THE RICE CRISIS MARKETS POLICIES AND FOOD SECURITY

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The Rice Crisis

Author : David Dawe
ISBN : 9781136530395
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.73 MB
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The recent escalation of world food prices - particularly for cereals - prompted mass public indignation and demonstrations in many countries, from the price of tortilla flour in Mexico to that of rice in the Philippines and pasta in Italy. The crisis has important implications for future government trade and food security policies, as countries re-evaluate their reliance on potentially more volatile world markets to augment domestic supplies of staple foods. This book examines how government policies caused and responded to soaring world prices in the particular case of rice, which is the world's most important source of calories for the poor. Comparable case studies of policy reactions in different countries, principally across Asia, but also including the USA, provide the understanding necessary to evaluate the impact of trade policy on the food security of poor farmers and consumers. They also provide important insights into the concerns of developing countries that are relevant for future international trade negotiations in key agricultural commodities. As a result, more appropriate policies can be put in place to ensure more stable food supplies in the future. Published with the Food and Agriculture (FAO) Organization of the United Nations
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Quiet Revolution In Staple Food Value Chains

Author : Asian Development Bank
ISBN : 9789290929116
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 57.88 MB
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Major changes have been occurring almost unnoticed in staple value chains in Asia. The Quiet Revolution in Staple Food Value Chains documents and explains the transformation of value chains moving rice and potatoes between the farm gate and the consumer in Bangladesh, the People’s Republic of China, and India. The changes noted are the rapid rise of supermarkets, modern cold storage facilities, large rice mills, and commercialized small farmers using input-intensive, mechanized technologies. These changes affect food security in ways that are highly relevant for policymakers across Asia—the rise of supermarkets provides cheaper staples, more direct relations in the chains combined with branding have increased traceability, and the rise of cold storage has brought higher incomes for potato farmers and all-season access for potato consumers. The book also joins two debates that have long been separate and parallel—food industry and agribusiness development and market competitiveness—with the food security and poverty alleviation agend
Category: Business & Economics

Food Security And Scarcity

Author : C. Peter Timmer
ISBN : 9780812246667
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43.12 MB
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In countries that have managed to confront and cope with the challenges of food insecurity over the past two centuries, markets have done the heavy lifting. Markets serve as the arena for allocating society's scarce resources to meet the virtually unlimited needs and desires of consumers: no other mechanism can efficiently signal fluctuations in scarcity and abundance, the cost of labor, or the value of commodities. But markets fail at tasks that society regards as important; thus, governments have had to intervene to stabilize the economic environment and provide essential public goods, such as transportation and communications networks, agricultural research and development, and access to quality health and educational facilities. Ending hunger requires that each society find the right balance of market forces and government interventions to drive a process of economic growth that reaches the poor and ensures that food supplies are readily, and reliably, available and accessible to even the poorest households. But locating that balance has been a major challenge for many countries, and seems to be getting more difficult as the global economy becomes more integrated and less stable. Food Security and Scarcity explains what forms those challenges take in the long run and short term and at global, national, and household levels. C. Peter Timmer, best known for his work on the definitive text Food Policy Analysis, draws on decades of food security research and analysis to produce the most comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of what makes a productive, sustainable, and stable food system—and why so many countries have fallen short. Poverty and hunger are different in every country, so the manner of coping with the challenges of ending hunger and keeping it at bay will depend on equally country-specific analysis, governance, and solutions. Timmer shows that for all their problems and failures, markets and food prices are ultimately central to solving the problem of hunger, and that any coherent strategy to improve food security will depend on an in-depth understanding of how food markets operate. Published in association with the Center for Global Development.
Category: Business & Economics

