THE EVOLUTION UNDERGROUND BURROWS BUNKERS AND THE MARVELOUS SUBTERRANEAN WORLD BENEATH OUR FEET

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The Evolution Underground Burrows Bunkers And The Marvelous Subterranean World Beneath Our Feet

Author : Anthony J. Martin
ISBN : 9781681773759
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.20 MB
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What is the best way to survive when the going gets tough? Hiding underground. From penguins to dinosaurs, trilobites, and humans, Anthony Martin reveals the subterranean secret of survival. Humans have “gone underground” for survival for thousands of years, from underground cities in Turkey to Cold War–era bunkers. But our burrowing roots go back to the very beginnings of animal life on earth. Without burrowing, the planet would be very different today. Many animal lineages alive now—including our own—only survived a cataclysmic meteorite strike 65 million years ago because they went underground. On a grander scale, the chemistry of the planet itself had already been transformed many millions of years earlier by the first animal burrows, which altered whole ecosystems. Every day we walk on an earth filled with an under-ground wilderness teeming with life. Most of this life stays hidden, yet these animals and their subterranean homes are ubiquitous, ranging from the deep sea to mountains, from the equator to the poles. Burrows are a refuge from predators, a safe home for raising young, or a tool to ambush prey. Burrows also protect animals against all types of natural disasters: fires, droughts, storms, meteorites, global warmings—and coolings. In a book filled with spectacularly diverse fauna, acclaimed paleontologist and ichnologist Anthony Martin reveals this fascinating, hidden world that will continue to influence and transform life on this planet.
Category: Science

The Evolution Underground

Author : Anthony J. Martin
ISBN : 1681776561
Genre : Nature
File Size : 44.78 MB
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What is the best way to survive when the going gets tough? Hiding underground. From penguins to dinosaurs, trilobites, and humans, Anthony Martin reveals the subterranean secret of survival.
Category: Nature

The Evolution Underground

Author : Anthony J. Martin
ISBN : 1681773120
Genre : Nature
File Size : 36.81 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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What is the best way to survive when the going gets tough? Hiding underground. From penguins to dinosaurs, trilobites, and humans, Anthony Martin reveals the subterranean secret of survival.
Category: Nature

Dinosaurs Without Bones

Author : Anthony J Martin
ISBN : 9781480448025
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.76 MB
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“[Bubbling] over with the joy of scientific discovery. . . . Great fun for anyone looking to revive their childhood dinosaur obsessions.” —Publishers Weekly, starred review What if we woke up one morning all of the dinosaur bones in the world were gone? How would we know these iconic animals had a 165-million year history on earth, and had adapted to all land-based environments from pole to pole? What clues would be left to discern not only their presence, but also to learn about their sex lives, raising of young, social lives, combat, and who ate who? What would it take for us to know how fast dinosaurs moved, whether they lived underground, climbed trees, or went for a swim? Welcome to the world of ichnology, the study of traces and trace fossils—such as tracks, trails, burrows, nests, toothmarks, and other vestiges of behavior—and how through these remarkable clues, we can explore and intuit the rich and complicated lives of dinosaurs. With a unique, detective-like approach, interpreting the forensic clues of these long-extinct animals that leave a much richer legacy than bones, Martin brings the wild world of the Mesozoic to life for the twenty-first-century reader.
Category: Science

Life Traces Of The Georgia Coast

Author : Anthony J. Martin
ISBN : 9780253006097
Genre : Science
File Size : 21.24 MB
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Have you ever wondered what left behind those prints and tracks on the seashore, or what made those marks or dug those holes in the dunes? Life Traces of the Georgia Coast is an up-close look at these traces of life and the animals and plants that made them. It tells about the how the tracemakers lived and how they interacted with their environments. This is a book about ichnology (the study of such traces), a wonderful way to learn about the behavior of organisms, living and long extinct. Life Traces presents an overview of the traces left by modern animals and plants in this biologically rich region; shows how life traces relate to the environments, natural history, and behaviors of their tracemakers; and applies that knowledge toward a better understanding of the fossilized traces that ancient life left in the geologic record. Augmented by numerous illustrations of traces made by both ancient and modern organisms, the book shows how ancient trace fossils directly relate to modern traces and tracemakers, among them, insects, grasses, crabs, shorebirds, alligators, and sea turtles. The result is an aesthetically appealing and scientifically accurate book that will serve as both a source book for scientists and for anyone interested in the natural history of the Georgia coast.
Category: Science

Dinosaurs Of Eastern Iberia

Author : Angel Galobart
ISBN : 9780253356222
Genre : Nature
File Size : 86.96 MB
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Written for the general reader, this book is both a colorful introduction to the history and study of dinosaurs and an eye-opening survey of dinosaur discoveries in Spain. At the time of the dinosaurs, Iberia was in the process of becoming a peninsula of Continental Europe and looked very different than it does today. Now an area only slightly larger than Vermont and New Hampshire, Eastern Iberia contains one of the richest fossil records of Mesozoic vertebrates in Europe. This record spans an 80-million-year period that includes key moments in Earth's history, such as the extinction events at the Jurassic-Cretaceous and the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundaries. Dinosaurs of Eastern Iberia tells the story of Iberia's tumultuous geological history and presents a detailed synthesis of the region's dinosaur discoveries, with fact sheets and reconstructions of each species found there. This volume also describes the flora and fauna that made up the ancient ecosystems and explores the paleobiogeography of this dynamic region.
Category: Nature

Jurassic West

Author : John Foster
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123365103
Genre : Nature
File Size : 77.91 MB
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The incredible story of the dinosaurs and other animals that lived in the American West 150 million years ago
Category: Nature

Mammal Societies

Author : Tim Clutton-Brock
ISBN : 9781119095361
Genre : Science
File Size : 56.69 MB
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The book aims to integrate our understanding of mammalian societies into a novel synthesis that is relevant to behavioural ecologists, ecologists, and anthropologists. It adopts a coherent structure that deals initially with the characteristics and strategies of females, before covering those of males, cooperative societies and hominid societies. It reviews our current understanding both of the structure of societies and of the strategies of individuals; it combines coverage of relevant areas of theory with coverage of interspecific comparisons, intraspecific comparisons and experiments; it explores both evolutionary causes of different traits and their ecological consequences; and it integrates research on different groups of mammals with research on primates and humans and attempts to put research on human societies into a broader perspective.
Category: Science

Introduction To The Study Of Dinosaurs

Author : Anthony J. Martin
ISBN : 0632044365
Genre : Science
File Size : 23.41 MB
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An accessible introduction to the study of dinosaurs that advocates an eclectic approach and places the scientific method at the crux of the studies. This book will balance scientific rigor with a lively text that shows how dinosaurs lived and died as well as what happened to them after they died. Body fossils, trace fossils and taphonomy will be themes. an accompanying web page for further information www.blackwell-science.com/dinosaurs chapter opening 'real life' problem used to introduce topic 'So What' section at chapter end to address significance of content to student scientific method integrated throughout trace fossil theme ethics highlighted throughout end chapter exercises Visit the Dinosaur website for web links and resources: http://www.blackwell-science.com/dinosaurs
Category: Science

Dragon Hunter

Author : Charles Gallenkamp
ISBN : IND:30000085372401
Genre : History
File Size : 64.14 MB
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Describes how a fossil-hunting team led by Roy Chapman Andrews during the Central Asiatic Expeditions of 1922-1930 braved sandstorms, bandits, civil war, and political conflict as it searched for evidence of dinosaurs in the Gobi Desert.
Category: History