THE EURO AND THE BATTLE OF IDEAS

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The Euro And The Battle Of Ideas

Author : Markus K. Brunnermeier
ISBN : 9781400883332
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 45.1 MB
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Why is Europe's great monetary endeavor, the Euro, in trouble? A string of economic difficulties in Greece, Ireland, Spain, Italy, and other Eurozone nations has left observers wondering whether the currency union can survive. In this book, Markus Brunnermeier, Harold James, and Jean-Pierre Landau argue that the core problem with the Euro lies in the philosophical differences between the founding countries of the Eurozone, particularly Germany and France. But the authors also show how these seemingly incompatible differences can be reconciled to ensure Europe’s survival. As the authors demonstrate, Germany, a federal state with strong regional governments, saw the Maastricht Treaty, the framework for the Euro, as a set of rules. France, on the other hand, with a more centralized system of government, saw the framework as flexible, to be overseen by governments. The authors discuss how the troubles faced by the Euro have led its member states to focus on national, as opposed to collective, responses, a reaction explained by the resurgence of the battle of economic ideas: rules vs. discretion, liability vs. solidarity, solvency vs. liquidity, austerity vs. stimulus. Weaving together economic analysis and historical reflection, The Euro and the Battle of Ideas provides a forensic investigation and a road map for Europe’s future.
Category: Business & Economics

Author : Edward Wadie Said
ISBN : 9776174213
Genre : East and West
File Size : 54.89 MB
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Category: East and West

Author : Bob Woodward
ISBN : 9789960543895
Genre : History
File Size : 36.58 MB
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"State of Denial feels all the more outraged for its measured, nonpartisan tones and relentless reporting. It is nothing less than a watershed.... The full story of the Iraq War will be told by historians....This book...will be at the top of their shelves as they proceed to the altar of judgment." -- Ted Widmer, The Washington Post Book World "Serious, densely, even exhaustively reported, and a real contribution to history in that it gives history what it most requires, first-person testimony....This is a primer on how the executive branch of the United States works, or rather doesn't work, in the early years of the 21st century." -- Peggy Noonan, The Wall Street Journal "Never-before-reported nuggets in every chapter....It offers the most revealing in-the-room glimpse of the Bush administration that we have so far." -- Walter Shapiro, Salon.com "State of Denial is brimming with vivid details about White House meetings, critical phone calls, intelligence reports, and military affairs....Impressively detailed and eye-opening revelations about the Bush administration's handling of the Iraq war and its aftermath." -- Chuck Leddy, The Boston Globe "Woodward's book is packed with details about the gulf between the information the administration had and the picture it presented." -- USA Today "Woodward's trilogy on the Bush administration at war is essential, and compelling, reading." -- Foreign Affairs
Category: History

Author : Rod Campbell
ISBN : 1844441687
Genre : Arabic language
File Size : 49.95 MB
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Children's Fiction
Category: Arabic language

Author : كنوت هامسون
ISBN :
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 45.27 MB
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يروى الكاتب فى هذا الكتاب أنه حدث فى تلك الايام التى كنت فيها مشردا أتضور جوعا فى مدينة كريستيانا,تلك المدينة العجيبة التى لا يغادرها أحد قبل أن تسمه بسماتها وتترك عليه آثارها.كنت راقدا متيقظا فى مخدعى الحقير الواقع تحت سند السقف, فسمعت تحتى فى الدور الأول ساعة تدق ست دقات,وكان الصبح قد تنفس وأخذ الناس يصعدون السلم ويهبطون.
Category: Fiction

Author : مارك مانسون
ISBN : 9786144720196
Genre :
File Size : 25.54 MB
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ظل يُقال لنا طيلة عشرات السنوات إن التفكير الإيجابي هو المفتاح إلى حياة سعيدة ثرية. لكن مارك مانسون يشتم تلك " الإيجابية " ويقول: " فلنكن صادقين، السيء سيء وعلينا أن نتعايش مع هذا ". لا يتهرّب مانسون من الحقائق ولا يغفلها بالسكّر، بل يقولها لنا كما هي: جرعة من الحقيقة الفجِّة الصادقة المنعشة هي ما ينقصنا اليوم. هذا الكتاب ترياق للذهنية التي نهدهد أنفسنا بها، ذهنية " فلنعمل على أن يكون لدينا كلنا شعور طيب " التي غزت المجتمع المعاصر فأفسدت جيلًا بأسره صار ينال ميداليات ذهبية لمجرد الحضور إلى المدرسة. ينصحنا مانسون بأن نعرف حدود إمكاناتنا وأن نتقبلها. وأن ندرك مخاوفنا ونواقصنا وما لسنا واثقين منه، وأن نكفّ عن التهرب والفرار من ذلك كله ونبدأ مواجهة الحقائق الموجعة، حتى نصير قادرين على العثور على ما نبحث عنه من جرأة ومثابرة وصدق ومسؤولية وتسامح وحب للمعرفة. لا يستطيع كل شخص أن يكون متميزًا متفوقًا. ففي المجتمع ناجحين وفاشلين؛ وقسم من هذا الواقع ليس عادلًا وليس نتيجة غلطتك أنت. وصحيح أن المال شيء حسن، لكن اهتمامك بما تفعله بحياتك أحسن كثيرًا؛ فالتجربة هي الثروة الحقيقية. إنها لحظة حديث حقيقي صادق لشخص يمسكك من كتفيك وينظر في عينيك. هذا الكتاب صفعة " منعشة لهذا الجيل حتى تساعده في عيش حياة راضية مستقرة.
Category:

