THE RACE BETWEEN EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY

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The Race Between Education And Technology

Author : Claudia Dale Goldin
ISBN : 0674037731
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21.33 MB
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This book provides a careful historical analysis of the co-evolution of educational attainment and the wage structure in the United States through the twentieth century. During the first eight decades of the twentieth century, the increase of educated workers was higher than the demand for them. This boosted income for most people and lowered inequality. However, the reverse has been true since about 1980. The authors discuss the complex reasons for this educational slow-down and what might be done to ameliorate it.
Category: Business & Economics

The Race Between Education And Technology

Author : Claudia Dale Goldin
ISBN : 0674028678
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82.51 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This book provides a careful historical analysis of the co-evolution of educational attainment and the wage structure in the United States through the twentieth century. During the first eight decades of the twentieth century, the increase of educated workers was higher than the demand for them. This boosted income for most people and lowered inequality. However, the reverse has been true since about 1980. The authors discuss the complex reasons for this educational slow-down and what might be done to ameliorate it.
Category: Business & Economics

The Race Between Education And Technology

Author : Claudia Dale Goldin
ISBN : OCLC:123311642
Genre : Labor market
File Size : 36.80 MB
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U.S. educational and occupational wage differentials were exceptionally high at the dawn of the twentieth century and then decreased in several stages over the next eight decades. But starting in the early 1980s the labor market premium to skill rose sharply and by 2005 the college wage premium was back at its 1915 level. The twentieth century contains two inequality tales: one declining and one rising. We use a supply-demand-institutions framework to understand the factors that produced these changes from 1890 to 2005. We find that strong secular growth in the relative demand for more educated workers combined with fluctuations in the growth of relative skill supplies go far to explain the long-run evolution of U.S. educational wage differentials. An increase in the rate of growth of the relative supply of skills associated with the high school movement starting around 1910 played a key role in narrowing educational wage differentials from 1915 to 1980. The slowdown in the growth of the relative supply of college workers starting around 1980 was a major reason for the surge in the college wage premium from 1980 to 2005. Institutional factors were important at various junctures, especially during the 1940s and the late 1970s.
Category: Labor market

Understanding The Gender Gap

Author : Claudia Dale Goldin
ISBN : 0195072707
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 49.38 MB
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Employing innovative quantitative history methods and new data series, this study traces the evolution of the female labor force in America and gender distinctions in the workplace.
Category: Business & Economics

Human Capital

Author : Gary S. Becker
ISBN : 0226041220
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43.68 MB
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Human Capital is Becker's classic study of how investment in an individual's education and training is similar to business investments in equipment. Recipient of the 1992 Nobel Prize in Economic Science, Gary S. Becker is a pioneer of applying economic analysis to human behavior in such areas as discrimination, marriage, family relations, and education. Becker's research on human capital was considered by the Nobel committee to be his most noteworthy contribution to economics. This expanded edition includes four new chapters, covering recent ideas about human capital, fertility and economic growth, the division of labor, economic considerations within the family, and inequality in earnings. "Critics have charged that Mr. Becker's style of thinking reduces humans to economic entities. Nothing could be further from the truth. Mr. Becker gives people credit for having the power to reason and seek out their own best destiny."—Wall Street Journal
Category: Business & Economics

The Anatomy Of Racial Inequality

Author : Glenn C. LOURY
ISBN : 9780674040328
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.58 MB
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Speaking wisely and provocatively about the political economy of race, Glenn Loury has become one of our most prominent black intellectuals--and, because of his challenges to the orthodoxies of both left and right, one of the most controversial. A major statement of a position developed over the past decade, this book both epitomizes and explains Loury's understanding of the depressed conditions of so much of black society today--and the origins, consequences, and implications for the future of these conditions. Using an economist's approach, Loury describes a vicious cycle of tainted social information that has resulted in a self-replicating pattern of racial stereotypes that rationalize and sustain discrimination. His analysis shows how the restrictions placed on black development by stereotypical and stigmatizing racial thinking deny a whole segment of the population the possibility of self-actualization that American society reveres--something that many contend would be undermined by remedies such as affirmative action. On the contrary, this book persuasively argues that the promise of fairness and individual freedom and dignity will remain unfulfilled without some forms of intervention based on race. Brilliant in its account of how racial classifications are created and perpetuated, and how they resonate through the social, psychological, spiritual, and economic life of the nation, this compelling and passionate book gives us a new way of seeing--and, perhaps, seeing beyond--the damning categorization of race in America.
Category: Social Science

