THE INFLUENCE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND BASIC RIGHTS IN PRIVATE LAW IUS COMPARATUM GLOBAL STUDIES IN COMPARATIVE LAW

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The Influence Of Human Rights And Basic Rights In Private Law

Author : Verica Trstenjak
ISBN : 9783319253374
Genre : Law
File Size : 81.84 MB
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This book provides a comparative perspective on one of the most intriguing developments in law: the influence of basic rights and human rights in private law. It analyzes the application of basic rights and human rights, which are traditionally understood as public law rights, in private law, and discusses the related spillover effects and changing perspectives in legal doctrine and practice. It provides examples where basic rights and human rights influence judicial reasoning and lead to changes of legislation in contract law, tort law, property law, family law, and copyright law. Providing both context and background analysis for any critical examination of the horizontal effect of fundamental rights in private law, the book contributes to the current debate on an important issue that deserves the attention of legal practitioners, scholars, judges and others involved in the developments in a variety of the world’s jurisdictions. This book is based on the General Report and national reports commissioned by the International Academy of Comparative Law and written for the XIXth International Congress of Comparative Law in Vienna, Austria, in the summer of 2014.
Category: Law

General Reports Of The Xixth Congress Of The International Academy Of Comparative Law Rapports G N Raux Du Xix Me Congr S De L Acad Mie Internationale De Droit Compar

Author : Martin Schauer
ISBN : 9789402410662
Genre : Law
File Size : 75.37 MB
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This book deals with convergences of legal doctrine despite jurisdictional, cultural, and political barriers, and of divergences due to such barriers, examining topics that are of vital importance to contemporary legal scholars. Written by leading scholars from more than twenty countries, its thirty-two chapters present a comparative analysis of cutting-edge legal topics of the 21st century. While each of the countries covered stands alone as a sovereign state, in a technologically advanced world their disparate systems nonetheless show comparable strategies in dealing with complex legal issues. The book is a critical addition to the library of any scholar hoping to keep abreast of the major trends in contemporary law. It covers a vast area of topics that are dealt with from a comparative point of view and represents the current state of law in each area. ​
Category: Law

Damages For Violations Of Human Rights

Author : Ewa Bagińska
ISBN : 9783319189505
Genre : Law
File Size : 90.73 MB
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This volume analyses the legal grounds, premises and extent of pecuniary compensation for violations of human rights in national legal systems. The scope of comparison includes liability regimes in general and in detail, the correlation between pecuniary remedies available under international law and under domestic law, and special (alternative) compensation systems. All sources of human rights violations are embraced, including historical injustices and systematical and gross violations. The book is a collection of nineteen contributions written by public international law, international human rights and private law experts, covering fifteen European jurisdictions (including Central and Eastern Europe), the United States, Israel and EU law. The contributions, initially prepared for the 19th International Congress of Comparative law in Vienna (2014), present the latest developments in legislation, scholarship and case-law concerning domestic causes of action in cases of human rights abuses. The book concludes with a comparative report which assesses the developments in tort law and public liability law, the role of the constitutionalisation of the right to damages as well as the court practice related to the process of enforcement of human rights through monetary remedies. This country-by-country comparison allows to consider whether the value of protection of human rights as expressed in international treaties, ius cogens and in national constitutional laws justifies the conclusion that the interests at stake should enjoy protection under the existing civil liability rules, or that a new cause of action, or even a whole new set of rules, should be created in national systems.
Category: Law

Whistleblowing A Comparative Study

Author : Gregor Thüsing
ISBN : 9783319255774
Genre : Law
File Size : 67.47 MB
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This volume takes a look at the status quo of whistleblowing in several jurisdictions from around the world. Covering a topic that draws the attention of a broad public and is gaining importance amongst legislators, practitioners and scholars all over the globe, the book examines the various aspects of whistleblowing. It looks at what kind of legal protection of whistleblowers is in force, who is protected, what kind of behaviour is protected, and what kind of behaviour whistleblowers are protected against. This is achieved by a combination of a general comparative report with country-specific reports that give information on whistleblowing in various jurisdictions. These countries include, amongst others, Canada, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands and the USA. A synopsis comprises information on whistleblowing in 23 countries in one tabula. The chapters of this book were originally prepared for the XIXth International Congress of Comparative Law (20th and 21st sup="" July 2014) of International Academy of Comparative Law in Vienna.
Category: Law

Religious Rules State Law And Normative Pluralism A Comparative Overview

Author : Rossella Bottoni
ISBN : 9783319283357
Genre : Law
File Size : 37.2 MB
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This book is devoted to the study of the interplay between religious rules and State law. It explores how State recognition of religious rules can affect the degree of legal diversity that is available to citizens and why such recognition sometime results in more individual and collective freedom and sometime in a threat to equality of citizens before the law. The first part of the book contains a few contributions that place this discussion within the wider debate on legal pluralism. While State law and religious rules are two normative systems among many others, the specific characteristics of the latter are at the heart of tensions that emerge with increasing frequency in many countries. The second part is devoted to the analysis of about twenty national cases that provide an overview of the different tools and strategies that are employed to manage the relationship between State law and religious rules all over the world.
Category: Law

Law And Migration In A Changing World

Author : Marie-Claire Foblets
ISBN : 3319995065
Genre : Law
File Size : 41.32 MB
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This volume comprises national reports on migration and migration law from 17 countries representing all continents. The vast majority of these are countries of immigration, which means they face specific challenges in terms of managing migratory flows that are increasingly linked with climate change and scarce natural resources worldwide, and they need to find viable ways to integrate humanitarian migration. Unlike so many recent publications in the field of international migration law, this book brings together reports on diverse countries that are rarely regarded as part of one and the same picture, depicting globalized migration in the contemporary era that to a large extent challenges state sovereignty. The contributions delineate the legal regimes that individual states are continually developing and modifying with a view to managing and controlling access of individual persons to their respective territories. They also show how the restrictive measures that states resort to in the event of failure to manage migration could have a lasting legal impact. The General Report preceding the country reports provides a comparative overview of the national reports, and is divided into two parts. The first, more technical in nature, addresses the classic questions relating to admission to and residence in a country. The second, more reflective section, examines the relationship between laws and migration in a wider and multidisciplinary perspective. To allow a robust comparison, the country reports all follow a similarly wide-ranging structure; to the extent possible, they also cover the historical, sociological and demographic factors that help explain legal regimes and migratory flows in each country. Each country report includes analyses of recent legislative developments and delicate questions that are still awaiting adequate (legal) responses as well as perspectives for the future.
Category: Law

Das Islamische Recht

Author : Mathias Rohe
ISBN : 9783406628481
Genre : Religion
File Size : 39.61 MB
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Erstmals beschreibt in diesem Buch ein islamwissenschaftlich geschulter Jurist Entstehung, Entwicklung und gegenwärtige Ausformung des islamischen Rechts. Mathias Rohe erläutert die wichtigsten islamischem Rechtsquellen und Rechtsfindungsmethoden und schildert in Grundzügen die Regelungsbereiche des klassischen islamischen Rechts: Ehe- und Familienrecht, Erbrecht, Vertrags- und Wirtschaftsrecht, Gesellschaftsrecht, Eigentumsrecht, Strafrecht, Staats- und Verwaltungsrecht, Fremden- und Völkerrecht. Dabei kommen auch grundlegende Unterschiede zwischen Sunniten, Schiiten und anderen Richtungen zur Sprache. Sein besonderes Augenmerk gilt den Regelungen für Muslime in einer nichtislamischen Umgebung, vor allem in Deutschland. Ein Ausblick auf Perspektiven des islamischen Rechts in einer globalisierten Welt beschließt dieses anschaulich geschriebene Standardwerk. Für die vorliegende dritte Auflage wurde das Buch überarbeitet, aktualisiert und erweitert. „Mathias Rohe hat ein ausgezeichnetes Buch über die wichtigsten Schattierungen der Scharia verfasst. Dessen Lektüre ist Pflicht für jeden, dem ernsthaft an der Integration gelegen ist.“ (Andreas Zielke, Süddeutsche Zeitung) „Wer Aufklärung verschenken will, möge zum christlichsten aller Feste das Buch von Matthias Rohe unter den Baum legen. (...) Es hat das Zeug zu einem Standardwerk. Und es füllt eine Lücke, die Missverständnisse und die einseitige Wahrnehmung konservativer Islamauslegung reißen.“ (Thoralf Schwanitz, Andreas Kurz, Financial Times Deutschland)
Category: Religion

