THE PATTERN OF CHEMISTRY

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Pattern Recognition In Chemistry

Author : Kurt Varmuza
ISBN : 9783642931550
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.12 MB
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Analytical chemistry of the recent years is strongly influenced by automation. Data acquisition from analytica~ instruments - and some times also controlling of instruments - by a computer are principally solved since many years. Availability of microcomputers made these tasks also feasible from the economic point of view. Besides these basic applications of computers in chemical measurements scientists developed computer programs for solving more sophisticated problems for which some kind of "intelligence" is usually supposed to be necessary. Harm less numerical experiments on this topic led to passionate discussions about the theme "which jobs cannot be done by a computer but only by human brain ?~. If this question is useful at all it should not be ans wered a priori. Application of computers in chemistry is a matter of utility, sometimes it is a social problem, but it is never a question of piety for the human brain. Automated instruments and the necessity to work on complex pro blems enhanced the development of automatic methods for the reduction and interpretation of large data sets. Numerous methods from mathematics, statistics, information theory, and computer science have been exten sively investigated for the elucidation of chemical information; a new discipline "chemometrics" has been established. Three different approaches have been used for computer-assisted interpretations of chemical data. 1. Heuristic methods try to formu late computer programs working in a similar way as a chemist would solve the problem. 2.
Category: Science

Essays In The Philosophy Of Chemistry

Author : Eric Scerri
ISBN : 9780190494605
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.86 MB
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The philosophy of chemistry has emerged in recent years as a new and autonomous field within the Anglo-American philosophical tradition. With the development of this new discipline, Eric Scerri and Grant Fisher's "Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry" is a timely and definitive guide to all current thought in this field. This edited volume will serve to map out the distinctive features of the field and its connections to the philosophies of the natural sciences and general philosophy of science more broadly. It will be a reference for students and professional alike. Both the philosophy of chemistry and philosophies of scientific practice alike reflect the splitting of analytical and continental scholastic traditions, and some philosophers are turning for inspiration from the familiar resources of analytical philosophy to influences from the continental tradition and pragmatism. While philosophy of chemistry is practiced very much within the familiar analytical tradition, it is also capable of trail-blazing new philosophical approaches. In such a way, the seemingly disparate disciplines such as the "hard sciences" and philosophy become much more linked.
Category: Science

Chemistry

Author : Bruce A. Averill
ISBN : 0805382836
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.73 MB
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Chemistry: Principles, Patterns, and Applications represents the next step in general chemistry texts, with an emphasis on contemporary applications and an intuitive problem-solving approach that helps readers discover the exciting potential of chemical science. The book features modern applications, early integration of examples from organic and biochemistry, and a strong approach to problem solving that moves away from rote memorization to a thorough understanding of key concepts and recognition of important patterns. The worked examples throughout each chapter showreadershow to develop strategies and thought processes that will enable them to solve problems both quantitatively and conceptually. Kinetics and Equilibria, Chemical Kinetics, Chemical Equilibrium, Aqueous Acid-Base Equilibria, Solubility Equilibria, Chemical Thermodynamics, Electrochemistry, Nuclear Chemistry, Chemistry of the Elements, General Trends and the s-Block Elements, The p-Block Elements, The d- and f-Block Elements, Organic Compounds. For all readers interested in a general chemistry text with an emphasis on contemporary applications and an intuitive problem-solving approach.
Category: Science

An Introduction To Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics

Author : Irving R. Epstein
ISBN : 0198025661
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.52 MB
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Just a few decades ago, chemical oscillations were thought to be exotic reactions of only theoretical interest. Now known to govern an array of physical and biological processes, including the regulation of the heart, these oscillations are being studied by a diverse group across the sciences. This book is the first introduction to nonlinear chemical dynamics written specifically for chemists. It covers oscillating reactions, chaos, and chemical pattern formation, and includes numerous practical suggestions on reactor design, data analysis, and computer simulations. Assuming only an undergraduate knowledge of chemistry, the book is an ideal starting point for research in the field. The book begins with a brief history of nonlinear chemical dynamics and a review of the basic mathematics and chemistry. The authors then provide an extensive overview of nonlinear dynamics, starting with the flow reactor and moving on to a detailed discussion of chemical oscillators. Throughout the authors emphasize the chemical mechanistic basis for self-organization. The overview is followed by a series of chapters on more advanced topics, including complex oscillations, biological systems, polymers, interactions between fields and waves, and Turing patterns. Underscoring the hands-on nature of the material, the book concludes with a series of classroom-tested demonstrations and experiments appropriate for an undergraduate laboratory.
Category: Science