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The Madrid Codex

Author : Gabrielle Vail
ISBN : PSU:000065191200
Genre : History
File Size : 68.63 MB
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This volume offers new calendrical models and methodologies for reading, dating, and interpreting the general significance of the Madrid Codex. The longest of the surviving Maya codices, the Madrid Codex includes texts and images painted by scribes conversant in Maya hieroglyphic writing, a written means of communication practiced by Maya elites from the second to the fifteenth centuries A.D. Some scholars have recently argued that the Madrid Codex originated in the Petén region of Guatemala and post-dates European contact. The contributors to this volume challenge that view by demonstrating convincingly that it originated in northern Yucatán and was painted in the Pre-Columbian era. In addition, several contributors reveal provocative connections among the Madrid and Borgia group of codices from Central Mexico.
Category: History

Astronomers Scribes And Priests

Author : Gabrielle Vail
ISBN : 088402346X
Genre : History
File Size : 32.99 MB
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Astronomers, Scribes, and Priests examines evidence for cultural interchange among the intellectual powerbrokers in Postclassic Mesoamerica, specifically those centered in the northern Maya lowlands and the central Mexican highlands. Contributors to the volume’s thirteen chapters bring an interdisciplinary perspective to understanding the interactions that led to shared content in hieroglyphic codices and mural art. The authors address similarities in artifacts, architectural styles, and building alignments—often produced in regions separated by hundreds of miles—based on their analyses of iconographic, archaeological, linguistic, and epigraphic material. The volume includes a wealth of new data and interpretive frameworks in this comprehensive discussion of a critical time period in the Mesoamerican past.
Category: History

New Perspectives On Human Sacrifice And Ritual Body Treatments In Ancient Maya Society

Author : Vera Tiesler
ISBN : 0387488715
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.90 MB
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This book examines Maya sacrifice and related posthumous body manipulation. The editors bring together an international group of contributors from the area studied: archaeologists as well as anthropologists, forensic anthropologists, art historians and bioarchaeologists. This interdisciplinary approach provides a comprehensive perspective on these sites as well as the material culture and biological evidence found there
Category: Social Science

Archaeoastronomy And The Maya

Author : Gerardo Aldana y V.
ISBN : 9781782976462
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23.55 MB
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Archaeoastronomy and the Maya illustrates archaeoastronomical approaches to ancient Mayan cultural production. The book is contextualized through a history of archaeoastronomical investigations into Mayan sites, originating in the 19th century discovery of astronomical tables within hieroglyphic books. Early 20th century archaeological excavations revealed inscriptions carved into stone that also preserved astronomical records, along with architecture that was built to reflect astronomical orientations. These materials provided the basis of a growing professionalized archaeoastronomy, blossoming in the 1970s and expanding into recent years. The chapters here exemplify the advances made in the field during the early 21st century as well as the on-going diversity of approaches, presenting new perspectives and discoveries in ancient Mayan astronomy that result from recent studies of architectural alignments, codices, epigraphy, iconography, ethnography, and calendrics. More than just investigations of esoteric ancient sciences, studies of ancient Mayan astronomy have profoundly aided our understanding of Mayan worldviews. Concepts of time and space, meanings encoded in religious art, intentions underlying architectural alignments, and even methods of political legitimization are all illuminated through the study of Mayan astronomy.
Category: Social Science

The Codex Nuttall

Author : Zelia Nuttall
ISBN : 9780486136455
Genre : Art
File Size : 88.38 MB
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The only value-priced, full-color edition of the pre-Columbian Mexican (Mixtec) book. Features 88 color plates of kings, gods, heroes, temples, sacrifices, and more. New introduction.
Category: Art

Re Creating Primordial Time

Author : Gabrielle Vail
ISBN : 9781607322214
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.63 MB
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Re-Creating Primordial Time offers a new perspective on the Maya codices, documenting the extensive use of creation mythology and foundational rituals in the hieroglyphic texts and iconography of these important manuscripts. Focusing on both pre-Columbian codices and early colonial creation accounts, Vail and Hernández show that in spite of significant cultural change during the Postclassic and Colonial periods, the mythological traditions reveal significant continuity, beginning as far back as the Classic period. Remarkable similarities exist within the Maya tradition, even as new mythologies were introduced through contact with the Gulf Coast region and highland central Mexico. Vail and Hernández analyze the extant Maya codices within the context of later literary sources such as the Books of Chilam Balam, the Popol Vuh, and the Códice Chimalpopoca to present numerous examples highlighting the relationship among creation mythology, rituals, and lore. Compiling and comparing Maya creation mythology with that of the Borgia codices from highland central Mexico, Re-Creating Primordial Time is a significant contribution to the field of Mesoamerican studies and will be of interest to scholars of archaeology, linguistics, epigraphy, and comparative religions alike.
Category: Social Science

