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The Macintyre Reader

Author : Kelvin Knight
ISBN : 0745619754
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62.34 MB
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Alasdair MacIntyre is one of the most controversial philosophers and social theorists of our time. He opposes liberalism and postmodernism with the teleological arguments of an updated Thomistic Aristotelianism. It is this tradition, he claims, which presents the best theory so far about the nature of rationality, morality and politics. This is the first Reader of MacIntyre's work. It includes extracts from and synopses of two famous books from the 1980s, After Virtue and Whose Justice? Which Rationality?, as well as the whole of several shorter works (one published for the first time in English) and two interviews. Taken together, these constitute not only a representative collection of his work but also the most powerful and accessible presentation of his arguments yet available. The Reader also includes a summary, by the editor, of the development of MacIntyre's central ideas, and an extensive guide to further reading. Students will find the book a useful guide to MacIntyre's case against both capitalist institutions and academic orthodoxies.
Category: Political Science

Under Weber S Shadow

Author : Keith Breen
ISBN : 9781317005261
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20.72 MB
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Under Weber's Shadow presents an extended critical evaluation of the social and political thought of Jürgen Habermas, Hannah Arendt and Alasdair MacIntyre. Although hailing from very different philosophical traditions, these theorists all take as their starting-point Max Weber's seminal diagnosis of late modernity, the view that the world-historic processes of rationalization and disenchantment are paradoxical in promising freedom yet threatening servitude under the 'iron cage' of instrumental reason. However, each rejects his pessimistic understanding of the grounds and possibilities of political life, accusing him of complicity in the very realities he sought to resist. Seeking to move beyond Weber's monological view of the self, his subjectivism and his identification of the political with domination, they offer alternative, intersubjective conceptions of the subject, ethics and politics that allow for positive future possibilities. But this incontrovertible gain, it is argued, comes at the cost of depoliticizing key arenas of human endeavour and of neglecting the reality of struggle and contestation. Engaging with important current debates and literature, Keith Breen provides a rigorous analysis of the work of Habermas, Arendt, MacIntyre and Weber and a highly accessible and original intervention within contemporary social and political thought. Under Weber's Shadow will therefore be of interest to students and researchers alike within the areas of social and political theory, as well as those within the disciplines of ethics, sociology and philosophy.
Category: Political Science

Alasdair Macintyre Charles Taylor And The Demise Of Naturalism

Author : Jason Blakely
ISBN : 9780268100674
Genre : Philosophy
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Today the ethical and normative concerns of everyday citizens are all too often sidelined from the study of political and social issues, driven out by an effort to create a more “scientific” study. This book offers a way for social scientists and political theorists to reintegrate the empirical and the normative, proposing a way out of the scientism that clouds our age. In Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, and the Demise of Naturalism, Jason Blakely argues that the resources for overcoming this divide are found in the respective intellectual developments of Charles Taylor and Alasdair MacIntyre. Blakely examines their often parallel intellectual journeys, which led them to critically engage the British New Left, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, continental hermeneutics, and modern social science. Although MacIntyre and Taylor are not sui generis, Blakely claims they each present a new, revived humanism, one that insists on the creative agency of the human person against reductive, instrumental, technocratic, and scientistic ways of thinking. The recovery of certain key themes in these philosophers’ works generates a new political philosophy with which to face certain unprecedented problems of our age. Taylor’s and MacIntyre’s philosophies give social scientists working in all disciplines (from economics and sociology to political science and psychology) an alternative theoretical framework for conducting research.
Category: Philosophy

