THE PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF NANOSOLIDS

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The Physics And Chemistry Of Nanosolids

Author : Frank J. Owens
ISBN : 9780470067406
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90.66 MB
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A comprehensive textbook that addresses the recent interest in nanotechnology in the engineering, materials science, chemistry, and physics communities In recent years, nanotechnology has become one of the most promising and exciting fields of science, triggering an increasing number of university engineering, materials science, chemistry, and physics departments to introduce courses on this emerging topic. Now, Drs. Owens and Poole have revised, updated, and revamped their 2003 work, Introduction to Nanotechnology, to make it more accessible as a textbook for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses on the fascinating field of nanotechnology and nanoscience. The Physics and Chemistry of Nanosolids takes a pedagogical approach to the subject and assumes only an introductory understanding of the physics and chemistry of macroscopic solids and models developed to explain properties, such as the theory of phonon and lattice vibrations and electronic band structure. The authors describe how properties depend on size in the nanometer regime and explain why these changes occur using relatively simple models of the physics and chemistry of the solid state. Additionally, this accessible book: Provides an introductory overview of the basic principles of solids Describes the various methods used to measure the properties of nanosolids Explains how and why properties change when reducing the size of solids to nano-dimensions, and what they predict when one or more dimensions of a solid has a nano-length Presents data on how various properties of solids are affected by nanosizing and examines why these changes occur Contains a chapter entirely devoted to the importance of carbon nanostructured materials and the potential applications of carbon nanostructures The Physics and Chemistry of Nanosolids is complete with a series of exercises at the end of each chapter for readers to enhance their understanding of the material presented, making this an ideal textbook for students and a valuable tutorial for technical professionals and researchers who are interested in learning more about this important topic.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Structure And Properties Of Atomic Nanoclusters

Author : Julio A. Alonso
ISBN : 9781848167339
Genre : Science
File Size : 21.14 MB
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Atomic clusters are aggregates of atoms containing a few to several thousand atoms. Due to the small size of these pieces of matter, the properties of atomic clusters in general are different from those of the corresponding material in the macroscopic bulk phase. This monograph presents the main developments of atomic clusters and the current status of the field. The book treats different types of clusters with very different properties: clusters in which the atoms or molecules are tied by weak van der Waals interactions, metallic clusters, clusters of ionic materials, and network clusters made of typical covalent elements. It includes methods of experimental cluster synthesis as well as the structural, electronic, thermodynamic and magnetic properties of clusters, covering both experiments and the theoretical work that has led to our present understanding of the different properties of clusters. The question of assembling nanoclusters to form solids with new properties is also considered. Having an adequate knowledge of the properties of clusters can be of great help to any scientist working with objects of nanometric size. On the other hand, nanoclusters are themselves potentially important in fields like catalysis and nanomedicine.
Category: Science

The Attribute Of Water

Author : Chang Q Sun
ISBN : 9789811001802
Genre : Science
File Size : 62.11 MB
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This book features the latest advances and future trends in water science and technology. It also discusses the scientific popularization and quantitative resolution of a variety of mysterious properties of water and ice from the perspective of hydrogen-bond cooperativity in response to stimuli such as chemical contamination, electrification, magnetification, mechanical compression, molecular undercoordination, and thermal excitation. Anomalies include the floating of ice, the Hofmeister effect in solutions, regelation of ice, slipperiness of ice, water’s tough skin, the Mpemba paradox, and the floating bridge. It also addresses the superfluidity of microchannels, hydrogen bond potentials, nanodroplet and bubble thermodynamics, quasisolidity and supersolidity, controlling superhydrophobicity–superhydrophilicity transition, and high-pressure ice formation. The target audience for this book includes students, senior scholars, engineers and practitioners in the area of physical chemistry, biology, as well as aqueous and colloid solutions.
Category: Science

Concepts Of Nanochemistry

Author : Ludovico Cademartiri
ISBN : 9783527326266
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.57 MB
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Written by a bestselling author and expert in nanochemistry, this title is ideal for interdisciplinary courses in chemistry, materials science, or physics.
Category: Science