Food Security And Sociopolitical Stability

Author : Christopher B. Barrett
ISBN : 9780191668708
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40.37 MB
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Global food price spikes in 2008 and again in 2011 coincided with a surge of political unrest in low- and middle-income countries. Angry consumers took to the streets in scores of nations. In some places, food riots turned violent, pressuring governments and in a few cases contributed to their overthrow. Foreign investors sparked a new global land rush, adding a different set of pressures. With scientists cautioning that the world has entered a new era of steadily rising food prices, perhaps aggravated by climate change, the specter of widespread food insecurity and sociopolitical instability weighs on policymakers worldwide. In the past few years, governments and philanthropic foundations began redoubling efforts to resuscitate agricultural research and technology transfer, as well as to accelerate the modernization of food value chains to deliver high quality food inexpensively, faster, and in greater volumes to urban consumers. But will these efforts suffice? This volume explores the complex relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability up to roughly 2025. Organized around a series of original essays by leading global technical experts, a key message of this volume is that actions taken in an effort to address food security stressors may have consequences for food security, stability, or both that ultimately matter far more than the direct impacts of biophysical drivers such as climate or land or water scarcity. The means by which governments, firms, and private philanthropies tackle the food security challenge of the coming decade will fundamentally shape the relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability.
Category: Business & Economics

The Evolving Sphere Of Food Security

Author : Rosamond L. Naylor
ISBN : 9780199398546
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 68.82 MB
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Hundreds of millions of people still suffer from chronic hunger and food insecurity despite sufficient levels of global food production. The poor's inability to afford adequate diets remains the biggest constraint to solving hunger, but the dynamics of global food insecurity are complex and demand analysis that extends beyond the traditional domains of economics and agriculture. How do the policies used to promote food security in one country affect nutrition, food access, natural resources, and national security in other countries? How do the priorities and challenges of achieving food security change over time as countries develop economically? The Evolving Sphere of Food Security seeks to answer these two important questions and others by exploring the interconnections of food security to security of many kinds: energy, water, health, climate, the environment, and national security. Through personal stories of research in the field and policy advising at local and global scales, a multidisciplinary group of scholars provide readers with a real-world sense of the opportunities and challenges involved in alleviating food insecurity. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, management of HIV/AIDS, the establishment of an equitable system of land property rights, and investment in solar-powered irrigation play an important role in improving food security---particularly in the face of global climate change. Meanwhile, food price spikes associated with the United States' biofuels policy continue to have spillover effects on the world's rural poor with implications for stability and national security. The Evolving Sphere of Food Security traces four key areas of the food security field: 1) the political economy of food and agriculture; 2) challenges for the poorest billion; 3) agriculture's dependence on resources and the environment; and 4) food in a national and international security context. This book connects these areas in a way that tells an integrated story about human lives, resource use, and the policy process.
Category: Business & Economics

Safeguarding Food Security In Volatile Global Markets

Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
ISBN : UIUC:30112100846366
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.17 MB
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This four-part volume gathers together the latest thinking on the issues and controversies surrounding price volatility in global food markets. Drawing from theory, empiricism and heuristic evidence, the book contributes to the debate on the causes, consequences, and challenges of food price volatility.
Category: Business & Economics

Trade Policy And Food Security

Author : Ian Gillson
ISBN : 9781464803062
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.77 MB
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Increased trade integration holds considerable potential to stabilize food prices, boost returns to farmers, and reduce the prices faced by consumers. This book explores the effects of food price changes on economic welfare in developing countries, and how these can be mitigated through appropriate national policies at the border.
Category: Business & Economics

Food For All

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822038909602
Genre : Agricultural development projects
File Size : 44.31 MB
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Category: Agricultural development projects

Oecd Fao Agricultural Outlook 2010

Author : OECD
ISBN : UOM:39015087566942
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 65.69 MB
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The OECD/FAO's projections for production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices of major agricultural commodities for the 2010 to 2019 period.
Category: Business & Economics

Lao People S Democratic Republic

Author : Paavo Eliste
ISBN : MINN:31951D03691304I
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72.26 MB
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Rice is a key staple in the Lao PDR, as in most of the region, and as such is an important element of food security. The rice sector in the country has seen impressive development over the last ten years, however the sector has reached a crossroads where further progress requires changes to the current policy mix in order to sustain sector growth and support the ongoing transition from rice subsistence to rice commercialization, required to achieve the government policy targets. This study, that has benefited from the collaboration between the World Bank, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), analyzes in detail the Laos rice sector and proposes policy recommendations that seek to adapt the current policy mix to meet the challenges faced by the sector. They include: facilitating trade, strengthening rice seed and food reserves, improving the efficiency and effectiveness of public investments and strengthening the rice seed sector.
Category: Social Science