A Liberalism Safe For Catholicism

Author : Daniel Philpott
ISBN : 9780268101732
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 77.87 MB
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This volume is the third in the “Perspectives from The Review of Politics” series, following The Crisis of Modern Times, edited by A. James McAdams (2007), and War, Peace, and International Political Realism, edited by Keir Lieber (2009). In A Liberalism Safe for Catholicism?, editors Daniel Philpott and Ryan Anderson chronicle the relationship between the Catholic Church and American liberalism as told through twenty-seven essays selected from the history of the Review of Politics, dating back to the journal’s founding in 1939. The primary subject addressed in these essays is the development of a Catholic political liberalism in response to the democratic environment of nineteenth- and twentieth-century America. Works by Jacques Maritain, Heinrich Rommen, and Yves R. Simon forge the case for the compatibility of Catholicism and American liberal institutions, including the civic right of religious freedom. The conversation continues through recent decades, when a number of Catholic philosophers called into question the partnership between Christianity and American liberalism and were debated by others who rejoined with a strenuous defense of the partnership. The book also covers a wide range of other topics, including democracy, free market economics, the common good, human rights, international politics, and the thought of John Henry Newman, John Courtney Murray, and Alasdair MacIntyre, as well as some of the most prominent Catholic thinkers of the last century, among them John Finnis, Michael Novak, and William T. Cavanaugh. This book will be of special interest to students and scholars of political science, journalists and policymakers, church leaders, and everyday Catholics trying to make sense of Christianity in modern society.
Category: Philosophy

Alasdair Macintyre George Lindbeck And The Nature Of Tradition

Author : David Trenery
ISBN : 9781625647054
Genre : Religion
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What should we believe, and why should we believe it? This book addresses these questions through a critical exposition of the work of the contemporary philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre and of the theologian George Lindbeck, the father of postliberal theology. The book argues that MacIntyre's philosophical development can be seen as a response to the question of how belief in a comprehensive metaphysical system can be justified. Such a system provides its believers with an account of the nature of the universe and human nature, and a basis for their ethical reasoning and action. The book draws on Lindbeck's cultural-linguistic account of religion to argue that such a system is primarily a way of interpreting the world and the place of humanity within it, rather than a speculative theory. The justification of belief in such systems can be understood in terms of MacIntyre's account of tradition-constituted rationality, provided that this notion of rationality is made more specific by the incorporation of elements of Lindbeck's theology. Equally, the book argues that Lindbeck's theology can be strengthened by the incorporation of elements drawn from MacIntyre's work. This book will be of value to students of philosophy and theology and to the general reader who is interested in the question of the grounds of belief.
Category: Religion

Towards A Post Modern Understanding Of The Political

Author : A. Bielskis
ISBN : 9780230508347
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 64.68 MB
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While claiming that liberalism is the dominant political theory and practice of modernity, this book provides two alternative post-modern theoretical approaches to the political. Concentrating on Nietzsche's and Foucault's work it offers a novel interpretation of their genealogical projects. It argues that genealogy can be applied to analyze different forms of cultural kitsch vis-à-vis the dominant political institutions of consumer capitalism. The problem with consumer capitalism is not so much that it exploits individuals, but that it fosters cheap human existence saturated with the artefacts of kitsch. Contrasting genealogy with hermeneutic philosophy, it calls for a renewal of hermeneutics within the Thomistic tradition.
Category: Philosophy

Political Reason

Author : A. Fives
ISBN : 9781137291622
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33.66 MB
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In modern democracies, existing moral pluralism conflicts with a commitment to resolve political disputes by way of moral reasoning. Given this fact, how can there be moral resolutions to political disputes and what type of reasoning is appropriate in the public sphere? Fives explores this by closely analysing the work of MacIntyre and Rawls.
Category: Philosophy

Kierkegaard S Influence On Philosophy

Author : Jon Bartley Stewart
ISBN : 1409440559
Genre : Religion
File Size : 25.15 MB
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Tome III traces Kierkegaard's influence on Anglophone philosophy. It has long been thought that Kierkegaard played no role in this tradition, which for years was dominated by analytic philosophy. In this environment it was common to dismiss Kierkegaard along with the then current European philosophers who were influenced by him. However, a closer look reveals that in fact there were several thinkers in the US, Canada and Great Britain who were inspired by Kierkegaard even during the heyday of analytic philosophy. Current thinking now suggests that Kierkegaard has made some serious inroads into mainstream Anglophone philosophy, with many authors seeking inspiration in his works for current discussions concerning ethics, personal identity, philosophy of religion, and philosophical anthropology.
Category: Religion

