The New Testament World

Author : Bruce J. Malina
ISBN : 0664222951
Genre : Religion
File Size : 58.86 MB
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A classroom standard for two decades, The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology has introduced students to both the New Testament and the social-scientific study of the New Testament. This revised and expanded third edition offers new chapters on envy and the Jesus movement, updates chapters from earlier editions, augments the bibliography, and offers student study questions.
Category: Religion

What Is Human

Author : Eve-Marie Becker
ISBN : 9783647531199
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.86 MB
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Already Scripture asks many questions regarding anthropological problems. In the 20th century, the scholarly field of anthropology has become a lot more complex heuristically, methodically and hermeneutically. Therefore, modern research needs to answer arisen questions considering a wide range of disciplines: Sociology, Philosophy, Ethics and also Empirical Research. This volume is an interdisciplinary project within theology. Contributions seek to not only reflect the state of the art in anthropological research from a theological point of view, but also provide a theological interpretation of one virulent question: What is a Human?
Category: Social Science

Handbook Of Biblical Social Values Third Edition

Author : John J. Pilch
ISBN : 9781498289641
Genre : Religion
File Size : 50.30 MB
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Values are culturally specific. This handbook explains select biblical social values in their Mediterranean cultural contexts. Some examples of values are altruism, freedom, family-centeredness, obedience, parenting, and power. Though the English words for the values described here would be familiar to readers (e.g., altruism) the meanings of such words differ between cultures. In the Mediterranean world, for instance, altruism is a duty incumbent upon anyone who has surplus. It is interpersonal and group specific. In the West, especially in the United States, altruism is impersonal and universally oriented generosity that operates in a highly organized context. This handbook not only presents the Mediterranean meanings of these value words but also contrasts those meanings with Western ones.
Category: Religion

Jesus In An Age Of Terror

Author : James G. Crossley
ISBN : 9781317490371
Genre : Religion
File Size : 27.72 MB
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This book applies the work of Noam Chomsky, Edward Herman, Edward Said and several others on international politics and the supportive role of the media, intellectuals and academics to contemporary Christian origins and New Testament scholarship. Part One looks at the ways in which New Testament and Christian origins scholarship has historically been influenced by its political and social settings over the past hundred years or so. Part Two looks at the Orientalist rhetoric of clashing civilisations and how this relates to the 'war on terror' and the creation of Islam, Arabs, Middle East etc.
Category: Religion

From Jesus To His First Followers Continuity And Discontinuity

Author : Adriana Destro
ISBN : 9789004337664
Genre : Religion
File Size : 59.27 MB
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From Jesus to His First Followers represents the process of transformation that began after Jesus’ death. Continuity and discontinuity between the early groups of followers and Jesus are primarily examined in the religious practices.
Category: Religion

The Cultural Life Setting Of The Proverbs

Author : John J. Pilch
ISBN : 9781506406800
Genre : Religion
File Size : 89.38 MB
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Often, readers and commentators read the Proverbs as “timeless” observations and recommendations regarding human nature, valid for all cultures and places. This blunts their cultural relevance, argues John J. Pilch. For example, proverbs regarding the “good wife” and the “quarrelsome wife” take on different meaning in a context where a married couple were rarely in close daily contact, and the predominantly masculine language used in the Proverbs points to the different cultural spheres of men and women and the different child-rearing practices employed with boys and girls. Similar in approach and format to the Social-Science Commentary on the New Testament volumes that he authored with Richard L. Rohrbaugh and Bruce J. Malina, this volume explores and describes the cultural matrix of the Mediterranean world from which the Proverbs come and of which they are descriptive. The biblical text is paired with commentary addressing those proverbs and proverb collections with particular bearing on patterns of social roles and expectations. A list of social-science “scenarios” provides ready reference to particular aspects of the large cultural area of the ancient Mediterranean region and North Africa.
Category: Religion

The Mind Of Mithraists

Author : Luther H. Martin
ISBN : 9781472584212
Genre : Religion
File Size : 54.33 MB
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The Roman cult of Mithras was the most widely-dispersed and densely-distributed cult throughout the expanse of the Roman Empire from the end of the first until the fourth century AD, rivaling the early growth and development of Christianity during the same period. As its membership was largely drawn from the ranks of the military, its spread, but not its popularity is attributable largely to military deployments and re-deployments. Although mithraists left behind no written archival evidence, there is an abundance of iconographic finds. The only characteristic common to all Mithraic temples were the fundamental architecture of their design, and the cult image of Mithras slaying a bull. How were these two features so faithfully transmitted through the Empire by a non-centralized, non-hierarchical religious movement? The Minds of Mithraists: Historical and Cognitive Studies in the Roman Cult of Mithras addresses these questions as well as the relationship of Mithraism to Christianity, explanations of the significance of the tauroctony and of the rituals enacted in the mithraea, and explanations for the spread of Mithraism (and for its resistance in a few places). The unifying theme throughout is an investigation of the 'mind' of those engaged in the cult practices of this widespread ancient religion. These investigations represent traditional historical methods as well as more recent studies employing the insights of the cognitive sciences, demonstrating that cognitive historiography is a valuable methodological tool.
Category: Religion

The New Jerusalem In The Revelation Of John

Author : Bruce J. Malina
ISBN : 0814659381
Genre : Religion
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There are two major entities at the close of the book of Revelation that explain the author's understanding of forthcoming life with God: the Celestial City (the heavenly Jerusalem) and the cosmic Lamb. The marriage of these two marks the concluding highpoint of John the Seer's work. What are the entities in question? How do they marry and what is the significance of that event for those who believe in Jesus as cosmic Lord? In The New Jerusalem in the Revelation of John, Bruce Malina offers insights into the concluding vision of the book of Revelation to assist Bible readers to understand what the visionary of Revelation said, and meant to say, to his first-century Mediterranean audience. The New Jerusalem and the Revelation of John sets out comparative models of what sorts of cities existed during the time of the New Testament and what it meant to live in an ancient Mediterranean city. It further explains the significance of the celestial marriage of the City and the Lamb. The result is a set of reading scenarios that describe and explain Revelation's closing visions, which mediate the theology of John the Seer. The definition and comparative model of the city in The New Jerusalem and the Revelation of John is also useful for persons interested in understanding those first "urban" members of Jesus groups addressed by other New Testament documents. Chapters are "Presuppositions about Language and Reading," "The Genre of the Book of Revelation," "The Holy City in the Sky," and "The Cosmic Lamb Marries." Includes relevant charts.?Malina in these reflections has mediated a significant approach to Revelation.? Irish Theological Quarterly?Against the commonplace notion that Revelation is a morbid forecast of doom, death, and destruction, Malina demonstrates the upbeat and hope-promoting force of its conclusion: a life-affirming vision of a marriage of the Cosmic Lamb (Jesus) and his bride, the Celestial City (the new and perfect Jerusalem), graphic astronomical symbols of life with God. Malina serves as an informative tour guide introducing the modern reader to the ancient world of John, its urban life, its occupation with astral phenomena as signs of the time, and Christianity's utopic vision of new life with God.? Rev. John H. Elliott Department of Theology and Religious Studies University of San Francisco?Malina has done it again. His penetrating insights cut through the fog of interpretations beclouding the Book of Revelation to clarify its concluding vision. God will be henceforth present among humans on earth in the New Jerusalem, a city descended from the sky that contains the Throne of God and the celestial Lamb, cosmic symbol of Jesus. The Mediterranean cultural aptness of this explanation, Malina's specialty, highly recommends it as John the astral prophet's intended meaning for all his readers.? John J. Pilch Author of The Cultural World of Jesus and The Cultural Dictionary of the Bible?The New Jerusalem in the Revelation of John is vintage Malina: provocative, at times humorous, fascinating, devastating to conventional understandings, blunt, and passionately devoted to the social sciences, especially cultural anthropology, as key to interpreting the New Testament. Malina's new work continues to unfold the implications of his earlier research into ancient astrology and the book of Revelation. The result is a vivid and perceptive reading of the new Jerusalem and the Lamb that locates them squarely in ancient conceptions of the city and the sky.? Walter F. Taylor, Jr., Ph.D. Ernest W. and Edith S. Ogram Professor of New Testament Studies Trinity Lutheran Seminary Columbus, Ohio?This volume is an eminently readable, commonsense approach to aspects of the Book of Revelation. . . . It complements Malina?s earlier work on the genre of the Book of Revelation, and offers not only a clear understanding of how to read ancient documents, but also a sensible, persuasive interpretation of this part of the Book. . . . Malina is to be congratulated for his insight, commonsense, helpful commentary, and his clarity.? T.R. Hobbs Hamilton, Ontario
Category: Religion

An Introduction To The Bible

Author : David M. Carr
ISBN : 1405167378
Genre : Religion
File Size : 35.25 MB
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timelines, and illustrations and photos, this is a balanced and informed introduction." --Book Jacket.
Category: Religion

New Testament Theology

Author : Jon M. Isaak
ISBN : 9781621892540
Genre : Religion
File Size : 60.86 MB
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New Testament theology ought to be both descriptive and constructive-this is the argument of New Testament Theology: Extending the Table. According to Isaak, New Testament theology is descriptive in that it deals with the accounts that people narrate of their experience with Yahweh, the God of Israel, in the light of Easter. It is constructive in that it joins the diverse testimonies of the New Testament writers into a textured and thick space within which contemporary followers of Jesus continue to be shaped by the ancient yet living Spirit of God. Isaak's approach is historical, thematic, and theological in orientation. It explores the conversation taking place "around the table," where the writers of the NT share their guiding vision of God's saving work among them, and their passion for the Christian church engaged in God's mission. The differing perspectives of the New Testament authors are held together without reduction, forming a deep and rich space within which ongoing community reflection and praxis can take place.
Category: Religion