THE LIMITS OF DREAM A SCIENTIFIC EXPLORATION OF THE MIND BRAIN INTERFACE

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The Limits Of Dream

Author : J. F. Pagel
ISBN : 0080559603
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60.91 MB
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The Limits of Dream focuses on what we currently know of the human central nervous system (CNS), examining the basic sciences of neurochemisty, neuroanatomy, and CNS electrophysiology as these sciences apply to dream, then reaching beyond basic science to examine the cognitive science of dreaming including the processes of memory, the perceptual interface, and visual imagery. Building on what is known of intrapersonal CNS processing, the book steps outside the physical body to explore artificially created dreams and their use in filmmaking, art and story, as well as the role of dreaming in creative process and creative “madness. The limits of our scientific knowledge of dream frame this window that can be used to explore the border between body and mind. What is known scientifically of the cognitive process of dreaming will lead the neuroscientist, the student of cognitive science, and the general reader down different paths than expected into an exploration of the fuzzy and complex horizon between mind and brain. * The clearest presentation of research and philosophy currently available relating to the mind/brain interface * Discusses the cognitive processes of dreaming utilized in film and artificial intelligence * Describes the functioning of dream in the creative process
Category: Medical

Dream Science

Author : J. F. Pagel
ISBN : 9780124047105
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31.93 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Dreaming is the cognitive state uniquely experienced by humans and integral to our creativity, the survival characteristic that allows for the rapid change and innovation that defines our species and provides the basis for our art, philosophy, science, and humanity. Yet there is little empiric or scientific evidence supporting the generally accepted dream-based theories of neuroconsciousness. Dream Science examines the cognitive science of dreaming and offers an evidence-based view of the phenomenon. Today, such evidence-based breakthroughs in the field of dream science are altering our understanding of consciousness. Different forms of dreaming consciousness occur throughout sleep, and dreamlike states extend into wake. Each dream state is developed on a framework of memories, emotions, representational images, and electrophysiology, amenable to studies utilizing emerging and evolving technology. Dream Science discusses basic insights into the scientific study of dreaming, including the limits to traditional Freudian-based dream theory and the more modern evidence-based science. It also includes coverage of the processes of memory and parasomnias, the sleep-disturbance diagnoses related to dreaming. This comprehensive book is a scientific exploration of the mind-brain interface and a look into the future of dream science. Provides a more evidence-based approach than any other work on the market Single source of integrated information on all aspects of dream science makes this a critical time-saving reference for researchers and clinicians Authored by one of the leaders in the field of dream research
Category: Medical

Boundaries Of Self And Reality Online

Author : Jayne Gackenbach
ISBN : 9780128041741
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 26.34 MB
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As technology continues to rapidly advance, individuals and society are profoundly changed. So too are the tools used to measure this universe and, therefore, our understanding of reality improves. Boundaries of Self and Reality Online examines the idea that technological advances associated with the Internet are moving us in multiple domains toward various "edges." These edges range from self, to society, to relationships, and even to the very nature of reality. Boundaries are dissolving and we are redefining the elements of identity. The book begins with explorations of the digitally constructed self and the relationship between the individual and technological reality. Then, the focus shifts to society at large and includes a contribution from Chinese researchers about the isolated Chinese Internet. The later chapters of the book explore digital reality at large, including discussions on virtual reality, Web consciousness, and digital physics. Cyberpsychology architecture Video games as a tool for self-understanding Avatars and the meaning behind them Game transfer phenomena A Jungian perspective on technology Politics of social media The history and science of video game play Transcendent virtual reality experiences The theophoric quality of video games
Category: Psychology