Stratification In Higher Education

Author : Yossi Shavit
ISBN : 0804768145
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.47 MB
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The mass expansion of higher education is one of the most important social transformations of the second half of the twentieth century. In this book, scholars from 15 countries, representing Western and Eastern Europe, East Asia, Israel, Australia, and the United States, assess the links between this expansion and inequality in the national context. Contrary to most expectations, the authors show that as access to higher education expands, all social classes benefit. Neither greater diversification nor privatization in higher education results in greater inequality. In some cases, especially where the most advantaged already have significant access to higher education, opportunities increase most for persons from disadvantaged origins. Also, during the late twentieth century, opportunities for women increased faster than those for men. Offering a new spin on conventional wisdom, this book shows how all social classes benefit from the expansion of higher education.
Category: Social Science

Superpower

Author : Raghav Bahl
ISBN : 0670084638
Genre : China
File Size : 60.93 MB
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In his career as a journalist and one of India’s top entrepreneurs, Raghav Bahl has often faced a barrage of questions from visiting businesspeople bewildered by India: Why are Indian regulations so weak and confusing? Why is your foreign investment policy so restrictive? How is it that you speak such good English? Inevitably, the questions are followed by the observation: But, you know, that’s not the way it is in China. Indeed, even as the two economies are together projected to dominate the world, there is a palpable difference in the way China and India work on the ground. China is spectacularly effective in building infrastructure and is currently investing almost half its GDP. Meanwhile, India is a ‘promising’ economy: more than half its GDP is consumed by its billionplus population; half its population is younger than twenty-five, giving it a unique demographic advantage; 350 million Indians understand English, making it the largest English-using country in the world In the race to superpower status, who is likely to breast the tape—China’s hare or India’s tortoise? For anyone looking to understand China and India and the ways in which these two nations are about to change the history of the world, this is the book to read. Is India ready for superpower status? Or are we irretrievably behind in the game of catch-up with China?
Category: China

Human Capital In History

Author : Leah Platt Boustan
ISBN : 9780226163895
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37.95 MB
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America s economic leadership is the result of a remarkable, steady increase in the productivity of the average worker over the past two centuries, if not longer. Workers are more productive when they are given more capital to work with or when they combine more efficiently (through technology, for instance) with a given level of capital. Few better historical examples can be found of the importance of human capital than the ascendancy of the United States to economic supremacy over the last two centuries. Pursuing this line of thought, "Human Capital in History" brings together leading researchers in economic history, labor economics, the economics of education, and related fields to present new findings that significantly challenge traditional views. The themes of the chapters are centered on Claudia Goldin s research in the labor history of the United States: the roles of education and technology in determining economic growth and welfare, the experience of women in the workforce, and family choices. Each chapter features state-of-the-art analysis, advancing the literature on its topic significantly, and also providing a clear roadmap for further research. The volume will be a valuable resource for advanced students in economics and professional economists, primarily in the fields of economic history, labor economics, education, and development, and it will stimulate new work on the topics considered and related issues."
Category: Business & Economics

Rethinking Education In The Age Of Technology

Author : Allan Collins
ISBN : 9780807759066
Genre : Education
File Size : 81.1 MB
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This landmark book translates positive and asset-based understandings of organizations to develop a powerful model of school leadership that is grounded in both existing research and the complexities of life in schools. The authors - both senior scholars in educational leadership - apply insights from positive psychology to the role and function of educational leaders. The Positive School Leadership (PSL) model draws on the strengths of relationships among staff and the broader school community to communicate and instill shared values and a common mission. This book builds a compelling case for creating a more inclusive, less "mechanistic" approach to leadership. Designed to engage both the hearts and minds of readers, the text is organized around reflective questioning of educational practice and current assumptions about the purposes and goals of leadership in schools.
Category: Education