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From Intercountry Adoption To Global Surrogacy

Author : Karen Smith Rotabi
ISBN : 9781317132189
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.44 MB
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Intercountry adoption has undergone a radical decline since 2004 when it reached a peak of approximately 45,000 children adopted globally. Its practice had been linked to conflict, poverty, gender inequality, and claims of human trafficking, ultimately leading to the establishment of the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption (HCIA). This international private law along with the Convention on the Rights of the Child affirm the best interests of the child as paramount in making decisions on behalf of children and families with obligations specifically oriented to safeguards in adoption practices. In 2004, as intercountry adoption peaked and then began a dramatic decline, commercial global surrogacy contracts began to take off in India. Global surrogacy gained in popularity owing, in part, to improved assisted reproductive technology methods, the ease with which people can make global surrogacy arrangements, and same-sex couples seeking the option to have their own genetically-related children. Yet regulation remains an issue, so much so that the Hague Conference on Private International Law has undertaken research and assessed the many dilemmas as an expert group considers drafting a new law, with some similarities to the HCIA and a strong emphasis on parentage. This ground-breaking book presents a detailed history and applies policy and human rights issues with an emphasis on the best interests of the child within intercountry adoption and the new conceptions of protection necessary in global surrogacy. To meet this end, voices of surrogate mothers in the US and India ground discourse as authors consider the human rights concerns and policy implications. For both intercountry adoption and global surrogacy, the complexity of the social context anchors the discourse inclusive of the intersections of poverty and privilege. This examination of the inevitable problems is presented at a time in which the pathways to global surrogacy appear to be shifting as the Supreme Court of India weighs in on the future of the industry there while Thailand, Cambodia and other countries have banned the practice all together. There is speculation that countries in Africa and possibly Central America appear poised to pick up the multi-million dollar industry as the demand for healthy infants continues on.
Category: Social Science

Dark Secrets Of Childhood

Author : Powell, Fred
ISBN : 9781447317876
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.92 MB
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Over the last few decades, public opinion has been traumatised by revelations of child abuse on a mass scale. It has become the major human rights story of the 21st century in Western society. This ground-breaking book explores the relationship between the media, child abuse and shifting adult–child power relations which, in Western countries, has spawned an ever-expanding range of laws, policies and procedures introduced to address the ‘explosion’ of interest in the issue of child abuse. Allegations of child sexual abuse by Roman Catholic clergy in Ireland – and its ‘cover-up’ by Church authorities – have given rise to one of the greatest institutional scandals of modern history. Through in-depth analysis of 20 years of media representation of the issue, the book draws significant insights on the media’s influence and its impact on civil society. Highly topical and of interest and relevance to lecturers and researchers in the areas of childhood studies, sociology of childhood, child protection and social work, social and public policy and human rights, as well as policymakers, this book provides an important contribution to the international debate about child abuse as reflected to the public through the power of the media.
Category: Social Science

Author : Mike Crang
ISBN : 9990601674
Genre : Human geography
File Size : 33.63 MB
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Category: Human geography

Author : سولمون نورثوب/-/-
ISBN : 9789948174172
Genre : Science
File Size : 87.66 MB
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يكشف هذا النص كيف عاش نورثوب فى ظروف العبودية القاسية,وكابد المرض والجلد وتعرض لمحاولة شنق.ويصف الحياة اليومية للعبيد فى لويزيانا,ونظامهم الغذائى,وظروف حياتهم,والعلاقة بين السيد والعبد,وكيف كان مطاردو العبيد يلاحقون الفارين ويعيدونهم إلى نير العبودية.كما يوضح الظروف التى أحاطت باستعادته الحرية بعد سنوات العبودية الطويلة.
Category: Science

Russia

Author : Martin Sixsmith
ISBN : 9781446416884
Genre : Art
File Size : 74.82 MB
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Russia is a country of contradictions: a nation of cultural refinement and artistic originality and yet also a country that rules by 'the iron fist'. In this riveting history, Martin Sixsmith shows how Russia's complex identity has been formed over a thousand years, and how it can help us understand its often baffling behaviour at home and abroad. Combining in-depth research and interviews with his personal experiences as a former BBC Moscow correspondent, Sixsmith skilfully traces the conundrums of modern Russia to their roots in its troubled past, and explains the nation's seemingly split personality as the result of influences that have divided it for centuries. A Sunday Times bestseller, Russia is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand the complex political landscape of this country, and its unique place in the modern world.
Category: Art

Author : Edward Wadie Said
ISBN : 9776174213
Genre : East and West
File Size : 60.24 MB
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Category: East and West

Author : هنرى فيلدنج
ISBN : 977215773X
Genre : Popular literature
File Size : 38.56 MB
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Category: Popular literature

Author : مورتيمر آدلر
ISBN : 2844092101
Genre :
File Size : 40.98 MB
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Author : ألدوس هكسلي/مروة سامى/-
ISBN : 9789776539105
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 67.6 MB
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بناية رمادية منخفضة ، لا تزيد عن أربعة و ثلاثين طابقاً فقط كُتبت على مدخلها الرئيسى عبارة : ( مركز وسط لندن للتفريخ و التكييف ) ، و كُتب على درع شعار الدولة العالمية : (المجتمع ، و الهوية، و الاستقرار) تُواجه قاعة الطابق الأرضي الفسيحة جهة الشمال ، ممًا يجعلها باردة طوال الصيف ، وراء ألواح النوافذ الزجاجية ، على النقيض من جو الغرفة الاستوائي ، واخترق شعاع رفيع ثاقب النافذة يبحث بنهم عن جسد متدثر ملقى
Category: Fiction

Author :
ISBN : 9789775171139
Genre :
File Size : 43.97 MB
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The classic story of Huck Finn and his companion, the slave Jim, as they journey down the Mississippi River after running away from Huck's drunken father and Jim's owners.
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