THE EVOLUTION OF HUMAN SOCIETIES FROM FORAGING GROUP TO AGRARIAN STATE SECOND EDITION

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The Evolution Of Human Societies

Author : Allen W. Johnson
ISBN : 0804740321
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.28 MB
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Combining original theoretical ideas and interpretation with ethnographic evidence, Johnson and Earle seek to describe and account for the development of complex human societies. A wealth of case studies are referred to throughout and these are used to support arguments for the proposed causes, mechanisms and patterns of change and for the factors involved, such as technological change, population growth, warfare, the exchange of goods. This second edition sees a complete re-writing of the theoretical chapters, taking account of recent research, plus a new chapter on changes since the Industrial Revolution and the globalisation of society.
Category: Social Science

A History Of Communications

Author : Marshall T. Poe
ISBN : 9781139495578
Genre : History
File Size : 74.51 MB
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A History of Communications advances a theory of media that explains the origins and impact of different forms of communication - speech, writing, print, electronic devices and the Internet - on human history in the long term. New media are 'pulled' into widespread use by broad historical trends and these media, once in widespread use, 'push' social institutions and beliefs in predictable directions. This view allows us to see for the first time what is truly new about the Internet, what is not, and where it is taking us.
Category: History

International Institutions In World History

Author : Laust Schouenborg
ISBN : 9781315409887
Genre : LAW
File Size : 60.34 MB
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This book presents a case for a basic reorientation of International Relations away from the state and towards the study of social institutions in the sense of patterned practices, ideas and norms/rules. IR has always suffered from a parochial occupation with the state and the Western system of state. Its main theories revolve around these phenomena, and have resulted in the reification of the state: it has been turned into an essential actor, with certain immutable and fundamental properties that remain constant throughout time. A list of these properties usually includes territorial limits, centralisation, monopolisation of violence and exclusive loyalties. International Institutions in World History shows how the state is an inherently modern phenomenon, a modern social institution, and that foundational concepts in IR should be based on a full appreciation of the wider record of human existence on earth, trans-historically and cross-culturally. Schouenborg argues that these social institutions may be captured via a universal functional typology consisting of four categories: legitimacy and membership; regulating conflicts; trade; and governance. The book will be of interest to scholars and students within IR (particularly IR theory), anthropology, archaeology and sociology, and those interested in general social theory.
Category: LAW

Berkshire Encyclopedia Of World History 2nd Edition Mcneil Bently Christian Croiser 2010

Author : Berkshire Publishing Group, LLC.
ISBN :
Genre : History
File Size : 45.12 MB
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Reader’s Guide From the earliest stages of planning the encyclopedia to its fruition as a second edition, our goal has been to present a body of knowledge whose core is about the movement, interaction, and change that has shaped the world. With that continued focus, on connections and movements over and across time and place, we’ve designed our Reader’s Guide. Its thirtyfi ve topical, alphabetically organized categories— under which we list all the entries relevant to each category—emphasize the ways in which a specifi c subject can apply to more than one broad fi eld of study. Textiles, for instance, can reveal a people’s aesthetic sense and development, as well as provide insight about socioeconomic, political, and cultural aspects of a people. Thus the article “Textiles” appears under the categories Arts and Literature, Commerce—Trade Goods and Products, and Daily Life. The categories themselves often refl ect important themes—lenses through which we view a particular aspect of history—such as Confl ict and War or Diplomacy and Peace. Some categories are based on geographical constructs, others on governments or states. Still others group processes, models, or forces that have driven history over the centuries. We’ve “dispersed” the names in our Biography category to indicate the places where these fi gures had their primary or initial infl uence, and (wherever possible) the fi eld, discipline, or specifi c topic in which they made an impact. The British political economist Thomas Malthus (1766–1834), for example, one of the fi rst to warn against the dangers of overpopulation, appears under Environment and Ecology; Europe; Philosophy, Ideas, and Thoughts; and Population, while we list Olaudah Equiano (1745–1797), the African writer and abolitionist, under Africa; Americas; and Social and Political Protest Movements. We include the Reader’s Guide here—and of course in its interactive form for online subscriptions—as a valuable resource for students, teachers, course planners, and general readers alike.
Category: History

