THE GOLD STAR MOTHER PILGRAMAGES OF THE 1930S OVERSEAS GRAVE VISITATIONS BY MOTHERS AND WIDOWS OF FALLEN US WORLD WAR I SOLDIERS

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The Gold Star Mother Pilgrimages Of The 1930s

Author : John W. Graham
ISBN : 078649199X
Genre : History
File Size : 25.39 MB
Format : PDF
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During the first World War, a flag with a gold star identified families who had lost soldiers. Grieving women were “Gold Star” mothers and widows. Between 1930 and 1933, the United States government took 6,654 Gold Star pilgrims to visit their sons’ and husbands’ graves in American cemeteries in Belgium, England, and France. Veteran Army officers acted as tour guides, helping women come to terms with their losses as they sought solace and closure. The government meticulously planned and paid for everything from transportation and lodging to menus, tips, sightseeing, and interpreters. Flowered wreaths, flags, and camp chairs were provided at the cemeteries, and official photographers captured each woman standing at her loved one’s grave. This work covers the Gold Star pilgrimages from their launch to the present day, beginning with an introduction to the war and wartime burial. Subsequent topics include the legislative struggle and evolution of the pilgrimage bill; personal pilgrimages, including that of the parents of poet Joyce Kilmer; the role of the Quartermaster Corps; the segregation controversy; a close examination of the first group to travel, Party A of May 1930; and the results of the pilgrimage experience as described by participants, observers, organizers, and scholars, researched through diaries, letters, scrapbooks, interviews, and newspaper accounts.
Category: History

Encyclopedia Of The Veteran In America

Author : William Pencak
ISBN : 9780313340086
Genre : History
File Size : 62.43 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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A comprehensive encyclopedia that describes the experiences of American veterans from the Revolutionary War to the present. * Presents essays from 30 contributing scholars from a variety of disciplines, many who are themselves veterans * Contains 35 primary documents, including poems by and about and tributes to veterans, recent Congressional testimony by veterans about their problems, and descriptions of their activities * Offers a timeline of relevant events, including founding dates of major veterans organizations and dates of major veterans legislation * Provides illustrations of veterans engaging in political or ceremonial activity and illustrations of monuments and memorials * Includes a bibliography of both general items and those relevant for each war/conflict
Category: History

Transnational American Memories

Author : Udo J. Hebel
ISBN : 9783110224207
Genre : History
File Size : 70.86 MB
Format : PDF
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The volume extends scholary explorations of U.S. American cultures of memory, commemorative identity construction, and the politics of remembrance into the topical field of transnational and comparative American studies. The interdisciplinary range of issues and materials engaged includes literary texts, personal accounts, and cultural performances from colonial times through the immediate present, the significance of war monuments and ethnic memorials in Europe, Asia, and the U.S., films about 9/11, public sculptures and the fine arts, American world s fairs as international sites of memory. "
Category: History

That Knock At The Door

Author : Holly S. Fenelon
ISBN : 9781475925371
Genre : History
File Size : 36.69 MB
Format : PDF
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A blue star for each family member serving in America's military a gold star if that life was lost in defense of the nation's freedom. IN WORLD WAR I, the American tradition of the service flag began. Families displayed a simple fabric banner with a blue star for each family member serving in the U.S. Armed Forces. If a family member died in the nation's service, a gold star covered that individual's blue star on the family service flag. Not a symbol of mourning, the gold star represented the family's pride and the honor and glory accorded to that individual for making the supreme sacrifice in defense of the America's freedom. Soon, the term gold star mother came to be used to identify and honor women who had lost a son or daughter in wartime military service. Following the war, as the nation focused its attention on those veterans who had returned whole in mind and body, gold star mothers served as a constant reminder of the true cost of war. In 1928, a group of these women formed American Gold Star Mothers, Inc., an organization created to honor those who had died by being of service to veterans and their families in need, supporting gold star families, and caring for veterans who had returned with physical, emotional and psychological wounds. From that humble beginning, American Gold Star Mothers, Inc. has become an icon of national service, opening its membership time and again to gold star mothers of later wars and conflicts, including Iraq and Afghanistan. Their amazing legacy of service is an important yet largely unknown chapter in American history. This book presents the story of gold star mothers in America and the first comprehensive history of American Gold Star Mothers, Inc., drawn from nearly a century of archival materials. The fascinating story of the strong women who honored their fallen sons and daughters by dedicating themselves to the service of veterans and peace is both compelling and inspiring.
Category: History

Heart Of Darkness

Author : Joseph Conrad
ISBN : 9780312457532
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 32.84 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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"Part One of this volume reprints the text of 'Heart of darkness' from the 1921 Heinemann edition of Conrad's 'Collected works' - the latest version of the text that Conrad approved. Part Two includes documents and illustrations providing cultural contexts for 'Heart of darkness'. Part Three features a critical history of the novella, plus six contemporary essays representing deconstruction; feminist, gender, and queer theory; and a new historicist, post-colonial, and psychoanalytic approaches to Conrad's most famous tale."--P. vii.
Category: Fiction

In Darkest England And The Way Out

Author : William Booth
ISBN : NYPL:33433075935522
Genre : Agricultural colonies
File Size : 83.71 MB
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An analysis of the causes of poverty in England, with some proposed solutions, from the founder of the Salvation Army. The title is a deliberate reference to Stanley's "In darkest Africa," which was published the same year.
Category: Agricultural colonies

Markers

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000116386651
Genre : Historical markers
File Size : 60.17 MB
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Category: Historical markers

Annals Of Iowa

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105213186179
Genre : Iowa
File Size : 75.6 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Category: Iowa