Am Ende Der Moral Zu A Macintyre S Pessimistischer Moraldiagnose Und Deren Berwindungsstrategie In After Virtue

Author : Stefan Dengel
ISBN : 9783638429375
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 64.56 MB
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Diplomarbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Ethik, Note: 1,0, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (Institut für Moraltheologie), 109 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Mit dem angeblichen Beweis dafür, daß die westlichen Gegenwartsgesellschaften ihre Moral unwiederbringlich verloren haben, hat „After Virtue“ seinem Autor Alasdair MacIntyre 1981 schlagartig einen exponierten Platz in der angelsächsischen Moralphilosophie beschert. Seine Untersuchung ist im Kontext der neoaristotelischen Versuche zur Revitalisierung einer Tugendethik (virtue ethics) zu sehen, deren Ziel es ist, die in der Neuzeit vergessene ethische Zentralkategorie der Tugend wieder zu einem moralischen Angelpunkt zu machen. Dementsprechend steht bei diesen Entwürfen der Charakter der Handelnden im Schlaglicht des Interesses. Vor dem Hintergrund eines gesteigerten Bewußtseins hinsichtlich der Probleme ausschließlich handlungsorientierter Ethiken entwickelten sich in den letzten 25 Jahren im nord-amerikanischen Raum verschiedene Tugendethikentwürfe, die im letzten Jahrzehnt auch im deutschsprachigen Raum auf ein großes Interesse stießen. „After Virtue“ kann zu den Initialwerken dieser Strömung gerechnet werden, wobei es aufgrund seiner Interdisziplinarität in einem bedeutenden Maße auch zum Aufschwung des Kommunitarismus beigetragen hat. Allein daher ist es nicht verwunderlich, daß MacIntyre seine Analyse mit einer Kritik an der gegenwärtigen Moralität beginnt und dann die Ursachen dieses Zustandes zu analysieren versucht. Seiner Meinung nach besteht das Problem darin, daß spätestens nach Kant „der Verlust der Tugend“ die ganze Ethik in eine Orientierungskrise gestürzt hat. Zu seinem Ziel, der Begründung der Vorrangstellung der Tugend(en) in einer Ethik, gehört dementsprechend sowohl der Beweis, daß eine Normbegründung mit tugendausschließenden Theorien zwangsläufig scheitern müsse, als auch, daß mit einer Tugendethik alle ge- und verbotenen Normen schlüssig abgeleitet werden können. In der vorliegenden Arbeit soll untersucht werden, ob die Diagnose MacIntyres über den Zustand der Gegenwartsmoral zutreffend ist und ob sein Konzept zur Revitalisierung einer Tugendethik erfolgreich sein kann. Bei der Diskussion über die Möglichkeiten zur Verwirklichung und über die Konsequenzen von MacIntyres Konzeption stellt sich explizit die Frage nach dem Verhältnis zwischen tugendethischen und normenethischen Begründungsansätzen: Genügt eine tugendethische Reform der bisherigen normenethischen Ansätze oder bedarf es einer konsequenten Ablösung dieser Theorien durch eine tugendethische Revolution?
Category: Philosophy

Transforming Learning In Schools And Communities

Author : Bob Lingard
ISBN : 9781441165428
Genre : Education
File Size : 20.19 MB
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Many educators have been looking for a fundamentally different approach to engage young people and encourage progress in learning. Supported by recent public policy developments, a transformation is beginning to take place in the practice of many schools. The focus of learning is shifting away from the child as an individual in a classroom detached from the surrounding neighbourhood to a learning community that embraces carers and families as well as young people and teachers. This monograph analyses the organising principles of this cultural transformation and considers how it will shape learning in schools and communities throughout the world. The book brings together key thinkers from the fields of new learning, new communities of educational practice and new forms of educational governance. Arguing for the necessary interconnectedness of pedagogy, institutions and governance, this ground-breaking book will undoubtedly shape the policy agenda in this area for years to come.
Category: Education