The Rule Of The Clan

Author : Mark S. Weiner
ISBN : 9781466836389
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49.87 MB
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A revealing look at the role kin-based societies have played throughout history and around the world A lively, wide-ranging meditation on human development that offers surprising lessons for the future of modern individualism, The Rule of the Clan examines the constitutional principles and cultural institutions of kin-based societies, from medieval Iceland to modern Pakistan. Mark S. Weiner, an expert in constitutional law and legal history, shows us that true individual freedom depends on the existence of a robust state dedicated to the public interest. In the absence of a healthy state, he explains, humans naturally tend to create legal structures centered not on individuals but rather on extended family groups. The modern liberal state makes individualism possible by keeping this powerful drive in check—and we ignore the continuing threat to liberal values and institutions at our peril. At the same time, for modern individualism to survive, liberals must also acknowledge the profound social and psychological benefits the rule of the clan provides and recognize the loss humanity sustains in its transition to modernity. Masterfully argued and filled with rich historical detail, Weiner's investigation speaks both to modern liberal societies and to developing nations riven by "clannism," including Muslim societies in the wake of the Arab Spring.
Category: Political Science

Anthropology

Author : Conrad Phillip Kottak
ISBN : 0073137472
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.44 MB
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The new edition of Kottak's best selling text continues to offer a holistic introduction to anthropology that approaches the course from a four-field perspective. To emphasize anthropology's integrated and comparative nature, "Bringing It All Together" essays show how anthropology's sub-fields and dimensions combine to interpret and explain a common topic. Another distinctive feature, "Understanding Ourselves," illustrates the relevance of anthropological facts and theories to students' everyday lives. In addition, every new copy of the eleventh edition is packaged free with a new student CD-ROM as well as PowerWeb!
Category: Social Science

Eternal Treblinka

Author : Charles Patterson
ISBN : 1930051999
Genre : Nature
File Size : 40.82 MB
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This book explores the similar attitudes and methods behind modern society's treatment of animals and the way humans have often treated each other, most notably during the Holocaust. The book's epigraph and title are from "The Letter Writer," a story by the Yiddish writer and Nobel Laureate Isaac Bashevis Singer: "In relation to them, all people are Nazis; for the animals it is an eternal Treblinka." The first part of the book (Chapter 1-2) describes the emergence of human beings as the master species and their domination over the rest of the inhabitants of the earth. The second part (Chapters 3-5) examines the industrialization of slaughter (of both animals and humans) that took place in modern times. The last part of the book (Chapters 6-8) profiles Jewish and German animal advocates on both sides of the Holocaust, including Isaac Bashevis Singer himself. The Foreword is by Lucy Rosen Kaplan, former attorney for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) and daughter of Holocaust survivors. Her foreword, the Preface and Afterword, excerpts from the book, chapter synopses, and an international list of supporters can be found on the book's website at: www.powerfulbook.com
Category: Nature

From Classical To Byzantine

Author : P. Nick Kardulias
ISBN : UOM:39015062450146
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.49 MB
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This book attempts to bring an anthropological perspective to the historical archaeology of a complex period in the Greek past. Traditionally, discussion of the transition from Late Antiquity to the Early Byzantine period in the Aegean region has focused on the fate of Classical urban culture. Scholarly opinion is divided as to whether the Classical polis and its constituent institutions emerged intact from the disruptive events of the third to sixth centuries A.D. Over the past two decades a consensus has emerged that argues that the break between Classical and Byzantine occurred in the seventh, not the fourth or fifth centuries A.D., and that it was a more gradual process than previously believed. The present study examines the Byzantine Fortress at Isthmia in the Peloponnese with an eye to understanding social change in this critical period, at the level of the site and then the region, in terms of an evolutionary perspective. This study focuses on three problems at different levels of abstraction: (1) A descriptive problem - gathering more information about the Medieval occupation at Isthmia; delineating the structural features of the Byzantine Fortress with the ultimate intent of comprehending site functions through time. (2) A methodological problem - the use of geophysical techniques to examine the subsurface of the Fortress and other selected spots to obtain the data necessary for proper description. (3) A broader historical problem - how best to reconstruct the key events pertaining to the transition from Late Antiquity to Early Byzantine. The methodological element becomes the link between the gathering of site-specific data and the wider historical implications for that information.
Category: Social Science