THE ETHICAL LIFE FUNDAMENTAL READINGS IN ETHICS AND MORAL PROBLEMS

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The Ethical Life

Author : Russ Shafer-Landau
ISBN : 0190631317
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70.53 MB
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This collection of primary source materials covering the major themes of moral philosophy features forty-two classical and contemporary readings divided into four parts--The Good Life, Normative Ethics, Metaethics, and Moral Problems. Comprehensive yet concise, it introduces students toethical theory and a wide range of moral issues.
Category: Philosophy

Author : Steven D. Levitt
ISBN : 9789960543932
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 68.74 MB
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أيهما أشد خطراً، المسدس أم حوض السباحة؟ ما هي الأشياء المشتركة بين معلمي المدارس ومصارعي السومو؟ لماذا ما يزال تجار المخدرات يعيشون مع أمهاتهم؟ ما هو مقدار اهتمام الوالدين حقاً؟ ما هو تأثير قضية «رو» و«ويد» في جرائم العنف؟ قد لا تبدو هذه الأسئلة مثل الأسئلة النمطية التي يسألها الاقتصادي، لكن ستيفن د. ليفيت ليس اقتصادياً نمطياً؛ إنه عالم شجاع أكثر من أي شيء آخر، يدرس المادة والأحاجي في الحياة اليومية ــ من الغش والجريمة إلى الرياضة وتربية الأطفال ــ وتقوم استنتاجاته عادة على قلب الحكمة التقليدية رأساً على عقب. وغالباً ما يبدأ بتل كبير من المعطيات وبسؤال بسيط لم يطرح من قبل. إنه يهتم ببعض هذه الأسئلة مثل قضايا الحياة والموت، وبعضها الآخر ذو ميزات استثنائية دون شك. وهكذا يحتوي هذا الكتاب على حقل جديد من الدراسة، وهو (الاقتصاد العجيب). ومن خلال سرده للقصص الآسرة ومن النظرة العميقة غير المباشرة، يبين ليفيت وزميله ستيفن ج. دوبنر أن الاقتصاد -في جذوره- دراسة للحوافز ـــ كيف يحصل الناس على ما يريدون أو يحتاجون، لاسيما عندما يريد الناس الآخرون الشيء ذاته أو يحتاجونه. في كتابهما (الاقتصاد العجيب)، يشرع المؤلفان في استكشاف الجانب الخفي ـــ من كل شيء؛ الأعمال الداخلية لعصابة مخدرات، وحقيقة الوسطاء العقاريين، وأساطير تمويل الحملات. وقصص الغش لدى معلمي المدارس. وأسرار جمعية كوكلوكس كلان (العرقية). ومن هنا فإذا كانت الأخلاق تمثل كيف نريد للعالم أن يسير، فإن الاقتصاد يمثل كيف يعمل العالم فعلاً. صحيح إن قراء هذا الكتاب سيتسلحون بقصص وأحاجٍ تكفي لتروى في آلاف الحفلات، لكن كتاب (الاقتصاد العجيب) يستطيع أن يقدم أكثر من ذلك، إنه يعيد تعريف الطريقة التي ننظر بها إلى العالم الحديث تعريفاً حرفياً. العبيكان للنشر
Category: Business & Economics

The Fundamentals Of Ethics

Author : Russ Shafer-Landau
ISBN : 0190631392
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37.68 MB
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In The Fundamentals of Ethics, Fourth Edition, author Russ Shafer-Landau employs a uniquely engaging writing style to introduce students to the essential ideas of moral philosophy. Offering more comprehensive coverage of the good life, normative ethics, and metaethics than any other text of its kind, this book also addresses issues that are often omitted from other texts, such as the doctrine of doing and allowing, the doctrine of double effect, ethical particularism, the desire-satisfaction theory of well-being, moral error theory, and Ross's theory of prima facie duties. Shafer-Landau carefully reconstructs and analyzes dozens of arguments in depth, at a level that is understandable to students with no prior philosophical background. Ideal for courses in introductory ethics and contemporary moral problems, this book can be used as a stand-alone text or with the author's companion reader, The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems, Fourth Edition.
Category: Philosophy

