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The Reluctant Economist

Author : Richard A. Easterlin
ISBN : 1139451898
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46.74 MB
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Where is rapid economic growth taking us? Why has its spread throughout the world been so limited? What are the causes of the great twentieth century advance in life expectancy? Of the revolution in childbearing that is bringing fertility worldwide to near replacement levels? Have free markets been the source of human improvement? Economics provides a start on these questions, but only a start, argues economist Richard A. Easterlin. To answer them calls for merging economics with concepts and data from other social sciences, and with quantitative and qualitative history. Easterlin demonstrates this approach in seeking answers to these and other questions about world or American experience in the last two centuries, drawing on economics, demography, sociology, history, and psychology. The opening chapter gives an autobiographical account of the evolution of this approach, and why Easterlin is a 'reluctant economist'.
Category: Political Science

Reflections On The Cliometrics Revolution

Author : John S. Lyons
ISBN : 9781135993597
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.28 MB
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This volume marks fifty years of an innovative approach to writing economic history often called "The Cliometrics Revolution." The book presents memoirs of personal development, intellectual lives and influences, new lines of historical research, long-standing debates, a growing international scholarly community, and the contingencies that guide and re-direct academic careers. In conversation with cliometricians of the next generation, 25 pioneering scholars reflect on changes in the practice of economic history they have observed and have helped to bring about, examining the rise of Western economies and their economic interrelationships, and the impact of modern economic growth on human health, mortality and even happiness. The conversations presented here are engaging, informative and – more often than one might expect – humorous. Together with a framework provided by the editors, they tell a tale of how cliometricians, their allies and their critics, have helped to transform what we know about the economic past.
Category: Business & Economics

Demographic Change And Long Run Development

Author : Matteo Cervellati
ISBN : 9780262036627
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 53.37 MB
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"Contents" -- "Series Foreword" -- "Overview" -- "Preface" -- "1 The Demographic Transition and Long-Term Development" -- "2 The Long Shadow of History: The Biogeographical Origins of Comparative Economic Development" -- "3 Health Improvement and Income Growth in the Long Run" -- "4 Did Longer Lives Buy Economic Growth? From Malthus to Lucas and Ben-Porath" -- "5 Adult Mortality and Modern Growth" -- "6 Human Physiological Development and Economic Growth" -- "7 Intrahousehold Decision Making and Fertility" -- "8 Land Inequality, Education, and Marriage: Empirical Evidence from Nineteenth-Century Prussia" -- "9 Long-Run Development and the New Cultural Economics" -- "10 Time Since What? (Re)interpreting the Neolithic Transition in a Malthusian Environment" -- "11 Caste Systems and Technology in Premodern Societies" -- "12 Conclusion and Outlook" -- "Contributors
Category: Business & Economics

Handbook Of Social Indicators And Quality Of Life Research

Author : Kenneth C. Land
ISBN : 9400724217
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.62 MB
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The aim of the Handbook of Social Indicators and Quality of Life Research is to create an overview of the field of Quality of Life (QOL) studies in the early years of the 21st century that can be updated and improved upon as the field evolves and the century unfolds. Social indicators are statistical time series “...used to monitor the social system, helping to identify changes and to guide intervention to alter the course of social change”. Examples include unemployment rates, crime rates, estimates of life expectancy, health status indices, school enrollment rates, average achievement scores, election voting rates, and measures of subjective well-being such as satisfaction with life-as-a-whole and with specific domains or aspects of life. This book provides a review of the historical development of the field including the history of QOL in medicine and mental health as well as the research related to quality-of-work-life (QWL) programs. It discusses several of QOL main concepts: happiness, positive psychology, and subjective wellbeing. Relations between spirituality and religiousness and QOL are examined as are the effects of educational attainment on QOL and marketing, and the associations with economic growth. The book goes on to investigate methodological approaches and issues that should be considered in measuring and analysing quality of life from a quantitative perspective. The final chapters are dedicated to research on elements of QOL in a broad range of countries and populations.
Category: Social Science

Public Health In India

Author : Monica Das Gupta
Genre : Public health
File Size : 62.44 MB
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"Public health services, which reduce a population's exposure to disease through such measures as sanitation and vector control, are an essential part of a country's development infrastructure. In the industrial world and East Asia, systematic public health efforts raised labor productivity and life expectancies well before modern curative technologies became widely available, and helped set the stage for rapid economic growth and poverty reduction. The enormous business and other costs of the breakdown of these services are illustrated by the current global epidemic of avian flu, emanating from poor poultry-keeping practices in a few Chinese villages. For various reasons, mostly of political economy, public funds for health services in India have been focused largely on medical services, and public health services have been neglected. This is reflected in a virtual absence of modern public health regulations and of systematic planning and delivery of public health services. Various organizational issues also militate against the rational deployment of personnel and funds for disease control. There is strong capacity for dealing with outbreaks when they occur, but not to prevent them from occurring. Impressive capacity also exists for conducting intensive campaigns, but not for sustaining these gains on a continuing basis after the campaign. This is illustrated by the near eradication of malaria through highly organized efforts in the 1950s, and its resurgence when attention shifted to other priorities such as family planning. This paper reviews the fundamental obstacles to effective disease control in India and indicates new policy thrusts that can help overcome these obstacles. "-- World Bank web site.
Category: Public health

American Economic History

Author : Jonathan R. T. Hughes
ISBN : NWU:35556040182875
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 35.71 MB
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America's present economy, understood through its past. Rich in both quantitative techniques and economic theory, American Economic History demonstrates how an understanding of our past can illuminate economic issues that face society today and in the future. In simple, elegant language, this text walks readers through four centuries of political, social, and economic history, focusing on laws and institutions and emphasizing current economic topics. The eighth edition has been updated and revised, and includes expanded discussions on population, health, and labor; education; the automobile industry; income and taxes; social security; unemployment; regulation and the financial industry; and the history of economic recessions.
Category: Business & Economics

Finance India

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015064823845
Genre : Finance
File Size : 87.36 MB
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Category: Finance