The Enemy At The Gate

Author : Andrew Wheatcroft
ISBN : 9781409086826
Genre : History
File Size : 33.77 MB
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In 1683, two empires - the Ottoman, based in Constantinople, and the Habsburg dynasty in Vienna - came face to face in the culmination of a 250-year power struggle: the Great Siege of Vienna. Within the city walls the choice of resistance over surrender to the largest army ever assembled by the Turks created an all-or-nothing scenario: every last survivor would be enslaved or ruthlessly slaughtered. The Turks had set their sights on taking Vienna, the city they had long called 'The Golden Apple' since their first siege of the city in 1529. Both sides remained resolute, sustained by hatred of their age-old enemy, certain that their victory would be won by the grace of God. Eastern invaders had always threatened the West: Huns, Mongols, Goths, Visigoths, Vandals and many others. The Western fears of the East were vivid and powerful and, in their new eyes, the Turks always appeared the sole aggressors. Andrew Wheatcroft's extraordinary book shows that this belief is a grievous oversimplification: during the 400 year struggle for domination, the West took the offensive just as often as the East. As modern Turkey seeks to re-orient its relationship with Europe, a new generation of politicians is exploiting the residual fears and tensions between East and West to hamper this change. The Enemy at the Gate provides a timely and masterful account of this most complex and epic of conflicts.
Category: History

Lexikon Zur Geschichte S Dosteuropas

Author : Konrad Clewing
ISBN : 9783205786672
Genre : History
File Size : 45.2 MB
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Von den Karpaten bis zum Mittelmeer, von der Slowakei bis Zypern: Dieses Lexikon zur Geschichte Südosteuropas gibt Auskunft über Raumbegriffe, Völker, Religionen, Staaten, Gesellschaften, Recht, Wirtschaft, Kultur und über zentrale Ereignisse in der Region vom Ende der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Die 2. Auflage wurde um viele neue Begriffe erweitert und die Texte unter Berücksichtigung des jüngsten Forschungsstands aktualisiert. Die Querverweise und ein Sachregister erleichtern die Benützung. Die mitwirkenden Autorinnen und Autoren sind renommierte Fachleute, die ein breites Spektrum geografischer, methodischer und thematischer Schwerpunkte garantieren.
Category: History

Kaisers Rumpelkammer

Author : Simon Winder
ISBN : 9783644035416
Genre : History
File Size : 30.60 MB
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Keine andere Herrscherfamilie in Europa war über einen derart langen Zeitraum so mächtig wie die Habsburger. Und keine andere dürfte derart viele exzentrische Gestalten hervorgebracht haben. Simon Winder erzählt die Geschichte dieser merkwürdigen Dynastie und die ihrer eigensinnigen Untertanen. Dazu reist er kreuz und quer durch das untergegangene Reich an die Orte des Geschehens, lässt ihre Atmosphäre auf sich wirken, entdeckt Abseitiges und Bizarres. Uns begegnen Piraten und Besessene, Alchemie und Musik, Juwelen und Skelette, Krieger und Fromme, unglückliche Ehen – und ein Meerschweinchendorf. Ohne nostalgische Verklärung macht Winder die Vielfalt der Donaumonarchie lebendig und zeigt, wie ihr Erbe die mitteleuropäische Gegenwart prägt. «Simon Winders trockener Witz, seine unstillbare Neugier und sein Können als Autor haben eine Darstellung des habsburgischen Europa hervorgebracht, die ebenso unterhaltsam wie anregend ist.» Christopher Clark «Ein großartiges und reichhaltiges Lesevergnügen.» Roger Boyes
Category: History

A Guide To British Military History

Author : Ian F W Beckett
ISBN : 9781473856677
Genre : History
File Size : 50.68 MB
Format : PDF
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What exactly is military history? Forty years ago it meant battles, campaigns, great commanders, drums and trumpets. It was largely the preserve of military professionals and was used to support national history and nationalism. Now, though, the study of war has been transformed by the ‘war and society’ approach, by the examination of identity, memory and gender, and a less Euro-centric and more global perspective. Generally it is recognised that war and conflict must be integrated into the wider narrative of historical development, and this is why Ian Beckett’s research guide is such a useful tool for anyone working in this growing field. It introduces students to all the key debates, issues and resources. While European and global perspectives are not neglected, there is an emphasis on the British experience of war since 1500. This survey of British military history will be essential reading and reference for anyone who has a professional or amateur interest in the subject, and it will be a valuable introduction for newcomers to it.
Category: History

East Meets West In The Middle Ages And Early Modern Times

Author : Albrecht Classen
ISBN : 9783110321517
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 28.61 MB
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This new volume explores the surprisingly intense and complex relationships between East and West during the Middle Ages and the early modern world, combining a large number of critical studies representing such diverse fields as literary (German, French, Italian, English, Spanish, and Arabic) and other subdisciplines of history, religion, anthropology, and linguistics. The differences between Islam and Christianity erected strong barriers separating two global cultures, but, as this volume indicates, despite many attempts to 'Other' the opposing side, the premodern world experienced an astonishing degree of contacts, meetings, exchanges, and influences. Scientists, travelers, authors, medical researchers, chroniclers, diplomats, and merchants criss-crossed the East and the West, or studied the sources produced by the other culture for many different reasons. As much as the theoretical concept of 'Orientalism' has been useful in sensitizing us to the fundamental tensions and conflicts separating both worlds at least since the eighteenth century, the premodern world did not quite yet operate in such an ideological framework. Even though the Crusades had violently pitted Christians against Muslims, there were countless contacts and a palpitable curiosity on both sides both before, during, and after those religious warfares.
Category: Literary Criticism


Author : Bettany Hughes
ISBN : 9780297868491
Genre : History
File Size : 79.91 MB
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Istanbul has always been a place where stories and histories collide and crackle, where the idea is as potent as the historical fact. From the Qu'ran to Shakespeare, this city with three names - Byzantium, Constantinople, Istanbul - resonates as an idea and a place, and overspills its boundaries - real and imagined. Standing as the gateway between the East and West, it has served as the capital of the Roman, Byzantine, Latin and Ottoman Empires. For much of its history it was known simply as The City, but, as Bettany Hughes reveals, Istanbul is not just a city, but a story. In this epic new biography, Hughes takes us on a dazzling historical journey through the many incarnations of one of the world's greatest cities. As the longest-lived political entity in Europe, over the last 6,000 years Istanbul has absorbed a mosaic of micro-cities and cultures all gathering around the core. At the latest count archaeologists have measured forty-two human habitation layers. Phoenicians, Genoese, Venetians, Jews, Vikings, Azeris all called a patch of this earth their home. Based on meticulous research and new archaeological evidence, this captivating portrait of the momentous life of Istanbul is visceral, immediate and scholarly narrative history at its finest.
Category: History

Writing The Ottomans

Author : Anders Ingram
ISBN : 9781137401533
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33.3 MB
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Histories of the Turks were a central means through which English authors engaged in intellectual and cultural terms with the Ottoman Empire, its advance into Europe following the capture of Constantinople (1454), and its continuing central European power up to the treaty of Karlowitz (1699). Writing the Ottomans examines historical writing on the Turks in England from 1480-1700. It explores the evolution of this discourse from its continental roots, and its development in response to moments of military crisis such as the Long War of 1593-1606 and the War of the Holy League 1683-1699, as well as Anglo-Ottoman trade and diplomacy throughout the seventeenth century. From the writing of central authors such as Richard Knolles and Paul Rycaut, to lesser known names, it reads English histories of the Turks in their intellectual, religious, political, economic and print contexts, and analyses their influence on English perceptions of the Ottoman world.
Category: Social Science

Ein Kampf Um Rom

Author : Felix Dahn
ISBN : 9781465541420
Genre :
File Size : 22.86 MB
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