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The Primate Nervous System

Author : Floyd E. Bloom
ISBN : 0080539491
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.74 MB
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This volume is the third and final part of the planned coverage of the neurochemical circuitry of the primate central nervous system. The five chapters included in this volume complement and integrate magnificently with the two prior volumes. Included in the volume are the following: a two-fold exposition on the human forebrain, comprised of a comprehensive overview of the entire human forebrain, and a specific focus on the basal forebrain (a region critical for a wide range of human problems ranging from substance abuse to Alzheimer's disease), a critical synthesis of the primate basal ganglia (a region under intense scrutiny for the organization of motor programs, and for their dysfunctions in Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease and other malfunctions), the chemical and anatomic details of the primate hippocampal formation in extenso, and lastly, a review of the rapidly growing literature on the mesocortical projection of dopaminergic circuits onto the primate frontal cortex ( a system highly linked to higher order mental abstractions, as well as the dysfunctions of schizophrenia). Scholars will recognize that the laying out of these status reports on our still vastly incomplete examination of the primate brains is an opportunity for progress.
Category: Science

Human Neuroanatomy

Author : James R. Augustine
ISBN : 9780120682515
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63.14 MB
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Human Neuroanatomy provides a thorough and comprehensive overview of the human brain and spinal cord for medical and graduate students as well as residents in the clinical neurosciences. Standing on the shoulders of training from outstanding scientist-teacher mentors and based on more than 30 years of experience teaching about the brain and spinal cord to medical and graduate students, this single authored text presents everything the reader would need as they begin their study of the nervous system. At the same time the experienced neuroscientist will find much useful and valuable information in these pages that is based almost exclusively on studies in experimental primates and observations in humans. Every effort has been made to present the complexities of the nervous system as simply and clearly as possible. The careful reader will discover a clarity and depth of coverage that makes the reading both instructional and enjoyable. Topics are presented logically and the text in an easy-to-read style. The accompanying line drawings emphasize important concepts in a clear and uncluttered manner. Topics presented: Neurons, glial cells, degeneration, regeneration, axonal transport Review of the development of the human nervous system Overview of the anatomy of the spinal cord, brain stem and forebrain General sensory paths (pain, temperature, touch, pressure, proprioception) Special sensory systems (auditory, vestibular, visual, olfactory and gustatory) Eye movements and visual reflexes Comprehensive presentation of the regions involved in motor activity including the clinical manifestation of injuries to these motor areas Limbic system, hypothalamus and the autonomic nervous system Lobes of the brain, clinically important cortical areas and the results of lesions in these areas Blood supply to the spinal cord, brain stem, and brain including classical brain stem syndromes The meninges and the ventricular system Numerous helpful clinical correlations that emphasize the practical application of basic anatomical information Presents the complexities of the nervous system as simply and clearly as possible Written with a clarity and depth of coverage that makes the reading both instructional and enjoyable Includes numerous illustrations emphasizing important concepts
Category: Medical

Tiefe Hirnstimulation

Author : J.K. Krauss
ISBN : 9783798519565
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57.4 MB
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Die tiefe Hirnstimulation hat sich rasch etabliert bei der Behandlung von sonst therapierefraktären Bewegungsstörungen. Sie ist eine wichtige Schnittstelle zwischen den Disziplinen der klinischen Neurologie und der funktionellen Neurochirurgie. Dieses Buch bietet erstmalig einen umfassenden Überblick über die tiefe Hirnstimulation bei Bewegungsstörungen wie bei Parkinsonkrankheit, verschiedenen Tremorformen und Dystonie. Darüber hinaus werden auch Möglichkeiten der tiefen Hirnstimulation bei therapierefraktären Schmerzen, bei Epilepsie und bei psychiatrischen Erkrankungen dargestellt, die das etablierte Indikationsspektrum erweitern könnten. Die von national und international anerkannten Experten verfassten Kapitel decken alle relevanten Aspekte ab: historische Entwicklung, anatomische und physiologische Grundlagen, technische Grundlagen, operatives Vorgehen, klinische Ergebnisse, Patientenselektion und postoperative neurologische Betreuung von Patienten mit implantierten Hirnstimulationssystemen.
Category: Medical

Computing The Brain

Author : Michael A. Arbib
ISBN : 0120597810
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52.69 MB
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Computing the Brain provides readers with an integrated view of current informatics research related to the field of neuroscience. This book clearly defines the new work being done in neuroinformatics and offers information on resources available on the Web to researchers using this new technology. It contains chapters that should appeal to a multidisciplinary audience with introductory chapters for the nonexpert reader. Neuroscientists will find this book an excellent introduction to informatics technologies and the use of these technologies in their research. Computer scientists will be interested in exploring how these technologies might benefit the neuroscience community. Key Features * An integrated view of neuroinformatics for a multidisciplinary audience * Explores and explains new work being done in neuroinformatics * Cross-disciplinary with chapters for computer scientists and neuroscientists * An excellent tool for graduate students coming to neuroinformatics research from diverse disciplines and for neuroscientists seeking a comprehensive introduction to the subject * Discusses, in-depth, the structuring of masses of data by a variety of computational models * Clearly defines computational neuroscience - the use of computational techniques and metaphors to investigate relations between neural structure and function * Offers a guide to resources and algorithms that can be found on the Web * Written by internationally renowned experts in the field
Category: Medical

The Primate Nervous System

Author : T. Hokfelt
ISBN : 0444829121
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.71 MB
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This volume is the second in the planned coverage of the neurochemical circuitry of the primate central nervous system. While this volume contains only two chapters, their topics and the extraordinarily comprehensive coverage with which the authors have dealt with their topics, will nevertheless contribute equal amounts of knowledge, wisdom, and opportunities for future research extensions as have every volume in this unique series. As such, these chapters extend the goals of this primate series to develop a broad coverage of human and non-human primate chemical neuroanatomic details in a volume which makes clear the known and desirable appreciation for differences between and among subsets of primate brains. The first chapter covers the primate thalamus with equal emphases on new world, old world, pro-simian and human anatomic details and their differences. The second undertakes a comparably comprehensive examination of one of the most intensively studied regions of the primate brain, namely the primate visual cortex. While much has been studied, both chapters also reveal how much remains for future efforts in these enormously important regions which are the archetypes of primate sub-cortical and cortical function.
Category: Science

The Pain System In Normal And Pathological States

Author : Luis Villanueva
ISBN : UOM:39015060542159
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53.17 MB
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The last decade has seen much progress in understanding the mechanisms of pain and advances in basic science have seen translational research leading to volunteer studies and clinical trials. Despite this drawing together of molecules and maladies, the basic science can appear overly complex and impenetrabie for clinicians. This book aims to cover key topical molecular, anantomical, physiological, and pharmacological studies on the basic science in a straightforward and accessible manner for all medical and allied professionals with an interest in pain. The book is dedicatod to lean-Marie Besson, who has always allempted to further dialogus between clinicians and basic scientists.
Category: Medical

The Basal Ganglia Ii

Author : Malcolm B. Carpenter
ISBN : 9781468453478
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.32 MB
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This volume was generated from papers presented at the Second Triennial Symposium of the International Basal Ganglia Society (IBAGS) held at the University of Victoria, British Columbia, July 21-23, 1986. The meeting was held as a satellite symposium following the XXX Congress of the International Union of Physiological Sciences at Vancouver. IBAGS was founded at a similar satellite symposium held in Lorne, Australia, organized by John S. McKenzie and sponsored by the University of Melbourne. The symposium held in Australia was attended by 50 scientists from 12 different countries. The results of the first symposium, edited by John S. McKenzie, Robert E. Kemm and Lynette N. Wilcock, were published by Plenum Press in 1984 under the title, The Basal Ganglia - Structure and Function. It was decided that the Society should meet on a triennial basis. The time and place for Second IBAGS Symposium were set by A.G. Phillips who served as Chairman of the Program Committee along with I. Divac, S.A. Greenfield and E.T. Rolls and J.S. McKenzie. Michael E. Corcoran of the Department of Psychology, University of Victoria served as the on-site coordinator and arranger for the Symposium. He was ably assisted by Ms. Morag McNeil who handled the details which made the meeting run smoothly.
Category: Science