The Physics Of Low Dimensional Materials

Author : Owens Frank J
ISBN : 9789813225879
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.64 MB
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The purpose of this book is two fold. First to explain the properties of low dimensional solids such as electronic, vibrational and magnetic structure in terms of simple models. These are used to account for the properties of three dimensional materials providing an elementary introduction to the physics of low dimensional materials. The second objective is to discuss the properties of newer low dimensional materials not made of carbon. These are now the subject of research and describe various phenomena in them such magnetism and superconductivity. Contents: Computational Material ScienceElectronic PropertiesVibrational PropertiesCarbon NanotubesOther Kinds of NanotubesGrapheneOther Low Dimensional MaterialsMagnetism in Low Dimensional MaterialsSuperconductivity in Low Dimensional Materials Readership: Researchers and students in the field of low dimensional materials. Keywords: Graphene;2 Dimensional Materials;Carbon Nanotubes and Tubes of Other Materials;Magnetism in Low Dimensional Materials;Superconductivity in Low Dimensional MaterialsReview: Key Features: This book deals with not only conductivity but a range of other phenomena such as low dimensional magnetism and superconductivity and some very new low dimensional materials such silicene
Category: Science

The Physics And Chemistry Of Mineral Surfaces

Author : Patrick V. Brady
ISBN : 084938351X
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.50 MB
Format : PDF
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The last two decades have brought a near exponential increase in the amount known about mineral surfaces. Get a handle on this overwhelming mountain of information with The Physics and Chemistry of Mineral Surfaces. This much-needed text will save you hours of tedious journal searches by providing an excellent condensation and overview of the entire field, including its future direction. Top researchers outline atomistic controls on mineral surface structure and reactions; apply these concepts to explain sorption, mineral corrosion and growth; and ultimately consider the role of surfaces in environmental and geochemical processes. This unique text provides a rich and rigorous treatment of these subjects by combining surface physics and chemistry - highlighting their useful, yet often ignored, complementary nature. Unlike other texts, The Physics and Chemistry of Mineral Surfaces also stresses the linkage between fundamentals of mineral surface science and specific real-world problems. This connection facilitates the application of surface physics and chemistry to macroscopic, global processes, such as the origins of life, global warming, and environment degradation. Nowhere else will you find a text on this topic that combines expansive coverage with clear-cut practical applications. Don't miss out! The Physics and Chemistry of Mineral Surfaces has it all.
Category: Science

Solid State Physics 1e

Author : Rita John
ISBN : 9789332901803
Genre :
File Size : 33.95 MB
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`Solid State Physics? focuses on the fundamental concepts while building a strong conceptual framework. It provides systematic and comprehensive coverage to topics such as Crystal Structure and Bonding, Lattice dynamics and Phonons, Thermal and Electrical Properties, Superconductivity, Semiconductors, Dielectrics, Basics of Density Functional Theory and Band Structure calculations and Physics of nano solids. It also introduces relevant information on recent developments. Salient Features ? Systematic development of topics with micro-details as part of analysis ? Dedicated chapter on `Physics of Nano Solids? ? Elaborate and complete derivations supported by apt pedagogy?
Category:

Issues In Industrial Applied And Environmental Chemistry 2011 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781464963773
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.98 MB
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Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry. The editors have built Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Category: Science

Synthesis And Applications Of Inorganic Nanostructures

Author : Huaqiang Cao
ISBN : 9783527698172
Genre : Science
File Size : 87.35 MB
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Authored by a leading figure in the field, this book systematically describes all the fundamental aspects and applications of inorganic nanostructures from zero to three dimensions. It not only discusses various synthesis technologies, but also covers the physical properties of inorganic nanostructures, such as optical, electric and magnetic properties, and practical applications such as energy storage (including Li-ion and Ni-MH batteries and supercapacitors), superhydrophobic and bio-applications, etc. The focus throughout is on the synthesis-structure-application relationships, including the growth mechanisms for the nanostrucutres. Concise yet comprehensive, this is indispensable reading for chemists and materials scientists.
Category: Science

Introduction To Nanotechnology

Author : Charles P. Poole, Jr.
ISBN : 0471079359
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68.65 MB
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This self-confessed introduction provides technical administrators and managers with a broad, practical overview of the subject and gives researchers working in different areas an appreciation of developments in nanotechnology outside their own fields of expertise.
Category: Technology & Engineering