THE INVENTION OF AUTONOMY A HISTORY OF MODERN MORAL PHILOSOPHY

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The Invention Of Autonomy

Author : Jerome B. Schneewind
ISBN : 052147938X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79.82 MB
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Study of the history of moral philosophy which puts Kant's ethics into historical context.
Category: Philosophy

Moral Philosophy From Montaigne To Kant

Author : J. B. Schneewind
ISBN : 0521003040
Genre : History
File Size : 43.43 MB
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Originally issued as a two-volume edition in 1990, the anthology is now re-issued (with a new foreword) as a one-volume anthology. It is a companion to Schneewind's highly successful history of modern ethics, The Invention of Autonomy. The anthology provides many of the sources discussed in The Invention of Autonomy. The combined two volumes are an invaluable resource for the teaching of the history of modern moral philosophy. This volume contains excerpts from some thirty-two important seventeenth and eighteenth century moral philosophers. As well as well-known thinkers such as Hobbes, Hume, and Kant, there are excerpts from a wide-range of philosophers never previously assembled in one text, such as Grotius, Pufendorf, Nicole, Clarke, Leibniz, Malebranche, Holbach and Paley. Including a substantial introduction and extensive bibliographies, it facilitates the study and teaching of early modern moral philosophy in its crucial formative period.
Category: History

New Essays On The History Of Autonomy

Author : Natalie Brender
ISBN : 052182835X
Genre : History
File Size : 38.38 MB
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This book relates Kant's work to the historical context of his predecessors.
Category: History

The Emergence Of Autonomy In Kant S Moral Philosophy

Author : Stefano Bacin
ISBN : 9781107182851
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 44.48 MB
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A thorough study of why Kant developed the concept of autonomy, one of his central legacies for contemporary moral thought.
Category: Philosophy

Contemporary Perspectives On Natural Law

Author : Dr Ana Marta González
ISBN : 9781409485667
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 22.50 MB
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Resorting to natural law is one way of conveying the philosophical conviction that moral norms are not merely conventional rules. Accordingly, the notion of natural law has a clear metaphysical dimension, since it involves the recognition that human beings do not conceive themselves as sheer products of society and history. And yet, if natural law is to be considered the fundamental law of practical reason, it must show also some intrinsic relationship to history and positive law. The essays in this book examine this tension between the metaphysical and the practical and how the philosophical elaboration of natural law presents this notion as a "limiting-concept", between metaphysics and ethics, between the mutable and the immutable; between is and ought, and, in connection with the latter, even the tension between politics and eschatology as a double horizon of ethics. This book, contributed to by scholars from Europe and America, is a major contribution to the renewed interest in natural law. It provides the reader with a comprehensive overview of natural law, both from a historical and a systematic point of view. It ranges from the mediaeval synthesis of Aquinas through the early modern elaborations of natural law, up to current discussions on the very possibility and practical relevance of natural law theory for the contemporary mind.
Category: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Ethics

Author : Roger Crisp
ISBN : 9780191655760
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 76.58 MB
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Philosophical ethics consists in the human endeavour to answer rationally the fundamental question of how we should live. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics explores the history of philosophical ethics in the western tradition from Homer until the present day. It provides a broad overview of the views of many of the main thinkers, schools, and periods, and includes in addition essays on topics such as autonomy and impartiality. The authors are international leaders in their field, and use their expertise and specialist knowledge to illuminate the relevance of their work to discussions in contemporary ethics. The essays are specially written for this volume, and in each case introduce the reader to the main lines of interpretation and criticism that have arisen in the professional history of philosophy over the past two or three decades.
Category: Philosophy