The Euro

Author : Joseph Stiglitz
ISBN : 9780241258163
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35.37 MB
Format : PDF
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From Nobel Prize-winning economist and best-selling author Joseph Sitglitz, author of Globalization and Its Discontents, this is the essential, must-read guide to the future of Europe. Solidarity and prosperity fostered by economic integration: this principle has underpinned the European project from the start, and the establishment of a common currency was supposed to be its most audacious and tangible achievement. Since 2008, however, the European Union has ricocheted between stagnation and crisis. The inability of the eurozone to match the recovery in the USA and UK has exposed its governing structures, institutions and policies as dysfunctional and called into question the viability of a common currency shared by such different economies as Germany and Greece. Designed to bring the European Union closer together, the euro has actually done the opposite: after nearly a decade without growth, unity has been replaced with dissent and enlargements with prospective exits. Joseph Stiglitz argues that Europe's stagnation and bleak outlook are a direct result of the fundamental flaws inherent in the euro project - economic integration outpacing political integration with a structure that promotes divergence rather than convergence. Money relentlessly leaves the weaker member states and goes to the strong, with debt accumulating in a few ill-favoured countries. The question then is: Can the euro be saved? Laying bare the European Central Bank's misguided inflation-only mandate and explaining why austerity has condemned Europe to unending stagnation, Stiglitz outlines the fundamental reforms necessary to the structure of the eurozone and the policies imposed on the member countries suffering the most. But the same lack of sufficient political solidarity that led to the creation of a flawed euro twenty years ago suggests that these reforms are unlikely to be adopted. Hoping to avoid the huge costs associated with current policies, Stiglitz proposes two other alternatives: a well-managed end to the common currency; or a bold, new system dubbed 'the flexible euro.' This important book, by one of the world's leading economists, addresses the euro-crisis on a bigger intellectual scale than any predecessor.
Category: Political Science

The European Union Decoded

Author : Maria Lorca-Susino
ISBN : 9781351966955
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69.93 MB
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The European Union (EU) and the Eurozone became the economic integration example to follow for years. However, the worldwide economic crisis that unfolded in 2007 put the whole economic integration process in question, the European project in jeopardy and the euro under pressure, with serious doubts that it can survive its first crisis. The core argument of this book is twofold. First, it seeks to explain the difficult political, economic and fiscal idiosyncrasies of all member states in order to put the reasons for the economic crisis into a new and clear perspective. Second, it argues that the institutional response put forward to explain this tremendous crisis is flawed and dangerous because it does not solve the main underlying problem: the deep differences among member states on their understanding of economic and financial behavior. This study counters the leading institutional explanation for the economic crisis that has impacted the entire EU. It presents a unique and provocative explanation of why the EU and the Eurozone are still immersed in an economic crisis and will be of key interest to students and scholars of European Politics and Economics.
Category: Political Science

Author : فريدريك نيتشه
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 81.29 MB
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إن نيتشه مفكر جبار يفتح أمام الفرد آفاقًا وسيعة في مجال القوة والثقة بالنفس وتحرير الحياة من المسكنة والذل، تائقًّا إلى إيجاد إنسان يتفوق على إنسانيته بالمجاهدة والتغلب على العناصر والعادات والتقاليد وما توارثته الأجيال من العقائد الموهنة للعزم؛ يقف وقفة الحائر المتردد عندما يحاول إقامة مجتمعٍ لأفراده المتفوقين بل هو يضطر إلى نقض أوليَّاته القائمة على احتقار الرحمة والرحماء حتى ينتهي إلى قوله: "إن العالم الذي يتفوق على الإنسانية إنما يعود بها بعد هذا الجنوح إلى بذل حبه للأصاغر ".. وهكذا ترى زرادشت الداعي إلى تحطيم ألواح الوصايا جميعها، وإلى إنكار الشريعة الأدبية لإقامة شرعة جديدة ما وراء الخير والشر.
Category:

Author : إدوارد سعيد
ISBN : 6000067658
Genre :
File Size : 30.65 MB
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Category: