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The Lure Of Antiquity And The Cult Of The Machine

Author : Horst Bredekamp
ISBN : 1558760938
Genre : Art
File Size : 57.81 MB
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The Kunstkammer was a programmatic display of art and oddities amassed by wealthy Europeans during the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries. These nascent museums reflected the ambitions of such thinkers as Descartes, Locke, and Kepler to unite the forces of nature with art and technology. The bizarre inventory of the Kunstkammer - ranging from minerals to exotic plants and animals, statues, and machines - was intended to illustrate the mechanistic order of the universe. Such collections confirmed a belief in the continual evolution of man's god-like power of creativity. Bredekamp advances a radical view that the baroque Kunstkammer is also the nucleus of modern cyberspace.
Category: Art

Das Technische Bild

Author : Horst Bredekamp
ISBN : 9783050062198
Genre : Art
File Size : 38.64 MB
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Wissenschaftliche Bilder prägen die Ergebnisse und Einsichten, welche sie darstellen, immer auch konstruktiv. Die Wiedergabe einer Beobachtung mittels Bildern mag noch so mechanisch oder überindividuell in ihrer Erscheinung anmuten, immer zeigen sich in ihr auch Stile einer Zeit, eines Geräts, eines Denkens, eines Forscherkollektivs. Naturwissenschaftler, Mediziner und Techniker lassen ein spezifisches Wissen und Können in ihre Bilder einfließen, das auf Wirkung von Bildern und Erkenntnis durch sie, auf Evidenz angelegt ist und auf der originären Logik der bildlichen Form gründet. Das Buch zeigt einerseits, inwiefern kunsthistorische Methoden und Begriffe für eine Betrachtung wissenschaftlicher Bildwelten fruchtbar gemacht werden können. Andererseits werden die kunsthistorischen Ansätze anhand von Leitbegriffen und Methoden der aktuellen Wissenschaftsforschung überprüft und ergänzt. In der vielstimmigen Debatte der letzten Jahre um epistemische Bilder sucht der Band Begriffe zu entwickeln, die nicht theoretisch deduziert, sondern am Material der Bilder selbst entwickelt sind. Hierdurch erweist sich, wie unterschiedlich die Leistungsmerkmale von Bildern in den jeweiligen Zeiten, Disziplinen und Funktionen sind und welche vielfältigen Möglichkeiten sie liefern, Erkenntnisse, Beobachtungen oder Theorien sowohl zu erzeugen wie auch evident zu machen. Hierzu vereint der Band themenübergreifende Artikel, Begriffsbestimmungen und stichprobenartige Fallstudien zu einem Handbuch. Die Fallstudien zu fünfhundert Jahren Bildgeschichte in den Wissenschaften reichen von Sammlungszeichnungen des 16. Jahrhunderts über Darstellungen von Musikautomaten und frühe Röntgenbilder bis zur Nanomikroskopie und den Interfaces von Computern. Verfasst von der Forschergruppe "Das Technische Bild" der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, stellt der Band zugleich auch die Ergebnisse der im Jahr 2000 gegründeten Abteilung in gebündelter Form vor.
Category: Art

The Artificial And The Natural

Author : Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent
ISBN : 9780262026208
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.70 MB
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Notions of nature and art as they have been defined and redefined in Western culture,from the Hippocratic writers and Aristotle of Ancient Greece to nineteenth-century chemistry andtwenty-first century biomimetics.
Category: Science

Science Technology And The German Cultural Imagination

Author : Christian Emden
ISBN : 3039101706
Genre : History
File Size : 37.86 MB
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This volume of conference papers highlights the connections between developments in technology and scientific thought since the 16th century on the one hand, and the ways in which the creative imagination of literary writers has responded to those developments on the other.
Category: History

Automata And Mimesis On The Stage Of Theatre History

Author : K. Reilly
ISBN : 9780230347540
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 60.78 MB
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The automaton, known today as the robot, can be seen as a metaphor for the historical period in which it is explored. Chapters include examinations of Iconoclasm's fear that art might surpass nature, the Cartesian mind/body divide, automata as objects of courtly desire, the uncanny Olympia, and the revolutionary Robots in post-WWI drama.
Category: Performing Arts

Sublime Dreams Of Living Machines

Author : Minsoo Kang
ISBN : 9780674049352
Genre : History
File Size : 90.2 MB
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Kang’s central contention is that the automaton, a machine that can move by itself (better known today as the robot), is one of the essential ideas with which people in the West have pondered the very nature of humanity itself. In Kang’s telling, automata are mirrors of the ideas, fears, and anxieties of a given era, in that attitudes towards the machines have always been indicative of a moment’s zeitgeist. The book is historically sweeping, but not comprehensive; the focus is on what Kang takes to be key changes in the representations of and responses to automata. His main interest is on how Europeans in different periods of the past thought about the very notion of a self-moving machine that acted as if it were alive and how they used it for various symbolic and intellectual purposes.
Category: History

Landscapes Of Memory And Experience

Author : Jan Birksted
ISBN : 9780419250708
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 88.23 MB
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A complementary sequel to Relating Architecture to Landscape, this volume of essays explores further areas of interest and debate in the field of landscape/architecture. Case studies are included of schemes in the US, Far East and Australasia.
Category: Architecture

Collection Laboratory Theater

Author : Helmar Schramm
ISBN : 9783110201550
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 21.4 MB
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This volume launches a new, eight-volume series entitled Theatrum Scientiarum on the history of science and the media which has arisen from the work of the Berlin special research project on "Performative Cultures" under the aegis of the Theatre Studies Department of the Free University. The volume examines the role of space in the constitution of knowledge in the early modern age. "Kunstkammern" (art and curiosities cabinets), laboratories and stages arose in the 17th century as instruments of research and representation. There is, however, still a lack of precise descriptions of the epistemic contribution made by material and immaterial space in the performance of knowledge. Therefore, the authors present a novel view of the conditions surrounding the creation of these spatial forms. Account is taken both of the institutional framework of these spaces and their placement within the history of ideas, the architectural models and the modular differentiations, and the scientific consequences of particular design decisions. Manifold paths are followed between the location of the observer in the representational space of science and the organization in time and space of sight, speech and action in the canon of European theatrical forms. Not only is an account given of the mutual architectural and intellectual influence of the spaces of knowledge and the performance spaces of art; they are also analyzed to ascertain what was possible in them and through them. This volume is the English translation of Kunstkammer, Laboratorium, Bühne (de Gruyter, Berlin, 2003).
Category: Literary Criticism

Virtual Art

Author : Oliver Grau
ISBN : 0262572230
Genre : Art
File Size : 50.89 MB
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Although many people view virtual reality as a modern phenomenon, it has its foundations in a history of immersive images. The search for illusionary visual space can be traced back to antiquity. This text shows how virtual art fits into the art history of illusion and immersion.
Category: Art