
Genre : Hatha yoga
File Size : 24.4 MB
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his book combines the perspectives of a dedicated yogi with that of a former anatomy professor and research associate at two major American medicine schools. He has set himself the ambitious goal of combining the modern scientific under- standing of anatomy and physiology with the ancient practice of hatha yoga. The result of an obvious labour of love, the book explains hatha yoga in demystified, scientific terms while at the same time honouring its traditions. It should go a long way in helping yoga achieve the scientific recognition it deserves. Useful as both a textbook and a reference work, this is a book that all serious yoga teachers and practitioners will want on their shelves.
Category: Hatha yoga