Europ Isches Vertragsrecht

Author : Reiner Schulze
ISBN : 3832959548
Genre :
File Size : 23.37 MB
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Den Kerngebieten des BGB und des HGB liegt heute das Europaische Vertragsrecht zugrunde - vom Verbraucherschutz uber das Kaufrecht bis zum Handelsvertreterrecht. Der Vorschlag der Europaischen Kommission hat zu einer eigenen europaischen Systematik auf diesem Gebiet gefuhrt. Das vorliegende Lehrbuch enthalt erstmals eine Gesamtdarstellung des Europaischen Vertragsrechts und - gibt einen umfassenden Uberblick uber alle Kernbereiche des Vertragsrechts auf europaischer Ebene. - bezieht die aktuellen Entwicklungen hinsichtlich des Vorschlags der Kommission fur ein Gemeinsames Europaisches Kaufrecht mit ein. - erleichtert den Lesern durch den Abdruck der einschlagigen Rechtstexte und Urteilspassagen den Zugang zu dieser noch sehr neuen Materie. - berucksichtigt den Kommissionvorschlag fur das Gemeinsame Europaische Kaufrecht, die neue Verbraucherrechte-Richtlinie und den Entwurf des Gemeinsamen Referenzrahmens.
Category:

Gewinnausgleich

Author : Kristin Boosfeld
ISBN : 3161539109
Genre : Law
File Size : 76.93 MB
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English summary: Kristin Boosfeld depicts the heterogeneous traditions of disgorgement of profits in French, Dutch and English law. On this basis, she develops criteria to give a consistent answer to the question whether and to what extent profits, be they made by violation of property or any other right, should be disgorged. German description: Wird unter Verletzung fremder Rechte ein Gewinn erzielt, so stellt sich die Frage, wem dieser zusteht: dem Rechtsinhaber, der zur Gewinnerzielung nicht beigetragen hat, oder dem Gewinnerzielenden, der ohne das fremde Recht den Gewinn nicht erzielt hatte. Kristin Boosfeld stellt die in Frankreich, den Niederlanden und England vertretenen Losungsansatze gegenuber und stellt fest, dass nicht nur zwischen, sondern auch innerhalb der untersuchten Rechtsordnungen keine einheitlichen Argumentationsmuster bestehen. Je nachdem, welches Recht betroffen ist, sollen unterschiedliche Haftungsregimes greifen. Die hieraus folgenden Wertungswiderspruche sucht sie durch eine einheitliche Begrundung des Gewinnausgleichs aufzulosen und geht der Frage nach, auf der Grundlage welcher Kriterien festgestellt werden kann, ob und in welcher Form ein Ausgleich in rechtswidriger Weise erzielten Gewinns zu erfolgen hat.
Category: Law

Ffentliches Recht In Deutschland

Author : Michael Stolleis
ISBN : 9783406659447
Genre : Law
File Size : 32.72 MB
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Die „Geschichte des öffentlichen Rechts in Deutschland“ von Michael Stolleis gehört zu den herausragenden Gesamtdarstellungen unserer Zeit. Auf mehr als 2000 Druckseiten entfaltet ihr Autor darin weit über den wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen Rahmen hinaus ein rechtshistorisches Panorama Deutschlands von der Frühen Neuzeit bis an die Schwelle der Gegenwart. Nun fasst Stolleis kaum weniger eindrucksvoll den gewaltigen Stoff noch einmal auf nur rund 220 Seiten zusammen. Der Leser dieser glänzenden Einführung gewinnt ein grundlegendes Wissen über das deutsche öffentliche Recht im Wandel der Zeiten.
Category: Law