Essays On Spinoza S Ethical Theory

Author : Andrew Youpa
ISBN : 9780199657537
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33.6 MB
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Thirteen original essays by leading scholars explore aspects of Spinoza's ethical theory and, in doing so, deepen our understanding of the richly rewarding core of his system. Given its importance to his philosophical ambitions, it is surprising that his ethics has, until recently, received relatively little scholarly attention. Anglophone philosophy has tended to focus on Spinoza's contribution to metaphysics and epistemology, while philosophy in continental Europe has tended to show greater interest in his political philosophy. This tendency is problematic not only because it overlooks a central part of Spinoza's project, but also because it threatens to present a distorted picture of his philosophy. Moreover, Spinoza's ethics, like other branches of his philosophy, is complex, difficult, and, at times, paradoxical. The essays in this volume advance our understanding of his ethics and also help us to appreciate it as the centerpiece of his system. In addition to resolving interpretive difficulties and advancing longstanding debates, these essays point the direction for future research. Spinoza's enduring contribution to the development of ethical theory, to early modern philosophy, and indeed to early modern history generally, provide us with good reason to follow the lead of these essays.
Category: Philosophy

Rousseau And Hobbes

Author : Robin Douglass
ISBN : 9780191038037
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 80.27 MB
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Robin Douglass presents the first comprehensive study of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's engagement with Thomas Hobbes. He reconstructs the intellectual context of this engagement to reveal the deeply polemical character of Rousseau's critique of Hobbes and to show how Rousseau sought to expose that much modern natural law and doux commerce theory was, despite its protestations to the contrary, indebted to a Hobbesian account of human nature and the origins of society. Throughout the book Douglass explores the reasons why Rousseau both followed and departed from Hobbes in different places, while resisting the temptation to present him as either a straightforwardly Hobbesian or anti-Hobbesian thinker. On the one hand, Douglass reveals the extent to which Rousseau was occupied with problems of a fundamentally Hobbesian nature and the importance, to both thinkers, of appealing to the citizens' passions in order to secure political unity. On the other hand, Douglass argues that certain ideas at the heart of Rousseau's philosophy—free will and the natural goodness of man—were set out to distance him from positions associated with Hobbes. Douglass advances an original interpretation of Rousseau's political philosophy, emerging from this encounter with Hobbesian ideas, which focuses on the interrelated themes of nature, free will, and the passions. Douglass distances his interpretation from those who have read Rousseau as a proto-Kantian and instead argues that his vision of a well-ordered republic was based on cultivating man's naturally good passions to render the life of the virtuous citizen in accordance with nature.
Category: Philosophy

Pragmatist Ethics For A Technological Culture

Author : F.W. Jozef Keulartz
ISBN : 9789401003018
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 85.50 MB
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Our technological culture has an extremely dynamic character: old ways of reproducing ourselves, managing nature and keeping animals are continually replaced by new ones; norms and values with respect to our bodies, food production, health care and environmental protection are regularly being put up for discussion. This constantly confronts us with new moral problems and dilemmas. In discussion with other approaches this book argues that pragmatism, with its strong emphasis on the interaction between technology and values, gives us both procedural help and stresses the importance of living and cooperating together in tackling these problems and dilemmas. The issues in this book include the interaction of technology and ethics, the status of pragmatism, the concept of practice, and discourse ethics and deliberative democracy. It has an interactive design, with original contributions alternating with critical comments. The book is of interest for students, scholars and policymakers in the fields of bioethics, animal ethics, environmental ethics, pragmatist philosophy and science and technology studies.
Category: Philosophy

The Police Power

Author : Markus Dirk Dubber
ISBN : 9780231506953
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62.44 MB
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Mention the phrase Homeland Security and heated debates emerge about state uses and abuses of legal authority. This timely book is a comprehensive treatise on the constitutional and legal history behind the power of the modern state to police its citizens. Dubber explores the roots of the power to police—the most expansive and least limitable of governmental powers—by focusing on its most obvious and problematic manifestation: criminal law. He argues that the defining characteristics of this power, including the inability to accurately define it, reflect its origins in the discretionary and virtually limitless patriarchal power of the householder over his household. The paradox of patriarchal police power as the most troubling yet least scrutinized of governmental powers can begin to be resolved by subjecting this branch of government to the critical analysis it merits. Dubber shows us that the question must become how can the police power and criminal law together serve the goals of social equity that define and give direction to contemporary democratic societies? This book goes to the heart of this neglected but crucial topic.
Category: Political Science