THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND CONSERVATION PSYCHOLOGY

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The Oxford Handbook Of Environmental And Conservation Psychology

Author : Susan D. Clayton
ISBN : 9780199733026
Genre : Medical
File Size : 54.26 MB
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This handbook brings together contributions from experts in environmental and/or conservation psychology to review the current state of research. In addition to summarizing current knowledge, it provides an understanding of the relationship between environmental and conservation psychology, and of the directions in which these interdependent areas of study are heading.
Category: Medical

Handbook Of Environmental Psychology And Quality Of Life Research

Author : Ghozlane Fleury-Bahi
ISBN : 9783319314167
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.66 MB
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This Handbook presents a broad overview of the current research carried out in environmental psychology which puts into perspective quality of life and relationships with living spaces, and shows how this original analytical framework can be used to understand different environmental and societal issues. Adopting an original approach, this Handbook focuses on the links with other specialties in psychology, especially social and health psychology, together with other disciplines such as geography, architecture, sociology, anthropology, urbanism and engineering. Faced with the problems of society which involve the quality of life of individuals and communities, it is fundamental to consider the relationships an individual has with his different living spaces. This issue of the links between quality of life and environment is becoming increasingly significant with, at a local level, problems resulting from different types of annoyances, such as pollution and noise, while, at a global level, there is the central question of climate change with its harmful consequences for humans and the planet. How can the impact on well-being of environmental nuisances and threats (for example, natural risks, pollution, and noise) be reduced? How can the quality of life within daily living spaces (home, cities, work environments) be improved? Why is it important to understand the psychological issues of our relationship with the global environment (climatic warming, ecological behaviours)? This Handbook is intended not only for students of various disciplines (geography, architecture, psychology, town planning, etc.) but also for social decision-makers and players who will find in it both theoretical and methodological perspectives, so that psychological and environmental dimensions can be better taken into account in their working practices.
Category: Social Science

Psychology For Sustainability

Author : Britain A. Scott
ISBN : 9781317525790
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 61.32 MB
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Psychology for Sustainability, 4th Edition -- known as Psychology of Environmental Problems: Psychology for Sustainability in its previous edition -- applies psychological theory and research to so-called "environmental" problems, which actually result from human behavior that degrades natural systems. This upbeat, user-friendly edition represents a dramatic reorganization and includes a substantial amount of new content that will be useful to students and faculty in a variety of disciplines—and to people outside of academia, as well. The literature reviewed throughout the text is up-to-date, and reflects the burgeoning efforts of many in the behavioral sciences who are working to create a more sustainable society. The 4th Edition is organized in four sections. The first section provides a foundation by familiarizing readers with the current ecological crisis and its historical origins, and by offering a vision for a sustainable future.The next five chapters present psychological research methods, theory, and findings pertinent to understanding, and changing, unsustainable behavior. The third section addresses the reciprocal relationship between planetary and human wellbeing and the final chapter encourages readers to take what they have learned and apply it to move behavior in a sustainable direction. The book concludes with a variety of theoretically and empirically grounded ideas for how to face this challenging task with positivity, wisdom, and enthusiasm. This textbook may be used as a primary or secondary textbook in a wide range of courses on Ecological Psychology, Environmental Science, Sustainability Sciences, Environmental Education, and Social Marketing. It also provides a valuable resource for professional audiences of policymakers, legislators, and those working on sustainable communities.
Category: Psychology

The Oxford Handbook Of Spontaneous Thought

Author : Kieran C.R. Fox
ISBN : 9780190464752
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 58.37 MB
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Where do spontaneous thoughts come from? It may be surprising that the seemingly straightforward answers "from the mind" or "from the brain" are in fact an incredibly recent understanding of the origins of spontaneous thought. For nearly all of human history, our thoughts - especially the most sudden, insightful, and important - were almost universally ascribed to divine or other external sources. Only in the past few centuries have we truly taken responsibility for their own mental content, and finally localized thought to the central nervous system - laying the foundations for a protoscience of spontaneous thought. But enormous questions still loom: what, exactly, is spontaneous thought? Why does our brain engage in spontaneous forms of thinking, and when is this most likely to occur? And perhaps the question most interesting and accessible from a scientific perspective: how does the brain generate and evaluate its own spontaneous creations? Spontaneous thought includes our daytime fantasies and mind-wandering; the flashes of insight and inspiration familiar to the artist, scientist, and inventor; and the nighttime visions we call dreams. This Handbook brings together views from neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, phenomenology, history, education, contemplative traditions, and clinical practice to begin to address the ubiquitous but poorly understood mental phenomena that we collectively call 'spontaneous thought.' In studying such an abstruse and seemingly impractical subject, we should remember that our capacity for spontaneity, originality, and creativity defines us as a species - and as individuals. Spontaneous forms of thought enable us to transcend not only the here and now of perceptual experience, but also the bonds of our deliberately-controlled and goal-directed cognition; they allow the space for us to be other than who we are, and for our minds to think beyond the limitations of our current viewpoints and beliefs.
Category: Psychology