Ancient Mayan Message

Author : Olga Najarro
ISBN : 1542564905
Genre :
File Size : 68.79 MB
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Ancient Mayan Message (Dresden Codex facsimile) This third edition features a full-color reproduction of The Dresden Codex that has been carefully crafted by the author Olga Judith Najarro Ibarra, to re-create the original Mayan manuscript, an archaeological and historical treasure. This facsimile should benefit in the research, study and consultation of this mysterious Mayan hieroglyphic writing. Ms. Judith Najarro has dedicated many years to hand-drawing and coloring the intricate blends of minute details that encompass the complex and fascinating Mayan hieroglyphic writing in order to ensure precision, accuracy of proportions, levels and orientation to her excellent art work that contains 78 plates, except four of them that are completely blurry. This exciting new edition is based on a comparison between several pre-WWII facsimiles of The Dresden Codex, when the codex was in better conditions. The original manuscript is still in fair shape, but several plates have suffered damage from bombings, fires, floods, mildew etc., and now are blurry; also, the plates are no longer connected in quite the same way. Originally, all of the plates were attached to each other forming a single strip of some 3.5 meters long when stretched out from their accordion folds. The original sequence of the plates were: pages 1-24 followed by 46-74, followed by 25-45. According to some historians the original manuscript was found in one of the largest Mayan cities and was supposedly sent to Europe around 1519. In 1744, it was acquired by The Royal Library of Dresden Germany, to which it owes its name. Many researchers agree that The Codex deals with: Astronomy, mathematics, astrological tables of the planets, the moon, conjunctions of solar bodies, cosmogonic theories, religion, agriculture, magic and mythology. The Mayas used tree bark for the preparation of their papyrus on which they drew and painted their colored hieroglyphs and pictures, as the highest expression of their knowledge and pictographic art. The Dresden Codex (Dresdensis Codex) is without a doubt, the most important pre-Hispanic document that has been preserved throughout the centuries. It is the oldest known book written in the Americas; of the hundreds of books that were used in Meso-America before the Spanish conquest, it is one of only 15 that have survived to the present day. This third edition facsimile elaborated by Judith Najarro, is a perfect replica of The Dresden Codex, and should inspire scientists, archaeologists, astronomers, mathematicians, historians, native peoples and the world at-large to explore into the secrets of the past and the universe. Visit:

Commoner Ritual And Ideology In Ancient Mesoamerica

Author : Nancy Gonlin
ISBN : UVA:X030109550
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29.65 MB
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Were most commoners in ancient Mesoamerica poor? In a material sense, yes, probably so. Were they poor in their beliefs and culture? Certainly not, as Commoner Ritual and Ideology in Ancient Mesoamerica demonstrates. This volume explores the ritual life of Mesoamerica's common citizens, inside and outside of the domestic sphere, from Formative through Postclassic periods. Building from the premise that ritual and ideological expression inhered at all levels of society in Mesoamerica, the contributors demonstrate that ideology did not emanate solely from exalted individuals and that commoner ritual expression was not limited to household contexts. Taking an empirical approach to this under-studied and under-theorized area, contributors use material evidence to discover how commoner status conditioned the expression of ideas and values. Revealing complex social hierarchies that varied across time and region, this volume offers theoretical approaches to commoner ideology, religious practice, and sociopolitical organization and builds a framework for future study of the correlation of ritual and ideological expression with social position for Mesoamericanists and archaeologists worldwide.
Category: Social Science

The Social Experience Of Childhood In Ancient Mesoamerica

Author : Traci Ardren
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173018776778
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.23 MB
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The first book to focus on children in ancient Mesoamerica, this vital reference for Mesoamericanists offers a methodological guide for archaeologists studying children and their roles in ancient societies worldwide.
Category: Social Science

Rabinal Achi

Author : Alain Breton
ISBN : UCSC:32106019225223
Genre : Drama
File Size : 44.85 MB
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The Rabinal Achi, one of the most remarkable works of Mayan literature, dates back to the 1400s. The drama is set in the Guatemalan highlands in the second half of the fifteenth century. In an exemplary trial that takes place in Kajyub, the capital of the Rabinaleb at that time, a captured enemy warrior (Quiché Achi) appears before the royal court. A series of combative dialogues pits the offending warrior against the local warrior (Rabinal Achi) and the king (Job Toj), reconstructing the deeds of those involved and retracing the antagonistic history of these two Mayan groups, the Quiché and the Rabinaleb. Alain Breton approaches the text from an anthropological and ethnographical perspective, demonstrating that this indigenous text reenacts pre-Columbian historic paradigms. Breton translated into French an entirely new transcription of the original text, and Teresa Lavender Fagan and Robert Schneider translated the text into English. Both the transcription and the translation are accompanied by detailed commentary and a glossary.
Category: Drama