THE PATTERN OF CHEMISTRY

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Pattern Recognition In Chemistry

Author : Kurt Varmuza
ISBN : 9783642931550
Genre : Science
File Size : 25.28 MB
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Analytical chemistry of the recent years is strongly influenced by automation. Data acquisition from analytica~ instruments - and some times also controlling of instruments - by a computer are principally solved since many years. Availability of microcomputers made these tasks also feasible from the economic point of view. Besides these basic applications of computers in chemical measurements scientists developed computer programs for solving more sophisticated problems for which some kind of "intelligence" is usually supposed to be necessary. Harm less numerical experiments on this topic led to passionate discussions about the theme "which jobs cannot be done by a computer but only by human brain ?~. If this question is useful at all it should not be ans wered a priori. Application of computers in chemistry is a matter of utility, sometimes it is a social problem, but it is never a question of piety for the human brain. Automated instruments and the necessity to work on complex pro blems enhanced the development of automatic methods for the reduction and interpretation of large data sets. Numerous methods from mathematics, statistics, information theory, and computer science have been exten sively investigated for the elucidation of chemical information; a new discipline "chemometrics" has been established. Three different approaches have been used for computer-assisted interpretations of chemical data. 1. Heuristic methods try to formu late computer programs working in a similar way as a chemist would solve the problem. 2.
Category: Science

Essays In The Philosophy Of Chemistry

Author : Eric Scerri
ISBN : 9780190494605
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.88 MB
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The philosophy of chemistry has emerged in recent years as a new and autonomous field within the Anglo-American philosophical tradition. With the development of this new discipline, Eric Scerri and Grant Fisher's "Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry" is a timely and definitive guide to all current thought in this field. This edited volume will serve to map out the distinctive features of the field and its connections to the philosophies of the natural sciences and general philosophy of science more broadly. It will be a reference for students and professional alike. Both the philosophy of chemistry and philosophies of scientific practice alike reflect the splitting of analytical and continental scholastic traditions, and some philosophers are turning for inspiration from the familiar resources of analytical philosophy to influences from the continental tradition and pragmatism. While philosophy of chemistry is practiced very much within the familiar analytical tradition, it is also capable of trail-blazing new philosophical approaches. In such a way, the seemingly disparate disciplines such as the "hard sciences" and philosophy become much more linked.
Category: Science

Chemistry

Author : Bruce A. Averill
ISBN : 0805382836
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.79 MB
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Chemistry: Principles, Patterns, and Applications represents the next step in general chemistry texts, with an emphasis on contemporary applications and an intuitive problem-solving approach that helps readers discover the exciting potential of chemical science. The book features modern applications, early integration of examples from organic and biochemistry, and a strong approach to problem solving that moves away from rote memorization to a thorough understanding of key concepts and recognition of important patterns. The worked examples throughout each chapter showreadershow to develop strategies and thought processes that will enable them to solve problems both quantitatively and conceptually. Kinetics and Equilibria, Chemical Kinetics, Chemical Equilibrium, Aqueous Acid-Base Equilibria, Solubility Equilibria, Chemical Thermodynamics, Electrochemistry, Nuclear Chemistry, Chemistry of the Elements, General Trends and the s-Block Elements, The p-Block Elements, The d- and f-Block Elements, Organic Compounds. For all readers interested in a general chemistry text with an emphasis on contemporary applications and an intuitive problem-solving approach.
Category: Science

Chemistry For Technologists

Author : G. R. Palin
ISBN : 9781483181516
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.10 MB
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Chemistry for Technologists provides a basic text on chemical principles written specifically for the technologists. The topics covered are those of basic chemistry. Definitions of such terms as chemical reactions, stoichiometry, and atomic structures are made simple so as not to require prior technical background of the subject. The book introduces the student to topics such as structural chemistry, physical chemistry, organic chemistry, and inorganic chemistry. A chapter on analytical chemistry is also provided. The chapter focuses on method of analysis such as routine methods, electrometric methods, and chromatographic methods. Chromatography is a type of separation method, which is discussed in detail. Different types of chromatography are also enumerated. The waves mechanics and hydrogen atom are fully covered. The electronic nature of bonding and bonding between two hydrogen atoms are discussed in detail. The ionic crystals, molecular crystals, and covalent crystals are presented completely. The text will be a useful tool for technology students and practising technologists.
Category: Science