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The Routledge History Handbook Of Gender And The Urban Experience

Author : Deborah Simonton
ISBN : 9781351995740
Genre : History
File Size : 29.73 MB
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Challenging current perspectives of urbanisation, The Routledge History Handbook of Gender and the Urban Experience explores how our towns and cities have shaped and been shaped by cultural, spatial and gendered influences. This volume discusses gender in an urban context in European, North American and colonial towns from the fourteenth to the twentieth century, casting new light on the development of medieval and modern settlements across the globe. Organised into six thematic parts covering economy, space, civic identity, material culture, emotions and the colonial world, this book comprises 36 chapters by key scholars in the field. It covers a wide range of topics, from women and citizenship in medieval York to gender and tradition in nineteenth- and twentieth-century South African cities, reframing our understanding of the role of gender in constructing the spaces and places that form our urban environment. Interdisciplinary and transnational in scope, this volume analyses the individual dynamics of each case study while also examining the complex relationships and exchanges between urban cultures. It is a valuable resource for all researchers and students interested in gender, urban history and their intersection and interaction throughout the past five centuries.
Category: History

Catastrophe Gender And Urban Experience 1648 1920

Author : Deborah Simonton
ISBN : 9781315522807
Genre : History
File Size : 47.9 MB
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As Enlightenment notions of predictability, progress and the sense that humans could control and shape their environments informed European thought, catastrophes shook many towns to the core, challenging the new world view with dramatic impact. This book concentrates on a period marked by passage from a society of scarcity to one of expenditure and accumulation, from ranks and orders to greater social mobility, from traditional village life to new bourgeois and even individualistic urbanism. The volume employs a broad definition of catastrophe, as it examines how urban communities conceived, adapted to, and were transformed by catastrophes, both natural and human-made. Competing views of gender figure in the telling and retelling of these analyses: women as scapegoats, as vulnerable, as victims, even as cannibals or conversely as defenders, organizers of assistance, inspirers of men; and men in varied guises as protectors, governors and police, heroes, leaders, negotiators and honorable men. Gender is also deployed linguistically to feminize activities or even countries. Inevitably, however, these tragedies are mediated by myth and memory. They are not neutral events whose retelling is a simple narrative. Through a varied array of urban catastrophes, this book is a nuanced account that physically and metaphorically maps men and women into the urban landscape and the worlds of catastrophe.
Category: History

Women In Business Families

Author : Jarna Heinonen
ISBN : 9781351796583
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69.75 MB
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For centuries, almost all economic activity was family-based. The family business rested on the division of labor among family members. Therefore the family was both socially and economically the foundation of the family business. Families were not only production units, but also education and consumption units that conveyed norm structures, values and professional identity to next generation. Although female family members have always been active participants in family businesses over the centuries, their role has often been neglected in previous studies. Women in Business Families: From Past to Present presents both conceptual and theoretically informed empirical papers addressing three related themes relevant for family business and gender in past and in present: heroic women entrepreneurs; invisibility / visibility of women in businesses; and business succession. The book Women in Business Families: From Past to Present balances between both historical and contemporary analyses. The chapters integrate the notions of time and gender in focusing on family businesses or business families in past and in present. This volume will be of vital reading to researchers and academics in the fields of Gender Studies, Family Business, Organizational studies, Entrepreneurship and the various related disciplines.
Category: Business & Economics

Revisiting Gender In European History 1400 1800

Author : Elise M. Dermineur
ISBN : 9781351744690
Genre : History
File Size : 64.17 MB
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Do women have a history? Did women have a renaissance? These were provocative questions when they were raised in the heyday of women’s studies in the 1970s. But how relevant does gender remain to premodern history in the twenty-first century? This book considers this question in eight new case studies that span the European continent from 1400 to 1800. An introductory essay examines the category of gender in historiography and specifically within premodern historiography, as well as the issue of source material for historians of the period. The eight individual essays seek to examine gender in relation to emerging fields and theoretical considerations, as well as how premodern history contributes to traditional concepts and theories within women’s and gender studies, such as patriarchy.
Category: History

The Oxford Handbook Of Environmental History

Author : Andrew C. Isenberg
ISBN : 9780199394470
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.99 MB
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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.
Category: Science

The Routledge Handbook Of European Criminology

Author : Sophie Body-Gendrot
ISBN : 9781136185489
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.62 MB
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This new book brings together some of the leading criminologists across Europe, to showcase the best of European criminology. This Handbook aims to reflect the range and depth of current work in Europe, and to counterbalance the impact of the – sometimes insular and ethnocentric – Anglo-American criminological tradition. The end-product is a collection of twenty-eight chapters illustrating a truly comparative and interdisciplinary European criminology. The editors have assembled a cast of leading voices to reflect on differences and commonalities, elaborate on theoretically grounded comparisons and reflect on emerging themes in criminology in Europe. After the editors’ introduction, the book is organised in three parts: five chapters offering historical, theoretical and policy oriented overviews of European issues in crime and crime control; seven chapters looking at different dimensions of crime in Europe, includingcrime trends, state crime, gender and crime and urban safety; fifteen chapters examining the variety of institutional responses, exploring issues such as policing, juvenile justice, punishment, green crime and the role of the victim. This book gives some indication of the richness and scope of the emerging comparative European criminology and will be required reading for anyone who wants to understand trends in crime and its control across Europe. It will also be a valuable teaching resource, especially at postgraduate level, as well as an important reference point for researchers and scholars of criminology across Europe.
Category: Social Science

