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The Killing Consensus

Author : Graham Denyer Willis
ISBN : 9780520285705
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33.87 MB
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We hold many assumptions about police work—that it is the responsibility of the state, or that police officers are given the right to kill in the name of public safety or self-defense. But in The Killing Consensus, Graham Denyer Willis shows how in São Paulo, Brazil, killing and the arbitration of “normal” killing in the name of social order are actually conducted by two groups—the police and organized crime—both operating according to parallel logics of murder. Based on three years of ethnographic fieldwork, Willis's book traces how homicide detectives categorize two types of killing: the first resulting from “resistance” to police arrest (which is often broadly defined) and the second at the hands of a crime "family' known as the Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC). Death at the hands of police happens regularly, while the PCC’s centralized control and strict moral code among criminals has also routinized killing, ironically making the city feel safer for most residents. In a fractured urban security environment, where killing mirrors patterns of inequitable urbanization and historical exclusion along class, gender, and racial lines, Denyer Willis's research finds that the city’s cyclical periods of peace and violence can best be understood through an unspoken but mutually observed consensus on the right to kill. This consensus hinges on common notions and street-level practices of who can die, where, how, and by whom, revealing an empirically distinct configuration of authority that Denyer Willis calls sovereignty by consensus.
Category: Social Science

The Killing Compartments

Author : Abram de Swaan
ISBN : 9780300210675
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 70.78 MB
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The twentieth century was among the bloodiest in the history of humanity. Untold millions were slaughtered. How people are enrolled in the service of evil is a question that continues to bedevil. In this trenchant book, Abram de Swaan offers a taxonomy of mass violence that focuses on the rank-and-file perpetrators, examining how murderous regimes recruit them and create what De Swaan calls the "killing compartments” that make possible the worst abominations without apparent moral misgiving, without a sense of personal responsibility, and, above all, without pity. De Swaan wonders where extreme violence comes from and where it goes—seemingly without a trace—when the wild and barbaric gore is over. And what about the perpetrators themselves? Are they merely and only the product of external circumstance? Or is there something in their makeup that disposes them to become mass murderers? Drawing on a wide range of disciplines, including sociology, anthropology, political science, history, and psychology, De Swaan sheds new light on an urgent and intractable pathology that continues to poison peoples all over the world.
Category: Political Science

Sicherheitsproduktion Zwischen Staat Markt Und Zivilgesellschaft

Author : Bernhard Frevel
ISBN : 9783658134358
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75.19 MB
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Der Band thematisiert die Sicherheitsproduktion zwischen Staat, Markt und Zivilgesellschaft in 13 Beiträgen. Zwar löst sich das staatliche Gewaltmonopol nicht auf, doch werden sowohl die konkrete Sicherheitsarbeit als auch die Steuerung der Politik der Inneren Sicherheit auf „mehrere Schultern verteilt“. Private Sicherheitsdienste, Wohlfahrtsverbände, verschiedene Anspruchsvereinigungen und zivilgesellschaftliche Gruppen wirken an der Inneren Sicherheit mit. Dies führt zu Legitimitätsfragen, erfordert neue Governance-Strategien und bedarf einer rechtsstaatlichen sowie freiheitlichen Ausgestaltung.
Category: Political Science

The Killing Machine

Author : Jack Vance
ISBN : 9781619470408
Genre : Science fiction
File Size : 67.26 MB
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Category: Science fiction

The Killing Of Julia Wallace

Author : John Gannon
ISBN : 9781445612690
Genre : True Crime
File Size : 76.82 MB
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A look in to the murder of Julia Wallace offering new and more logical assessment of the crime itself.
Category: True Crime

Policing The Globe

Author : Peter Andreas
ISBN : 0198025009
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 57.99 MB
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In this illuminating history that spans past campaigns against piracy and slavery to contemporary campaigns against drug trafficking and transnational terrorism, Peter Andreas and Ethan Nadelmann explain how and why prohibitions and policing practices increasingly extend across borders. The internationalization of crime control is too often described as simply a natural and predictable response to the growth of transnational crime in an age of globalization. Andreas and Nadelmann challenge this conventional view as at best incomplete and at worst misleading. The internationalization of policing, they demonstrate, primarily reflects ambitious efforts by generations of western powers to export their own definitions of "crime," not just for political and economic gain but also in an attempt to promote their own morals to other parts of the world. A thought-provoking analysis of the historical expansion and recent dramatic acceleration of international crime control, Policing the Globe provides a much-needed bridge between criminal justice and international relations on a topic of crucial public importance.
Category: Political Science

The Killing Of History

Author : Keith Windschuttle
ISBN : WISC:89059788778
Genre : History
File Size : 67.82 MB
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Category: History

The Death Penalty

Author : Roger Hood
ISBN : 9780191005312
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49.35 MB
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The fifth edition of this highly praised study charts and explains the progress that continues to be made towards the goal of worldwide abolition of the death penalty. The majority of nations have now abolished the death penalty and the number of executions has dropped in almost all countries where abolition has not yet taken place. Emphasising the impact of international human rights principles and evidence of abuse, the authors examine how this has fuelled challenges to the death penalty and they analyse and appraise the likely obstacles, political and cultural, to further abolition. They discuss the cruel realities of the death penalty and the failure of international standards always to ensure fair trials and to avoid arbitrariness, discrimination and conviction of the innocent: all violations of the right to life. They provide further evidence of the lack of a general deterrent effect; shed new light on the influence and limits of public opinion; and argue that substituting for the death penalty life imprisonment without parole raises many similar human rights concerns. This edition provides a strong intellectual and evidential basis for regarding capital punishment as undeniably cruel, inhuman and degrading. Widely relied upon and fully updated to reflect the current state of affairs worldwide, this is an invaluable resource for all those who study the death penalty and work towards its removal as an international goal.
Category: Political Science

The Killing State

Author : Austin Sarat
ISBN : 0195349180
Genre : Law
File Size : 53.26 MB
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Over 7,000 people have been legally executed in the United States this century, and over 3,000 men and women now sit on death rows across the country awaiting the same fate. Since the Supreme Court temporarily halted capital punishment in 1972, the death penalty has returned with a vengeance. Today there appears to be a widespread public consensus in favor of capital punishment and considerable political momentum to ensure that those sentenced to death are actually executed. Yet the death penalty remains troubling and controversial for many people. The Killing State: Capital Punishment in Law, Politics, and Culture explores what it means when the state kills and what it means for citizens to live in a killing state, helping us understand why America clings tenaciously to a punishment that has been abandoned by every other industrialized democracy. Edited by a leading figure in socio-legal studies, this book brings together the work of ten scholars, including recognized experts on the death penalty and noted scholars writing about it for the first time. Focused more on theory than on advocacy, these bracing essays open up new questions for scholars and citizens: What is the relationship of the death penalty to the maintenance of political sovereignty? In what ways does the death penalty resemble and enable other forms of law's violence? How is capital punishment portrayed in popular culture? How does capital punishment express the new politics of crime, organize positions in the "culture war," and affect the structure of American values? This book is a timely examination of a vitally important topic: the impact of state killing on our law, our politics, and our cultural life.
Category: Law