The Oxford Handbook Of Social Psychology And Social Justice

Author : Phillip L. Hammack
ISBN : 9780199938735
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 26.73 MB
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The twentieth century witnessed not only the devastation of war, conflict, and injustice on a massive scale, but it also saw the emergence of social psychology as a discipline committed to addressing these and other social problems. In the 21st century, however, the promise of social psychology remains incomplete. We have witnessed the reprise of authoritarianism and the endurance of institutionalized forms of oppression such as sexism, racism, and heterosexism across the globe. Edited by Phillip L. Hammack, The Oxford Handbook of Social Psychology and Social Justice reorients social psychology toward the study of social injustice in real-world settings. The volume's contributing authors effectively span the borders between cultures and disciplines to better highlight new and emerging critical paradigms that interrogate the very real consequences of social injustice. United in their belief in the possibility of liberation from oppression, with this Handbook, Hammack and his contributors offer a stirring blueprint for a new, important kind of social psychology today.
Category: Psychology

Von Der Kunst Die Welt Mit Anderen Augen Zu Sehen

Author : Alexandra Horowitz
ISBN : 3642377440
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38.14 MB
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Eine charmante Anregung zum bewussteren Hinschauen Alexandra Horowitz, Autorin des New York Times-Bestsellers Was denkt der Hund? (Inside of a Dog), legt nun ein zweites, ebenso kluges, unterhaltsames und überraschendes Sachbuch vor. Von der Kunst, die Welt mit anderen Augen zu sehen öffnet unseren Blick für Dinge, die wir erst sehen, wenn wir uns die Zeit dafür nehmen und wenn wir die Perspektive eines anderen zu unserer eigenen machen. Das Buch verdeutlicht, wie selektiv wir gewöhnlich die Welt wahrnehmen und wie wir sie immer wieder neu entdecken können. [Horowitz], die sich als charmante Begleiterin erweist, nimmt den Leser mit auf eine Reihe von wunderbar frischen und erhellenden Spaziergängen mit ihren Experten: einem Geologen, einem Typographen, einer Illustratorin, einem Naturliebhaber, einem Wildtierforscher, einem Stadtsoziologen, einer blinden Frau, einem Arzt, einem Soundtechniker, ihrem Kindergartenkind und ihrem Hund Finn ... Die Seiten klingen und leuchten geradezu und spiegeln die tiefe Begeisterung der Autorin für ihre Arbeit und deren Ergebnisse wieder. USA Today Ein unerwarteter und entspannender Trost für unsere erhitzten Gemüter ... eine erfrischende Hommage an den Lohn des Versuchs, die Welt einmal mit den Augen eines anderen zu sehen. Chicago Tribune _____ In diesem glänzend geschriebenen Werk zeigt uns die Autorin, wie wir das Alltägliche anders sehen können, indem wir – in den Worten von Sir Arthur Conan Doyle – „Kleinigkeiten beachten“. Sie schildert elf Spaziergänge, die sie – meist in ihrer Nachbarschaft in Manhattan – mit Experten verschiedenster Gebiete unternommen hat, darunter einem Stadtsoziologen, einer Künstlerin, einem Geologen, einem Arzt und einem Sounddesigner. Auch mit einem Kind und mit einem Hund geht sie eine Runde um den Block, um herauszufinden, wie diese Wesen die Welt wahrnehmen. Indem sie schildert, was all ihre Begleiter sehen, wie sie es sehen und warum die meisten von uns nicht dieselben Dinge sehen, offenbart sie die erstaunliche Macht unserer Aufmerksamkeit wie auch die psychologisch-neurobiologischen Grundlagen fachkundigen Beobachtens. Versuchen Sie es einmal selbst: Schalten Sie, wenn Sie das nächste Mal zu einem Spaziergang aufbrechen, Ihr Handy aus und seien Sie einmal ganz in der realen Welt, in der man Schatten hören kann, in der Fremde mithilfe von Geometrie miteinander kommunizieren, während sie aufeinander zugehen, in der Haltung Bescheidenheit ausdrücken und in der sich unter einem Blatt ein winziges Universum verbergen kann – und in der wahrhaftig Welten stecken, die in Welten stecken, die in Welten stecken.
Category: Psychology