THE GOLD STAR MOTHER PILGRAMAGES OF THE 1930S OVERSEAS GRAVE VISITATIONS BY MOTHERS AND WIDOWS OF FALLEN US WORLD WAR I SOLDIERS

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The Gold Star Mother Pilgrimages Of The 1930s

Author : John W. Graham
ISBN : 078649199X
Genre : History
File Size : 46.61 MB
Format : PDF
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During the first World War, a flag with a gold star identified families who had lost soldiers. Grieving women were “Gold Star” mothers and widows. Between 1930 and 1933, the United States government took 6,654 Gold Star pilgrims to visit their sons’ and husbands’ graves in American cemeteries in Belgium, England, and France. Veteran Army officers acted as tour guides, helping women come to terms with their losses as they sought solace and closure. The government meticulously planned and paid for everything from transportation and lodging to menus, tips, sightseeing, and interpreters. Flowered wreaths, flags, and camp chairs were provided at the cemeteries, and official photographers captured each woman standing at her loved one’s grave. This work covers the Gold Star pilgrimages from their launch to the present day, beginning with an introduction to the war and wartime burial. Subsequent topics include the legislative struggle and evolution of the pilgrimage bill; personal pilgrimages, including that of the parents of poet Joyce Kilmer; the role of the Quartermaster Corps; the segregation controversy; a close examination of the first group to travel, Party A of May 1930; and the results of the pilgrimage experience as described by participants, observers, organizers, and scholars, researched through diaries, letters, scrapbooks, interviews, and newspaper accounts.
Category: History

Encyclopedia Of The Veteran In America

Author : William Pencak
ISBN : 9780313340086
Genre : History
File Size : 69.12 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A comprehensive encyclopedia that describes the experiences of American veterans from the Revolutionary War to the present. * Presents essays from 30 contributing scholars from a variety of disciplines, many who are themselves veterans * Contains 35 primary documents, including poems by and about and tributes to veterans, recent Congressional testimony by veterans about their problems, and descriptions of their activities * Offers a timeline of relevant events, including founding dates of major veterans organizations and dates of major veterans legislation * Provides illustrations of veterans engaging in political or ceremonial activity and illustrations of monuments and memorials * Includes a bibliography of both general items and those relevant for each war/conflict
Category: History

Transnational American Memories

Author : Udo J. Hebel
ISBN : 9783110224207
Genre : History
File Size : 22.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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The volume extends scholary explorations of U.S. American cultures of memory, commemorative identity construction, and the politics of remembrance into the topical field of transnational and comparative American studies. The interdisciplinary range of issues and materials engaged includes literary texts, personal accounts, and cultural performances from colonial times through the immediate present, the significance of war monuments and ethnic memorials in Europe, Asia, and the U.S., films about 9/11, public sculptures and the fine arts, American world s fairs as international sites of memory. "
Category: History

Markers

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000116386651
Genre : Historical markers
File Size : 68.58 MB
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Category: Historical markers

Annals Of Iowa

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105213186179
Genre : Iowa
File Size : 68.60 MB
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Category: Iowa

Das Herz Der Finsternis

Author : Joseph Conrad
ISBN : 9783961641116
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 75.33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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Der Flussdampferkapitän Marlow reist im Auftrag einer belgischen Handelskompanie tief in den Kongo. Auf seiner Reise erlebt er unverständliche Wirrnisse, Sinnlosigkeit und eine unvorstellbare Ausbeutung der Schwarzen. Die Reise den Fluss entlang entwickelt sich immer mehr zur Reise in sein eigenes unbewusstes Inneres. Marlow trifft auf den berühmt-berüchtigten und angeblich besonders erfolgreichen Elfenbein-Agenten Kurtz. Kurtz hat auf seinem Handelsposten, von der Handelsgesellschaft als "leuchtfeuer auf der Straße zum Besseren" beabsichtigt, ein Zentrum des Bösen und eine machtvolle Position etabliert. Vermeintlich unter dem schädlichen Einfluss der Wildnis hat er sich den in ihm selber existierenden Verrohungstendenzen hingegeben und geht darin unter. Marlow verfälscht seine letzten Worte ("das Grauen! Das Grauen!"), um sie Kurtz' Braut als letzten Gruß zu überbringen.
Category: Fiction