Author : Lawrence Davidson
ISBN : 9786035039765
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.5 MB
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«يقدِّم لنا دافيدسون طريقة فريدة وإبداعية لرؤية ظاهرة العنف الجماعي، وينتقد النماذج التبسيطية من خلال تحليل استفزازي دقيق ومثير». غاري فيلدز جامعة كاليفورنيا، سان دييغو يركز معظم الباحثين في الإبادة الجماعية على القتل الجماعي، لكن لورنس دافيدسون، على النقيض منهم، يناقش الإبادة الثقافية، وهو يقول إنه عندما تكون معرفة الناس محدودة عن الثقافات خارج مجموعاتهم، فإنهم يكونون غير قادرين على التقييم الدقيق للتهديدات المزعومة من الآخرين من حولهم. طوال التاريخ، درجت الأغلبية على وضع حل لهذه المخاوف من خلال القتل الجماعي، لكن الصدمة التي أحدثتها المذابح التي وقعت في العصر الحديث تمنع كثيرًا من الدول من ممارسة التصفية الجسدية؛ ولأن الأكثريات أصبحت تدرك الضغوطات الخارجية وتعرف أن عليها أن لا تلجأ إلى الإبادة الجماعية؛ فقد اختارت الإبادة الثقافية بصفتها (البديل الأفضل) للتصفية الجسدية. في كتاب (الإبادة الثقافية Cultural Genocide)، طُبّقت هذه النظرية على حالتين سبقت ما يسمى (المحرقة) التي يقال إن اليهود تعرضوا لها أيام الحكم النازي في ألمانيا، وحالتين أعقبتاها: إبادة الهنود الأمريكيين على أيدي المستوطنين الجهلة الذين كانوا ينظرون إلى هؤلاء المواطنين الأصليين على أنهم بدائيون، وكانوا يميلون إلى ترحيلهم من المناطق الحدودية بدلاً من إبادتهم، والحملة على ثقافة اليهود في دول شرق أوروبا الذين كان يعيشون في المناطق الخاضعة للنفوذ الروسي، ثم الهجوم الإسرائيلي على الثقافة الفلسطينية، واستحواذ الصين على منطقة التبت. الخلاصة: يناقش المؤلف الآليات التي يمكن استخدامها لمقاومة الإبادة الثقافية، وكذلك القوى الاجتماعية والسياسية المعاصرة المؤثرة التي يجب التغلب عليها. العبيكان 2017
Category: Political Science

Routledge International Handbook Of Migration Studies

Author : Steven James Gold
ISBN : 9780415779722
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.50 MB
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The current era is marked by an unparalleled level of human migration, the consequence of both recent and long-term political, economic, cultural, social, demographic and technological developments. Despite increased efforts to limit its size and consequences, migration has wide-ranging impacts upon social, environmental, economic, political, and cultural life in countries of origin and settlement. Such transformations impact not only those who are migrating, but those who are left behind, as well as those who live in the areas where migrants settle. The Handbook of Migration Studies offers a conceptual approach to the study of international migration, exploring clearly the many modes of exit, reception and incorporation which involve varied populations in disparate political, economic, social and cultural contexts. How do these movements also facilitate the transmission of ideologies and identities, political and cultural practices and economic resources? Uniquely among texts in the subject area, the Handbook also provides a section devoted to exploring methods for studying international migration. Featuring forty-seven essays written by leading international and multidisciplinary scholars, the Routledge International Handbook of Migration Studies offers a contemporary, integrated and comprehensive resource for students and scholars of sociology, politics, human geography, law, history, urban planning, journalism, and health care.
Category: Social Science

Routledge International Encyclopedia Of Women

Author : Cheris Kramarae
ISBN : 9781135963156
Genre : Reference
File Size : 79.25 MB
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For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.
Category: Reference

Author :
ISBN : 9789772937554
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71.76 MB
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أجل إننا لسنا نوافق أفلاطون في كل نظرياته, وقد نشرناها على مسؤوليته، ولكننا معجبون وأكثر من معجبين, بنظام تفكيره, ورحابة صدره, وضبطه في الإحكام, وفيض بلاغته وبيانه. ونشاركه في غرض التأليف العام وهو((السعادة)) وفي الوسيلة الخاصة المؤدية إلى ذلك الغرض وهي ((الفضيلة)) ونافقه في أن الفضيلة تراد لذاتها ونتائجها. وفي أن الفرد دولة مصغرة والدولة جسـم كبير, وأن ما يسعد الدولة يسـعد الفرد، وأن الرجل الكـامل – المثـل الأعلى – هو الذي تحكم عقله في شهواته, وانقادت حماسته إلى حكمته, وعاش ومات في خدمة المجموع. body,div,table,thead,tbody,tfoot,tr,th,td,p { font-family:"Calibri"; font-size:x-small } a.comment-indicator:hover + comment { background:#ffd; position:absolute; display:block; border:1px solid black; padding:0.5em; } a.comment-indicator { background:red; display:inline-block; border:1px solid black; width:0.5em; height:0.5em; } comment { display:none; }
Category: Philosophy