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The Goddesses And Gods Of Old Europe 6500 3500 B C

Author : Marija Gimbutas
ISBN : 0520253981
Genre : History
File Size : 30.37 MB
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"A magnificent study."--Joseph Campbell "This splendidly illustrated book brings together an archeological documentation hardly to be found elsewhere."--Mircea Eliade
Category: History

The Oxford Handbook Of Prehistoric Figurines

Author : Timothy Insoll
ISBN : 9780191663109
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25.24 MB
Format : PDF
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Figurines dating from prehistory have been found across the world but have never before been considered globally. The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines is the first book to offer a comparative survey of this kind, bringing together approaches from across the landscape of contemporary research into a definitive resource in the field. The volume is comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible, with dedicated and fully illustrated chapters covering figurines from the Americas, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australasia and the Pacific laid out by geographical location and written by the foremost scholars in figurine studies; wherever prehistoric figurines are found they have been expertly described and examined in relation to their subject matter, form, function, context, chronology, meaning, and interpretation. Specific themes that are discussed by contributors include, for example, theories of figurine interpretation, meaning in processes and contexts of figurine production, use, destruction and disposal, and the cognitive and social implications of representation. Chronologically, the coverage ranges from the Middle Palaeolithic through to areas and periods where an absence of historical sources renders figurines 'prehistoric' even though they might have been produced in the mid-2nd millennium AD, as in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. The result is a synthesis of invaluable insights into past thinking on the human body, gender, identity, and how the figurines might have been used, either practically, ritually, or even playfully.
Category: Social Science

Eros Und Bekehrung

Author : Christian Wetz
ISBN : 9783647540078
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 61.5 MB
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Die »Wandlung Aseneths« genannte zentrale Episode in der frühjüdischen Schrift »Joseph und Aseneth« (JosAs) funktioniert nach dem Schema der rites de passage, wie es Arnold van Gennep beschrieben hat, und weist darüber hinaus im Anschluss an Victor Turner Kennzeichen des Liminalen auf. Gleichzeitig bricht sie mit dem Schema der Mädchentragödie (Walter Burkert), nach der die Protagonistin unterworfen werden müsste. Ausgehend von diesen Beobachtungen zeigt Wetz, dass Aseneth durch ihre Wandlung, die sowohl eine Konversion zum Judentum als auch einen biographischen Übergang vom Mädchen zur Frau darstellt, Freiheit zur Selbstbestimmung erfährt. Die Darstellung dieses doppelten Übergangs als rite de passage trägt das Motiv der Auferstehung, des Durchgangs des Lebens durch den Tod hin zu neuem Leben, in die Erzählung ein.Die anschließende religionsgeschichtliche Analyse zeigt, dass zentrale Motive der Wandlungsepisode auf die Auferstehungs- und Freiheitsthematik verweisen. Da die rites de passage als kulturübergreifend zu fassendes Phänomen integraler Bestandteil der conditio humana sind, gelingt es der Erzählung, ihren historischen wie ihren modernen Rezipienten mitzunehmen auf Aseneths Weg zu einem biographischen Neuanfang.Die Lektüre von JosAs erhält die Funktion therapeutischer Katharsis. Wetz legt Wert auf die Feststellung, dass das, was zur conditio humana gehört, sich in einem biologisch-kulturellen Adaptionsprozess im Laufe der Humanevolution entwickelt hat. Dies fungiert als theoretische Grundlage dafür, dass die Rezipienten von JosAs kultur- und zeitenübergreifend angerührt werden.
Category: Fiction

Das R Tsel Der Donauzivilisation

Author : Harald Haarmann
ISBN : 9783406622113
Genre : History
File Size : 71.88 MB
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In den letzten Jahren haben Archäologen immer mehr Belege dafür gefunden, dass es zwischen dem 6. und dem 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. auf dem Balkan eine Hochkultur gab, die bereits vor den Mesopotamiern die Schrift kannte. Harald Haarmann führt in diesem Buch erstmals umfassend in diese bisher unbekannte, in vielem noch rätselhafte alteuropäische Kultur ein. Er beschreibt Handelswege und Siedlungen, Kunst und Handwerk, Mythologie und Schrift der Donauzivilisation, geht ihren Ursprüngen am Schwarzen Meer nach und zeigt auf, welchen Einfluss sie auf die Kultur der griechischen Antike und des Vorderen Orients hatte.
Category: History

Naked Truths

Author : Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow
ISBN : 9781134603855
Genre : History
File Size : 51.66 MB
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The articles in Naked Truths demonstrate the application of feminist theory to a diverse repertory of classical art: they offer topical and controversial readings on the material culture of the ancient Mediterranean. This volume presents a timely, provocative and beautifully illustrated re-evaluation of how the issues of gender, identity and sexuality reveal 'naked truths' about fundamental human values and social realities, through the compelling symbolism of the body.
Category: History

Goddess And God

Author : Valerie A. Abrahamsen
ISBN : 0971949646
Genre : Religion
File Size : 84.54 MB
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Vestiges of prehistoric Nature goddess, worshipped by Neolithic and other peoples for millennia, survived into Graeco-Roman period and influenced development of Christianity. While a male-dominated religious ethos supplanted goddess religion in the West starting in the Bronze Age, goddess beliefs and practices persisted underground. Evidence is drawn from the existence of goddess symbols in catacombs, other early church art, and basilica art from the early Byzantine era; extant folklore and folk traditions; magic and other quasi-religious practices evident in early Christian traditions; and rituals preserved by the church.
Category: Religion

New Age And Neopagan Religions In America

Author : Sarah M. Pike
ISBN : 9780231508384
Genre : Religion
File Size : 41.43 MB
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From Shirley MacLaine's spiritual biography Out on a Limb to the teenage witches in the film The Craft, New Age and Neopagan beliefs have made sensationalistic headlines. In the mid- to late 1990s, several important scholarly studies of the New Age and Neopagan movements were published, attesting to academic as well as popular recognition that these religions are a significant presence on the contemporary North American religious landscape. Self-help books by New Age channelers and psychics are a large and growing market; annual spending on channeling, self-help businesses, and alternative health care is at $10 to $14 billion; an estimated 12 million Americans are involved with New Age activities; and American Neopagans are estimated at around 200,000. New Age and Neopagan Religions in America introduces the beliefs and practices behind the public faces of these controversial movements, which have been growing steadily in late twentieth- and early twenty-first-century America. What is the New Age movement, and how is it different from and similar to Neopaganism in its underlying beliefs and still-evolving practices? Where did these decentralized and eclectic movements come from, and why have they grown and flourished at this point in American religious history? What is the relationship between the New Age and Neopaganism and other religions in America, particularly Christianity, which is often construed as antagonistic to them? Drawing on historical and ethnographic accounts, Sarah Pike explores these questions and offers a sympathetic yet critical treatment of religious practices often marginalized yet soaring in popularity. The book provides a general introduction to the varieties of New Age and Neopagan religions in the United States today as well as an account of their nineteenth-century roots and emergence from the 1960s counterculture. Covering such topics as healing, gender and sexuality, millennialism, and ritual experience, it also furnishes a rich description and analysis of the spiritual worlds and social networks created by participants.
Category: Religion