The Death Of The Ethic Of Life

Author : John Basl
ISBN : 9780190923884
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57.97 MB
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Many subscribe to an Ethic of Life, an ethical perspective on which all living things deserve some level of moral concern. Within philosophy, the Ethic of Life has been clarified, developed, and rigorously defended; yet it has also found its harshest critics. Between biocentrists, those that endorse the Ethic of Life, and those that accept a more restricted view of moral status, the debate has reached a standstill, with few new resources for shifting or complicating it. In The Death of the Ethic of Life, John Basl seeks to end this comfortable stalemate by emphasizing a simple truth: the well-being of non-sentient beings, such as plants, species, and ecosystems, is morally significant only to the extent that it matters to sentient beings. Basl first develops a version of The Ethic of Life that best meets traditional challenges: the Ethic, if it is to survive criticism, must be able to explain how it is that all living things have a welfare or a good of their own. The best hope of offering such an explanation is to ground that welfare in teleology or goal-directedness, and then to ground that goal-directedness in the workings of natural selection. While a naturalistic account of teleology is crucial to defending an Ethic of Life, it is also its downfall. This Ethic ultimately entails that not only are ecosystems and collectives morally considerable, but so, too, are artifacts: everything from can openers to computers. Basl shows that evaluation of the resources for distinguishing artifacts from organisms forces us to abandon, for good, the Ethic of Life. The Death of the Ethic of Life provides not only a new answer to a fundamental question in environmental ethics, but a new way to conceive of fundamental concepts and issues in debates over who or what matters from the moral point of view, with wide-ranging implications in the philosophy of technology and bioethics.
Category: Philosophy

Scientific Integrity And Ethics In The Geosciences

Author : Linda C. Gundersen
ISBN : 9781119067788
Genre : Education
File Size : 38.34 MB
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Science is built on trust. The assumption is that scientists will conduct their work with integrity, honesty, and a strict adherence to scientific protocols. Written by geoscientists for geoscientists, Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences acquaints readers with the fundamental principles of scientific ethics and shows how they apply to everyday work in the classroom, laboratory, and field. Resources are provided throughout to help discuss and implement principles of scientific integrity and ethics. Volume highlights include: Examples of international and national codes and policies Exploration of the role of professional societies in scientific integrity and ethics References to scientific integrity and ethics in publications and research data Discussion of science integrity, ethics, and geoethics in education Extensive coverage of data applications Scientific Integrity and Ethics in the Geosciences is a valuable resource for students, faculty, instructors, and scientists in the geosciences and beyond. It is also useful for geoscientists working in industry, government, and policymaking. Read an interview with the editors to find out more: https://eos.org/editors-vox/ethics-crucial-for-the-future-of-the-geosciences
Category: Education

Reflections On Ethics And Responsibility

Author : Zachary J. Goldberg
ISBN : 9783319503592
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70.5 MB
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The original essays in this book address the influential writings of Peter A. French on the nature of responsibility, ethics, and moral practices. French’s contributions to a wide spectrum of philosophical discussions have made him a dominant figure in the fields of normative ethics, meta-ethics, applied ethics, as well as legal and political philosophy. Many of French’s deepest insights come from identifying and exploring the scope and nature of moral responsibility and human agency as they appear in actual events, real social and cultural practices, as well as in literature and film. This immediacy renders French’s scholarship vital and accessible to a wide variety of audiences. The authors, recognized for their own contributions to the understanding of the nature of morality and moral practices offer new and unique positions while exploring, expanding and responding to those of French. The final chapter is written by French, in which he provides both new philosophical insight as well as some reflection on his own work and its influence. This book will appeal to philosophers, as well as advanced students and researchers in the humanities, social sciences, law, and political science.
Category: Philosophy

Rough Mason Mason Freemason Accepted Mason

Author : Oscar Patterson, III
ISBN : 9780761869610
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.60 MB
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This book examines the history of Freemasonry beginning with the medieval guilds and tracing it through the formation of the first Grand Lodge. Included are chapters on the nature of history, education, ethics, and ritual.
Category: Social Science

