THE LEGACY OF MESOAMERICA HISTORY AND CULTURE OF A NATIVE AMERICAN CIVILIZATION

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The Legacy Of Mesoamerica

Author : Robert M. Carmack
ISBN : 9781317346784
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83.9 MB
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The Legacy of Mesoamerica: History and Culture of a Native American Civilization summarizes and integrates information on the origins, historical development, and current situations of the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica. It describes their contributions from the development of Mesoamerican Civilization through 20th century and their influence in the world community. For courses on Mesoamerica (Middle America) taught in departments of anthropology, history, and Latin American Studies.
Category: Social Science

Tecpan Guatemala

Author : Edward F Fischer
ISBN : 9780429976551
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46.76 MB
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What does it mean to be Maya in the modern world? Focusing on a Guatemalan town, this case study explores the cultural, political, and economic changes of this society over time. . This case study of a highland Guatemala town examines what it means to be Maya in a rapidly changing and globalized world. In providing an historical synopsis of the Kaqchikel Maya from preColumbian through Colonial times to the present day, this volume focuses on the use of language, dress, and crafts as emblems of ethnicity, nationality, and political allegiance. Tecpn considers the dynamics of ethnic boundaries in light of the use of the Kaqchikel language versus Spanish, the growing role of Protestantism and the revitalization of traditional Maya religion versus Catholicism, and traditional subsistence agriculture in the face of an expanding reliance on export crops. It examines in particular the role of weaving and other indigenous crafts in linking Tecpanecos to larger economic and political orbits and for defining local, regional, and national identities. As a result, this accessibly written book demonstrates that even traditional Maya cultural forms are actively constructed in the context of intense global connections.
Category: Political Science

Uprising Of Hope

Author : Jeanne Simonelli
ISBN : 9780759115002
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44.2 MB
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Drawing on decades-long relationships and fieldwork with the Zapatistas of south-eastern Mexico, cultural anthropologists Duncan Earle and Jeanne Simonelli reveal a complex portrait of a people struggling with self-determination on every level. Combining their own compelling narrative as participant-observers, and those of their Chaipas compadres, the authors effectively call for an activist approach to research, resulting in an ethnography that is at once analytical and deeply personal. Uprising of Hope is compelling reading for scholars and general readers of anthropology, social justice, ethnography, Latin American history and ethnic studies.
Category: Social Science

Global Maya

Author : Liliana R. Gold’n
ISBN : 0816529876
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50.88 MB
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In the central highland Maya communities of Guatemala, the demands of the global economy have become a way of life. This book explores how rural peoples experience economic and cultural change as their country joins the global market, focusing on their thoughts about work and sustenance as a way of learning about GuatemalaÕs changing economy. For more than a decade, Liliana Gold’n observed in highland towns both the intensification of various forms of production and their growing links to wider markets. In this first book to compare economic ideology across a range of production systems, she examines how people make a living and how they think about their options, practices, and constraints. Drawing on interviews and surveysÑeven retellings of traditional narrativesÑshe reveals how contemporary Maya respond to the increasingly globalized yet locally circumscribed conditions in which they work. Gold’n presents four case studies: cottage industries devoted to garment production, vegetable growing for internal and border markets reached through direct commerce, crops grown for export, and wage labor in garment assembly factories. By comparing generational and gendered differences among workers, she reveals not only complexities of change but also how these complexities arereflected in changing attitudes, understandings, and aspirations that characterize peopleÕs economic ideology. Further, she shows that as rural people take on diverse economic activities, they also reinterpret their views on such matters as accumulation, cooperation, competition, division of labor, and community solidarity. Global Maya explores global processes in local terms, revealing the interplay of traditional values, household economics, and the inescapable conditions of demographic growth, a shrinking land base, and a global economy always looking for cheap labor. It offers a wealth of new insights not only for Maya scholars but also for anyone concerned with the effects of globalization on the Third World.
Category: Social Science

Native Ethnography

Author : Harvey Russell Bernard
ISBN : UOM:39015014946431
Genre : Education
File Size : 34.6 MB
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Category: Education

Ya Nomam The Fierce People

Author : Napoleon A. Chagnon
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173018379155
Genre : Yanomamo Indians
File Size : 73.5 MB
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Category: Yanomamo Indians

Gender And Power In Prehispanic Mesoamerica

Author : Rosemary A. Joyce
ISBN : 9780292779730
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74.10 MB
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Gender was a fluid potential, not a fixed category, before the Spaniards came to Mesoamerica. Childhood training and ritual shaped, but did not set, adult gender, which could encompass third genders and alternative sexualities as well as "male" and "female." At the height of the Classic period, Maya rulers presented themselves as embodying the entire range of gender possibilities, from male through female, by wearing blended costumes and playing male and female roles in state ceremonies. This landmark book offers the first comprehensive description and analysis of gender and power relations in prehispanic Mesoamerica from the Formative Period Olmec world (ca. 1500-500 BC) through the Postclassic Maya and Aztec societies of the sixteenth century AD. Using approaches from contemporary gender theory, Rosemary Joyce explores how Mesoamericans created human images to represent idealized notions of what it meant to be male and female and to depict proper gender roles. She then juxtaposes these images with archaeological evidence from burials, house sites, and body ornaments, which reveals that real gender roles were more fluid and variable than the stereotyped images suggest.
Category: Social Science

Pre Columbian Foodways

Author : John Staller
ISBN : 1441904719
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.48 MB
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The significance of food and feasting to Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures has been extensively studied by archaeologists, anthropologists and art historians. Foodways studies have been critical to our understanding of early agriculture, political economies, and the domestication and management of plants and animals. Scholars from diverse fields have explored the symbolic complexity of food and its preparation, as well as the social importance of feasting in contemporary and historical societies. This book unites these disciplinary perspectives — from the social and biological sciences to art history and epigraphy — creating a work comprehensive in scope, which reveals our increasing understanding of the various roles of foods and cuisines in Mesoamerican cultures. The volume is organized thematically into three sections. Part 1 gives an overview of food and feasting practices as well as ancient economies in Mesoamerica. Part 2 details ethnographic, epigraphic and isotopic evidence of these practices. Finally, Part 3 presents the metaphoric value of food in Mesoamerican symbolism, ritual, and mythology. The resulting volume provides a thorough, interdisciplinary resource for understanding, food, feasting, and cultural practices in Mesoamerica.
Category: Social Science

A Concise History Of Mexico

Author : Brian R. Hamnett
ISBN : 9781107495166
Genre : History
File Size : 89.85 MB
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The second edition of this accessible study of Mexico includes two new features: an examination of cultural developments since Independence from Spain in 1821 and a discussion of contemporary issues up to the time of publication. Several new plates with captions expand the thematic coverage in the book. The updated edition examines the administration of Vicente Fox, who came to power with the elections of 2000. The new sections reinforce the importance of Mexico's long and disparate history, from the Precolumbian era onwards, in shaping the country as it is today. This Concise History looks at Mexico from political, economic and cultural perspectives, and tackles controversial themes such as the impact of the Spanish Conquest and the struggle to establish an independent Mexico. A broad range of readers interested in the modern-day Americas should find here a helpful introduction to this vibrant and dynamic North-American society.
Category: History

Atlantis In America

Author : Lewis Spence
ISBN : 1885395973
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 89.17 MB
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Atlantis is a legendary continent that is said to have disappeared very suddenly in the ancient past. Spence puts forth evidence that Atlantis was located in the Western hemispherein and around Central America. He does a great job comparing Indian myths from various lands including Peru, Brazil, Central America, North America, and the Atlantean story from the great philosopher, Plato. Many myths duplicate themselves between cultures, leading one to believe in a common source. That source, according to Spence, was Atlantis. The one book on Atlantis that should not be missed.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit