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The Revolution Betrayed

Author : Leon Trotsky
ISBN : 9780486119830
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40.83 MB
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One of Marxism's most important texts, this 1936 polemic explores the fate of the Russian Revolution after Lenin's death. A brilliant and profound evaluation of Stalinism, it prophesies the inevitable collapse of the Soviet Union.
Category: Political Science

Mau Mau

Author : Maina Wa Kinyatti
ISBN : 1439237077
Genre : Art
File Size : 30.28 MB
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THE NAME MAU MAUOn may 12, 1950 thirty-nine Kenyan farm workers were arrested in Naivasha. They were accused of belonging to a secret organization whose political aim was to drive the British occupiers out of Kenya by violent means. They were brutally tortured by the colonial police, but they stubbornly refused to reveal the aims and the name of the clandestine movement. Nineteen of them, 15 men and 4 women, were brought to court and charged with membership in an unlawful society. They were jailed for seven years each. It was a kangaroo trial trial. The judge and prosecutor were colonialists; the interpreter was an indigenous traitor.During the trial one of the accused, Magrougi ole Kodogoya, under cross-examinations on the dock, absolutely refused to to cooperate with the colonial prosecutor. repeatedly, he was asked by the prosecutor to explain to the judge how he was recruited into the underground movement, as well as the aims and the name of the secret movement and the methods used to make him a member, but he refused to answer the questions put to him directly. Instead, he told the kangaroo judge that because of his commitment and dedication to the movement and the love for his country he would never reveal "maundu mau mau" (those, those things) the leadership of the movement told him not to reveal to the government. He would die first before he betrayed the movement.The colonial press, confused by the statement, but seeking the way to characterize the clandestine movement, seized upon the words "mau Mau (those, those) as the name of the movement. Further, the press explained that the aim of the movement was to overthrow the British rule in the country by armed struggle and establish an African government. To be a member of the movement, the imperialist press added, one must take a Mau Mau oath.This is how the name "Mau Mau" entered the political dictionary of Kenya's anti-imperialist resistance.Significantly, the name "Mau Mau" has been immortalized by the Kenyan people because it symbolizes their collective heroism against foreign domination and their undying love for freedom, liberty and justice. In other words, it has become synonymous with Kenyan national patriotism, anti-imperialism, military acumen, and most importantly, popular democratic revolution.
Category: Art

The Black Count

Author : Tom Reiss
ISBN : 9780307382474
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 73.9 MB
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The author of the best-selling The Orientalist traces the story of the mixed-race swordsman and father of novelist Alexandre Dumas, discussing his rise to the French aristocracy, his military triumphs and the adventures that inspired such classics as The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Robert Fisk On Egypt

Author : Robert Fisk
ISBN : 1633533794
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24.80 MB
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No commentator is better qualified to tell the tragic tale of the cruel disappointments of the Arab Spring than Robert Fisk. He is the unflinching critic of the Mubarak regime and acclaimed chronicler of Middle-Eastern affairs for The Independent for 25 years. This powerful anthology of his journalism describes the full cycle of Egypt's awakening and relapse, episode by episode, as it happened - from the first stirrings of unrest to the glorious dawn of Tahrir Square, and the days of shame and atrocity that followed. Told with rare insight into both Egyptian culture and the hypocrisy of the West, this is history at its most compelling, written by one of the very greatest commentators on the Arab world.
Category: Political Science


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ISBN : OCLC:917646203
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Emiliano Zapata

Author : Samuel Brunk
ISBN : 9780826325136
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 55.13 MB
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The life of Mexican Revolutionary Emiliano Zapata was the stuff that legends are made of. Born and raised in a tiny village in the small south-central state of Morelos, he led an uprising in 1911--one strand of the larger Mexican Revolution--against the regime of long-time president Porfirio Díaz. He fought not to fulfill personal ambitions, but for the campesinos of Morelos, whose rights were being systematically ignored in Don Porfirio's courts. Expanding haciendas had been appropriating land and water for centuries in the state, but as the twentieth century began things were becoming desperate. It was not long before Díaz fell. But Zapata then discovered that other national leaders--Francisco Madero, Victoriano Huerta, and Venustiano Carranza--would not put things right, and so he fought them too. He fought for nearly a decade until, in 1919, he was gunned down in an ambush at the hacienda Chinameca. In this new political biography of Zapata, Brunk, noted journalist and scholar, shows us Zapata the leader as opposed to Zapata the archetypal peasant revolutionary. In previous writings on Zapata, the movement is covered and Zapata the man gets lost in the shuffle. Brunk clearly demonstrates that Zapata's choices and actions did indeed have an historical impact.
Category: Biography & Autobiography