Big Dreams

Author : Kelly Bulkeley
ISBN : 9780199351541
Genre : Religion
File Size : 70.26 MB
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Big dreams are rare but highly memorable dream experiences that make a strong and lasting impact on the dreamer's waking awareness. Moving far beyond "I forgot to study and the finals are today" and other common scenarios, such dreams can include vivid imagery, intense emotions, fantastic characters, and an uncanny sense of being connected to forces beyond one's ordinary dreaming mind. In Big Dreams, Kelly Bulkeley provides the first full-scale cognitive scientific analysis of such dreams, putting forth an original theory about their formation, function, and meaning. Big dreams have played significant roles in religious and cultural history, but because of their infrequent occurrence and fantastical features, they have rarely been studied in light of modern science. We know a great deal about the religious manifestations of big dreams throughout history and around the world, but until now that cross-cultural knowledge has never been integrated with scientific research on their psychological roots in the brain-mind system. In Big Dreams, Bulkeley puts a classic psychological thesis to the scientific test by clarifying and improving it with better data, sharper analysis, and a broader evolutionary framework. He brings evidence from multiple sources, shows patterns of similarity and difference, questions prior assumptions, and provides predictive models that can be applied to new sets of data. The notion of a connection between dreaming and religion has always been intuitively compelling; Big Dreams transforms it into a solid premise of religious studies and brain-mind science. Combining evidence from religious studies, psychology, anthropology, evolutionary biology, and neuroscience, Big Dreams makes a compelling argument that big dreams are a primal wellspring of religious experience. They represent an innate, neurologically hard-wired capacity of our species that regularly provokes greater self-awareness, creativity, and insight into the existential challenges and spiritual potentials of human life.
Category: Religion

Encyclopedia Of Information Science And Technology Fourth Edition

Author : Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
ISBN : 9781522522560
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34.90 MB
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In recent years, our world has experienced a profound shift and progression in available computing and knowledge sharing innovations. These emerging advancements have developed at a rapid pace, disseminating into and affecting numerous aspects of contemporary society. This has created a pivotal need for an innovative compendium encompassing the latest trends, concepts, and issues surrounding this relevant discipline area. During the past 15 years, the Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology has become recognized as one of the landmark sources of the latest knowledge and discoveries in this discipline. The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition is a 10-volume set which includes 705 original and previously unpublished research articles covering a full range of perspectives, applications, and techniques contributed by thousands of experts and researchers from around the globe. This authoritative encyclopedia is an all-encompassing, well-established reference source that is ideally designed to disseminate the most forward-thinking and diverse research findings. With critical perspectives on the impact of information science management and new technologies in modern settings, including but not limited to computer science, education, healthcare, government, engineering, business, and natural and physical sciences, it is a pivotal and relevant source of knowledge that will benefit every professional within the field of information science and technology and is an invaluable addition to every academic and corporate library.
Category: Computers

Waking Dreaming Being

Author : Evan Thompson
ISBN : 9780231538312
Genre : Religion
File Size : 66.63 MB
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A renowned philosopher of the mind, also known for his groundbreaking work on Buddhism and cognitive science, Evan Thompson combines the latest neuroscience research on sleep, dreaming, and meditation with Indian and Western philosophy of mind, casting new light on the self and its relation to the brain. Thompson shows how the self is a changing process, not a static thing. When we are awake we identify with our body, but if we let our mind wander or daydream, we project a mentally imagined self into the remembered past or anticipated future. As we fall asleep, the impression of being a bounded self distinct from the world dissolves, but the self reappears in the dream state. If we have a lucid dream, we no longer identify only with the self within the dream. Our sense of self now includes our dreaming self, the "I" as dreamer. Finally, as we meditate—either in the waking state or in a lucid dream—we can observe whatever images or thoughts arise and how we tend to identify with them as "me." We can also experience sheer awareness itself, distinct from the changing contents that make up our image of the self. Contemplative traditions say that we can learn to let go of the self, so that when we die we can witness its dissolution with equanimity. Thompson weaves together neuroscience, philosophy, and personal narrative to depict these transformations, adding uncommon depth to life's profound questions. Contemplative experience comes to illuminate scientific findings, and scientific evidence enriches the vast knowledge acquired by contemplatives.
Category: Religion

Machine Dreaming And Consciousness

Author : J. F. Pagel
ISBN : 9780128037423
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 22.74 MB
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Machine Dreaming and Consciousness is the first book to discuss the questions raised by the advent of machine dreaming. Artificial intelligence (AI) systems meeting criteria of primary and self-reflexive consciousness are often utilized to extend the human interface, creating waking experiences that resemble the human dream. Surprisingly, AI systems also easily meet all human-based operational criteria for dreaming. These “dreams are far different from anthropomorphic dreaming, including such processes as fuzzy logic, liquid illogic, and integration instability, all processes that may be necessary in both biologic and artificial systems to extend creative capacity. Today, multi-linear AI systems are being built to resemble the structural framework of the human central nervous system. The creation of the biologic framework of dreaming (emotions, associative memories, and visual imagery) is well within our technical capacity. AI dreams potentially portend the further development of consciousness in these systems. This focus on AI dreaming raises even larger questions. In many ways, dreaming defines our humanity. What is humanly special about the states of dreaming? And what are we losing when we limit our focus to its technical and biologic structure, and extend the capacity for dreaming into our artificial creations? Machine Dreaming and Consciousness provides thorough discussion of these issues for neuroscientists and other researchers investigating consciousness and cognition. Addresses the function and role of dream-like processing in AI systems Describes the functions of dreaming in the creative process of both humans and machines Presents an alternative approach to the philosophy of machine consciousness Provides thorough discussion of machine dreaming and consciousness for neuroscientists and other researchers investigating consciousness and cognition
Category: Psychology

Dreaming And Nightmares

Author : J. F. Pagel
ISBN : 1437718728
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26.88 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This issue reviews the current status of scientific dream study and offers the most up-to-date reviews on topics such as dream recall (including variables affecting dream recall, and the psychopathology of altered dream recall), dream content (including the assessment of dream content and variables affecting dream content), dreaming and cognitive functions (dreaming and emotional processing, personality and psychopathology, and learning and memory), disordered dreaming (such as nightmares in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder, dreaming epiphenomena of narcolepsy, and parasomnias), medications altering dreaming, and the role of dreams in psychotherapy. Because sleep and dreams are inextricably linked, it is important for every sleep specialist to have an understanding of the current scientific understanding of normal and disordered dreaming.
Category: Medical

Die Physik Des Bewusstseins

Author : Michio Kaku
ISBN : 9783644036413
Genre : Science
File Size : 25.50 MB
Format : PDF
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Träume, die auf Video aufgenommen werden, Schreiben per Gedankensteuerung, Querschnittgelähmte, die Gliedmaßen wieder bewegen können - das alles gibt es schon. In den vergangenen 15 Jahren ist durch die Erfindung der Kernspintomografie eine Verbindung von Physik, Technik und Hirnforschung entstanden, die unser Wissen über Gehirn und Bewußtsein im Eiltempo gesteigert hat. Mithilfe komplexer Rechner und Maschinen werden wir in fernerer Zukunft Gedanken direkt aufzeichnen können, Musikstücke komponieren zum Beispiel oder Bücher verfassen. Via Internet könnten wir von Bewußtsein zu Bewußtsein kommunizieren. Es wird möglich sein, fremde Erinnerungen auf unser Hirn spielen und gute oder schlechte Gefühle. Unser Begriff von Bewußtsein und Intelligenz selbst und wird sich verändern. Wir stehen am Anfang einer wissenschaftlich-technischen Revolution, wohin wird sie uns führen? Michio Kaku entfaltet in diesem Buch ein grandioses Panorama des Wissens und der wissenschaftlichen Voraussage. Er hat sorgfältig recherchiert und dazu rund 300 Experten befragt. Manche denken weit voraus: Nicht auszuschließen, dass sich dereinst das Bewusstsein ganz vom Körper lösen lässt, um vielleicht auf fremden Planeten spazieren zu gehen. So faszinierend solche Entwicklungen sind, es wird schon jetzt Zeit, sie ethisch und politisch zu ordnen, erklärt der weltbekannte Physiker.
Category: Science

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 59.28 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Category: History