Author : ميشيل فوكو
ISBN : 9789953718897
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 80.54 MB
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يعتبر كتاب (الكلمات والأشياء) ليس أهم ما كتب ميشيل فوكو وعبّر عن فلسفته فحسب، ولكنه كذلك أفضل شاهد على قدرة العقل في إعادة اكتشاف أنظمته المعرفية، ومراجعتها لأول مرة في تاريخ الفلسفة الحديثة خارج الأطر الإيديولوجية التي اعتادت أن تقنعها وتستخدمها. وهو الكتاب الذي يشكل في تحولات الفكر الغربي الراهنة مرجعاً أساسياً لفلسفة الحداثة وعَقْلنة قطائعها التاريخية الرئيسية، وصولاً إلى ما يتجاوزها هي بالذات نحو ما يسمّى اليوم بالحداثة البعدية، أو بما بعد الحداثة. إن ترجمة هذا الكتاب إلى العربية في حد ذاته ، يمدّ الثقافة العربية بمفاتيح لكشف أسرار العقل الغربي، ومنعطفات قطائعه الرئيسية التي شكلت السرّ الأعمق لما يُسمّى بمعجزة التفوّق الغربي. ودراسة العقل لوسائله المعرفية، وتقييمها، فضلاً عن كونها امتياز الحضارة الأعلى وشاهدَها الأمثل على حيويتها وقدرتها على الاحتفاظ بقدرات النهوض وتجديدها. فإنها في الوقت ذاته تجعل من الحداثة، ليس مجرد حالة تأريخية طارئة، بقدر ما هي كينونة مستمرة، ومفاجئة لوعودها بالذات. ترجمة فوكو إلى العربية مساهمة صعبة في تغيير مصطلح القراءة والكتابة، وآليات المعرفة العلمية الشائعة، كما فعل كتاب "الكلمات والأشياء" عند ظهوره في لغته الأصلية. والجهد الذي يتطلبه فهمه ومؤالفته، جهد حقيقي في تغيير عادات العقل العربي. وشروع في ممارسة ما هو الأصعب والحقيقي في مصطلح الحداثة، وتحويله من شعار شبه سياسي، إلى ممارسة العقل ذاته.
Category: Philosophy

Mad Nat All H

Author : Augustinus,
ISBN : 2721449915
Genre : Apologetics
File Size : 84.79 MB
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Category: Apologetics

Author : Kristen Brustad
ISBN : 1589017056
Genre : Arabic alphabet
File Size : 45.31 MB
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This is the Teacher's Edition of Alif Baa, Third Edition. It includes the text, accompanying DVD, and the answer key all bound in to one book. Request a Desk/Exam copy here. The best-selling Alif Baa is the first volume of the Al-Kitaab Arabic language program and is now available in a new third edition. In this new version of the introduction to Arabic letters and sounds, English-speaking students will find an innovative integration of colloquial and formal (spoken and written) Arabic. Together, the book and new companion website provide learners with all the material necessary to learn the sounds of Arabic, write its letters, and begin speaking Arabic, including interactive, self-correcting exercises to enhance learning. The companion website also gives instructors additional online grading options. FEATURES • Four-color design throughout the book features over 100 illustrations and photographs • Gives learners and instructors color-coded options for the variety of language they wish to learn in speaking: Egyptian, Levantine, or formal Arabic (MSA) • Introduces over 200 basic vocabulary words in all three forms of spoken and written Arabic side by side, including expressions for polite social interaction, and activates them in interactive homework exercises and classroom groupwork • Includes video dialogues in Egyptian and Levantine, filmed in Cairo and Damascus • Includes video footage of an Arabic calligrapher, capsules on Arabic culture, and images of street signs from Morocco, Egypt, and Lebanon • Includes new English-Arabic and Arabic-English glossaries, searchable in the companion website • Textbook includes a convenient DVD with the basic audio and video materials (no interactive exercises) for offline study that will play in iTunes and compatible MP3 players • New companion website (sold separately) -- alkitaabtextbook.com -- features a fully integrated set of interactive exercises with all the video and audio materials and additional online course management and grading options for teachers Alif Baa provides the essential first 20-25 contact (classroom) hours of the Al-Kitaab program, accompanied by 40-50 homework hours. Students who complete Alif Baa should reach a novice-intermediate to novice-high level of proficiency.
Category: Arabic alphabet